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    Research

June2008JournalofNortheastAgricultulalUniversityv0L15No.29296

    ;ResearchontheDevelopment

    ;GrowthinHeilongjiangProvince-

    ;LrURui

    ;ofEconomyandFarmers’Income

    ;CollegeofLiberalandSocialScience,NortheastAgriculturalUniversity,Harbin150030,

    China

    ;Abstract:Nowadays,increasingfarmers’incomeisnotonlyrelatedtothedevelopmentofr

    uraleconomy,theimprovementof

    ;farmers’livesandcountrysidestabilitybutalsorelatedtotheoverallsituationofeconomya

    ndsocialdevelopment.Heilongjiangisa

    ;bigagriculturalprovince,however,theincreaseoffarmers’percapitalnetincomeisrathersl

    owinthelastfewyears.Onthebasisof

    ;Lewisdualeconomicstructuretheoryandourprovince’sactualsituation,thepaperpropose

    dtheconcretecountermeasurestoincrease

    ;farmers’income,soastopromotethedevelopmentofeconomy.

    ;Keywords:farmers’income,dualeconomicstructure,farmers’percapitalnetincome

    ;CLCnumber:Fl27;F304.8Documentcode:AArticleID:10068104f2oos)

    02009205

    ;Introduction

    ;Peasants’slowgrowthinearningsisanoutstanding

    ;probleminpresenteconomiclife.Howtoincreasepea

    ;sants’income,safeguardthestabilityofcountryside

    ;andpromotethewholegoodoperationofnationaleco ;nomyisahottopictoday.Thestabilityofthecountry

    ;sideisafoundationofthedevelopmentofthesociety. ;TI16thNatiOnalC~ngressofCommunistPartyof ;Chinahasputforwardtheproblemsof”agricultural,

    ;countrysideandpeasants”,inwhichpeasants’income

    ;isregardedtobeakeyitem.Thegrowthofpeasants’

    ;incomewillpromotethestabilityoftheruralsociety, ;activatetheruralmarketandspurthedevelopment ;ofthewholesocialeconomy.Inrecentyears,therate ;ofpercapitalnetincomegrowthofpeasantsinour ;provinceisratherslow,althoughithascarriedonthe ;ruralreformssuchasexemptingtaxationwhichhas ;somewhatlightenedpeasants’burden.Thisstillcan’t

    ;turnbackthestateofpeasants’lowincomefunda.

    ;mentally.The16thNationalCongressproposesthe

;objectiveofstrugglingtoconstructthewelloffsociety

    ;comprehensively.Torealizethisaim,oneofthemost ;importantitemsistoacceleratepeasants’growthin

    ;earnings.

    ;Themostoutstandingproblemofincomeofpea

    ;santsinourprovinceisthatpercapitalnetpeasants’

    ;incomegrowthsituationconscientiouslycanhelpus ;toholdtheregularityofitandtakesomeeffective ;measurestopromotepeasants’growthinearnings.In

    ;2005,asthesameastheotherprovinces,underthe ;scientificdevelopmentviews,Heilongjiangcarriedout ;policiesandmeasuresofcen~al”FileNo.1’’andmade

    ;somemacroadjustmentsconscientiously,regarding ;theproblemof”agriculturecountrysideandpeasants”

    ;asthemostimportantproblemofSOCialeconomic ;development[“.Thus,peasants’incomeincreasedfair-

    ;lyfastforthefirsttime,andtheimprovementof ;situationinagricultureandruralareashaswentbeyond ;people’sexpectancygreatly.Whethersuchfastgrowth

    ;ofpeasants’incomecanlastin2006andinfutureisa

    ;veryconcernedquestionandanessentialproblemat ;present.

    ;Received22April2007

    ;LIURui(1975

    ),male,Ph.D,lecturer,engagedintheresearchofenterprisehumanresourcemanagementa

    ndruralhumancapitalinvestment.

    ;Email:xuebaoenglish@neau.edu.ca

    ;

    ;LIURui.ResearchontheDevelopmentofEconomyandFarmers’Incommin}

    i_0niangProvince?93?

    ;TheCharacteristicsofPeasants’

    ;GrowthinEarningsofHeilongjiang

    ;ProvinceandItsExistingProblems

    ;Percapitalincomelevelisanimportantindextorc

    ;flectthedegreeofacountryoraregion’seconomic

    ;development.Similarly,peasants’incomelevelisan

    ;importantindex,whichreflectstheagriculturaleco

    ;nomyinthisareaandanimportantsignofitsdeve

    ;lopingstage.Obviously,peasants’incomegrowthisa

    ;veryimportantproblem.Butinrecentyears,peasants’

    ;incomegrowthisratherslowandithasbeenasevere ;challengetoagricultural

    ;ment.Thisinfluencesthe

    ;andruralareas’develop—

;developmentofeconomy

    ;greatly.AlthoughagricultureofHeilongjiangProvince ;andruraleconomydevelopmenthavealreadystepped ;intoagoodstage,inthelongterm,someinfluential

     ;andprofoundcontradictionsofruraleconomydeve

    ;lopmenthaven’tbeensolvedatallyet.Thedevelop—

    ;mentofagricultureandruralareasisstillatadifficult ;climbingstage.So,combiningthetheorywithpractice, ;wcshoulddeepenreform,implementthepositive ;policiestoincreasepeasants’incomebyeverypossible

    ;meansFromthepresentsituation,theincomestate ;ofpeasantsinHeilongjiangProvincehasthefollowing ;characteristics

    ;Peasants’incomeispoorandthereisgreater

    ;disparitycomparedwiththelevelofthewhole ;nationandespeciallydevelopedprovinces

    ;From1997to2003,percapitalnetincomeofthepea. ;santsinHeilongjiangProvincewasseparately2307.9, ;2253.2,2165.9,2148.2,2280.3,2405.2and2508.9 ;yuan.Comparedwithnationalleve1.itisdistinctively ;lower.Ifcomparedwiththedevelopedprovinces’

    ;data,forexample,ZhejiangProvince,thedisparityis ;greater.Theabsolutedisparityis2105.47, ;2302.04,

    ;2535.16and2880.14yuanfrom2000to2003.rc. ;spectively.Obviously,peasants’percapitalincome

    ;levelinHeilongjiangisratherlow,whichislowerthan ;thcnationallevelandthelevelofdevelopedprovinces. ;WeseetheconcretedatainTable1f]

    ;Table1Farmers’percapitalnetincomegapbetweenHei—

    ;longjiangProvinceandthewholecountry(Yuan) ;Peasants’incomeincreasescertainly,butthe

    ;growthinearningsisrelativelyslowandquite ;unstable

    ;Inrecentyears,percapitalnetincomeofthepeasants ;inHeilongjiangProvincehasbeenincreasingfluctu. ;atinglyandthegrowthratehasadecreasingtendency. ;Thegrowthratedroppedsince1998andwentupto ;someextentin2001buttheincreasingdegreeisvery ;smal1.Moreover,thereissomenegativegrowth,for ;instance,thegrowthrateis.2.3.

    ;.

    ;3.8and.0.8from

    ;1998to2000,respectively.Wecanseetheconcrete

;datainTable2[]

    ;Althoughtheincomestructurehaschanged, ;thestructuralisrelativelylow

    ;From2000to2003,inthepercapitalnetincomeofthe ;peasantsinHeilongjiangProvince,theproportionof ;family’sbusinessincomeis71.46,

    ;72.44,71.71and

    ;http://publish.neau.edu.crl

    ;

    ;?

    ;94?JournalofNortheastAgnculturalUniversityVo1.15No.22008

    ;77.38.respectively.Thisproportionhasfluctuatingly ;risentosomeextent.Family’sbusinessincomehas

    ;expandedtothesecondaryindustryandthetertiary ;industryfromsingle”gainpig”,butitisstillamain

    ;sourceoffarmers’income.Andagriculturalincome1s

    ;stillthecore,especiallyplanting’sincome.Theslow

    ;developmentofthesecondaryindustryandtertiary ;industrycan’tfullyabsorbthesurpluslabors,which

    ;causestheslowgrowthoffarmers’income.

    ;Table2Farmers’percapitalnetincomeanditsincreaseratein

    ;HeiiongjiangProvince(Yuan)

    ;CountermeasurestoIncreaseFarmers’

    ;lncome

    ;Reformthehouseholdregistersysteminurban ;andruralareasonthebasisofdualeconomic ;structuremodeIofLewis

    ;FamouseconomistLewisproposedadualeconomic ;structuremodelinhisarticlenamed”limitlesswork—

    ;E.mail:xuebaoenglish@neau.edu.cn

    ;forcesupplyundertheeconomicdevelopment”.This

    ;mode1Dointsoutthelaborproductivitylevelofthe ;mOdernizedindustrialdepartmentofthecityshouldbe ;higherthantheruraltraditionalagriculturalsecto~So, ;workers’wagelevelshouldbehigherthanthepea—

    ;sants.Thisisanenormousappealtothetransformation ;tocityofruralsurpluspopulation.Thusimpellingthe ;surplusworkforceofagriculturesectortoflowinto ;theindustrialdepartmentwillbringtheimprovement ;Ofthewholepeasants’incomeleve1.So,thedual

    ;economicstructuremodelhasofferedanewthinking ;forimprovingpeasants’incomelevelandnarrowing

    ;theincomegapbetweenurbanandruralareasin ;variouscountries.ButinHeilongjiangProvince,city

    ;rHnsindustryandcountrysideisengagedinfarming. ;Traditionalideologyandrelevantrestrictionofpolicy ;havepreventedpeasantsgoingdowntown,which ;formscomparativelytypicaldualeconomicstructure. ;Thus,thedisparityinurbanandruralareasiswidened ;gradually.Giventhepresentsituation,weshoulddraw ;1essonsfromtheeconomicstructuretheoryandsetup ;thescientifictransfermechanismofruralsurpluslabors ;tOsolvepeasants’incomeproblem.First,weshould

    ;canceltheruralprotectivescreenleadingtocity, ;whichisthesystemofthehouseholdregister.Because ;animportantprerequisiteofdua1economicstructure ;modelisthattheworkforcecanflowfreelybetween ;countrysideandcity,butthehouseholdregistersystem ;ofourcountrydestroysthisimportantprerequisite. ;Restrictedbythissystem,alotofpeasantsgoingdown ;towntoworksufferaseriesofdiscrimination.Forex

    ;ampletheworkingenvironmentisbad,laborintensity ;isgreat.thereisnosocialsecurityandtheirchildren ;arerepelledinthe1oca1structureofeducation,etc. ;Thisinfluencespeasants’enthusiasmandhindersthe

    ;developmentofagriculture.So,weshoulddrawlessons ;fromtheadvancedhouseholdregistermanagement ;systeminothercountriesandcance1thediscriminatory ;identitythatpeasantsandcitizensaredistinguished. ;Alsoweshouldeducatepeasants,makethemabandon ;narrowtraditiona1thoughtsandencouragethemto ;workoutsjde[5].

    ;

    ;LIURui.ReserdTchontbeDevelopmentofEconomyandFarmers’IncomeGrowthinHeilongjiangProvince’95’

    ;Advancetheadjustmentofagricultureand

    ;ruraleconomicstructure

    ;Inrecentyears.inamorecost.effectivemanner,the ;deepreasonofpeasants’slowgrowthinearningsis

    ;thatunderthemarketeconomy,agricultureandrural ;economystructuredonotmeettheneedsofagricul

    ;turalchangesatitsdevelopingstage.So,depending ;onthescientificandtechnologicalprogress,adjusting ;andoptimizingthestructureofagricultureandrural ;economyactivity,developinghighquality,higheffi

    ;cientandfertileagricultureinamorecosteffective

    ;mannerisourprimarytaskatpresent.Inordertoin

    ;creasepeasants’income,weshouldenlargethenew

    ;spaceforagricultureandruraleconomydevelopment ;andmakeagricultureandruraleconomycontinue ;keepingvigorousatthenewstage.Asregardsthe ;currentsituationoftheruraleconomystructureinHei

    ;longjiangProvinceatpresent,primary-industryisrela

    ;tivelylargeinproportion,thesecondaryandtertiary ;industryisrelativelysmal1.Thus,weshouldspeedup ;thedevelopmentofthesecondaryandtertiaryindustry ;whileguaranteeingsounddevelopmentofprimary ;industry.Wecandeveloptheprimaryandsecondary ;industriesofcountrysidepreferentially,thendrivethe ;tertiaryindustrythroughcoordinateddevelopment ;oftheprimaryandsecondaryindustries.Atpresent, ;thefocalpointofthesecondindustrydevelopment ;ofcountrysideinHeilongjiangProvinceistheindu

    ;Stfializationofagricultureproducts:Weshouldmake ;gooduseoftheagriculturalresourceadvantagesofall ;parts,supportthedevelopmentoftheindustrialization ;ofagriculturalproducts,expandbusinessscalepro

    ;gressively,lengthentherollerchainofenterprises,and ;increasetheradiationofenterprises.Thefocalpoints ;o

    ;,

    ;fthetertiaryindustrydevelopmentareallkindsof ;agriculturalintermediariesandagriculturalservice ;systems.Practicehasprovedthatintheareawith ;higherpeasants’incomelevel,thesecondaryand

    ;tertiaryindustriesdevelopveryfast,whichutilizelocal ;resourceadvantages,developthetownshipenterprises ;inamorecosteffectivemanner.Thisspursgrowth

    ;ofpeasants’incomeandimprovementofeconomic

    ;leveleffectively.10carryontheagriculturalandrural ;economystructureadjustment,firstweshouldworkhard ;atthedevelopmentofagriculturalproducts’industria—

    ;lizationandanimalhusbandry,andpromotethetrans- ;formationappreciationoftheagriculturalandanimal ;products.Thisisarealisticmeasuretoincreasepea

    ;sants’incomeatpresent.

    ;Strengthentheinputpoweronnewrural

    ;cOnstructiOnandIurthertheimprovementon ;ruralinfrastructureconstruction

    ;Weshouldstrengthentheinfrastructureconstruction ;oftheirrigationandwaterconservancycorrectly,em

    ;phasizetheinputofagriculturalenvironmentalpro

    ;tection,andimprovethebasicconditionofagricultural ;production.Besides,acceleratingtheconstructionof ;networkofcountryroad,improvingthetrafficcondi

    ;tionofthecountrysidecanalsobehelpfultofarmers’

    ;incomegrowth.Atthesametime,weshouldincrease ;inputtoruraIpublicservices_(1J.

    ;Utilizeresourceadvantagesanddeveloppoilu- ;tion4reefoodtoincreasepeasants’income

    ;Heilo~gjiangProvincehastwomajoradvantagesto ;developpollutionfreefood.Thefirstoneisgiftedna

    ;turaladvantage.Thedestructionintensityofresources ;islight,theecologyisgoodandtheairpollutionis ;light;thesecondresourceadvantageiswoodsinHei

    ;longjiangProvinceaccountforoneseventhofnational ;forest.Thecomparativeadvantageofthenaturalre

    ;sourceshasofferedtheadvantageforthedevelopment ;ofthepollutionfreefoodinHeilongjiangProvince. ;So,HeilongjiangProvinceshouldsetupenterprise ;groupssuchasriceindustry,milkindustry,wheat ;industry,beansindustryandsoon,andfosterleading ;enterprisestorealizeagriculturalproducts’updateand

    ;peasants’incomegrowth.

    ;Moveforwardanddevelopagriculturethrough ;scienceandtechnology

    ;Weshouldpaymoreattentiontohedevelopmentof ;http:Epublish.neau.edu.cn

    ;

    ;?

    ;96JournalofNortheastAgriculturalUniversity?)1.15No.22008

    ;educationinruralareasandraisepeasants’qualityto

    ;moveforwardanddevelopagriculturethroughscience ;andtechnologyinamorecost.effectivemanner.Chan

    ;gingtheruralstyleofeconomicincreaseandimprov

    ;inglabors’qualityareeffectivewaystopromotepea’

    ;santq’incomegrowth.Itisdicultforfarmerswithout

    ;specialtytotransferintothesecondaryandtertiary ;industry.Evenemployed,itisdifficulttoobtaina ;higherincome.Therefore,westouldstrengthenthe ;educationandallkindsoftrainsintheruralareas.To ;improvepeasants’quality,wemustbeginfrombasic

    ;education,doagoodjobofthepopularizationofrural ;compulsoryeducationespeciallyimprovetheschool ;attendancerateofchildren,andreducetheilliteracy ;rate.Meanwhile,academiceducationofdiversified

    ;formsofadults,vocationaleducationandallkindsof ;trainingsarchelpfu1.

    ;Encouragepeasantstogoouttoworkastern- ;porarylabors,expandrurallaborsservices ;andincreasepeasants’cashincome

    ;Atpresent,rurallaborsworkingoutside,ononehand ;hasincreasedpeasants’cashincomeandlightened

    ;thepressureofruralemployment,Oiltheotherhand ;makesthemwidentheirvisualfield.Theycanlearn ;technology,strengthentheabilitytoadaptthemarket ;thatisfullofcompetitionandimprovetheirquality. ;Thus,encouragingpeasantstogoouttoworkastem

    ;porarylaborsshouldbecomeaneffectivewaytoin

    ;creasefarmers’income.W.

    ;eshouldencouragetherural

    ;laborstogototherichareastoworkastemporary ;E-maikxuebaoenglish@neau.edu.ca

    ;labors.Weshouldsetupmoreintermediatesoffering ;workforcemarketinformationandsupplyingsome ;trainstofarmerssoastoavoidtheblindflowinthe ;processofproducing【『J_

    ;Therefore,undertheguidanceofscientificdeve- ;lopmentview,combiningtheactualconditionsinHei

    ;longjiangProvince,wemustfacethesituationthat ;thepeasants’incomegrowthisratherslow,andtake

    ;variouseffectivemeasurestosolvethisproblemso ;astopromotethedevelopmentofeconomy,buildthe ;socialistnewcountryside,andrealizethesocialist ;harmonioussociety.

    ;References

    ;1EconomicResearchInstituteofSocialScienceofHeilongjiang ;Prox,ince.ThestudyofeconomicdevelopmentofHeilongjiang ;ProvinceINBeijing:ChinaEconomyPress,1989:7895.

    ;2XuXFSelectivepoliciesofsolvingtheproblemofincreasing ;peasants’income[JlCountandMakePolicy,2005,9(2):2630.

    ;3StatisticsBureauofHeilongjiangProvince.StatisticalYearbookof

    ;Heilongjiang[M].Beijing:ChinaStatisticsPress,19912005:136182.

    ;4YangYZ.Talkaboutthewaytoincreasepeasants’incomesue—

    ;cessfully[M].Beijing:AgriculturalPublishingHouseofChina,

    ;2002:5896.

    ;5LiuB.ReportofCh!nese’ThreeRural’issues[M].Beijing:

    ;DevelopmentofChinaPublishingHouse,2004:98102.

    ;6LinYF.Increasingpeasants’incomeneedsfirmruralinfrastructure

    ;[J.SurveyandStudy,2001,8(11):3640.

    ;7LiuJYChenZQ.Theoryabouteconomicdevelopmentinthe ;county[M].Changsha:ThePublishingHouseofMiddleand ;SouthernUniversity,2003:3642.

    ;

    ;

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