By Valerie Alexander,2014-02-12 17:37
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    Social work is a profession which has its own primary mission: to enhance human well-being and help meet the basic human needs of all people, with particular attention to the needs and empowerment of people who are vulnerable, oppressed, and living in poverty. A historic and defining feature of social work is the profession’s focus on individual well-being in a social content and the well-being of society. Fundamental to social work is attention to the environmental forces that create, contribute to and address problem in living.

    The social work profession has a lot of core values that help define and guide our practice. Social work grew out of humanitarian and democratic ideals, and its values are based on respect for the equality, worth, and dignity of all people, Since its beginnings over a century ago, social work practice has focused on meeting human needs and developing human potential. Human rights and social justice serve as the motivation and justification for social work action. Face to the people who are disadvantaged, social workers strives to alleviate poverty and to liberate vulnerable and oppressed people in order to promote social inclusion. And its values are embodied in the profession’s national and international codes of ethics.

    Values reflect the humanistic and altruistic philosophical base of the social work profession. Fundamental beliefs in human dignity, the worth of all people, mutual responsibility, self-determination, empowerment and antioppression, guide assessment and intervention (Reamer, 1999). Ethical codes of conduct and standards of practice specify how these values should be evident in a professional's behavior. As the discipline has developed, some fundamental values and beliefs that have been

    expressed as practice principles have now received support from new theoretical developments and empirical findings. For example, social work has long valued the notion that a collaborative and strong professional relationship with the client is a crucial factor in bringing about change. Numerous practice models now embrace this concept and considerable empirical evidence also supports this long-held practice principle(Edwards and Richards, 2002; Norcross, 2002; Wampold, 2001). Social workers, guided by this knowledge, use interviewing skills purposefully to forge and maintain alliances between themselves and the people with whom they work.

    It is a strong technical profession. If one want to be a social worker, he must take in Professional training, one needs the skills required to work with individuals, families, groups and communities. The skills include Psychology knowledge, Sociology knowledge, communication skills, etc. Earning a master’s degree in social work allows social works to develop advanced skills and to concentrate or specialize in a specific area of interest. After this, you own the ability to analysis of concrete problems, and put forward the solution. At the same time, social work needs the ability to organize activities, however, it is not enough, social work put strong emphasis on professional practice. An excellent social worker must accumulate a vast reservoir of knowledge, experiences, and skills over many years. Influences on this knowledge base come from many sources and include significant learning from field experiences and field instructors during social work studies and from practice teaches. Many social workers credit their clinical supervisors as having had the greatest influence on their learning. Observing skilled colleagues and attending workshops are other important sources for new learning. From

    these experiences each practitioner appears to incorporate her own set of ideas and professional behaviors based on what makes sense to her and feels congruent with her sense of self. This initial core of knowledge and skills constitutes a unique professional foundation for the particular social worker. Over time some parts may be rejected and replaced with new conceptual building blocks. More "pieces" of knowledge are incorporated to create an intricate, complex, multilayered knowledge framework and practice model. Clearly, this is an evolving long-term "project" of constructing, deconstructing, and rebuilding a practice approach. It is an iterative process and one that is stimulated by being in practice. Reflecting on one's practice with a critical eye enables social workers to evaluate their work and examine the effect of specific actions on their clients. Practitioners develop their own way of working as they draw gen-eralizations from these specific instances. As these generalizations are used in subsequent new situations, they may be refined and ultimately integrated into a practitioner's repertoire. Or, if their effect proves to be limited, they may be discarded. The result is similar to a richly colored tapestry in that the practitioner's knowledge base is made up of many different threads. One cannot easily extract particular strands without distorting the whole. However, when practitioners consciously examine and deconstruct their practice they are able to identify those underlying or implicit values, concepts, and beliefs that are seen in action.

    So. A social worker must study hard in the practise , because social work is often for group work, it needs its members’ cooperation to

    complete the task, so social work requires social workers have strong teamwork spirit, on the other hand, social worker’s clients are so many people who in troubles and their emotionally is unstable, also In a bad

    mood, so when a social worker want to began his work, he must own strong communication skills, otherwise, he can not do well in social work.

    After own the knowledge and skills, Social work requires the Social workers to be warm-hearted man. Because Social work’s clients are the people who are in trouble, they were having a hard time and need Social workers’ help, so if one isn’t a warm-hearted man, I think he may not be a

    excellent social worker. Meanwhile, one must laugh every time, If you can’t laugh at yourself and the state of affairs the world may be in on any

    given day, you are doomed. A sense of humor is one of your most valuable survival tools. It's what you need at the end of the day when you have done all of the other nine;and nothing has gone right anyway.

    In a word, it is not easy to be a excelent social work, you must try your best to study and practise. But, fortunately, the work is quite significant.

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