Europe Re-Examines Extreme Right Groups After Norway Massacre
After last week's attack in Norway, the European Union's criminal intelligence agency Europol said it would set up a team of experts to investigate non-Islamist threats in Scandinavian countries. It said that task force may in the future stretch to a larger range of European nations. 在挪威事件发生后,欧盟刑事情报机构——欧洲刑事警察组织表示,该组织会组
Blanka Kolenikova, a Europe analyst at IHS Global Insight in London, says expanding the focus of security reviews may be useful.
"It can be said that maybe that there is a feel that the Islamic or the threat of Islamic extremism was recently in the center of the attention and maybe other forms of extremism, like this far right extremism, has somehow slipped from the radar of the security agencies."
In a report this year Europol said there were no European right-wing terror attacks in 2010. It said extreme left wing groups carried out 45 attacks.
The overall view was that right-wing groups didn't have cohesion or public support. But it did say those on the right were increasingly active on the web.
Kolenikova says right-wing groups are becoming more professional.
"There will always be sympathizers of this ideology and some recent
reports also say these far right groups are getting more sophisticated. So, yes indeed there is a level of threat that these groups could pose."
Manifesto posted online
Anders Behring Breivik has admitted to carrying out a deadly bomb attack in downtown Oslo and shooting dead dozens more on a nearby island.
Before carrying out the attack on July 22, Breivik appears to have posted a 1500-page 'manifesto' online. Political experts have told VOA that the views expressed are consistent with many on the extreme right. One of his main grievances appears to be against Muslim immigration to Europe.
Police in Norway say they believe he acted alone although they are investigating his claim to have links with other cells.
Nigel Inkster is Director of Transnational Threats and Political Risk at the International Institute for Strategic Studies in Britain.
He says Islamic terrorism is the most serious threat to European security and is more difficult to trace. He says right wing extremists are relatively easy to track. For that reason, he says, at least in Britain, it's a job for the police rather than the security forces.
"These groups are not that difficult a security challenge, they are relatively easy to infiltrate and do not require the sophisticated, high end techniques that the security service would typically deploy so I think that's fair enough."
He says in Britain the threat posed by the extreme right normally doesn't come in the form of a major terror attack.
"I think most of the violence that we have seen from extreme right wing groups has been of a more, if you will, casual, street variety targeted against demonstrations by immigrant groups or simple attacks on the immigrants."
Some British mosques say they are boosting their security following the attack in Norway.