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Justice Guide4

By Carol Berry,2014-01-31 11:13
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Justice Guide4

    目录

    每章简介和原文 .............................................................................................................................................- 4 -

    Episode Guide .........................................................................................................................................- 4 -

    Episode One ............................................................................................................................................- 4 -

    PART ONE: THE MORAL SIDE OF MURDER ...................................................................- 4 -

    PART TWO: THE CASE FOR CANNIBALISM ...................................................................- 4 - Episode Two ............................................................................................................................................- 4 -

    PART ONE: PUTTING A PRICE TAG ON LIFE...........................................................................- 4 -

    PART TWO: HOW TO MEASURE PLEASURE ...........................................................................- 5 - Episode Three ..........................................................................................................................................- 5 -

    PART ONE: FREE TO CHOOSE .................................................................................................- 5 -

    PART TWO: WHO OWNS ME?...................................................................................................- 5 -

    Episode Four ...........................................................................................................................................- 5 -

    PART ONE: THIS LAND IS MY LAND......................................................................................- 5 -

    PART TWO: CONSENTING ADULTS ........................................................................................- 5 - Episode Five ............................................................................................................................................- 6 -

    PART ONE: HIRED GUNS ..........................................................................................................- 6 -

    PART TWO: MOTHERHOOD: FOR SALE ................................................................................- 6 - Episode 6 .................................................................................................................................................- 6 -

    PART ONE: MIND YOUR MOTIVE .............................................................................................- 6 -

    PART TWO: THE SUPREME PRINCIPLE OF MORALITY .....................................................- 6 - Episode 7 .................................................................................................................................................- 6 -

    PART ONE: A LESSON IN LYING................................................................................................- 6 -

    PART TWO: A DEAL IS A DEAL ..................................................................................................- 7 -

    Episode 8 .................................................................................................................................................- 7 -

    PART ONE: WHAT‘S A FAIR START? .........................................................................................- 7 -

    PART TWO: WHAT DO WE DESERVE? ......................................................................................- 7 - Episode 9 .................................................................................................................................................- 8 -

    PART ONE: ARGUING AFFIRMATIVE ACTION .......................................................................- 8 -

    PART TWO: WHAT‘S THE PURPOSE?........................................................................................- 8 - Episode 10 ...............................................................................................................................................- 8 -

    PART ONE: THE GOOD CITIZEN................................................................................................- 8 -

    PART TWO: FREEDOM VS. FIT ..................................................................................................- 8 -

    Episode 11 ...............................................................................................................................................- 8 -

    PART ONE: THE CLAIMS OF COMMUNITY ............................................................................- 8 -

    PART TWO: WHERE OUR LOYALTY LIES ................................................................................- 9 - Episode 12 ...............................................................................................................................................- 9 -

    PART ONE: DEBATING SAME-SEX MARRIAGE .....................................................................- 9 -

    PART TWO: THE GOOD LIFE ......................................................................................................- 9 -

    About Justice ...........................................................................................................................................- 9 -

    Michael Sandel ..............................................................................................................................- 10 -

    原文 ............................................................................................................................................................... - 11 -

    1--1 THE MORAL SIDE OF MURDER .............................................................................................. - 11 -

    12 THE CASE FOR CANNIBALISM ..............................................................................................- 17 -

    2--1 PUTTING A PRICE TAG ON LIFE ..............................................................................................- 24 -

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2--2 HOW TO MEASURE PLEASURE...............................................................................................- 29 -

    3--1 FREE TO CHOOSE ......................................................................................................................- 35 -

    3--2 WHO OWNS ME? ........................................................................................................................- 40 -

    4--1 THIS LAND IS MY LAND...........................................................................................................- 46 -

    4--2 CONSENTING ADULTS ............................................................................................................- 50 -

    5--1 Hired Guns .....................................................................................................................................- 56 -

    52 Motherhood For Sale ....................................................................................................................- 61 -

    61 MIND YOUR MOTIVE ...............................................................................................................- 66 -

    62 THE SUPREME PRINCIPLE OF MORALITY ..........................................................................- 71 - 71 A LESSON IN LYING .................................................................................................................- 76 -

    72 A Deal is a Deal ..........................................................................................................................- 80 -

    81 WHAT‘S A FAIR START? (Timing 0-23) .............................................................................- 86 - 82 WHAT DO WE DESERVE? (Timing 0-23) ...........................................................................- 91 - 91 ARGUING AFFIRMATIVE ACTION (Timing 0-25) ..............................................................- 95 - 92 What‘s the Purpose? (Timing 25-end) .....................................................................................- 102 - 101 The Good Citizen (Timing 1-25) ............................................................................................- 107 -

    102 Freedom Vs. Fit ..................................................................................................................... - 112 -

    111 The Claims of Community .................................................................................................... - 117 -

    112 Where Our Loyalth lies ..........................................................................................................- 122 -

    Story of Billy Bulger ...................................................................................................................- 125 -

    Story of Robert E. Lee .................................................................................................................- 126 -

    Michael Walzer‘s implications of justice .....................................................................................- 127 - 121 DEBATING SAME-SEX MARRIAGE .................................................................................- 129 - 122 The Good Life .......................................................................................................................- 134 -

    Discuss ........................................................................................................................................................- 140 -

    Discuss for episode 1: ........................................................................................................................- 140 -

    Discuss for episode 2: ........................................................................................................................- 140 -

    Discuss for episode 3: ........................................................................................................................- 141 -

    Discuss for episode 4: ........................................................................................................................- 141 -

    Discuss for episode 5: ........................................................................................................................- 143 -

    Discuss for episode 6: ........................................................................................................................- 143 -

    Discuss for episode 7: ........................................................................................................................- 145 -

    Discuss for episode 8: ........................................................................................................................- 145 -

    Discuss for episode 9: ........................................................................................................................- 147 -

    Discuss for episode 10: ......................................................................................................................- 148 -

    Discuss for episode 11: ......................................................................................................................- 149 -

    Discuss for episode 12: ......................................................................................................................- 150 -

    Reading........................................................................................................................................................- 151 -

    Jeremy Bentham, Principles of Morals and Legislation (1780) ..........................................................- 152 -

    Chapter I. Of the Principle of Utility. ..........................................................................................- 152 -

    Chapter IV. Value of a Lot of Pleasure or Pain, How to be Measured. ........................................- 155 - J.S. Mill, Utilitarianism (1863)............................................................................................................- 156 -

    Chapter I. General Remarks. .......................................................................................................- 157 -

    Chapter 2. What Utilitarianism Is. ...............................................................................................- 159 -

    Chapter 3. Of the Ultimate Sanction of the Principle of Utility...................................................- 170 -

    Chapter 4. Of what sort of Proof the Principle of Utility is Susceptible. ....................................- 175 -

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    Chapter 5. On the Connection between Justice and Utility. ........................................................- 179 - John Locke, Second Treatise of Government (1690) ..........................................................................- 192 -

    CHAP. I. ......................................................................................................................................- 192 -

    CHAP. II. Of the State of Nature. ................................................................................................- 193 -

    CHAP. III. Of the State of War. ...................................................................................................- 196 -

    CHAP. IV. Of Slavery. .................................................................................................................- 198 -

    CHAP. V. Of Property. .................................................................................................................- 199 -

    CHAP. VII. Of Political or Civil Society. ....................................................................................- 206 -

    CHAP. VIII. Of the Beginning of Political Societies. ................................................................. - 211 -

    CHAP. IX. Of the Ends of Political Society and Government.....................................................- 218 -

    CHAP. X. Of the Forms of a Common-wealth. ...........................................................................- 220 -

    CHAP. XI. Of the Extent of the Legislative Power. ....................................................................- 221 - In the Matter of Baby ―M‖ (1988) .......................................................................................................- 236 - Immanuel Kant, Groundwork for the Metaphysics n. 形而上学,玄学of Morals (1785) ...............- 239 -

    PREFACE ............................................................................................................................- 239 -

    FIRST SECTION ................................................................................................................- 242 -

    SECOND SECTION ...........................................................................................................- 248 -

    John Rawls, A Theory of Justice (1971) ..............................................................................................- 277 -

    PGA Tour, Inc. v. Martin (2000) ..........................................................................................................- 277 -

    Goodridge古德里奇v. Department of Public Health (2003) .............................................................- 283 -

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    每章简介和原文

Episode Guide

    For the best learning experience, watch the twelve Justice episodes in chronological order. Every Sunday, an additional episode will be added to the web site and available for viewing. Each one hour episode includes two separate lectures. Below is a summary of all twelve episodes.

Episode One

    PART ONE: THE MORAL SIDE OF MURDER

    If you had to choose between (1) killing one person to save the lives of five others and (2) doing nothing even though you knew that five people would die right before your eyes if you did nothingwhat would you do? What would be the right thing to

    do? That’s the hypothetical scenario Professor Michael Sandel uses to launch his

    course on moral reasoning. After the majority of students votes for killing the one person in order to save the lives of five others, Sandel presents three similar moral conundrumseach one artfully designed to make the decision more difficult. As students stand up to defend their conflicting choices, it becomes clear that the assumptions behind our moral reasoning are often contradictory, and the question of what is right and what is wrong is not always black and white

PART TWO: THE CASE FOR CANNIBALISM

    Sandel introduces the principles of utilitarian philosopher, Jeremy Bentham, with a famous nineteenth century legal case involving a shipwrecked crew of four. After nineteen days lost at sea, the captain decides to kill the weakest amongst them, the young cabin boy, so that the rest can feed on his blood and body to survive. The case sets up a classroom debate about the moral validity of utilitarianismand its doctrine

    that the right thing to do is whatev