Cluster one

By Yolanda Watkins,2014-07-11 17:12
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Cluster one ...

    Ealing Supporting People Strategy Refresh

    Needs analysis cluster one

    Appendix 2 -Cluster one

    Young people at risk, young people leaving care and teenage

    & young parents

    Current supply of services

    Client group Young Young Teenage and

    People at People Young

    Risk leaving care parents

    Expenditure ?983,338 ?710,418 ?102,919 Accommodation based units 166 29 10 Floating support units 41 20 Ealing Total 166 70 30 Inner London average 181 26 26 Outer London average 76 18 15

Overall the comparison with other authorities shows that Ealing is much better

    provided for than many other boroughs. The leaving care team funds services

    for 16 and 17 year old care leavers including supported housing and the

    Semi-independent Outreach Team (SOT).

The move-on survey indicated that there are significant problems with move-

    on from young people’s services with a number of providers suggesting that

    better use could be made of a rent deposit scheme to help service users

    access the private sector . We expect that our strategies to improve move-on

    will generate more frequent vacancies in our young people’s services making

    more efficient use of the supply that we have.

Although the information that has been gathered to update us on the housing

    support needs of young people suggests that some young people are not

    getting the access that they need to appropriate services, we will initially be

    focussing on improving move-on and through put to see if this deals with the

    currently unmet need. We will use the Gateway service to monitor unmet


Conclusions on the needs of this group listed in the 5 year strategy


    ? Insufficient supported housing at present for 16/17 year olds

    ? Insufficient move on accommodation

    ? Lack of information on the housing support needs of BME young people

    ? Lack of information on the housing situation of young teenage parents in


    ? Lack of floating support services that would support young people in bed

    and breakfast, other types of temporary accommodation and ‘move-on’.

    Particularly young women, asylum seekers and those with mild mental

    health needs.


    Ealing Supporting People Strategy Refresh

    Needs analysis cluster one

? Lack of high level support for provision for young people who are multi-

    diagnostic and with higher/multiple support needs e.g. refugees or asylum

    seekers, care leavers, young offenders, drug users, issues relating to

    domestic violence, or have mental health or other related health problems.


Since the strategy was written we have:

    1. Commissioned a new floating support service for vulnerable young


    1. Commissioned new floating support service for teenage parents

LAA targets

There are a number of Ealing’s draft priority LAA indicators that relate to this

    cluster of client groups:

    ? NI 45 Young offenders engagement in suitable education, employment

    and training

    ? NI 117 16-18 year olds who are Not in Education, Employment or Training

    ? NI 123 16+ smoking rate prevalence

Other relevant national indicators (out with the LAA) are:

? NI 19: Rate of proven re-offending by young offenders

    ? NI 46: Young offenders access to suitable accommodation

    ? NI 112: Under 18 conception rate

    ? NI 115: Substance misuse by young people

    ? NI 106 Young people from low income backgrounds progressing to higher


    ? NI 110 Young people’s participation in positive activities

    ? NI 112 Under 18 conception rate

    ? NI 147 Care leavers in suitable accommodation

    ? NI 148 Care leavers in employment, education or training

Supporting People funded services contribute to meeting these targets though

    supporting vulnerable young people to stay in or re-enter education and

    training or access employment. This is achieved by enabling often very

    vulnerable young people to stabilise their lives and providing a supportive

    environment to help young people, who cannot live at home with their family,

    develop independent living skills.

Other strategic targets:

    ? Reducing long term social exclusion faced by teenage parents by 60% by

    2010 National Teenage Pregnancy Strategy ? DCFS PSA target to reduce the proportion of young people not in

    education, employment or training by 2% by 2010


    Ealing Supporting People Strategy Refresh

    Needs analysis cluster one

The Cap Gemini report ‘Research into the Benefits of Supporting People’

    CLG 2008, identifies that Supporting People funded services for young

    people at risk generates savings from other services of approximately ?3,000 per unit for people in temporary accommodation and ?500 per annum for those in settled accommodation. This is based on the assumption that SP funded services reduce costs to e.g. the health service, criminal justice system and reduce benefit claims by supporting people into work. This would indicate annual savings in Ealing of approximately ?500,000.

    There are additional uncosted benefits such as improved quality of life, greater housing stability and the acquisition of skills such as cooking and shopping.

Current Needs

Young homeless people/young offenders

    The 2002 Homelessness Act extended priority need to include 16 and 17 year olds other than those who social services are responsible for accommodating, care leavers under the age of 21 who were looked after by social services when they were 16 or 17. The number of 16 and 17 year olds accepted as homeless is comparatively small and there are limited numbers housed in temporary accommodation.

    Young offenders are at significant risk of homelessness and Youth Justice board report from 2007 found that 40% of a sample of 150 young offenders had been homeless or sought formal housing support. However there is insufficient local data to identify a specific need.

    According to national data, homeless people are becoming more vulnerable with increasing numbers of young people who have more complex needs. Typically, young people are presenting with a multiple problems and service provision to them needs to be flexible and responsive to those needs.

    There is a lack of hard data on the numbers of vulnerable young people who need housing related support and those when are unable to access appropriate services; we expect that the new Gateway service will help us assess unmet need more systematically than at the moment and this will be used in the future to inform our plans, including re-commissioning and remodelling.

    However the PI data indicates that we are quite successful at rehousing young people. Between April and December 2007 94 young people at risk left supported housing. Of these 65 (69%) moved on in a planned way. The move-on survey indicated that service users in services for young people at risk find it difficult to access move-on accommodation and there are significant numbers of young people living in supported accommodation who are ready to move into more independent housing. We are prioritising improving move-on arrangements, including the development of a rent deposit scheme, and


    Ealing Supporting People Strategy Refresh

    Needs analysis cluster one

expect that this will increase the number of vacancies. At the moment there

    is no floating support service available for young people other that care

    leavers; if we are to increase the numbers of young people moving into the

    private sector floating support would be beneficial to help young people

    manage the transition.

Young people leaving care

There are currently 376 young people allocated to the leaving care team,

    of which:

    ? 103 are ‘eligible’ (16-17 years old and still ‘looked after),

    ? 7 are ‘relevant’ (16-17 years old and were ‘looked after), and

    ? 266 are ‘former relevant’ (18 and over clients who were previously

    ‘looked after’)

The Supporting People Programme works with young care leavers over the

    age of 18, as those under 18 are the responsibility of social services. An

    overwhelming number of young people leave care at significantly younger

    ages (typically at around 16/17 years old) than most people normally leave

    home (on average 23 years old). However, since the introduction of the

    Children (Leaving Care) Act 2000, the proportion of young people leaving

    care at 16 has been decreasing and the proportion continuing in care until 18

    increasing. The situation in Ealing reflects this.

There are three types of accommodation available to young care leavers in


? Supported accommodation units with on-site support staff;

    ? Self contained flats supported by on-site staff; or

    ? Independent accommodation with the option of floating support workers

There are 36 supported accommodation units currently funded for Ealing’s

    care leavers to access, of which 6 are self-contained flats available funded

    through the leaving care team and supporting people. A floating support

    service provides works with young people in independent housing in the

    private rented sector or social housing.

Ealing set up the Semi-Independent Outreach Team (SOT) in March 2006 to

    provide additional support to care leavers in local YMCA placements and

    those already in or about to move into Quota Housing allocation (up to 45 per

    year, increasing to 65). The SOT team is being increased by an additional 2

    workers for 2 years.

Some young people in Ealing are housed in inappropriate places such as

    B&B’s, hostels or private tenancies because they are unable to access

    supported accommodation. There is currently no guaranteed support to young

    people living in their own flats. Between April and December 2007 16 care


    Ealing Supporting People Strategy Refresh

    Needs analysis cluster one

    leavers over the age of 18 left supported housing with 12 moving on in a planned way.

    Not all young people wish to be accommodated in Ealing when they leave care. Currently 47% of placements are made out of borough; Ealing is working to reduce the number and distance of out of borough placements so it is likely that this ratio will decrease in time.

Unaccompanied asylum seekers

    Local authorities owe a duty of care to young asylum seekers and refugees aged 18 to 24 years that were previously supported by social services. Hopefully the legal status of all unaccompanied asylum seeker children will have been resolved before they reach the age of 18 and leave the care system and those who gain refugee status or are granted ‘exceptional leave to remain’ will receive after care support in the same way as other looked after


    The number of young asylum seekers supported though leaving care arrangements is increasing. This is due in part to a large number of unaccompanied children arriving 3 years ago, who are now reaching 18. There is currently no quantified need for supported accommodation for these young people.

    The [leaving care team/department name?] consider that 14 additional units of self contained supported accommodation are needed for young care leavers with revenue costs of ?120 per week split between SP and the Leaving Care Team.

Teenage and Young Parents

In 2005 there were 186 conceptions in Ealing among 15 17 year old females.

    This compares with 193 conceptions in 2004 amongst Ealing 15-17 year old females. The rate of under 18 conceptions in Ealing for 2005 has fallen by 18.1% since 1998.

    In recent years, a greater proportion of pregnancies have been terminated. In 2005, 58.6% of pregnancies were terminated. Between 2002 and 2004, 57.8% of conceptions led to termination, and between 1997 and 1999, 56.1% of conceptions led to termination.

    Analysis of 2005 under 18 conception data indicates that 70.5% of mothers identify as lone parents. This compares with 16.7% who were married and 9.8% who were co-habiting.

    A consultation of 20 teenage parents in December 2005 highlighted housing related issues, including:

    ? Delay in processing housing applications

    ? Lack of support in applying for housing benefits


    Ealing Supporting People Strategy Refresh

    Needs analysis cluster one

    ? Poor housing conditions and lack of maintenance, i.e. living in damp


    ? Not responsive to domestic violence

    ? Process of applying for housing not clearly understood and in some cases

    discouraged by housing staff due to age of applicant

    The consultation revealed that young parents who had been housed within the YMCA supported housing units received appropriate help and support and felt that the service had provided them with appropriate support.

    A snap shot of services in July 207 showed that the floating support service run by YMCA was oversubscribed, with 5 parents on the waiting list and the supported accommodation housing units currently run by YMCA were fully occupied and not able to meet available demand. As a result four mothers were placed in YMCA units in Harrow. The floating support officer has also supported at parents with intensive need who are better suited for supported accommodation.

    However, more recent information shows that the floating support service is not fully used at the moment (Q3 KPIs for 2007/8 submitted to the SP team).

    Between April and December 2007 6 teenage parents left supported housing, all of them moving on in a planned way. The move-on survey indicated that the process of moving young mothers into permanent housing could be

    improved; if this could be achieved this would free up supported housing more frequently and this may be sufficient to meet the current demand.

Summary of needs

    There is currently a good range of services available for young people in Ealing, and the move-on survey suggests that improving move-on

    opportunities would free up places more quickly making more efficient use of the existing supported housing.

The current issues for this cluster are:

    ? There is an unquantified need for services for:

    o Homeless 16 and 17year olds, some of whom are currently placed

    inappropriately in B&B or other temporary accommodation

    o Young offenders

    o Young people with complex needs

    ? There is a need for more floating support particularly to help young people

    move into the private sector;

    ? Young people in supported housing need better access to rent deposits to

    improve access to the private sector;

    ? There is a need to generate a few more places for teenage parents which

    may be possible through improving through put.

Priorities for the Supporting People programme are to:


    Ealing Supporting People Strategy Refresh

    Needs analysis cluster one

? improve-move on to the private sector by providing wider access to rent

    deposits and providing floating support to ensure that tenancies are

    sustained if users continue to need some support;

    ? use the Gateway service to provide better needs information for those

    groups of young people where the information is poor and to monitor

    unmet needs for all young people as move-on improves;

    ? monitor the utilisation of the Floating Support service

    ? use this needs information to remodel services to better meet the full

    range of needs by:

    o targeting accommodation based services at young people with

    high/complex needs or those who are not yet ready for independent

    living , and

    o using floating support for people with lower support needs.


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