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final review

By Shannon Hill,2014-11-18 16:24
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final reviewfinal,Final

    《大学英语预备级1》课程考试考前辅导资料

    考试方式及试题类型

    一、考试方式?闭卷。

    二、考试时间?120分钟。

    三、试题类型、数量及分值?

    1、单项选择题?每小题1分?共20小题、共20分?

     2、完型填空题?每小题1分?共10/20小题、共10/20分?

    3、阅读理解题?每小题2分?共15/20小题、共30/40分?

    4、翻译?共10/20分?

    5、作文?共20分?

    复习指导;题目选项中涂蓝色的是答案~

    单项选择题的复习指导

    一、答题技巧?

    本题是考查考生语法?固定搭配和词汇的一道题。需要大家熟练掌握基本语法知识?熟练

    记忆固定搭配和掌握一定量的重点单词。

    二、复习重点与难点?

     重点复习教材中的语法?语言点?重点词汇短语和固定搭配。

    三、练习题、分析及答案?

    题目要求;

    Vocabulary and Structure

    Directions:

    There are 20 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four

    choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and

    write the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

语法点以及例题分析;

名词的所有格:

    表示时间的名词在名词前面表示所有格的时候?虽然是无生命的?也不用of表示?要用’s 表示。

1.I’m going away for a ____ .

    A. holiday of a week B. week holiday C. holiday week D. week’s holiday

名词的数;

    注意区分可数名词和不可数名词。

    1. You can get ___ about this course from the university website. A. many informations

    B. lots of information

    C. more informations

    D. lots of informations

    2. The effects of ___ are becoming more and more serious. A. pollutions on the environment

    B. pollution on the environment

    C. pollution to the environment

    D. pollution for the environment

形容词比较级:

    句型;

    The more…the less

    The more…the more

    1. The more he tried to please her, ____ she seemed to appreciate it. A. less B. lesser C. the less D. the lesser

    2. The ___ your calculations are, the better your result will be. A. most accurate

    B. accurater

    C. more accurate

    D. more accutater

代词的顺序:

    1.Mary has just called and asked ____ to have lunch with her tomorrow.

    A. you and I B. you and me C. I and you D. me and you

    2.Last Sunday ____ had a picnic in Beihai Park. A. John, Mary and me B. John, I and Mary C. John, Mary and I D. I, John and Mary

非谓语动词:

    1. When my mobile phone rang during the lecture, I felt very ___. A. embarrassing

    B. embarrass

    C. embarrassed

D. embarrassment

    2. Nuclear energy; despite its early promises as a source of electrical power, is still

    insignificant ____ old and safe energy sources.

    A. comparing with B. comparing to C. compared with D. compared to

时态;

    1. As the plane was ___ towards Heathrow Airport in London, the captain told us that we

    had arrived 30 minutes ahead of schedule.

    A. descended

    B. on its descend

    C. descending

    D. at its descend

    2.The teacher said that the earth ____around the sun. A. run B. ran C. runs D. was running

    3.By the time we got to the cinema the film ____for half an hour. A. has begun B. had begun C. has been on D. had been on

自测题?

    1. 1. I think the green coat her well.

     Thats right.

    A. fits B. is fit C. is fit for D. fits for 2.Robert, youre wanted the phone.

     Do you know who (

    A. on; he is B. for; is he C. on; it is D. for; it is 3. She hardly thinks that there is any hope of hearing from them soon, __ ?

    A. does she B. doesnt she C. is there D. isn’t there

    4. They offered her a house for 100,000, it was worth.

    A. as much as twice B. as much twice as C. as twice much as D. twice as much as

    5. hard at your lessons, and you may make some progress. A. Working B. Work C. If you work D. To work 6.We are in great need of help.

     ask them to do you a favor?

    A. How about B. Why don’t C. Why didn’t D. Why not

    7. It is over a week Mr. White returned to England to take a holiday. A. when B. since C. after D. as 8. It was said that the new car to the institute as a gift by a businessman. A. had given B. would give C. had been given D. has been given 9.Have you ever heard of Mr. Read?

    Yes, he is reporter.

    A. an Australian famous young B. a famous Australian young C. a young Australian famous D. a famous young Australian

10. Im sorry for what I said. I .

    A. hold it back B. take it back C. keep it back D. get it back 11. No sooner had the thief disappeared into a side street _____. A. than the police arrived B. when the police arrived C. as the police arrived D. than police arrived 12. ---A Merry Christmas and Happy New Year to you!

     --- _____.

    A. Thank you, the same to you B. I hope so C. I wish so D. Im glad to hear you

    13. Computers are supposed to save time, but I’m not so sure they _____.

    A. have B. are C. were D. do 14. The reason _____ Im writing is to tell you about a party on Saturday. A. because B. why C. for D. as 15. _____ is known to the world, Mark Twain is a great American writer. A. That B. Which C. As D. It 16. Meet me at the same place _____ you did yesterday. A. that B. what C. which D. as 17. He is _____ a clever young man _____ he can speak about ten foreign languages.

    A. suchthat B. sothat C. so afor D. suchso

    18. Mary is a ______ girl.

    A. seven years old B. seven-years-old C. seven-year-old D. seven-year old

    19. Do you know the best drink is in this cafe?

    A. that B. when C. where D. what 20. They held a conference to decide to meet the emergency.

    A. how B. what C. that D. which

自测题答案?

    1-5?ACADB 6-10?DBCDB 11-15. AAADB 16-20.DACDA

    完型填空复习指导

答题技巧?

    此题是语法?词汇和逻辑?固定搭配等综合英语技能的考查。做题步骤一般分

    三步?第一?通读全文?了解大意。把能填的选项填上?填不上的可以空着。

    第二?精读全文?注意上下文逻辑关系?注意文章中的某些词语可能就是需要

    填的答案。仔细推敲?进行填空。最后?通读全文?检查答案。

例题?

    Cloze:

    Directions:

     For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices given below and

marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by

    blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

    Harriet Tubman was born a slave. She didn’t get a chance to go to school. 1 a

    child, she had to work very hard in the fields 2 day. In this 3 her master could

    4 a lot of money when he 5 his crops. Harriet 6 think that she was being

    treated fairly.

    ( )1. A. As B. Like C. Since D. Because of ( )2. A. by B. most C. all D. during

    ( )3. A. way B. place C. town D. means

    ( )4. A. make B. do C. give D. pay ( )5. A sell B. sold C. buy D. bought

    ( )6. A. did B. didn’t C. certainly D. of course After Harriet grew up, she ran away from the farm to the northern states. There, and in

    Canada, black people were free. Harriet liked to be free, she felt 7 all of the black

    people who were slaves.

    Harriet returned to the south to help other slaves to run away. She made sure they

    got to 8 .

    ( )7. A. sure B. sorry C. happy D. wrong

    ( )8. A. the north B. the west C. the east D. the south

    Harriet 9 in great 10 11 a law that had just been 12 . The law 13 it

    was not permitted to 14 slaves run away. She also found out 15 slave owners

    said they would 16 40,000 to anyone who could catch H. Tubman. ( ) 9. A. was B. had been C. is D. are ( )10. A. anger B. hurry C. danger D. difficulty

    ( )11. A. because B. because of C. as D. for

    ( )12. A. broken B. given C. got D. passed

    ( )13. A. told B. wrote C. said D. spoke

    ( )14. A. help B. ask C. set D. take ( )15. A. about B. that C. what D. when

    ( )16. A. spend B. cost C. pay D. take

    There were many stories about Harriet helping slaves run away. In all, she made

    nineteen 17 back to the south and led about 300 slaves to freedom. When the Civil War broke out, the northern states 18 against the southern states. Harriet 19 the

    northern states because the northerners believed that slaves should be free. She worked

    as a nurse and fought 20 enemy lines until the northern states won the war. ( )17. A. trips B. letters C. walks D. telegraphs ( )18. A. united B. fought C. quarrelled D. agreed

    ( )19. A. waited for B. searched for C. stood for D. looked for

    ( )20. A. behind B. in C. on D. before

自测题及答案?

    Most people agree that fencing (击剑) is one sport in which a person must be at least 30 years old before he learns all he needs to know about the sport. (21) _____ Clark Summers of the university of Detroit (22) _____ that this doesn’t always have to be (23) _____.

    Clark is a different kind of fencer in a lot of (24) _____. He is American, while most fencers are from the (25) ______ of Europe. He is black while most fencers in the past have been (26) ___. And he is (27) _____ 22 years old.

    Many people (28)____ that Clark is the most promising fencer in this country today. Although he is young, he has been able to (29) _____ the necessary skills. Already he has won a number of fencing contests (30) _____ older fencers. He is almost (31) ______ to become a member of the U.S. Olympic fencing team!

    "There is no (32) ______ danger in fencing, today, "Clark says. “But I never (33)_______ that

    fencing was not always a sport. In the old days, people fenced to (34)______ a quarrel. Each match was a matter of (35) ______ if that (36) ______ true in the matches I (37) ____ in today, every touch against me would mean that I (38) _____ wounded or killed. So I try to play (39) ______ I were fencing for my life. I don’t like the idea of being (40) ______! "

    21. A) Consequently B) But C) Then D) So

    22. A) has conducted B) has thought C) has shown D) has suggested

    23. A) true B) wrong C) clear D) brief

    24. A) symptoms B) sports C) ways D) times

    25. A) countries B) east C) west D) zones

    26. A) brave B) strong C) white D) young

    27. A) at least B) furthermore C) already D) only

    28. A) reject B) think C) frown D) find

    29. A) study B) fulfill C) improve D) master

    30. A) with B) over C) against D) instead of

    31. A) ready B) able C) going D) certain

    32. A) large B) such C) real D) little

    33. A) harbor B) agree C) suspect D) confirm

    34. A) make B) pick C) start D) settle

    35. A) joy and sorrow B) life and death C) success and failure D) brightness and darkness 36. A) should be B) came C) were D) is

    37. A) play B) go C) work D) stay

    38. A) would get B) were C) was D) had been

    39. A) even if B) as C) if D) as if

    40. A) a fencer B) a winner C) missed D) killed

自测题答案?

    21-25 BCACA 26-30 CDBDC 31-35 DCCDB 36-40 BADDD

    阅读题复习指导

一、答题技巧?

    阅读理解是考试当中的主要题型?做题首先要分清问题的类型?阅读题的主要类型

    有?主旨题、细节题、态度题、推论题、指代题、是非题。下面分别举例?

    主旨题

    e.g. What’s the main idea of Para 1?

    What’s the topic sentence of Para 2?

     What’s the main idea of the whole passage?

    细节题

    e.g. Which of the following features of an ancient ship is of most interest to the author?

    A) Speed. B) Contents. C) Location. D) Design.

    e.g. Which of the following objects found on the 900-year-old wreck most surprised the

    author?

    A) Money. B) Jars. C) Chicken bones. D) Glassware.

    态度题

    e.g. What is the author’s attitude toward this phenomenon?

    A) negative. B) positive

    B) neutral D) compromising

    E) subjective F) objective

    G) optimistic H) pessimistic

    推论题

    e.g. It can be inferred that in America there are____.

    The reader can infer that Americans are____.

    指代题

    e.g.. The phrase “called upon” in line 12 is closest in meaning to which of the following?

    A) Required. B) Visited.

    C) Permitted. D) Subjected.

    是非题

    e.g.. Which is the following statement is TURE according to the passage?

例题分析:

    Reading Comprehension

     Passage 1

     Para 1 All the housewives who went to the new supermarket had one great ambition: to

    be the lucky customer who did not have to pay for her shopping. For this was what the

    notice just inside the entrance promised. It said: “Remember, once a week, one of our

    customers gets free goods. This May Be Your Lucky Day!”

    Notes: customer/ passenger/ client

     Use the coupon, buy two cans, one is free.

    Para 2 For several weeks Mrs. Edwards hoped, like many of her friends, to be the lucky customer. Unlike her friends, she never gave up hoping. The cupboards in kitchen were full of things which she did not need. Her husband tried to advise her against buying things but failed. She dreamed of the day when the manager of the supermarket would approach her and say: “Madam, this is Your Lucky Day. Everything in your basket is free.”

    Notes: cupboard/wardrobe/TV stand/tea table/ coffee table

    Para 3 One Friday morning, after she had finished her shopping and had taken it to her car, she found that she had forgotten to buy any tea. She dashed back to the supermarket, got the tea and went towards the cash-desk. As she did so, she saw the manager of the supermarket approach her. “Madam,” he said, holding out his hand, “I want to congratulate you! You are our lucky customer and everything you have in your basket is free!”

    Notes: cash-desk: cashier, check-out

    1. The housewives learnt about the free goods _______.

    A. on TV

    B. from the manager

    C. at the supermarket

    D. from the newspaper

    2. Mrs. Edwards ________.

     A. is always very lucky

     B. had no friends

     C. hoped to get free shopping

     D. gets disappointed easily

    3. Mrs. Edwards’s husband tried to ________.

     A. make her unhappy

     B. cheer her up

     C. buy things with her

     D. stop her buying things

    4. Mrs. Edwards went back to the supermarket

     quickly because she had to _______.

     A. buy another thing

     B. talk to the manager

     C. pay for her shopping

     D. find her shopping

    5. Mrs. Edwards must have been ________.

    A. pleased B. delighted C. proud D. disappointed

    说明?前4道题是细节题?需要把握原文?找到理解点就可以。第5题是推断题?

    答案在原文中找不到?需要自己推断。

自测题?

Passage One

    Nonverbal (非语言的) communication has to do with gestures, movements and closeness of two people when they are talking. The scientists say that those gestures, movements and so on have meaning which words do not carry.

     For example, the body distance between two speakers can be important. North Americans often complain that South Americans are unfriendly because they tend to stand close to the North American when speaking, while the South American often considers the North American to be "cold" or "distant" because he keeps a greater distance between himself and the person he is speaking to. The "eye contact" provides another example of what we are calling nonverbal communication. Scientists have observed that there is more eye contact between people who like each other than there is between people who don't like each other. The length of time that the person whom you are speaking to looks at your eyes indicates the amount of interest he has in the things you are talking about.

     On the other hand, too long a gaze can make people uncomfortable. The eyes apparently play a great part in nonverbal communication. Genuine warmth or interest, shyness or confidence can often be seen in the eyes. We do not always consider a smile to be a sign of friendliness. Someone who is always smiling, and with little apparent reasons, often makes us uneasy.

    1. According to the passage, nonverbal communication__________.

     A) is a method often used by people who cannot speak

     B) can tell something that words cannot

     C) can be used to talk with people who cannot bear

     D) is less used than words

    2. The South American__________.

     A) tends to keep a distance between himself and the person he is speaking to

     B) usually stands close to the person he is talking to

    C) is often unfriendly when spoken to

     D) is often cold and distant when speaking

    3. Which of the following is NOT true?

     A) Less eye contact suggests distance in relation.

     B) The longer one looks at you, the more interest he has in you.

     C) There is more eye contact between people who like each other.

     D) Shorter eye contact shows more interest in what one is talking about

    4. Too long a gaze__________.

     A) may upset people being looked at

     B) shows one's great confidence

     C) indicates one's interest in the talk

     D) tells you how friendly one is

    5. Constant smiling without apparent reason__________.

     A) is a sign of one's friendliness

     B) is a sign of one's unfriendliness

     C) makes people feel happy

     D) makes people feel uncomfortable

    Passage Two

    Long after the 1998 World Cup was won, disappointed fans were still cursing the disputed refereeing (裁判) decisions that denied victory to their team. A researcher was appointed to study the performance of some top referees.

    The researcher organized an experimental tournament (锦标赛) involving four youth teams. Each

    match lasted an hour, divided into three periods of 20 minutes during which different referees were in charge.

    Observers noted down the referees' errors, of which there were 61 over the tournament. Converted to a standard match of 90 minutes, each referee made almost 23 mistakes, a remarkably high number.

    The researcher then studied the videotapes to analyze the matches in detail. Surprisingly, he found that errors were more likely when the referees were close to the incident. When the officials got it right, they were, on average, 17 meters away from the action. The average distance in the case of errors was 12 meters. The research shows the optimum (最佳的) distance is about 20 meters.

    There also seemed to be an optimum speed. Correct decisions came when the referees were moving at a speed of about 2 meters per second. The average speed for errors was 4 meters per second.

    If FIFA, football's international ruling body, wants to improve the standard of refereeing at the next World Cup, it should encourage referees to keep their eyes on the action from a distance, rather than rushing to keep up with the ball, the researcher argues.

    He also says that FIFA's insistence that referees should retire at age 45 may be misguided. If keeping up with the action is not so important, their physical condition is less critical. 6. The experiment conducted by the researcher was meant to _______.

     A) review the decisions of referees at the 1998 World Cup

     B) analyze the causes of errors made by football referees

     C) set a standard for football refereeing

    D) reexamine the rules for football refereeing

    7. The number of refereeing errors in the experimental matches was _______.

    A) slightly above average

    B) higher than in the 1998 World Cup

    C) quite unexpected

    D) as high as in a standard match

    8. The findings of the experiment show that _______.

    A) errors are more likely when a referee keeps close to the ball

    B) the farther the referee is from the incident, the fewer the errors

    C) the more slowly the referee runs, the more likely will errors occur

    D) errors are less likely when a referee stays in one spot

    9. The word "officials" (Line 2, Para. 4) most probably refers to _______.

    A) the researchers involved in the experiment

    B) the inspectors of the football tournament

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