Political state of Brain

By Ramon Martinez,2014-07-09 21:51
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monarchy parliament government

    The Brief Introduction of the

    Political State of Britain

    Class 3


    Title: the brief introduction of

     political state of Britain



    Part 1: Monarch

    Part 2: Legislatures

    The UK Parliament:

     House of Commons

     House of Lords

    Part 3: Executive

    The United Kingdom Government:

     The Prim Minister and the Cabinet

     Part 4: Judiciary

     Part 5: Political Parties:



     Liberal Democrats





    The brief introduction of the politics of UK

    The politics of UK has taken place in the framework of a constitutional monarchy, in which the Monarch is head of state and the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of government.Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of Parliament, the House of Commons and the House of Lord, as well as in the Scottish Parliament and Welsh and Northern Ireland Assemblies s. Executive power is exercised by the UK government, the devolved governments of Scotland and Wales, and the Executive of Northern Ireland. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature, the highest national court being the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom. (2)

     Meanwhile, there are two largest parties that is the Conservative Party and the Labour Party, before the Labour Party rose in British politics the Liberal Party was the other major political party along with the Conservatives.

     The political framework

    UK Parliament

    UK government

     Scottish Welsh Northern Irish

     Parliament Assembly Assembly

    Scottish local Welsh local Northern Irish English local

    Government government local government government

    Source: British Civilization: An Introduction, Fifth edition, 2002, by John Oakaland

Key words: political Britain

Part 1: Monarch

     Queen Elizabeth II, the current monarch of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

     Monarch is the head of the states, who holds symbolic title but has no effective political power. The ability to make and pass legislation resides within an elected Parliament. The Sovereign governs according to the constitution or rules, rather than his or her own free will. As a constitutional monarch, the Queen cannot make or pass legislation, and must remain politically neutral. On almost all matters the Queen acts on the advices of ministers. (1) Nominally, the monarch has the right to choose her Prime Minister and the right to call and dissolve Parliament, however, according to the constitution, the Prime minister is the person who is able to command the a majority in the House of the Commons, and Parliament is dissolved at the time suggested by the PM.(2)Although the monarch has not an executive role, he or she still has an important political role as Head of State, meanwhile, she also has the royal prerogative, such as appoints the prime minister, give the grant Royal Assent and bestows honors.

Part 2: Legislatures

     The UK Parliament is the supreme legislative body in the United Kingdom (i.e., there is parliamentary sovereignty), and Government is drawn from and answerable to it. Parliament is bicameral, consisting of the House of Commons and the House of Lords. There is also a devolved Scottish Parliament and devolved Assemblies in Wales and Northern Ireland, with varying degrees of legislative authority. (2) The UK Parliament

    the main function of Parliament are to pass laws, to provide ----- voting for taxation ------ the means of carrying out the work of the government, to scrutinize Government policy and administration, including proposals for expenditure, and to debate the mayor issues of the day.(1)


    Bicameralism MemberDistribution Main Function Remark

    s Positions

    House 646 529 The Preside over the They are

    of Commons represent chief House, and interprets always the constituencies officer: the rules of the Members of in England Speaker House the House of 40 in Wales and Commons, 59 in Three and elected The most senior one Scotland Deputy by the House holds the title of 18 in Speakers as nominees Chairman of Ways Northern of the and Means,

    Ireland government, the two others are

     but may known as the first

     come from and the second

     the Deputy of it


     as well as



     The House A statutory body It chaired by

     of Is responsible for the the Speaker

     Commons administration of the



     The Clerk The House’s chief Permanent

     of the adviser official

     House Chief Executive of Not a

     the House of member of

     Commons the House


     Advise rules



     Chairs the

     Board of


    Deputy Assistant


    Serjeant-atMaintenance of law,

    -Arms order, and security on

     the House’s


     Carry the ceremonial


    House of 751 26 “Lords Lord of A political appointee

    Lords Spiritual”(2 Chancellor As ex officio Speaker archbishops,24 of the House

    most senior

    bishops of the

    Church of


    725 “Lords


    current Life The Lord Speakers Appointed Peers, 90 Chairman ,by the House Hereditary Principal of Lord itself Peers, 2 Great Chairman, Receive officers of