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writing

By Louise Harris,2014-12-12 17:27
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SAT writing

Writing >

    1.

    In order to prepare for the speech he was given to all of the parents and

    A B

    teachers at the school, George practiced speaking in front of a group of his friends. No error

    C D

     E

    Answer Choices

    ; (A)

    ; (B)

    ; (C)

    ; (D)

    ; (E)

    Explanation Choice (B) is correct. The error in this sentence occurs at (B), where there is an inappropriate verb

    form. It does not make sense to say that George would prepare for a speech that “he was given” (that

    was given to him). Instead, “he was to give” is needed.

    2. Most of the world’s sharks, living in temperate and tropical regions, though A B C the Greenland shark lives in the cold Arctic waters, and the huge basking shark is at home in the seas

    around Antarctica. No error

    D E

    Answer Choices

    ; (A)

    ; (B)

    ; (C)

    ; (D)

    ; (E)

    地址?深圳市福田CBD深南大道2028号中国凤凰大厦1号塔24A,邮编?518026 深圳市纬博咨询有限公司 AddSuite A, 24/F, Tower 1, China Phoenix Complex, 2028 ShenNan Rd., Futian CBD, World Institute Link (Shenzhen) Shenzhen, P.R. China, Post Code 518026 Consulting Co., Ltd 电话;Tel??0755-23990100 23990101 传真;Fax0755-23990123 网址?www.wil.com.cn E-mail: info@wil.com.cn [粤公境准字;20020053]

    Explanation

    Choice (B) is correct. The error in this sentence occurs at (B), where an inappropriate verb form creates a sentence fragment. To fix this problem, the phrase “sharks, living” should be changed to “sharks live.”

    3. The North American continent, first colonized by people from Siberia, crossing the now sunken

    land bridge between Siberia and Alaska about 15,000 years ago.

    Answer Choices

    ; (A) The North American continent, first colonized by people from Siberia, crossing

    (B) People from Siberia first colonized the North American continent, who crossed ;

    ; (C) First colonized by people from Siberia was the North American continent, they crossed

    ; (D) First colonized by people from Siberia, who crossed the North American continent,

    ; (E) The North American continent was first colonized by people from Siberia, who crossed

    Explanation

    Choice (E) is correct. It avoids the sentence fragment error of the original by providing a main verb (“was”) to indicate the action taking place in the sentence.

    4.

    Between 1508 to 1512, Michelangelo, working on a scaffold 60 feet

    A B

    above the floor, painted the vaulted ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Rome with hundreds of giant figures that represented his vision of the world’s

    D C

    creation. No error

    E

    Answer Choices

    ; (A)

    ; (B)

    ; (C)

    地址?深圳市福田CBD深南大道2028号中国凤凰大厦1号塔24A,邮编?518026 深圳市纬博咨询有限公司 AddSuite A, 24/F, Tower 1, China Phoenix Complex, 2028 ShenNan Rd., Futian CBD, World Institute Link (Shenzhen) Shenzhen, P.R. China, Post Code 518026 Consulting Co., Ltd 电话;Tel??0755-23990100 23990101 传真;Fax0755-23990123 网址?www.wil.com.cn E-mail: info@wil.com.cn [粤公境准字;20020053]

    ; (D)

    ; (E)

    Explanation

    Choice (A) is correct. The error in this sentence occurs at (A), where there is an inappropriate idiom.

     y,” not “Between x to y.” The idiom is “Between x and

    5. Woody Guthrie wrote and adapted more than a thousand songs, many of them are about the struggles of workers and the poor in the United States. Answer Choices

    ; (A) many of them are

    ; (B) many of which are

    ; (C) many are

    ; (D) which are, many of them,

    ; (E) and many of them that are

    Explanation

    Choice (B) is correct. It avoids the comma-splice error of the original by using the pronoun “which” in

    place of the pronoun “them,” thereby turning what was originally an independent clause (“many of

    them are … United States”) into a relative clause that modifies “songs.”

    6.

    Before the end of the semester, each of you needs to meet with your adviser

    A C B

    or I to discuss your plans for next year. No error

    E D

    Answer Choices

    ; (A)

    ; (B)

    ; (C) 地址?深圳市福田CBD深南大道2028号中国凤凰大厦1号塔24A,邮编?518026 深圳市纬博咨询有限公司 AddSuite A, 24/F, Tower 1, China Phoenix Complex, 2028 ShenNan Rd., Futian CBD, World Institute Link (Shenzhen) Shenzhen, P.R. China, Post Code 518026 Consulting Co., Ltd 电话;Tel??0755-23990100 23990101 传真;Fax0755-23990123 网址?www.wil.com.cn E-mail: info@wil.com.cn [粤公境准字;20020053]

    ; (D)

    ; (E)

    Explanation

    The personal pronoun “I” in the prepositional phrase “with your adviser or I” is an object of the preposition “with” and should be in the objective case. The corrected phrase should be: “with your adviser or me.”

    7. Lady Day, as Billie Holiday was usually called, was the finest jazz singer of her generation, and it

    was the opinion of her fans, she was the greatest jazz singer of the twentieth century.

    Answer Choices

    ; (A) it was the opinion of her fans, she was

    ; (B) the opinion of her fans was of her as

    ; (C) her fans had this opinion, she was

    ; (D) for her fans, the opinion was of her as

    ; (E) in the opinion of her fans, she was

    Explanation

    Choice (E) is correct. It avoids the sentence fragment error of the original by replacing the awkward

    and unnecessary “it was” with the preposition “in” to idiomatically state that Billie Holiday’s fans considered her “the greatest jazz singer of the twentieth century.”

    8. Modern discus throwers use much the same technique of ancient Greece.

    Answer Choices

    ; (A) of ancient Greece

    ; (B) of ancient Greeks

    ; (C) as ancient Greeks did

    ; (D) as they did in ancient Greece

    地址?深圳市福田CBD深南大道2028号中国凤凰大厦1号塔24A,邮编?518026 深圳市纬博咨询有限公司 AddSuite A, 24/F, Tower 1, China Phoenix Complex, 2028 ShenNan Rd., Futian CBD, World Institute Link (Shenzhen) Shenzhen, P.R. China, Post Code 518026 Consulting Co., Ltd 电话;Tel??0755-23990100 23990101 传真;Fax0755-23990123 网址?www.wil.com.cn E-mail: info@wil.com.cn [粤公境准字;20020053]

    ; (E) like ancient Greeks

    Explanation

    Choice (C) is correct. It avoids the error of the original by comparing what “Modern discus throwers”

    do to what “ancient Greeks did” (not to “ancient Greece,” a comparison that would not make logical

    sense).

    9.

    Whether the Sumerians were the first people to develop writing is uncertain,

    BA C

    A but theirs is the oldest known writing system. No error

    D E

    Answer Choices

    ; (A)

    ; (B)

    ; (C)

    ; (D)

    ; (E)

    Explanation

    The answer is (E). There is no error in this sentence.

    10. Clara Barton founded the American branch of the Red Cross, a nurse who was sometimes called

    the “angel of the battlefield.”

    Answer Choices Answer Choices

    ; (A) Clara Barton founded the American branch of the Red Cross,

    ; (B) The founder of the American branch of the Red Cross was Clara Barton,

    ; (C) It was Clara Barton founding the American branch of the Red Cross,

    ; (D) Clara Barton, who founded the American branch of the Red Cross, she was

    地址?深圳市福田CBD深南大道2028号中国凤凰大厦1号塔24A,邮编?518026 深圳市纬博咨询有限公司 AddSuite A, 24/F, Tower 1, China Phoenix Complex, 2028 ShenNan Rd., Futian CBD, World Institute Link (Shenzhen) Shenzhen, P.R. China, Post Code 518026 Consulting Co., Ltd 电话;Tel??0755-23990100 23990101 传真;Fax0755-23990123 网址?www.wil.com.cn E-mail: info@wil.com.cn [粤公境准字;20020053]

    ; (E) In founding the American branch of the Red Cross, Clara Barton was

    Explanation

    Choice (B) is correct. It avoids the modification error of the original by placing the noun “Clara

    Barton” next to its appositive, “a nurse...battlefield.”

    11.

    The origin of amusement parks lie in ancient and medieval religious festivals

    A

    and trade fairs, where merchants, entertainers, and food sellers gathered in

    C B

    order to take advantage of the large crowds. No error

    D E

    Answer Choices

    ; (A)

    ; (B)

    ; (C)

    ; (D)

    ; (E)

    Explanation

    The answer is (A). The error in this sentence occurs at (A), where there is subject-verb disagreement.

    To agree with the plural verb “lie,” the singular “origin” must be changed to the plural “origins.”

    12. They are smaller than their counterparts in Africa, so Asiatic lions can be found only in Gir, a

    forest region in northwest India.

    Answer Choices

    ; (A) They are smaller than their counterparts in Africa, so Asiatic lions

    ; (B) Its counterparts in Africa are bigger, but the Asiatic lion

    ; (C) The Asiatic lion is smaller than their counterparts in Africa, they

    地址?深圳市福田CBD深南大道2028号中国凤凰大厦1号塔24A,邮编?518026 深圳市纬博咨询有限公司 AddSuite A, 24/F, Tower 1, China Phoenix Complex, 2028 ShenNan Rd., Futian CBD, World Institute Link (Shenzhen) Shenzhen, P.R. China, Post Code 518026 Consulting Co., Ltd 电话;Tel??0755-23990100 23990101 传真;Fax0755-23990123 网址?www.wil.com.cn E-mail: info@wil.com.cn [粤公境准字;20020053]

    ; (D) The counterparts of African lions in Asia are smaller, although they

    ; (E) Smaller than their counterparts in Africa, Asiatic lions

    Explanation

    Choice (E) is correct. It avoids the faulty logic of the original by removing the unnecessary pronoun

    “They” and the conjunction “so” so that the size of the two types of lions is the only thing being compared.

    13.

    The Sun has been shining for nearly five billion years and is thought that it

     A B

    has sufficient thermonuclear fuel in its core to shine for about another five

     C D

    billion. No error

     E

    Answer Choices

    ; (A)

    ; (B)

    ; (C)

    ; (D)

    ; (E)

    Explanation

    The answer is (B). The error in this sentence occurs at (B), where there is awkward and unidiomatic

    phrasing. The awkward “that it has” should simply be “to have.”

    14. Rita Dove, African American writer and teacher, as poet laureate of the United States from 1993 to 1995.

    Answer Choices 地址?深圳市福田CBD深南大道2028号中国凤凰大厦1号塔24A,邮编?518026 深圳市纬博咨询有限公司 AddSuite A, 24/F, Tower 1, China Phoenix Complex, 2028 ShenNan Rd., Futian CBD, World Institute Link (Shenzhen) Shenzhen, P.R. China, Post Code 518026 Consulting Co., Ltd 电话;Tel??0755-23990100 23990101 传真;Fax0755-23990123 网址?www.wil.com.cn E-mail: info@wil.com.cn [粤公境准字;20020053]

    ; (A) Rita Dove, African American writer and teacher, as

    ; (B) Rita Dove was an African American writer and teacher as

    ; (C) African American writer and teacher Rita Dove was

    ; (D) African American writer and teacher, Rita Dove was

    (E) An African American writer and teacher, it was Rita Dove ;

    Explanation

    Choice (C) is correct. It avoids the sentence fragment error of the original by providing a main verb,

    “was,” for the subject of the sentence, “Rita Dove.”

    15.

    Audio recordings, and the equipment used to make and play them, comes in many forms,

     A B C including records, CDs, and analog and digital tape recorders. No error

     D E Answer Choices

    ; (A)

    ; (B)

    ; (C)

    ; (D)

    ; (E)

    Explanation

    The error in this sentence occurs at (B), where there is subject-verb disagreement. The singular verb

    “comes” should be changed to the plural “come” to agree with the plural subject “Audio recordings,

    and the equipment used to make and play them.”

    地址?深圳市福田CBD深南大道2028号中国凤凰大厦1号塔24A,邮编?518026 深圳市纬博咨询有限公司 AddSuite A, 24/F, Tower 1, China Phoenix Complex, 2028 ShenNan Rd., Futian CBD, World Institute Link (Shenzhen) Shenzhen, P.R. China, Post Code 518026 Consulting Co., Ltd 电话;Tel??0755-23990100 23990101 传真;Fax0755-23990123 网址?www.wil.com.cn E-mail: info@wil.com.cn [粤公境准字;20020053]

16.

    When people gave up the hunter-gatherer way of life and began to cultivate the soil and grow

    A

    their food, they often became less mobile, built more substantial residences, and they

    B C

    developed more effective means of storage. No error

    E D

    Answer Choices

    ; (A)

    ; (B)

    ; (C)

    ; (D)

    ; (E)

    Explanation

    The error in this sentence occurs at (C), where there is a flaw in parallelism. The pronoun “they”

    should be removed so that the sentence contains three parallel verbs (“became,” “built,” and

    “developed”).

    17. New analyses of a fossil suggest winged insects having possibly emerged as early as 400 million years ago.

    Answer Choices

    ; (A) suggest winged insects having possibly

    ; (B) suggest that winged insects may have

    ; (C) suggesting that winged insects, they may have

    ; (D) that suggests winged insects as having possibly

    ; (E) that suggest winged insects to have possibly

    地址?深圳市福田CBD深南大道2028号中国凤凰大厦1号塔24A,邮编?518026 深圳市纬博咨询有限公司 AddSuite A, 24/F, Tower 1, China Phoenix Complex, 2028 ShenNan Rd., Futian CBD, World Institute Link (Shenzhen) Shenzhen, P.R. China, Post Code 518026 Consulting Co., Ltd 电话;Tel??0755-23990100 23990101 传真;Fax0755-23990123 网址?www.wil.com.cn E-mail: info@wil.com.cn [粤公境准字;20020053]

    Explanation

    Choice (B) is correct. It avoids the error of the original by replacing the awkward and wordy “suggest

    winged insects having possibly” with the more precise and idiomatic “suggest that winged insects may

    have.”

    18. It is thought that a dog’s sense of smell is generally 10,000 to 100,000 times better than humans. Answer Choices

    ; (A) humans

    (B) humans’ are ;

    ; (C) humans have

    ; (D) a human’s

    ; (E) a human has

    Explanation

    Choice (D) is correct. It avoids the error of the original by properly comparing “a dog’s sense of

    smell” to “a human’s” sense of smell.

    19.

    Although Mrs. Griffin has not previously been very enthusiastic about preparing her students

    A

    for the annual piano competition, she put in extra time this year to ensure that her star pupil B C

    would win first prize. No error.

    D E

    Answer Choices

    ; (A)

    ; (B)

    ; (C)

    ; (D)

    ; (E) 地址?深圳市福田CBD深南大道2028号中国凤凰大厦1号塔24A,邮编?518026 深圳市纬博咨询有限公司 AddSuite A, 24/F, Tower 1, China Phoenix Complex, 2028 ShenNan Rd., Futian CBD, World Institute Link (Shenzhen) Shenzhen, P.R. China, Post Code 518026 Consulting Co., Ltd 电话;Tel??0755-23990100 23990101 传真;Fax0755-23990123 网址?www.wil.com.cn E-mail: info@wil.com.cn [粤公境准字;20020053]

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