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    United Nations CRC/C/VNM/3-4

    Distr.: General Convention on the

    25 November 2011

    Rights of the Child Original: English

    Committee on the Rights of the Child

     Consideration of reports submitted by States

    parties under article 44 of the Convention

     Third and fourth periodic reports on the implementation of

    the Convention in the period 20022007

     Viet Nam*

    [3 August 2009]

     * In accordance with the information transmitted to States parties regarding the processing of their

    reports, the present document was not formally edited before being sent to the United Nations

    translation services.

    GE.11-47157 (E) 121211

    CRC/C/VNM/3-4

     List of abbreviations

    AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome APEC Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation ARI Acute Respiratory Infection

    ASEAN Association of South-East Asian Nations CBR Community Based Rehabilitation

    CDD Control of Diarrhea Diseases

    CPVN Communist Party of Viet Nam

    CPCC Committee for the Protection and Care of Children CRI Child Rights Indicators

    EPI Expanded Programme on Immunization GSO General Statistics Office

    HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus

    IDA Iron Deficiency Anaemia

    IDD Iodine Deficiency Disorder

    IMR Infant Mortality Rate

    INTERPOL International Criminal Police Organization NCFAW National Committee for the Advancement of Women MMR Maternal Mortality Rate

    MOET Ministry of Education and Training MOH Ministry of Health

    MOJ Ministry of Justice

    MOLISA Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs MPS Ministry of Public Security

    NGO Non-Governmental Organization

    NPA National Programme of Action

    PEM Protein Energy Malnutrition

    SRVN Socialist Republic of Viet Nam

    UNAIDS Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS UNHCR Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

    UNICEF United Nations Childrens Fund

    VWU Viet Nam Womens Union

    YPO Young Pioneers Organization

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    Contents

     Paragraphs Page

     List of abbreviations ................................................................................................................... 2

     Foreword .................................................................................................................................... 4

     Part One Overview ............................................................................................................ 113 6

     I. Overview of the nations situation in the period of 20022007 ............................. 17 6

     II. Political structure and legal framework for the protection of human rights ........... 813 8

     Part Two Viet Nams implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child

     and its two Optional Protocols............................................................................. 14303 10

     I. Summary of Viet Nams implementation of the child rights ................................. 1527 10

     II. General implementation solutions ....................................................................... 2879 12

     III. Definition of the child ......................................................................................... 80 27

     IV. General principles ............................................................................................... 81112 28

     V. Freedom and civil rights...................................................................................... 113142 37

     VI. Family environment and alternative care (arts. 5, 18, clauses 15; 911;

     1921; 25; 27 clauses 4 and 39) .......................................................................... 143188 47

     VII. The right to health care and basic social welfare (arts. 6; 18 clause 3, 23; 24;

     26; 27, clauses 13) ............................................................................................ 189216 59

     VIII. Rights to education and recreation (arts. 28, 29, 31) ............................................. 217238 71

     IX. Right to protection and special protection measures (arts. 22, 38, 39, 40,

     37 (b)(d), 3236)............................................................................................... 239303 81

     A. Children in emergency situations ................................................................ 239244 81

     B. Children in conflict with the law ................................................................. 245268 83

     C. Children being exploited, including physical and mental rehabilitation and

     social reintegration (art. 32) ........................................................................ 269295 91

     D. Ethnic minority children (art. 30) ................................................................ 296303 101

     Part Three Conclusion ......................................................................................................... 304308 104

     Annexes ........................................................................................................................................................ 106

     I. List of related legislations issued by the National Assembly and the Government

     in 20022007 period ................................................................................................................... 106

     II. Information on survey on implementation of some basic child rights based on the

     rights to participation .................................................................................................................. 110

     III. Basic data on children ................................................................................................................. 111

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    CRC/C/VNM/3-4

     Foreword

     According to the regulations of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and the guiding documents issued by the Committee for the Rights of the Child; and following previous reports (Viet Nams Report on the implementation of the

    CRC in 19931998 period, the updated 19982002 report (hereinafter called the report of

    19932002 periods) and the dialogues with the Committee for the Rights of the Child in 2003, 2006, Viet Nam submits the 3rd and 4th Country Reports on the Implementation of the CRC during the 20022007 period. This Report will continue to update the

    implementation of the CRC and the two Optional Protocols to the CRC (Optional Protocol on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography and the Optional Protocol on the involvement of children in armed conflicts); including its achievements, difficulties, challenges as well as solutions for better implementation of the Convention in the future. The Report also mentions the implementation of the recommendations made by the Committee on the Childs Rights (CRC Committee) after its

    dialogues with the Government of Viet Nam.

    Apart from the Foreword, the report consists of four parts:

    Part One: Overview

    Part Two: The Implementation of the Convention of the Rights of the Child and the

    Two Optional Protocols to the Convention

    Part Three: Conclusion

    Annexes

     To prepare the report, the Government of Viet Nam established a Drafting Board consisting of 23 members who represent the related ministries and organizations under the leadership of the Minister of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA).

     During the report preparation process, many workshops, forums, consultations and discussions were organized at different levels to collect comments and input from members and staff of the National Assembly, as well as from the Government, social organizations, international organizations and children.

     In March 2007, Viet Nam organized the National Conference on Review and Evaluation of five-years implementation of the United Nations (UN) document A World

    Fit for Children. The Deputy Prime Minister and leaders of various committees under the National Assembly, ministries, provincial/city Peoples Committees, representatives of

    social organizations, diplomatic missions, international organizations under the United Nations, representatives of some countries in the region, and representatives of some non-governmental organizations and childrens representatives participated in the conference.

    Prior to the conference, Viet Nam conducted a midterm review and evaluation of the implementation of the National Plan of Action Programme for Children, 20012010. In

    August 2006, Viet Nam submitted a document responding to the Questionnaires on Child Violence to the General Secretary of the United Nations. In addition, in 2005, during the Chairman of the CRC Committees working visit to Viet Nam, a workshop on the

    implementation of the recommendations by the Committee was organized. The above activities have created favourable conditions for Viet Nam to comprehensively review and evaluate the implementation of the CRC, with the support of the Governments awareness

    of the difficulties, and challenges and to propose solutions for enhancing the implementation of the CRC in the future.

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     This report also receives inputs from many international organizations, especially from UNICEF Viet Nam, Save the Children Alliance and various non-governmental organizations operating in Viet Nam.

     The report uses the results of the Survey on the Implementation of Some Basic Rights of the Child, based on the childs right to participation and conducted by the former

    Committee for Population, Family and Children (CPFC) in collaboration with UNICEF Viet Nam in six selected provinces, cities in 2007. These data were used to illustrate the implementation of the CRC through the childrens views.

     Finally, the report was finalized thanks to the contributed inputs and comments from experts from related committees of the National Assembly, governmental agencies, national and international organizations, provinces in the National Workshop on the Implementation of the CRC organized by MOLISA in April 2008, as well as the comments in the official documents sent by related agencies.

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     Part One

    Overview

     I. Overview of the nations situation in the period of 20022007

    1. The Socialist Republic of Viet Nam (hereinafter called Viet Nam) is a South-East 2Asian nation with a total area of more than 33,000 km. Viet Nams population in 2007

    (roughly) is 85.15 million people, of which 73 per cent live in rural areas. The population

    growth rate in 2006 was 1.24 per cent and 1.21 per cent (roughly) in 2007. Children

    account for 33 per cent of the population. Viet Nam has 54 ethnic groups, of which Kinh

    (Viet) people are the majority at 86.8 per cent. Vietnamese is the official language. In terms

    of administrative units, Viet Nam has 63 provinces and cities under the direct management 1of the central level with 673 districts/urban districts, 10,095 communes/wards/towns.

    Chart 1

    Viet Nam population pyramids