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pparadise lost

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pparadise lost

    Paradise Lost

    BOOK 1

    THE ARGUMENT

    This first Book proposes, first in brief, the whole

    Subject, Mans disobedience, and the loss thereupon of Paradise wherein he was plac't: Then touches the prime cause of his fall, the Serpent, or

    rather Satan in the Serpent; who revolting反叛 from God, and drawing to

    his side many Legions of Angels, was by the command of God driven 军队

    out of Heaven with all his Crew into the great Deep. Which action past over,

    the Poem hasts into the midst of things, presenting Satan with his Angels

    now fallen into Hell, describ'd here, not in the Center (for Heaven and Earth

    may be suppos'd as yet not made, certainly not yet accurst) but in a place of

    utter darkness, fitliest call'd Chaos: Here Satan with his Angels lying on the

    burning Lake, thunder-struck and astonisht, after a certain space recovers, as from confusion, calls up him who next in Order and Dignity lay by him; they confer of thir miserable fall. Satan awakens all his Legions, who lay till

    then in the same manner confounded; They rise, thir Numbers, array of Battel, thir chief Leaders nam'd, according to the Idols known afterwards in Canaan and the Countries adjoyning. To these Satan directs his Speech,

    comforts them with hope yet of regaining Heaven, but tells them lastly of a new World and new kind of Creature to be created, according to an ancient Prophesie or report in Heaven; for that Angels were long before

    this visible Creation, was the opinion of many ancient Fathers. To find out

    the truth of thisProphesie, and what to determin thereon he refers to a full Councel. What his Associates thence attempt. Pandemonium the Palace

    of Satan rises, suddenly built out of the Deep: The infernal Peers there sit in Councel.

OF Mans First Disobedience, and the Fruit

    Of that Forbidden Tree, whose mortal凡人的 tast

    Brought Death into the World, and all our woe悲哀,

With loss of Eden, till one greater Man

    Restore us, and regain the blissful Seat, [ 5 ] Sing Heav'nly Muse,that on the secret top Of Oreb, or of Sinai, didst inspire

    That Shepherd牧羊人, who first taught the chosen Seed, In the Beginning how the Heav'ns and Earth Rose out of Chaos混乱: Or if Sion Hill [ 10 ]

    Delight thee more, and Siloa's Brook that flow'd

    Fast by the Oracle圣人 of God; I thence

    Invoke调用 thy aid to my adventrous Song,

    That with no middle flight intends to soar Above th' Aonian Mount, while it pursues [ 15 ] Things unattempted yet in Prose or Rhime. And chiefly Thou O Spirit, that dost prefer Before all Temples th' upright heart and pure, Instruct me, for Thou know'st; Thou(you) from the first Wast(are) present, and with mighty wings outspread [ 20 ]

    Dove-like satst brooding on the vast Abyss无底洞

    And mad'st it pregnant: What in me is dark Illumin, what is low raise and support; That to the highth of this great Argument I may assert Eternal Providence, [ 25 ] And justifie the wayes of God to men.

    Say first, for Heav'n hides nothing from thy view Nor the deep Tract of Hell, say first what cause Mov'd our Grand Parents in that happy State, Favour'd of Heav'n so highly, to fall off [ 30 ] From thir Creator, and transgress违反 his Will

    For one restraint抑制, Lords of the World besides? Who first seduc'd them to that foul污秽的 revolt反抗?

    Th' infernal地狱 Serpent; he it was, whose guile诡计

    Stird up with Envy and Revenge, deceiv'd [ 35 ] The Mother of Mankind, what time his Pride Had cast him out from Heav'n, with all his Host Of Rebel Angels, by whose aid aspiring

    To set himself in Glory above his Peers, He trusted to have equal'd the most High, [ 40 ] If he oppos'd; and with ambitious aim Against the Throne and Monarchy of God Rais'd impious不敬的 War in Heav'n and Battel proud With vain attempt. Him the Almighty全能的 Power

    Hurld headlong flaming from th' Ethereal Skie [ 45 ] With hideous ruine and combustion燃烧 down

    To bottomless perdition毁灭, there to dwell

    In Adamantine Chains and penal刑罚的 Fire,

    Who durst defie th' Omnipotent to Arms. Nine times the Space that measures Day and Night [ 50 ] To mortal men, he with his horrid可怕的 crew

    Lay vanquisht, rowling in the fiery Gulfe Confounded使混淆 though immortal: But his doom Reserv'd him to more wrath激怒; for now the thought

    Both of lost happiness and lasting pain [ 55 ] Torments折磨 him; round he throws his baleful邪恶的 eyes

    That witness'd huge affliction苦恼 and dismay沮丧

    Mixt with obdurate顽固的 pride and stedfas坚定不移的t hate:

    At once as far as Angels kenn he views The dismal Situation waste and wilde, [ 60 ] A Dungeon horrible, on all sides round As one great Furnace flam'd, yet from those flames No light, but rather darkness visible Serv'd onely to discover sights of woe, Regions of sorrow, doleful寂寞的 shades, where peace [ 65 ] And rest can never dwell, hope never comes That comes to all; but torture without end Still urges, and a fiery Deluge, fed

    With ever-burning Sulphur unconsum'd: Such place Eternal Justice had prepar'd [ 70 ]

    For those rebellious, here thir Prison ordain'd In utter darkness, and thir portion命运 set

    As far remov'd from God and light of Heav'n As from the Center thrice to th' utmost Pole. O how unlike the place from whence they fell! [ 75 ] There the companions of his fall, o'rewhelm'd With Floods and Whirlwinds of tempestuous剧烈的 fire,

    He soon discerns, and weltring by his side One next himself in power, and next in crime, Long after known in Palestine, and nam'd [ 80 ]

    圣经中的魔王. To whom th' Arch-Enemy, Beelzebub

    And thence in Heav'n call'd Satan, with bold words Breaking the horrid silence thus began.

    If thou beest he; But O how fall'n! how chang'd From him, who in the happy Realms of Light [ 85 ] Cloth'd with transcendent卓越的 brightness didst out-shine Myriads众生 though bright: If he Whom mutual league, United thoughts and counsels, equal hope And hazard in the Glorious Enterprize,

    Joynd with me once, now misery hath joynd [ 90 ] In equal ruin: into what Pit thou seest From what highth fall'n, so much the stronger prov'd He with his Thunder: and till then who knew The force of those dire可怕的 Arms? yet not for those,

    Nor what the Potent Victor in his rage [ 95 ] Can else inflict造成, do I repent忏悔 or change,

    Though chang'd in outward lustre光彩; that fixt mind

    And high disdain鄙视, from sence of injur'd merit, That with the mightiest rais'd me to contend斗争,

    And to the fierce contention brought along [ 100 ] Innumerable force of Spirits arm'd

    That durst dislike his reign统治, and me preferring,

    His utmost power with adverse power oppos'd

    In dubious可疑的 Battel on the Plains of Heav'n, And shook his throne. What though the field be lost? [ 105 ]

    All is not lost; the unconquerable Will, And study of revenge, immortal hate,

    And courage never to submit or yield:

    And what is else not to be overcome?

    That Glory never shall his wrath or might [ 110 ] Extort侵占 from me. To bow and sue for grace With suppliant恳求的 knee, and deifie his power,

    Who from the terrour of this Arm so late Doubted his Empire, that were low indeed, That were an ignominy耻辱 and shame beneath [ 115 ]

    This downfall; since by Fate the strength of Gods And this Empyreal substance cannot fail, Since through experience of this great event In Arms not worse, in foresight先见 much advanc't,

    We may with more successful hope resolve [ 120 ] To wage by force or guile eternal Warr

    Irreconcileable, to our grand Foe敌人,

    Who now triumphs, and in th' excess of joy Sole reigning holds the Tyranny of Heav'n.

    So spake th' Apostate Angel, though in pain, [ 125 ] Vaunting吹嘘 aloud, but rackt with deep despare: And him thus answer'd soon his bold Compeer同辈.

    O Prince, O Chief of many Throned Powers, That led th' imbattelld Seraphim to Warr Under thy conduct, and in dreadful deeds [ 130 ] Fearless, endanger'd Heav'ns perpetual King; And put to proof his high Supremacy霸权,

    Whether upheld支持 by strength, or Chance, or Fate, Too well I see and rue后悔 the dire event,

    That with sad overthrow and foul defeat [ 135 ] Hath lost us Heav'n, and all this mighty Host

    In horrible destruction laid thus low, As far as Gods and Heav'nly Essences

    Can perish: for the mind and spirit remains 无敌的Invincible, and vigour soon returns, [ 140 ] Though all our Glory extinct, and happy state Here swallow'd up in endless misery.

    But what if he our Conquerour, (whom I now Of force believe Almighty, since no less Then such could hav orepow'rd such force as ours) [ 145 ]

    Have left us this our spirit and strength intire Strongly to suffer and support our pains, That we may so suffice满足 his vengeful复仇的 ire忿怒,

    Or do him mightier service as his thralls束缚

    By right of Warr, what e're his business be [ 150 ] Here in the heart of Hell to work in Fire, Or do his Errands使命 in the gloomy Deep黑暗的深渊;

    What can it then avail though yet we feel Strength undiminisht, or eternal being To undergo eternal punishment? [ 155 ] Whereto with speedy words th' Arch-fiend reply'd.

    Fall'n Cherube, to be weak is miserable Doing or Suffering: but of this be sure, To do ought good never will be our task, But ever to do ill our sole delight, [ 160 ] As being the contrary to his high will Whom we resist. If then his Providence Out of our evil seek to bring forth good, Our labour must be to pervert that end, And out of good still to find means of evil; [ 165 ] Which oft times may succeed, so as perhaps Shall grieve him, if I fail not, and disturb His inmost心底的 counsels from thir destind aim. But see the angry Victor hath recall'd His Ministers of vengeance and pursuit [ 170 ] Back to the Gates of Heav'n: The Sulphurous Hail Shot after us in storm, oreblown hath laid The fiery Surge, that from the Precipice悬崖

    Of Heav'n receiv'd us falling, and the Thunder,

Wing'd with red Lightning and impetuous猛烈的 rage, [ 175 ]

    Perhaps hath;have spent his shafts, and ceases now To bellow咆哮 through the vast and boundless无限的 Deep.

    Let us not slip th' occasion, whether scorn, Or satiate fury yield it from our Foe. Seest thou yon dreary枯燥的 Plain, forlorn and wilde, [ 180 ] The seat of desolation, voyd of light, Save what the glimmering微光 of these livid flames

    Casts pale and dreadful? Thither let us tend From off the tossing of these fiery waves, There rest, if any rest can harbour there, [ 185 ] And reassembling our afflicted Powers, Consult how we may henceforth most offend Our Enemy, our own loss how repair,

    How overcome this dire Calamity灾难,

    What reinforcement we may gain from Hope, [ 190 ] If not what resolution from despare.

    Thus Satan talking to his neerest Mate With Head up-lift above the wave, and Eyes That sparkling blaz'd, his other Parts besides Prone on the Flood, extended long and large [ 195 ] Lay floating many a rood十字架, in bulk体积 as huge

    As whom the Fables name of monstrous巨大的 size,

    Titanian, or Earth-born, that warr'd on Jove,

    Briareos or Typhon, whom the Den

    By ancient Tarsus held, or that Sea-beast [ 200 ] Leviathan, which God of all his works

    Created hugest that swim th' Ocean stream: Him haply slumbring on the Norway foam

    The Pilot of some small night-founder'd Skiff, Deeming some Island, oft, as Sea-men tell, [ 205 ] With fixed Anchor in his skaly rind

    荒野Moors by his side under the Lee, while Night Invests the Sea, and wished Morn delayes: So stretcht out huge in length the Arch-fiend lay

    Chain'd on the burning Lake, nor ever thence [ 210 ] Had ris'n or heav'd his head, but that the will And high permission of all-ruling Heaven Left him at large to his own dark designs, That with reiterated crimes he might

    Heap on himself damnation诅咒, while he sought [ 215 ]

    Evil to others, and enrag'd might see

    How all his malice怨恨 serv'd but to bring forth

    Infinite goodness, grace and mercy shewn;show

    On Man by him seduc't, but on himself

    三倍的Treble confusion, wrath and vengeance pour'd. [ 220 ] Forthwith upright he rears from off the Pool His mighty Stature; on each hand the flames Drivn backward slope thir pointing spires尖塔, and rowld

    In billows巨浪, leave i'th' midst a horrid Vale溪谷.

    Then with expanded wings he stears his flight [ 225 ] Aloft, incumbent依靠的 on the dusky Air

    That felt unusual weight, till on dry Land He lights, if it were Land that ever burn'd With solid, as the Lake with liquid fire; And such appear'd in hue色彩, as when the force [ 230 ]

    Of subterranean wind transports a Hill

    Torn from Pelorus, or the shatter'd side

    Of thundring Ætna, whose combustible可燃物

    And fewel'd entrals thence conceiving Fire, Sublim'd with Mineral fury, aid the Winds, [ 235 ] And leave a singed bottom all involv'd

    With stench and smoak: Such resting found the sole Of unblest不幸的 feet. Him followed his next Mate, Both glorying to have scap't the Stygian flood

    As Gods, and by thir own recover'd strength, [ 240 ] Not by the sufferance容许 of supernal Power.

    Is this the Region, this the Soil, the Clime气候,

    Said then the lost Arch-Angel, this the seat That we must change for Heav'n, this mournful gloom For that celestial天上的 light? Be it so, since he [ 245 ] Who now is Sovran君主 can dispose and bid

    What shall be right: fardest from him is best Whom reason hath equald, force hath made supream Above his equals. Farewel happy Fields

    Where Joy for ever dwells: Hail horrours, hail [ 250 ] Infernal world, and thou profoundest Hell Receive thy new Possessor: One who brings A mind not to be chang'd by Place or Time. The mind is its own place, and in it self Can make a Heav'n of Hell, a Hell of Heav'n. [ 255 ] What matter where, if I be still the same, And what I should be, all but less then he Whom Thunder hath made greater? Here at least We shall be free; th' Almighty全部的神 hath not built

    Here for his envy, will not drive us hence: [ 260 ] Here we may reign secure, and in my choyce To reign is worth ambition though in Hell: Better to reign in Hell, then serve in Heav'n. But wherefore let we then our faithful friends, Th' associates and copartners of our loss [ 265 ] Lye thus astonisht on th' oblivious遗忘的 Pool,

    And call them not to share with us their part In this unhappy Mansion, or once more

    With rallied Arms to try what may be yet Regaind in Heav'n, or what more lost in Hell? [ 270 ]

    So Satan spake;speak, and him Beelzebub

    Thus answer'd. Leader of those Armies bright, Which but th' Onmipotent none could have foyld, If once they hear that voyce, thir liveliest pledge保证

    Of hope in fears and dangers, heard so oft [ 275 ] In worst extreams, and on the perilous冒险的 edge

    Of battel when it rag'd, in all assaults攻击

    Thir surest signal, they will soon resume New courage and revive复兴, though now they lye用碱液洗涤

    Groveling and prostrate on yon Lake of Fire, [ 280 ] As we erewhile, astounded被震惊的 and amaz'd,

    No wonder, fall'n such a pernicious致命的 highth.

    He scarce had ceas't when the superiour Fiend Was moving toward the shoar; his ponderous shield笨重的盾

    Ethereal temper, massy, large and round, [ 285 ] Behind him cast; the broad circumference Hung on his shoulders like the Moon, whose Orb Through Optic Glass the Tuscan Artist views

    At Ev'ning from the top of Fesole,

    Or in Valdarno, to descry看见 new Lands, [ 290 ]

    Rivers or Mountains in her spotty Globe. His Spear, to equal which the tallest Pine Hewn on Norwegian hills, to be the Mast

    Of some great Ammiral, were but a wand, He walkt with to support uneasie steps [ 295 ] Over the burning Marle, not like those steps On Heavens Azure, and the torrid晒热的 Clime

    重击Smote on him sore besides, vaulted with Fire; Nathless he so endur'd, till on the Beach Of that inflamed Sea, he stood and call'd [ 300 ] His Legions, Angel Forms, who lay intrans't Thick as Autumnal Leaves that strow the Brooks In Vallombrosa, where th' Etrurian shades

    High overarch't imbowr; or scatterd sedge Afloat, when with fierce Winds Orion arm'd [ 305 ]

    Hath vext the Red-Sea Coast, whose waves orethrew Busiris and his Memphian Chivalry,

    While with perfidious背信弃义的 hatred they pursu'd

    The Sojourners of Goshen, who beheld见到

    From the safe shore thir floating Carkases [ 310 ] And broken Chariot Wheels, so thick bestrown

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