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Opportunities in Tropical Science, Knowledge, Research and ...

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Opportunities in Tropical Science, Knowledge, Research and ...

    Opportunities in Tropical Science,

    Knowledge, Research and Innovation for

    Queensland

    Prepared by a working group of the Smart State Council

    Smart State Council An initiative of the Queensland Government

Dear Premier

    Please find attached the Smart State Council working group report on Opportunities in Tropical Science, Knowledge, Research and Innovation for Queensland‟. The report draws attention to emerging opportunities for knowledge-based industries focussed on the provision of food, health, building, environmental and education services to the tropical world.

    The report notes that Queensland‟s R&D base and tropical location give us a huge competitive advantage in the development of these industries, but that capitalising on that advantage will require major efforts to coordinate and commercialise our research.

    Finally, the report outlines ways in which industry, research and government can work together to capture this opportunity for Queensland.

I commend it to you.

Professor Peter Andrews

    Queensland Chief Scientist and

    Chair, Standing Committee

    Smart State Council

? The State of Queensland (Department of the Premier and Cabinet) 2006.

    Published by the Queensland Government, 9 August 2006, George Street, Brisbane. Qld. 4000.

    The Queensland Government supports and encourages the dissemination and exchange of information. However, copyright protects this document. The State of Queensland has no objection to this material being reproduced, made available online or electronically but only if it is recognised as the owner of the copyright and this material remains unaltered. Copyright enquiries about this publication should be directed to the Department of the Premier and Cabinet, by email to copyright@premiers.qld.gov.au or in writing to PO Box 15185, City East Qld 4002.

Copies of this publication can be obtained at www.smartstate.qld.gov.au

    Smart State Council Working Group Opportunities in Tropical Science, Knowledge, Research and Innovation for Queensland i

WORKING GROUP

Chair

    Professor Russell Reichelt, CEO, Marine and Tropical Science Research Facility

Members

    Lt. General John Grey AC, Chancellor, James Cook University; Board Chair, Wet Tropics Management Authority

    Mr Michael Rayner, Partner, Cox Rayner Architects

    Dr Ian Gould, Chair, Australian Institute of Marine Science Dr Stephen Prowse, CEO, Australian Biosecurity Cooperative Research Centre for Emerging Infectious Disease

    Professor Lesley Johnson, Deputy Vice Chancellor, Research, Griffith University

    Professor James Dale, Director, Centre for Tropical Crops and Biocommodities, Queensland University of Technology

SMART STATE COUNCIL

    The Smart State Council was established in June 2005 as a central advisory body to provide high level advice to the Queensland Government on emerging Smart State issues and trends, and to propose measures to position Queensland to respond to challenges and opportunities.

    The Smart State Council is chaired by the Premier of Queensland and comprises Government Ministers, the Queensland Chief Scientist and representatives from Queensland’s business and research communities.

    This paper was prepared by an independent working group for the Smart State Council. The views expressed in this paper are those of the group and do not represent Queensland Government policy.

    Smart State Council Working Group Opportunities in Tropical Science, Knowledge, Research and Innovation for Queensland ii

Executive summary

    1. The Opportunity

    Queensland has the opportunity to become a world leader in tropical know-how by servicing the increasingly sophisticated needs of rapidly developing tropical nations, while simultaneously improving the quality of life of Queenslanders and Australians living in the tropics.

    The increasing wealth and population growth in the tropical world and the likely environmental impacts of these trends is escalating demand for a range of goods and services such as health, environmental management, agriculture, urban renewal, and education.

    As one of the few developed regions within the tropics, Queensland is well placed to capitalise on this emerging global demand. The State has a mega-biodiverse environment, world-class capabilities and infrastructure in tropical knowledge, a modern economy, and is close to the rapidly growing Asia-Pacific region.

    Queensland has the opportunity to become an international centre in tropical research, knowledge and innovation, building industries that service the needs of tropical nations, and returning substantial economic gains to the State. Aside from the economic benefits, which would generate regional growth and employment in tropical Queensland, there would also be a range of environmental and social outcomes that would benefit Queenslanders living in the tropics and remote communities.

    There are substantial opportunities for Queensland in the application of research, knowledge and innovation to the basic needs of all tropical communities, but most importantly in the areas of:

    1. enhancing tropical health expertise and capacity

    2. maximising value from the environmental and cultural assets of tropical

    Queensland

    3. transforming tropical primary industries

    4. promoting and capitalising on tropical living and design

    5. extending tropical knowledge and influence through education and

    capacity-building.

    Seizing these opportunities and developing a sustainable niche sector of the Queensland economy based on tropical knowledge and expertise requires:

    ; coordinating and building on our tropical know-how

    ; bringing our tropical know-how to market.

Smart State Council Working Group Opportunities in Tropical Science, Knowledge, Research and Innovation for Queensland iii

2. Coordinating and building on our tropical know-how

    Queensland is recognised internationally for its tropical science skills, programs, and infrastructure. However, these resources and capabilities are fragmented, geographically dispersed and are not aligned to exploit the benefits and synergies that could be derived from critical mass. This situation could be remedied and a competitive niche advantage for Queensland could be built through coordination, networking and clustering of our capacity in the five areas of opportunity identified in the previous section.

    2.1 Tropical health There is potential to build on existing capacity in

    medicine, public health and veterinary science in Queensland.

    Opportunities for scientific discovery and commercialisation exist at the

    interface of human health and medicine with emerging zoonoses (diseases

    transmissible from animals to man), such as BSE, avian influenza, or

    leptospirosis. Strong partnerships and linkages could be formed with public

    health researchers across northern Australia and with internationally

    recognised expertise in the subtropics.

    2.2 Tropical environmental sciences and management Efforts to

    enhance critical mass, reduce duplication of research, attract significant

    funding to the region, and foster the development and commercialisation of

    specialist research and development (R&D) services for environmental

    outcomes would be highly beneficial to Queensland. Strategic alignment of

    the significant R&D capacity in environmental science and management in

    the State would provide the knowledge platform to foster industry

    engagement in ecosystems management of the developing tropical world.

    Opportunities would also exist to utilise Indigenous knowledge in the

    development of education, ecotourism, biodiscovery, and commercial

    ventures.

    2.3 Tropical primary industries - Potential exists to better link the

    technological capacity and expertise in life sciences centred in South-East

    Queensland with the significant network of government supported research

    facilities and programs based in the north of the State. By smarter

    integration of the innovative outputs in tropical primary industries with real-

    world experience and field-based industry assessment, Queensland could

    capitalise on its status as a significant centre for agricultural biotechnology

    in the Asia Pacific region.

    2.4 Tropical living There are opportunities to coordinate Queensland‟s

    capacity and scientific knowledge in tropical living across a wide range of

    interconnected fields, including environmental science, health, planning,

    urban renewal, building design, and environmental design. Such

    coordination could place Queensland in a unique position to encourage and

    promote a substantial export industry based on urban renewal of mega-

    cities in the developing tropical world through integrated solutions. Smart State Council Working Group Opportunities in Tropical Science, Knowledge, Research and Innovation for Queensland iv

    2.5 Tropical education - Strategic, tailored, and coordinated education

    services of specific interest to the tropical world could be developed by

    better coordination of education services in tropical science, knowledge,

    research and innovation. A more strategic approach to deliver

    Queensland-based education programs could lead to increased

    employment opportunities through growth of the tropical science knowledge

    industry, international recognition of Queensland as a centre of excellence

    in tropical science, and ultimately, strong ties and mutually beneficial

    relationships between our State and the future leaders of the tropical world.

3. From opportunities to markets

    Queensland has a poor record in commercialising and marketing products, services and intellectual property to support the development of industries based on tropical know-how. Effective management, financing, and marketing of the areas of opportunity outlined above would create a sustainable niche sector in the Queensland economy.

    Opportunity exists to establish an overarching mechanism or hub that would provide identity and global branding by marketing Queensland as a world leader in tropical science, knowledge, research and innovation. Strategic alignment of effort in tropical science would create a potent, cohesive and targeted tropical knowledge capacity that would surpass that offered by any other State or country.

Better marketing and coordination of Queensland‟s tropical know-how would

    create alliances and partnerships with researchers, investors and clients to commercialise relevant products and services at a regional and industry level, rather than at an organisational level. Anticipated outcomes from this approach are regional economic development, better coordination of scientific capacity for problem solving and application, access to greater infrastructure, as well as supporting the social and environmental objectives of local communities.

A conceptual outline of the hub mechanism is provided in Figure 1.

Smart State Council Working Group Opportunities in Tropical Science, Knowledge, Research and Innovation for Queensland v

International Hub for Tropical Knowledge

     Vision Collaborators Investors Clients Queensland recognised as a world leader and

     international centre in tropical science, knowledge,

    research and innovation, with a sustainable niche sector of the economy, providing and exporting goods and services (based on tropical know-how and expertise) that enhance the economic, social and International Hub for Tropical environmental conditions of Queenslanders and Knowledge people living in the tropical nations of the world ; provides identity and branding ; identifies collective research & business opportunities Outcomes for tropical Queensland ; forms strategic alliances & partnerships with ; Queensland recognised as the global centre of collaborators/investors clients excellence in tropical science, knowledge, ; exploits commercialisation opportunities research and innovation ; builds critical mass ; Greater regional economic development through knowledge-based export industries focussed on commercial outcomes ; Significant earnings from commercialisation of

    products and services from tropical agricultural biotechnology and establishment of major life NETWORKS science companies in the region Opportunities for tropical QLD ; Greater economic, environmental, and social

    capital for Queenslanders living in the tropics, Tropical HEALTH especially in remote communities ; Effective alliances with overseas entities ; Greater international funding and investment Tropical ENVIRONMENTAL ; Protection of all Queenslanders from emerging sciences and management

    zoonotic disease such as Avian influenza ; Thriving industries based on ecosystems Tropical PRIMARY INDUSTRIES management of the natural resources of the developing world

    ; Substantial industry delivering urban renewal Tropical LIVING services to the mega-cities of the tropical world ; The future leaders and best students of the tropical world studying and forming strong bonds Tropical EDUCATION with Queensland

Figure 1. Hub mechanism

Smart State Council Working Group Opportunities in Tropical Science, Knowledge, Research and Innovation for Queensland vi

Table of contents

    Executive summary ....................................................................................... iii Table of contents .......................................................................................... vii Abbreviations .............................................................................................. viii 1.0 INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................... 1 2.0 ENVIRONMENTAL SCAN ....................................................................... 1

    2.1 Emerging international trends .................................................. 1

    2.2 Queensland‟s current position ................................................. 2

    2.3 A way forward ......................................................................... 4 3. CREATING COMPETITIVE STRENGTH ................................................. 6

    3.1 Enhancing tropical health expertise and capacity ..................... 7

    3.2 Maximising value from environmental and cultural assets ...... 11

    3.3 Transforming tropical primary industries ................................ 20

    3.4 Promoting and capitalising on tropical living and design ......... 28

    3.5 Extending tropical knowledge through education ................... 33 4. FROM OPPORTUNITIES TO MARKETS ............................................... 37

    4.1 Marketing .............................................................................. 37

    4.2 R&D intensive tropical industries ........................................... 38

    4.3 Commercialisation ................................................................. 38

    4.4 A new approach .................................................................... 40 5. REFERENCES ...................................................................................... 42 Appendix 1. Capacity and capability .......................................................... 45 Appendix 2. Detailed SWOT analysis ......................................................... 64

    Smart State Council Working Group Opportunities in Tropical Science, Knowledge, Research and Innovation for Queensland vii

Abbreviations

AAHL Australian Animal Health Laboratory

    ABCRC Australian Biosecurity CRC for Emerging Infectious Disease ACIAR Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research

    (Australian Government)

    ACITHN Australian Centre for International & Tropical Health & Nutrition ACTFR Australian Centre for Tropical Freshwater Research (JCU) AIMS Australian Institute of Marine Science

    AMPTO Association of Marine Park Tourism Operators ANU Australian National University

    APEC Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

    ARC Australian Research Council

    ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations

    ATFI Australian Tropical Forest Institute

    ATSI Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander

    ATSIC Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission AusAID Australian Agency for International Development BERD Business expenditure on R&D

    BSE Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy

    CDU Charles Darwin University

    CERF Commonwealth Environment Research Facilities, Department

    of the Environment and Heritage (Australian Government) CQU Central Queensland University

    CRC Cooperative Research Centre

    CREDC Cairns Region Economic Development Corporation CRTR project Coral Reef Targeted Research and Capacity Building for

    Management Global Environment Fund (UQ)

    CSIRO Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation DEST Department of Education, Science and Training (Australian

    Government)

    DPI&F Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries (Queensland

    Government)

    DSDTI Department of State Development, Trade and Innovation

    (Queensland Government)

    EPA Environmental Protection Agency (Queensland Government) FRDC Fisheries R&D Corporation

    GBR Great Barrier Reef

    GBRMPA Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority

    GBRRF Great Barrier Reef Research Foundation

    GDP Gross Domestic Product

    GU Griffith University

    ICT Information and communication technology

    IMB Institute for Molecular Bioscience (UQ)

    IWC International Water Centre

    Smart State Council Working Group Opportunities in Tropical Science, Knowledge, Research and Innovation for Queensland viii

JCU James Cook University

    L&WA Land and Water Australia

    Menzies Menzies School of Health Research

    MOU Memorandum of understanding

    MTSRF Marine and Tropical Sciences Research Facilities NAEIDA Northern Australian Emerging Infectious Disease Alliance

    (proposed)

    NCRIS National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy

    (Australian Government)

    NCWR National Centre for Water Resources

    NHMRC National Health and Medical Research Council (Australian

    Government)

    NQ North Queensland

    NRM Natural Resource Management (Australian Government) NRMW Department of Natural Resources, Mines and Water

    (Queensland Government)

    NWI National Water Initiative (Australian Government) OECD Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development PMSEIC Prime Minister‟s Science, Engineering and Innovation Council

    QBP Queensland Bioscience Precinct (UQ)

    QH Queensland Health

    QIMR Queensland Institute of Medical Research (UQ) QPWS Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service (Queensland

    Government)

    QUT Queensland University of Technology

    R&D Research and Development

    SME Small to medium-sized enterprises

    SSRFF Smart State Research Facilities Fund (Queensland

    Government)

    STRI Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute SWOT Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats TAFE Technical and Further Education

    THI Tropical Health Institute (proposed)

    TPHUN Tropical Public Health Unit Network

    TRACK Tropical Rivers and Coasts Knowledge (proposed) TSIP Tropical Science and Innovation Precinct (proposed) TTNQ Tourism Tropical North Queensland

    UNSW University of New South Wales

    UN United Nations

    UQ University of Queensland

    UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural

    Organization

    UWA University of Western Australia

    WHO World Health Organization

    WTMA Wet Tropics Management Authority

    Smart State Council Working Group Opportunities in Tropical Science, Knowledge, Research and Innovation for Queensland ix

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