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KeyWordsandPhrasesPrideEssay

By Sherry Lane,2014-11-18 16:37
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KeyWordsandPhrasesPrideEssayand,words

Some Key Words and Phrases in the Pride Essay

    1. …they called “pride” and were usually given to denouncing it with peculiar vehemence…

2. to be preoccupied with

3. conception

4. designate

5. motive or the spring of action

6. differentiate A from B

7. dilate upon

8. propensity

9. preponderantly

10. deduce

11. pertinent

12. ubiquity

13. potency

14. self-esteem

15. emulative or emulate

16. credit A with

17. be fostered by

18. bid A do sth. (…bidden the individual man walk humbly…)

19. to dwell upon

    20. to reign supreme over (…man reigned supreme over the brute creation…)

    21. forbid A to do sth., to underlie, recurrent, invective (…which forbade mankind to hold any

    such flattering opinion of itself; and it was these ideas which underlay many of the recurrent

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    invectives against “pride.

22. Component

    23. “…every logically possible kind of being, through all the infinite graded scale of conceivable

    “natures” between Deity and nonentity…”

    24. “…between any two adjacent links in the chain there can be only infinitesimal differences…”

25. “…a tendency towards a deliquescence of all sharp distinctions…”

26. …all things must be regarded as parts of a qualitative continuum

    27. owe sth. to; vogue (…owed its vogue largely to its use in the argument for…)

28. “It was upon his rational faculty and his intellectual achievements that modern man had been

    wont most to plume himself.”

29. to fix attention on

30. cult

31. disparagement (disparage)

32. vanity

33. presumptuous

34. to dive into

35. to labor for

    36. to wreak ones brain in doing sth.

    37. “…aim at what is put beyond the reach of his shallow comprehension…”

38. “…to fix the boundaries of human knowledge…”

39. “it ostensibly found those…”

    40. “it became customary to berate and satirize all forms of intellectual ambition…”

41. “First strip off all her equipage of pride, etc….

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42. exhort

43. “Man must not attempt to transcend the limitations…”

44. “Reason” has a part in the conduct of human life, but it is an ancillary part.

45. “Pope devotes many lines of versified argumentation to showing that the motive-power and

    the principal directive force in man's life isand should benot reason, but the complex of

    instincts and passions which make up our “natural” constitution.”

    46. “…the Stoics passed in the eighteenth century for the proverbial embodiments of “pride” in

    this sense…. ( to pass for, proverbial, to embody)

47. I have dwelt upon this and the preceding aspect of the conception of pride especially because

    it has become customary seriously to exaggerate the rationalism of the period, its “extravagant

    claims to reason,” its confidence in “the dry light of reason.”

    48. “…they so delighted to castigate was exemplified for them in any high estimate of the

    capacity of the human species for intellectual achievement…”

    49. “Pride” was, indeed, exemplified, for some such writers, in everything “artificial”; and in the

    homilies against it the whole gospel of the Return to Nature was sometimes implicit.

    In addition, this essay is heavily indebted to Alexander Popes great poem An Essay on Man. It is preferable that you find time to read Popes piece, and if you cannot, here are some

    representative quotations from Pope, which I may refer to in my lectures on this essay:

a.

    “Observe how system into system runs,

    What other planets circle other suns,

    What varied being peoples every star,

    May tell why Heaven has made us as we are. But of this frame, the bearings, and the ties, The strong connections, nice dependencies, Gradations just, has thy pervading soul Looked through? or can a part contain the whole?

    Is the great chain, that draws all to agree, And drawn supports, upheld by God, or thee?”

b.

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    “In pride, in reasoning pride, our error lies; All quit their sphere, and rush into the skies. Pride still is aiming at the blest abodes, Men would be angels, angels would be gods. Aspiring to be gods, if angels fell, Aspiring to be angels, men rebel:

    And who but wishes to invert the laws Of order, sins against the Eternal Cause.”

c

    Know, then, thyself, presume not God to scan; The proper study of mankind is man.

    Placed on this isthmus of a middle state, A being darkly wise, and rudely great: With too much knowledge for the sceptic side, With too much weakness for the stoic's pride, He hangs between; in doubt to act, or rest; In doubt to deem himself a god, or beast; In doubt his mind or body to prefer; Born but to die, and reasoning but to err; Alike in ignorance, his reason such, Whether he thinks too little, or too much: Chaos of thought and passion, all confused; Still by himself abused, or disabused; Created half to rise, and half to fall; Great lord of all things, yet a prey to all; Sole judge of truth, in endless error hurled: The glory, jest, and riddle of the world

d

    Like bubbles on the sea of matter borne, They rise, they break, and to that sea return. Nothing is foreign: parts relate to whole; One all-extending, all-preserving soul Connects each being, greatest with the least; Made beast in aid of man, and man of beast; All served, all serving: nothing stands alone; The chain holds on, and where it ends, unknown

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