Vocabulary and Structure
There are 20 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four
choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and
write the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
1.I’m going away for a ____ .
A. holiday of a week B. week holiday C. holiday week D. week’s holiday
1. You can get ___ about this course from the university website. A. many informations
B. lots of information
C. more informations
D. lots of informations
2. The effects of ___ are becoming more and more serious. A. pollutions on the environment
B. pollution on the environment
C. pollution to the environment
D. pollution for the environment
The more…the less
The more…the more
1. The more he tried to please her, ____ she seemed to appreciate it. A. less B. lesser C. the less D. the lesser
2. The ___ your calculations are, the better your result will be. A. most accurate
C. more accurate
D. more accutater
1.Mary has just called and asked ____ to have lunch with her tomorrow.
A. you and I B. you and me C. I and you D. me and you
2.Last Sunday ____ had a picnic in Beihai Park. A. John, Mary and me B. John, I and Mary C. John, Mary and I D. I, John and Mary
1. When my mobile phone rang during the lecture, I felt very ___. A. embarrassing
2. Nuclear energy; despite its early promises as a source of electrical power, is still
insignificant ____ old and safe energy sources.
A. comparing with B. comparing to C. compared with D. compared to
1. As the plane was ___ towards Heathrow Airport in London, the captain told us that we
had arrived 30 minutes ahead of schedule.
B. on its descend
D. at its descend
2.The teacher said that the earth ____around the sun. A. run B. ran C. runs D. was running
3.By the time we got to the cinema the film ____for half an hour. A. has begun B. had begun C. has been on D. had been on
1. 1. “I think the green coat her well”.
A. fits B. is fit C. is fit for D. fits for 2.—Robert, you’re wanted the phone.
—Do you know who (
A. on; he is B. for; is he C. on; it is D. for; it is 3. She hardly thinks that there is any hope of hearing from them soon, __ ?
A. does she B. doesn’t she C. is there D. isn’t there
4. They offered her a house for ：100,000, it was worth.
A. as much as twice B. as much twice as C. as twice much as D. twice as much as
5. hard at your lessons, and you may make some progress. A. Working B. Work C. If you work D. To work 6.“We are in great need of help.”
“ ask them to do you a favor?”
A. How about B. Why don’t C. Why didn’t D. Why not
7. It is over a week Mr. White returned to England to take a holiday. A. when B. since C. after D. as 8. It was said that the new car to the institute as a gift by a businessman. A. had given B. would give C. had been given D. has been given 9.—Have you ever heard of Mr. Read?
—Yes, he is reporter.
A. an Australian famous young B. a famous Australian young C. a young Australian famous D. a famous young Australian
10. I’m sorry for what I said. I .
A. hold it back B. take it back C. keep it back D. get it back 11. No sooner had the thief disappeared into a side street _____. A. than the police arrived B. when the police arrived C. as the police arrived D. than police arrived 12. ---A Merry Christmas and Happy New Year to you!
A. Thank you, the same to you B. I hope so C. I wish so D. I’m glad to hear you
13. Computers are supposed to save time, but I’m not so sure they _____.
A. have B. are C. were D. do 14. The reason _____ I’m writing is to tell you about a party on Saturday. A. because B. why C. for D. as 15. _____ is known to the world, Mark Twain is a great American writer. A. That B. Which C. As D. It 16. Meet me at the same place _____ you did yesterday. A. that B. what C. which D. as 17. He is _____ a clever young man _____ he can speak about ten foreign languages.
A. such…that B. so…that C. so a…for D. such…so
18. Mary is a ______ girl.
A. seven years old B. seven-years-old C. seven-year-old D. seven-year old
19. Do you know the best drink is in this cafe?
A. that B. when C. where D. what 20. They held a conference to decide to meet the emergency.
A. how B. what C. that D. which
1-5?ACADB 6-10?DBCDB 11-15. AAADB 16-20.DACDA
For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices given below and
marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by
blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
Harriet Tubman was born a slave. She didn’t get a chance to go to school. 1 a
child, she had to work very hard in the fields 2 day. In this 3 her master could
4 a lot of money when he 5 his crops. Harriet 6 think that she was being
( )1. A. As B. Like C. Since D. Because of ( )2. A. by B. most C. all D. during
( )3. A. way B. place C. town D. means
( )4. A. make B. do C. give D. pay ( )5. A sell B. sold C. buy D. bought
( )6. A. did B. didn’t C. certainly D. of course After Harriet grew up, she ran away from the farm to the northern states. There, and in
Canada, black people were free. Harriet liked to be free, she felt 7 all of the black
people who were slaves.
Harriet returned to the south to help other slaves to run away. She made sure they
got to 8 .
( )7. A. sure B. sorry C. happy D. wrong
( )8. A. the north B. the west C. the east D. the south
Harriet 9 in great 10 11 a law that had just been 12 . The law 13 it
was not permitted to 14 slaves run away. She also found out 15 slave owners
said they would 16 ：40,000 to anyone who could catch H. Tubman. ( ) 9. A. was B. had been C. is D. are ( )10. A. anger B. hurry C. danger D. difficulty
( )11. A. because B. because of C. as D. for
( )12. A. broken B. given C. got D. passed
( )13. A. told B. wrote C. said D. spoke
( )14. A. help B. ask C. set D. take ( )15. A. about B. that C. what D. when
( )16. A. spend B. cost C. pay D. take
There were many stories about Harriet helping slaves run away. In all, she made
nineteen 17 back to the south and led about 300 slaves to freedom. When the Civil War broke out, the northern states 18 against the southern states. Harriet 19 the
northern states because the northerners believed that slaves should be free. She worked
as a nurse and fought 20 enemy lines until the northern states won the war. ( )17. A. trips B. letters C. walks D. telegraphs ( )18. A. united B. fought C. quarrelled D. agreed
( )19. A. waited for B. searched for C. stood for D. looked for
( )20. A. behind B. in C. on D. before
Most people agree that fencing (击剑) is one sport in which a person must be at least 30 years old before he learns all he needs to know about the sport. (21) _____ Clark Summers of the university of Detroit (22) _____ that this doesn’t always have to be (23) _____.
Clark is a different kind of fencer in a lot of (24) _____. He is American, while most fencers are from the (25) ______ of Europe. He is black while most fencers in the past have been (26) ___. And he is (27) _____ 22 years old.
Many people (28)____ that Clark is the most promising fencer in this country today. Although he is young, he has been able to (29) _____ the necessary skills. Already he has won a number of fencing contests (30) _____ older fencers. He is almost (31) ______ to become a member of the U.S. Olympic fencing team!
"There is no (32) ______ danger in fencing, today, "Clark says. “But I never (33)_______ that
fencing was not always a sport. In the old days, people fenced to (34)______ a quarrel. Each match was a matter of (35) ______ if that (36) ______ true in the matches I (37) ____ in today, every touch against me would mean that I (38) _____ wounded or killed. So I try to play (39) ______ I were fencing for my life. I don’t like the idea of being (40) ______! "
21. A) Consequently B) But C) Then D) So
22. A) has conducted B) has thought C) has shown D) has suggested
23. A) true B) wrong C) clear D) brief
24. A) symptoms B) sports C) ways D) times
25. A) countries B) east C) west D) zones
26. A) brave B) strong C) white D) young
27. A) at least B) furthermore C) already D) only
28. A) reject B) think C) frown D) find
29. A) study B) fulfill C) improve D) master
30. A) with B) over C) against D) instead of
31. A) ready B) able C) going D) certain
32. A) large B) such C) real D) little
33. A) harbor B) agree C) suspect D) confirm
34. A) make B) pick C) start D) settle
35. A) joy and sorrow B) life and death C) success and failure D) brightness and darkness 36. A) should be B) came C) were D) is
37. A) play B) go C) work D) stay
38. A) would get B) were C) was D) had been
39. A) even if B) as C) if D) as if
40. A) a fencer B) a winner C) missed D) killed
21-25 BCACA 26-30 CDBDC 31-35 DCCDB 36-40 BADDD
e.g. What’s the main idea of Para 1?
What’s the topic sentence of Para 2?
What’s the main idea of the whole passage?
e.g. Which of the following features of an ancient ship is of most interest to the author?
A) Speed. B) Contents. C) Location. D) Design.
e.g. Which of the following objects found on the 900-year-old wreck most surprised the
A) Money. B) Jars. C) Chicken bones. D) Glassware.
e.g. What is the author’s attitude toward this phenomenon?
A) negative. B) positive
B) neutral D) compromising
E) subjective F) objective
G) optimistic H) pessimistic
e.g. It can be inferred that in America there are____.
The reader can infer that Americans are____.
e.g.. The phrase “called upon” in line 12 is closest in meaning to which of the following?
A) Required. B) Visited.
C) Permitted. D) Subjected.
e.g.. Which is the following statement is TURE according to the passage?
Para 1 All the housewives who went to the new supermarket had one great ambition: to
be the lucky customer who did not have to pay for her shopping. For this was what the
notice just inside the entrance promised. It said: “Remember, once a week, one of our
customers gets free goods. This May Be Your Lucky Day!”
Notes: customer/ passenger/ client
Use the coupon, buy two cans, one is free.
Para 2 For several weeks Mrs. Edwards hoped, like many of her friends, to be the lucky customer. Unlike her friends, she never gave up hoping. The cupboards in kitchen were full of things which she did not need. Her husband tried to advise her against buying things but failed. She dreamed of the day when the manager of the supermarket would approach her and say: “Madam, this is Your Lucky Day. Everything in your basket is free.”
Notes: cupboard/wardrobe/TV stand/tea table/ coffee table
Para 3 One Friday morning, after she had finished her shopping and had taken it to her car, she found that she had forgotten to buy any tea. She dashed back to the supermarket, got the tea and went towards the cash-desk. As she did so, she saw the manager of the supermarket approach her. “Madam,” he said, holding out his hand, “I want to congratulate you! You are our lucky customer and everything you have in your basket is free!”
Notes: cash-desk: cashier, check-out
1. The housewives learnt about the free goods _______.
A. on TV
B. from the manager
C. at the supermarket
D. from the newspaper
2. Mrs. Edwards ________.
A. is always very lucky
B. had no friends
C. hoped to get free shopping
D. gets disappointed easily
3. Mrs. Edwards’s husband tried to ________.
A. make her unhappy
B. cheer her up
C. buy things with her
D. stop her buying things
4. Mrs. Edwards went back to the supermarket
quickly because she had to _______.
A. buy another thing
B. talk to the manager
C. pay for her shopping
D. find her shopping
5. Mrs. Edwards must have been ________.
A. pleased B. delighted C. proud D. disappointed
Nonverbal (非语言的) communication has to do with gestures, movements and closeness of two people when they are talking. The scientists say that those gestures, movements and so on have meaning which words do not carry.
For example, the body distance between two speakers can be important. North Americans often complain that South Americans are unfriendly because they tend to stand close to the North American when speaking, while the South American often considers the North American to be "cold" or "distant" because he keeps a greater distance between himself and the person he is speaking to. The "eye contact" provides another example of what we are calling nonverbal communication. Scientists have observed that there is more eye contact between people who like each other than there is between people who don't like each other. The length of time that the person whom you are speaking to looks at your eyes indicates the amount of interest he has in the things you are talking about.
On the other hand, too long a gaze can make people uncomfortable. The eyes apparently play a great part in nonverbal communication. Genuine warmth or interest, shyness or confidence can often be seen in the eyes. We do not always consider a smile to be a sign of friendliness. Someone who is always smiling, and with little apparent reasons, often makes us uneasy.
1. According to the passage, nonverbal communication__________.
A) is a method often used by people who cannot speak
B) can tell something that words cannot
C) can be used to talk with people who cannot bear
D) is less used than words
2. The South American__________.
A) tends to keep a distance between himself and the person he is speaking to
B) usually stands close to the person he is talking to
C) is often unfriendly when spoken to
D) is often cold and distant when speaking
3. Which of the following is NOT true?
A) Less eye contact suggests distance in relation.
B) The longer one looks at you, the more interest he has in you.
C) There is more eye contact between people who like each other.
D) Shorter eye contact shows more interest in what one is talking about
4. Too long a gaze__________.
A) may upset people being looked at
B) shows one's great confidence
C) indicates one's interest in the talk
D) tells you how friendly one is
5. Constant smiling without apparent reason__________.
A) is a sign of one's friendliness
B) is a sign of one's unfriendliness
C) makes people feel happy
D) makes people feel uncomfortable
Long after the 1998 World Cup was won, disappointed fans were still cursing the disputed refereeing (裁判) decisions that denied victory to their team. A researcher was appointed to study the performance of some top referees.
The researcher organized an experimental tournament (锦标赛) involving four youth teams. Each
match lasted an hour, divided into three periods of 20 minutes during which different referees were in charge.
Observers noted down the referees' errors, of which there were 61 over the tournament. Converted to a standard match of 90 minutes, each referee made almost 23 mistakes, a remarkably high number.
The researcher then studied the videotapes to analyze the matches in detail. Surprisingly, he found that errors were more likely when the referees were close to the incident. When the officials got it right, they were, on average, 17 meters away from the action. The average distance in the case of errors was 12 meters. The research shows the optimum (最佳的) distance is about 20 meters.
There also seemed to be an optimum speed. Correct decisions came when the referees were moving at a speed of about 2 meters per second. The average speed for errors was 4 meters per second.
If FIFA, football's international ruling body, wants to improve the standard of refereeing at the next World Cup, it should encourage referees to keep their eyes on the action from a distance, rather than rushing to keep up with the ball, the researcher argues.
He also says that FIFA's insistence that referees should retire at age 45 may be misguided. If keeping up with the action is not so important, their physical condition is less critical. 6. The experiment conducted by the researcher was meant to _______.
A) review the decisions of referees at the 1998 World Cup
B) analyze the causes of errors made by football referees
C) set a standard for football refereeing
D) reexamine the rules for football refereeing
7. The number of refereeing errors in the experimental matches was _______.
A) slightly above average
B) higher than in the 1998 World Cup
C) quite unexpected
D) as high as in a standard match
8. The findings of the experiment show that _______.
A) errors are more likely when a referee keeps close to the ball
B) the farther the referee is from the incident, the fewer the errors
C) the more slowly the referee runs, the more likely will errors occur
D) errors are less likely when a referee stays in one spot
9. The word "officials" (Line 2, Para. 4) most probably refers to _______.
A) the researchers involved in the experiment
B) the inspectors of the football tournament