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Sudanese Arabic-English Dictionary - Form Submission

By Bryan Butler,2014-07-11 14:24
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Sudanese Arabic-English Dictionary - Form Submission ...

Sudanese Arabic-English

Dictionary

Draft: August 2007

2

#aDab (#Db) [n] wrath?; rage?; fury?; anger; غ exasperation #aDbaan iyn (; [#aDaaba] possibly; rural #a?? - (#?;) [n] cheat; c.ing?; trickery? (#Db) [a] angry; furious?; infuriate; i.d?; enrage; #a?? - (#?;) [n] trickery; deception; deceit; fraud? e.d? #a??a ya#u?? (#?;) [vt] cheat; deceive; fool; #aDDab yi#aDDib (#Db) [vt] annoy?; mislead?; dupe exasperate?; anger; enrage?; infuriate #a??aa? –iyn (#?;) [n] fraud?; cheat; swindler?; #afa ya#fa (#fa) [vi] doze off; doze; nap; take a imposter?; deceptive; deceitful nap #a?iym –iyn; #u?ama (#?m) [a?] green (= naive); #afa ya#fa (#fa) [vi] nap; take a nap; slumber; gullible; naive; credulous doze #aab ya#iyb (#yb) [vi] down; go d. (sun, moon, #afal (passive: [in], [it]) ya#fil (#fl) [vt] tars) neglect; disregard?; ignore?; heedless; be h. #aaba aat (#yb) [n] forest; wood/w.land; copse; #afiyr #afar; #ufara (#fr) [ne] guard (esp. in thicket?; jungle school); watchman (esp. in school) #aafal yi#aafil (#fl) [vt] distract (in order to #afiyr #afar; #ufara (#fr) [ne] guard (esp. in remove st. from so.); take unawares (in order to school); watchman (esp. in school) take st. off so.); unawares; take u. (in order to #aflaan iyn (#fl) [a] surprise; taken by s.; take st. off so.) unaware (caught u.); off-guard #aafil iyn (#fl) [a] negligent; neglectful; careless; #afwa aat (#fa) [n] sleep, short sleep; nap; doze heedless #afwa aat (#fa) [nsv?] slumber; nap; doze #aalaT yi#aaliT (#lT) [vt] contradict? #ala ya#liy (#la) [vt] boil; ferment? #aalib iyn? (#lb) [n] winner; victor #alab ya#lib (#lb) [vt] beat; defeat; triumph; win; #aaliy (#la) [a] expensive; dear; costly; high victorious; be v. (over) (price) #alab ya#lib (#lb) [vt] defeat (be)too difficult #aamig ? (#mg) [a] dark (of colour; as opposed for); difficult; be too d. for so. (to do); hard; be to 'light') too h. for so. (to do); unable"; be u. to do (more #aar #iyraan; aat (#yr) [n] cave/cavern literally: defeat) #aar ya#iyr (#wr) [vt] raid; invade; attack; #alab ya#lib (#lb) [vt] overcome aggress/commit a.ion? #alabaawiy a (#lb) [a] troublesome (causes lots #aar (passive: [it], ([in])) ya#iyr (#yr) [vt] of problems) raid?; invade?; attack; aggression; commit a. on #alaT coll? (#lT) [ng?] error; mistake; blunder? #aar 9ala ya#iyr (#yr) [vj] raid?; invade?; attack; #albaan iyn; #alaaba (#lb) [n] tired; aggression; commit a. on exhausted? #aar 9ala ya#iyr (#wr) [vj] raid; invade; attack; #allat yi#allit (#lT) [vt] contradict (tell so. they aggress/commit a.ion against? are wrong) #aayib iyn (#yb) [a] absent; present; not p.; #alTa aat?; #alaaTaat? (#lT) [ns?] error; there; not t. mistake; blunder? #aayt-uw (#wa) [n] fair; f.ly"?; reasonable; r.ly"?; #alTaan iyn (#lT) [a] mistaken; wrong; err; quite"?; somewhat" e.ing #aayt-uw (#wa) [n] okay; bad; not b. (e.g. reply #alyaan (#la) [a] boil; b.ed; ferment; f.ing; f.ed? to [inta kuwayyis]); reasonable #amaz lay ya#miz (#mz) [vj+] wink at (as a sign) #aaz aat? (#az) [n] gas #amda aat (md)[n] sleep, short sleep; nap; doze #aaZ ya#iyZ (#yZ) [vi] irritate; annoy; anger #ammas (passive: [it] yi#ammis (#ms) [vt] #abba yi#abbiy (#ba) [vt] deny (that one knows steep?; immerse?; submerse?; sink?; dip?; plunge? so.) #aniy a#niya (#na) [a] rich; wealthy; prosperous #abiy iyn; a#biya (#ba) [a] fool/f.ish; idiot/i.ic; #anna (passive: [it]) yi#anniy (#na) [vt?] stupid sing; chant? #abyaan iyn (not) *[#abaaya]) (#ba) [a] #anyaan iyn (#na) [a] rich; wealthy; prosperous absentminded (by)disposition); inattentive #araama aat (#rm) [n] fine (by)disposition) #arab ya#rab; ya#rib (#rb) [vi] set (sun); go #abyaan iyn (#ba) [a] fool/f.ish; idiot/i.ic; down (sun)?; down; go d. (sun)? stupid (to be confirmed) #araD ? (#rD) [n] goal; intention; aim; purpose #ada #idyaat (#da) [nm] lunch; midday meal; #arbiy iyn (#rb) [a] western/w.er (i.e. dinner (at)midday) European,American etc.)

3 #arbiy iyn (#rb) [a] western/w.er; occidental #i??iy? (= [#a??aa?]) –iyn (#?;) [n] fraud?; cheat; #arib (#rb) [n/] west swindler?; imposter?; deceptive? #ariyb iyn (#rb) [a] extraordinary?; remarkable?; #ifa ya#fa (#fa) [vi] nap; take a nap; slumber; doze (off) peculiar; ridiculous #ariyb iyn (#rb) [a] strange; odd; queer; quaint?; #ila ya#la; ya#liy (#la) [vi] boil; bubble up?; unusual?; curious? ferment? #ariyb #uraba (#rb) [a] stranger; outsider #ilaaf ? (#lf) [n] cover (of a book); jacket (of a #ariyg ? (#rg) [a] deep book)? #ilib ya#lab (#lb) [vi] wear; bc. worn out #ariyg ? (#rg) [a] deep (well, water? +?) #arram yi#arrim (#rm) [vd] fine (person); exhaust; bc. e.d (person); tire; bc. t.d out; ill; bc. I.; old; bc. old and worn out #asal (passive: [in], [it]) ya#sil (#sl) [vt] wash; launder? #ilit ya#lat (#lT) [vi?] commit; commit an #aSban 9an (#Sb) [dj] despite; spite; in s. of error/mistake #ira (#ra) [nm] glue (for wood +?) #aSban 9an (9n)[j] spite; in s. of; despite #aSban 9an (#Sb) [dj] spite; in s. of; despite #ira - (#ra) [nm] glue (for wood: +?) #iyaab (#yb) [n] absence (in school +?) #asiyl (#sl) [nv] wash; w.ing #asiyl (#sl) [n] washing (i.e. clothes being washed) #iyaar ? (#yr) [n] change (of clothes, bandage) #ulub - (#lb) [n/] victory (e.g. in football, cards); #assaal iyn (#sl) [n] washer/w.man; launderyman win (e.g. in football, cards); defeat (e.g. in football, cards); lose (e.g. in football, cards) #assaal iyn (#sl) [n] washer/w.man; #usul (#sl) [n/] wash; w.ing (ritual, Islamic); laundryman #assaal iyn (#sl) [n] washer/washerman; ablution; major a. #uTa a#Tiya? (#Ta) [n] cover/c.ing (e.g. to wrap laundryman #assaala aat (#sl) [n] washing-machine os. up in); lid; wrapper? #uTa #uTyaat; a#Tiya (#Ta) [nm] plug (for #assal (passive: [it] yi#assil (#sl) [vt] wash; launder? bath, sink) #assal (passive: [it] yi#assil (#sl) [vt] wash; launder?; clean? #aTa a#Tiya? (#Ta) [n] cover/c.ing (e.g. to wrap os. up in); lid; wrapper? #ayr (#yr) [o?] apart from ش #ayr (#yr) [j?] different from; unlike #ayr (#yr) [j?] else ?a##aal ? (?#l) [a] work; w.ing (of a machine); #ayr (#yr) [o?] except; save; but; other than operate; o.ing (of a machine); run; r.ing (of a #ayr qaanuwniy (gn;) [a] illegal machine); motion; in m. (of a machine #ayyar yi#ayyir (#yr) [vt] change (money); ?a##aal bay –iyn (?#l) [aj] care about; bother; be exchange (money) bothered about #ayyar yi#ayyir (#yr) [vt] alter; change ?a##aal bay –iyn (?#l) [aj] use"; employ"; #ayyar yi#ayyir (#yr) [vt] alter; modify?; utilise" different; make d.; change ?a##al yi?a##il (?#l) [vt] employ; work; find/get #ayyar yi#ayyir (#yr) [vt] exchange; change (= w. for/put to w.; job; find/get a j. for exchange); replace ?a##al yi?a##il (?#l) [vt] employ; work?; use (a #aza ya#ziy (passive: [it], [in]) (#za) [vt] machine +?); operate (a machine) raid (of modern warfare only); attack (of modern ?a#al (passive: [it–], [in–]) ya?#al (?#l) [vt] warfare only); assault (of modern warfare only); distract; disturb?; occupy?; busy; keep b.? invade? (of modern warfare only) ?a#al min ya?#il (?#l) [vt] distract (e.g. to allow #aza 9ala ya#ziy (#za) [vj] raid (of modern so. else to do st.); divert (so.'s attention) warfare only); attack (of modern warfare only); ?a#al min ya?#al (?#l) [vt]?? distract; disturb?; assault (of modern warfare only); invade? (of occupy?; busy; keep b.? modern warfare only) ?a#ala –aat (?#l) [n] matter; affair?; business? #azwa aat (#za) [ns?] expedition; military e.; ?a#ala ?a#alaat (?#l) [n] thing; object foray; raid; incursion ?a#alaana ? (?#l) [n] thing? #azwa aat (#za) [ns?] invasion; attack; ?a#alaana –aat (?#l) [n] matter; affair?; business? aggression; conquest ?a#alaaniyya –aat (?#l) [n] matter; affair?; business? ?a#laana –aat? (?#l) [n] task; job (specific task) ?a#laana –aat? (?#l) [n] thing; object; subject (of discussion)

4 ?a#laaniyya –aat (?#l) [n] thing; object; subject ?aal ya?iyl (?yl) [vt] hold; contain (of discussion) ?aal ya?iyl (?yl) [vt] lift (up) ?a9ab ?u9uwb (?9b) [n/] people; folk?; nation; ?aal ya?iyl (?yl) [vt] support (e.g. of a beam race; tribe? supporting a roof) ?a9ar coll (?9r) [ng/] hair; bristle; b.s?; fur?; pelt? ?aal ya?iyl (?yl) [vt] take off/from; remove ?a9ar ya?9ur (?9r) [vts] perceive; feel; sense; ?aal ya?iyl (?yl) [vt] take out (e.g. in a medical conscious; be c.; aware; be a. operation); remove (e.g. in a medical operation); ?a9ar bay ya?9ur (?9r) [vjs] perceive; feel; sense; extract (e.g. in a medical operation); cut off (e.g. intuit; conscious; be c.; aware; be a. a finger) ?a9biy (?9b) [a] popular; folk (in ?aal aat (?al) [n] scarf compounds)/folksy? ?aal ya?iyl (?yl) [vt] carry ?a9ra –aat (?9r) [ns] hair; bristle? ?aal ya?iyl (?yl) [vtm?] carry; convey; transport ?aa? coll (?a?) [ng] lint (used medically in ?aal –aat; ?iylaan (?al) [n] shawl bandages) ?aal ya?iyl (?yl) [vt] take; contain ?aa?a –aat (?a?) [ns] lint; piece of (used medically ?aal ya?iyl (?yl) [vtm?] take; obtain?; receive?; get? in bandages) ?aal amur awaamir ('xd) [vts] receive an ?aa9ir ?u9ara (?9r) [n] poet order/command/nstruction; get an ?aa9ir bay ?nuw (?9r) [a] feel; what do you f. order/command/nstruction ?aa9ir bay ?nuw (?n)[q] feel; what do you f. ?aal nafas anfaas (nfs) [n] breath; take a b.; ?aaf ya?uwf (?wf) [vd] believe; think; consider; breathe (take a breath); take a breath regard as ?aam coll (?ym) [ng] mole; m.s; birthmark; b.s?; ?aaf ya?uwf (?wf) [vd] deem; regard; consider; mark; birthmarks? think of (as) ?aama –aat (?ym) [ns] freckle ?aaf ya?uwf (?wf) [vt] go and see (i.e. meet ?aama –aat (?ym) [ns] mole; birthmark?; mark; unofficially); see; go and see (i.e. meet birthmark unofficially) ?aat ya?uwt (?wt) [vi] shoot (in football) ?aaf ya?uwf (?wf) [vt] witness ?aaTir –iyn; ?uTTaar (?Tr) [a] clever; smart; ?aaf ya?uwf (?wf) [vt] experience; undergo; bright; adroit?; skillful? suffer?; taste; sample; test? ?aaTir –iyn; ?uTTaar (?Tr) [a] skilful; skilled; ?aaf ya?uwf (?wf) [vt] experience; undergo; competent suffer?; taste; sample; test? ?aawar yi?aawir (?wr) [vt+] advice; ask for/seek ?aaf ya?uwf (?wf) [vt+] believe; think; deem; a.; consult; counsel; take c. regard; consider; hold? ?aay (?ay) [n] tea ?aaf ya?uwf (?wf) [vt] look at; have a look at; take ?aay aHmar (Hmr) [a] tea; black t. a look at ?aay aHmar (?ay) [n] tea; black t. ?aaf ya?uwf (?wf) [vt] see; look at? ?aay bay laban (lbn) [n] milk; tea with m. ?aaf9a –aat; ?uffa9 (?f9) [n] girl; small/little girl ?aay bay–laban (?ay) [n] tea with milk ?aafi9 ?uffa9 (?f9) [n] boy; son? ?aay bi-l-Haliyb (Hlb) [n] milk; tea with milk ?aafi9 ?uffa9 (?f9) [n] child; boy? ?aay bi-l-Haliyb (?ay) [n] tea with milk ?aahid ?uhuwd (?hd) [n] witness ?aay laban (lbn) [n] milk; tea with m. ?aahid *–iyn; ?uhuwd (?hd) [n] witness (in court ?aay laban (?ay) [n] tea with milk only?/+of an incident?) ?aay saada (sad) [n] black tea; milk; tea without ?aaHina –aat? (?Hn) [n] lorry (large lorry); truck m. (large truck) ?aay saada (sad) [am] black tea; without; tea w. ?aakal yi?aakil (?kl) [vt] fight?; quarrel with; milk argue with ?aay saada (sad) [am] milk; tea without m. ?aakal yi?aakil (?kl) [vt] quarrel with; argue with; ?aay saada (?ay) [n] tea without milk/black tea fight ?aay saada (?ay) [n] tea; black t. ?aakiy –iyn (?ka) [n] complainant (person who ?aay tagiyl (tgl) [a] strong tea registers complaint with police) ?aay tagiyl (?ay) [n] tea; strong t. ?aakuw? ?awaakiy? (?ak? [n] hammer ?aay xafiyf (?ay) [n] tea; weak t. ?aakuw? ?awaakiy? (?ak? [n] hammer ?aay xafiyf (xf;) [a] weak tea ?aal ya?iyl (?yl) [vt] clear away (remove) ?abaab (?b;) [n] youth (up)to mid/late 30s) ?aal ya?iyl (?yl) [vt] cure of (i.e) remove an illness) ?abaab (?b;) [n] youth (up)to mid/late 30s) ?aal ya?iyl (?yl) [vt] handle (= pick up) ?abaaka ? (gwm) [n] net (of goal, in football)

5 ?abah ? (?bh) [n] similar"?; like"? ?aHad ya?Had (?Hd) [vt] beg (from); alms; ask ?abak ya?bik (?bk) [vt] quarrel; cause a q.; for a. (from); charity; ask for c. (from) argument; cause an a.; instigate/cause a problem ?aHam coll (?Hm) [ng/] fat (on meat only?); ?abaka –aat (?bk) [n] net; fishing-n.; fishing-net grease? ?abaka –aat (?bk) [n] network ?aHama –aat (?Hm) [ns] fat (on meat only?); ?abaT ?ubaaTa (?bT) [n] sandal (made of leather) piece of f.; grease?; bit of g. ?abHa –aat (?bH) [n] step ?ahar ?uhuwr (?hr) [n/] month ?abiyh (bay) –iyn (?bh) [aj] similar to; like; ?ahar ?uhuwr; a?hur (?hr) [n/] month resembling ?aHHaad –iyn (?Hd) [n] beggar ?abka ? (?bk) [n] ring, and other objects given to ?ahiyya - (?ha) [n] appetite fiancee as part of dowry; dowry; ring and other ?aHmaan –iyn (?Hm) [a] fat (used negatively, of objects given to fiancee as part of d.; engagement people); corpulent (used negatively, of people); present (from bridegroom to bride); present; plump (used negatively, of people); fleshy (used engagement p. from bridegroom to bride negatively, of people); stout (used negatively, of ?abka –aat (?bk) [n] quarrel?; argument?; fight?; people); obese (used negatively, of people) dispute?; disagreement?; problem? ?ahri arba9a (?hr) [n/] month; (in the m. of) April ?adar coll (?dr) [ng] tree/t.s (cf)[?ahri kam]) ?adda ya?idd (?d;) [vt] excite; attract?; engross? ?ahri kam (?hr) [n/] month; (in) which m. of the ?adda ya?idd (?d;) [vt] stretch year ?adda ya?idd (?d;) [vt] tighten; pull tight; taut; ?ahriy (?hr) [a] monthly ?ahriy (?hr) [d] monthly pull t.; tight; pull t.; straight; pull s. ?adda ya?idd (?d;) [vt] tighten; tight; make t.; taut; ?ahwa –aat (?ha) [n] sexual desire; desire; sexual d. draw/make t. ?adiy9 ?ud9aan (?d9) [a] courage; brave; valiant; ?ajar coll (?jr) [ng] tree/t.s; shrub/s.s?; bush/b.es? bold?; audacious? ?ajar lubaan coll (lbn) [ng] olibanum tree(s); ?adiyd –iyn (?d;) [a] bad (e.g. of pain, headache); incense tree(s) terrible (e.g. of pain, headache) ?ajara –aat (?jr) [ns] tree; shrub; bush ?adiyd –iyn (?d;) [a] strong ?ajarat lubaan aat (lbn) [ns] olibanum tree; ?adiyd (?d;) [a] strong (of wind) incense tree ?adiyd –iyn (?d;) [a] strong (still strong when not ?ajja9 yi?ajji9 (?j9) [vt] favour?; support; back; expected; e.g. of old man); powerful (still p. promote?; further? when not expected; e.g. of old man); forceful ?ajja9 (zawl) 9ala (Haaja) yi?ajji9 (?j9) [vt+] (still f. when not expected; e.g. of old man); encourage (so.) to do (st.); hearten? vigorous (still v. when not expected; e.g. of old ?ak?ak yi?ak?ik (?k;; [vt] shake man) ?ak?uwka –aat; ?aka? (?k;; [n] immoral woman ?adiyd –iyn (?d;) [a] well (in good health); health; (in general sense, e.g. gossips) in good h. ?ak?uwka –aat; ?aka? (?k;; [n] loose woman; ?afa ya?fiy (?fa) [vt] restore to health (of God); woman; loose w. cure (of God) ?ak?uwka –aat; ?aka? (?k;; [n] prostitute, who ?afaga (?fg) [n] sympathy; compassion; operates secretly; whore, who operates secretly commiseration?; pity ?aka ya?kiy (?ka) [vt] complain about ?afgaan –iyn (?fg) [a] impatient (when wanting ?aka min ya?kiy (?ka) [vtj] complain of; suffer st.); hassle; h.ing (when wanting st.) from? ?afgaan 9ala –iyn (?fg) [aj] worry; w.ied about ?akal coll (?kl) [nv] argue; a.ing (always with (now) or general tendency); concern; c.ed about violence) (now) or general tendency) ?akal coll (?kl) [nv] fight; f.ing; quarrel; q.ing ?agga (= [?agga]) ? (?g;) [n] flat; apartment (always with violence) ?agiy –iyn (?ga) [a] unhappy; umlucky; miserable; ?akal coll (?kl) [ng] quarrel/q.ing (always with wretched; distressed? violence); fight/f.ing (always with violence) ?agiy –iyn; a?giya (?ga) [a] unhappy; unlucky; ?akar (lay/ 9alay ‘for’) ya?kur (?kr) [vtj?] thank; miserable?; distress; d.ed? grateful; be g. to (passive: [it–]/[i?–], [in]) ?agiy –iyn; a?giya (?ga) [a] unlucky; unfortunate ?akil a?kaal (?kl) [n/] appearance ?agiyg a?igga (?g;) [n] brother; full brother? ?akil a?kaal (?kl) [n/] shape; figure; form ?agiyga –aat (?g;) [n] sister (on both paternal ?akiyya ?akaaya (?ka) [n] complaint; accusation?; and maternal side?) suffering?; grievance

6 ?akk ?ukuwk (?k;) [n] doubt; uncertainty; ?ammaa?iyya –aat (?m?) [n] vagrant (girl or suspicion?; misgiving? young woman); waif? (girl or young woman); tramp (girl or young woman); vagabond (girl or ?akka fiy ([fiy] commonly used; cf. [min]) ya?ikk; ya?ukk (?k;) [vj?] suspect?; doubt; young woman); street-child (female) mistrust?; distrust; suspect; apprehensive; be a. ?ammaam coll (?m;) [ng] cantaloupe melon; of; doubt; have d.s about melon; cantaloupe m. (vegetable) ?akkar OBJ/fiy (zawl) yi?akkir (?kr) [vt]/[vj] ?ammaam coll (?m;) [ng] melon; musk–melon?; praise; laud?; extol? muskmelon?; canteloupe? ?akla –aat (?kl) [nsv] argument (normally, but not ?ammaama –aat (?m;) [ns] melon; musk–melon?; necessarily with violence); quarrel (normally, but muskmelon?; canteloupe not necessarily with violence); dispute (normally, ?ammaasiy –a (?m?) [n] vagrant (boy) or young but not necessarily with violence); fight; man); waif? (boy) or young man); tramp (boy) or disagreement (normally, but not necessarily with young man); vagabond (boy) or young man); violence) street-child (male) ?akla –aat (?kl) [nsv] argument (normally, but not ?ammaasiyya aat (?m?) [n] vagrant (girl or necessarily with violence); quarrel (normally, but young woman); waif? (girl or young woman); not necessarily with violence); dispute (normally, tramp (girl or young woman); vagabond (girl or but not necessarily with violence); fight; young woman); street-child (female) disagreement (normally, but not necessarily with ?amtaan –iyn (NOT) *[?amaata]) (?mt) [a] violence) malicious; m.ly pleased; gloat; g.ing ?akla –aat (?kl) [nsv] argument (normally, but not ?amtaan –iyn (?mt) [a] malicious; gloating; necessarily with violence); quarrel (normally, but misfortune; enjoying so.'s m. not necessarily with violence); dispute (normally, ?anab a?naab (?nb) [n] moustache but not necessarily with violence); fight; ?anab ?unuwb; a?naab (?nb) [n] moustache disagreement (normally, but not necessarily with ?anaº (/?ana?) (?na) [n] ugliness (moral) ([?ana?] violence) is normally used in specific phrases) ?akl-uw kayf (?kl) [n] look; what does he l. like ?anaº (/?ana?) (?na) [n] ugliness (physical) ?akwa ?akaawiy (?ka) [n] complaint; grievance ([?ana?] is normally used in specific phrases) ?allaal –aat (?l;) [n] cataract?; rapids?; waterfall ?ankal ?anaakil (?nkl)[n] hook ?allaal –aat (?l;) [n] cataract; waterfall?; rapids? ?anTa ?inaT (?nT) [n] bag; suitcase; satchel?; ?altuwt ?alaatiyt (?lt; [n] rag; shred?; tatter? handbag? ?amaal (?ml) [nf?] left/left–hand/left side ?araab ? (?rb) [n] drink (alcoholic) ?amaal (?ml) [n] north ?araab - (?rb) [n] drink; d.ing ?ambuwra ? (?mbr)[n] penis (nonsexual usage, ?aRaf (?rf) [n] honour; glory esp. of children, slightly humorous) ?araH ya?raH (?rH) [vtj] explain to; interpret?; ?ami? ?umuw? (?m?) [nf/] sunlight; light from sun; comment on,to? sun (light from s.) ?arbaan –iyn (?rb) [a] thin and exhausted ?amis ?umuws (?ms) [nf/] sunlight; light from (metaphorically of a person); weak and sun; sun (light from s.) exhausted (metaphorically of a person); ?amla ?imal; *?umaal; ?imaal (?ml) [n] rug; long exhausted; weak/thin and exhausted wollen r.; carpet; long wollen c. (metaphorically of a person) ?amma ya?umm? (?m;) [vt] kiss"; i.e. cup hands ?arbaan iyn (?rb) [a] thin; having bc. t. (of crops, and smell small chld's face (traditional Sudanese through having used up water in soil); weak; equivalent to kissing child in Western society; having bc. w. t. (of crops, through having used kissing in Sudan is not traditional) up water in soil); wilt; having w.ed (of crops, ?amma ya?umm (?m;) [vt] smell; sniff through having used up water in soil) ?amma ya?umm (?m;) [vt] smell; sniff?; snuff? ?arbaan (?rb) [a] water; well w.ed (ground); ?amma ya?umm (?m;) [vt] stand a chance (of irrigate; i.d (land)? getting); have a chance (of getting); chance; ?argiy –iyn (?rg) [a] oriental (non–western); have/stand a c. (of getting) eastern/easterly ?ammaa?iy –a (?m?) [n] vagrant (boy) or young ?arig (?rg) [n/] east man); waif? (boy) or young man); tramp (boy) or ?arika –aat (?rk) [n] company (commercial) young man); vagabond (boy) or young man); ?ariy9a (?r9) [nx] law; Islamic Religious L.; street-child (male) Islamic Religious Law

7 ?ariyf –iyn; ?urafa (?rf) [a] honest; honourable?; ?awrbat ?inuw (?n)[q] type; what t. of soup; kind; respectable? what k. of soup ?ariyHa ?araayiH (?rH) [n] slice (of fruit, meat, ?axi? ? (?x?) [n/] individual; person; figure; etc.?); rasher (of meat) character (in a play) ?ariyk *–iyn; ?uraka (?rk) [n] partner; ?axS a?xaaS (?xS) [n] individual; person; figure; participant?; associate; companion? character (in a play) ?ariyk *–iyn; ?uraka (?rk) [n] partner; ?axS a?xaaS (?xS) [n] individual; person; figure; participant?; associate; companion? character (in a play) ?ariyT ? (?rT) [n] bandage; outer layer of (medical) ?axSiyya (?xs) [n] personality; (strong) p. b. ?axSiyyan (?xS) [n] personal; personally ?ariyT ?araayiT; a?riTa (?rT) [n] ribbon; band; ?ayk –aat (?yk) [n] cheque tape; cord?; string? ?ayn –iyn (?yn) [a] bad (of food) ?ariyT a?riTa (?rT) [n] tape (for ?ayn –iyn (?yn) [a] ugly (often with sense of measuring/recording, etc.) affection) ?ariyT a?riTa (?rT) [n] tape (for ?ayTaan ?awaaTiyn; ?ayaaTiyn (?yTn)[a] measuring/recording, etc.) clever; smart; naughty ?armuwTa (?rmT)[n] prostitute (who) openly uses ?ayTaan ?ayaaTiyn (?yTn)[n] devil; fiend her house of a brothel); whore (who) openly uses ?ayx ?uyuwx; ma?aayix; ma?aayxa (?yx) [n] her house as a brothel) elder; old man; man; old m.; chief ?arr (?r;) [n] evil ?ayx ?uyuwx; ma?aayix; ma?aayxa (?yx) [n] ?arr (?r;) [n] evil male; any older m. with status or authority ?arraaniy –iyn (?r;) [a] evil?; wicked?; malicious? ?ayx ?uyuwx; ma?aayix; ma?aayxa (?yx) [n] ?atal ya?til (?tl) [vt] plant (seedlings only?); master of a Sufi order; leader of a Sufi order transplant ?ayx ?uyuwx; ma?aayix; ma?aayxa (?yx) [n] ?atam ya?tim (?tm) [vt] insult; abuse sheikh of a Sufi order ?atiyma ?ataayim (?tm) [n] abuse; insult ?ayyal yi?ayyil (?yl) [vd?] load (an)animal?with?); ?aTTa (?T;) [n] pepper; hot red p. (vegetable) put a load onto; carry; get to c. ?aTTab yi?aTTib (?Tb) [vt] finish; complete ?i9ir (?9r) [n/] poetry; verse ?aTTab yi?aTTib (?Tb) [vi] run out; be finished ?i9uwr (?9r) [n] feeling; sensation; sentiment ?attam yi?attim (?tm) [vt] insult (repeatdly); ?ib?ib ?abaa?ib (?b;; [n] sandal abuse (repeatedly) ?ib?ib ?abaa?ib (?b;; [n] slipper? ?attam yi?attim (?tm) [vt] insult (violently); abuse ?ibih ya?bah (?bh) [vt?] appropriate; be a.; fit; be (violently) f.for?; suitable; be s.for ?attat yi?attit (?t;) [vt] disperse; scatter; break up ?ibka ?ibak (?bk) [n] problem; minor p.; difficulty; (crowd, etc.?) minor d. ?aTur ?uTuwr (?Tr) [nm/] breast (of woman); ?idar coll (?dr) [ng] tree/t.s bosom (of woman) ?idayra –aat (?dr) [ns?] shrub; bush (small tree) ?awf coll (?wf) [nv?] sight (faculty of s. only?); ?idayra –aat? (?dr) [ns] shrub; bush (small tree) eyesight?; vision? ?ifa (?fa) [n] cure; healing’; restoration (of health); ?awk coll (?wk) [ng] thorn/t.s; spike/s.s; recovery; convalescence prick(le)/p.s?; spine/s.s ?ifa min ya?fa (?fa) [vj] recover (from an illness); ?awka (?wk) [d] exact; e.ly (of time); precisely (of survive (an)illness) time); dot; on the d. (of time); sharp (of time) ?iffa ?ifaf (?f;) [n] lip ?awka –aat; *?uwak (?wk) [ns] bone; fishb.; ?igga (= [?agga]) ? (?g;) [n] flat; apartment fishbone ?igga; ?agga; ?ugga ?igag; ?ugag (?g;) [n] ?awka –aat; *?uwak (?wk) [ns] bone; fishb.s; apartment; flat; compartment (in a train)? fishbone; f.s ?igga; ?agga; ?ugga ?igag; ?ugag (?g;) [n] ?awka ?uwak (?wk) [n] fork apartment; flat; compartment (in a train)? ?awka –aat; ?uwak (?wk) [n] hand (of watch or ?ihaada (?hd) [n] certificate; testimony?; witness?; clock) evidence?; diploma ?awka –aat; *?uwak (?wk) [ns] thorn; spike; ?ijayra –aat (?jr) [ns?] shrub; bush (nb.– a true prick/prickle?; spine Arabic lexical item?) ?awrba –aat (?rb) [n] soup ?ikaaya –aat (?ka) [n] complaint; accusation?; ?awrba –aat (?rb) [n] soup; broth; bouillon? suffering?; grievance? ?imaal (?ml) [nf?] left/left–hand/left side

8 ?imaal (?ml) [n] north ?imaaliy –iyn (?ml) [a] northern ?in-uw? (?n)[q] what ع ?irib ya?rab (?rb) [vt] drink (passive: [it–]/[i?–], [in]) 9a?a 9i?yaat (9?a) [nm] supper; evening meal; ?irib ya?rab (?rb) [vi?] thin; bc. t. (of crops, meal; evening m. through having used up water in soil); weak; bc. 9a?aan (?an) [c] because; since; for; as w. t. (of crops, through having used up water in 9a?aan (9la) [c] because; since; for; as soil); wilt (of crops, through having used up 9a?aan (?an) [j] for (the sake of) water in soil); wither 9a?aan (9la) [j] for (the sake of) ?irib ya?rab (?rb) [vi?] water; to be watered (of 9a?aan (?an) [j] sake; for the s. of; because of; crops) account; on a. of ?irib sajaayir ya?rab (sjr) [nt?] smoke (cigarette) 9a?aan (9la) [j] sake; for the s. of; because of; ?irib sajaayir ya?rab (?rb) [vt?] smoke account; on a. of (cigarettes) 9a?aan (?an) [c] so that ?irib sijaara ya?rab (sjr) [nt?] smoke (a cigarette) 9a?aan (9la) [c] so that ?irib sijaara ya?rab (?rb) [vt?] smoke (a cigarette) 9a?aan (?an) [c] to; order; in o. to ?irriyr iyn (?r;) [a] evil?; wicked?; malicious? 9a?aan (9la) [c] to; order; in o. to ?ita (?ta) [nm] winter (in C. Sudan from November 9a?aan ?in-uw? (?n)[q] why; reason; for what r.? to March?) 9a?aan ?in-uw? (9la) [j] why; reason; for what r.? ?iy a?yaa? (?y)[n] thing; object 9a?aan ?in-uw? (?an) [n] why; reason; for what r.? ?iy?a ? (?y?) [n] pipe; water-p. (for smoking); 9a?aan kida (kda) [d] therefore; reason; for than water-pipe (for smoking) r.; thus; so ?u#laana –aat? (?#l) [n] task; job (specific task) 9a?aan kida (?an) [j] therefore; reason; for that r.; ?u#laana –aat? (?#l) [n] thing; object; subject (of thus; so discussion) 9a?aan kida (9la) [j] therefore; reason; for that r.; ?u#laaniyya –aat (?#l) [n] thing; object; subject thus; so (of discussion) 9a?am (9?m) [n] desire?; hope? ?u#ul a?#aal? (?#l) [n/] business; concern 9a?am (9?m) [n/?] optimism?; hope; expectation? ?u#ul a?#aal (?#l) [n/] work; job; business?; 9aa? ya9iy? (9y?) [vi?] live; alive; be a. concern?; occupation; activity? 9aa? ya9iy? (9y?) [vi] survive (accident); recover ?u9ba ?u9ab? (?9b) [n] department (in school, from (illness)? university, etc.) 9aa?ar yi9aa?ir (9?r) [vt] relation; have social r.s ?ubbaak ?abaabiyk (?bk) [n] window; grid?; grill with; live with; associate with; social; have s. (e.g. ticketgrill/window in cinema) relations with ?udaa9 –iyn? (?d9) [a] courageous; brave; valiant; 9aa?ig ? (9?g) [a] love; in l. with/in love with bold; audacious? 9aada aat; 9awaayid (9wd) [n] habit; custom; ?ufta (?wf) [vt] understand; do you u. (end) of usage; practise sentence, emphatic) 9aada aat; 9awaayid (9wd) [n] tradition? ?ujaa9 –iyn? (?j9) [a] courageous; brave; valiant; 9aadatan (9wd) [d] normal; n.ly?; general; g.ly; bold; audacious? most; m.ly; ; usual; u.ly ?ukawlaata (?klt)[n] chocolate 9aadatan (9wd) [d] general; g.ly?; usual; u.ly; ?ukur ? plural (?kr) [n/] thanks; gratitude ordinary; o.ly ?ulla ?ulal? (?l;) [n] group (of people) 9aadil iyn (9dl) [a] impartial; just; fair ?urraab –aat (?rb) [n] sock; pair of socks 9aafiy minnak (9fa) [a] forgive; I f. you ?urTiy rujaal ?urTa (?rT) [n] police; policeman; 9aafya (9fa) [n] health; good health; wellbeing; officer; police officer? vigour?; vitality? ?urTiy rujaal ?urTa (?rT) [n] police; policeman; 9aagab (passive: [it]) yi9aagib (9gb) [vt] officer; police officer? come after; after; come a.; follow; succeed; ?uwaal –aat (?wl) [n] sack ensue ?uwayya (?y)[d] few; a few; little/a l. bit of; bit; a 9aagil ? (9gl) [a] calm; quiet; peaceful; tranquil little b. of 9aagil 9uggaal (9gl) [a] sensible; rational; wise; ?uwayya (?y)[d] few; little/a l. intelligent; reasonable ?uyuw9iy –iyn (?y9) [a] communist 9aagil iyn; 9ugala (9gl) [a] sensible; rational; ?uyuw9iyya (?y9) [a] communism wise; intelligent; reasonable

9 9aajibniy kalaamak (9jb) [a] like,I like what 9aamil maTba9a ? (9ml) [n] printer; printing you're saying worker; worker; printing w. 9aajiz iyn (9jz) [aj] incapable of; unable to; 9aana yi9aaniy (9na) [vt]? suffer; pain; be in p. weak; too w. to 9aaqab (passive: [it]) yi9aaqib (9gb) [vt] 9aakas yi9aakis (9ks) [vt] annoy (deliberately) punish 9aakas yi9aakis (9ks) [vt] annoy; irritate? 9aar - (9yr) [n] ignominy; shame; disgrace; 9aakas yi9aakis (9ks) [vt] disturb; trouble dishonour 9aakas yi9aakis (9ks) [vt] disturb; trouble; tease 9aaraD yi9aariD (9rD) [vt] oppose (an)idea, 9aalaaj iyn? (9lj) [a] cure; good c.r; treat; good proposal, etc.); resist (an)idea, proposal, etc.) t.er 9aaraD yi9aariD (9rD) [vt] object to; protest against?; resist?; oppose? 9aalaj yi9aalij (9lj) [vt] heal; cure 9aalaj (passive: [it]) yi9aalij (9lj) [vt] treat 9aaraD yi9aariD (9rD) [vt] contradict (patient,disease?) 9aaraD yi9aariD (9rD) [vt] resist; contradict; 9aalaj (passive: [it]) yi9aalij (9lj) [vt] treat; oppose; object; raise o.ions to? cure 9aaSma 9awaaSim (9Sm) [n] capital (city); metropolis 9aalaj min (passive: [it]) yi9aalij (9lj) [vtj] cure (patient) of? 9aatiy 9ataawa (9ta) [a] strong; big and s.; big 9aalam - (9lm) [n] world; universe?; cosmos? and strong 9aalamiy iyn (9lm) [a] international; 9aatiy iyn; *9uta (9ta) [a] strong; big and s.; multinational; world(in compounds); global big and strong 9aawiz iyn (9wz) [az] want 9aalim 9ulama (9lm) [n] learned; expert; scholar; scientist 9aaya? ya9aayi? (9y?) [vt] get along/on well with 9aayan lay yi9aayin (9yn) [vj] look at 9aaliy (9la) [a] high (temperature) 9aaliy iyn (9la) [a] elevate; e.d; highranking; 9aayiz iyn (9wz) [az] need (of things n.ing to rank; of high r. have st. done to them); require (of things r.ing to 9aaliy iyn (9la) [a] high have st. done to them) 9aaliy iyn (9la) [a] high/higher (not) 9aayiz iyn (9wz) [az] want 9aayiz iyn (9wz) [az] want elementary); tall; elevated 9aaliy iyn? (9la) [a] loud; strong (voice); high 9aayla aat (9yl) [n] family 9aazif iyn (9zf) [n] musician (=loud) 9aaliy iyn? (9la) [a] strong (voice, noise); 9abad *ya9bud; ya9bid (9bd) [vt] worship powerful (voice, noise); loud (voice, noise) (God); adore; venerate 9aam ya9uwm (9wm) [vim] swim (not) float?) 9abad ya9bid; *ya9bud (9bd) [vt] worship; 9aam ya9uwm (9wm) [vim?] swim; float adore; venerate; serve (religious sense?) 9aamal (passive: [it]) yi9aamil (9ml) [vt] 9abbar 9an yi9abbir (9br) [vj] express (opinion) treat; deal with 9abda aat? (9bd) [n] slave; female s. 9aamil 9ummaal (9ml) [n] worker; workman; 9abid 9abiyd; 9abbaada (9bd) [n/] slave; labourer bondsman 9aamil fiy (9ml) [aj] pretend; p.ing to be 9abiyT 9ubaTa; 9abbaaTa (9bT) [a] silly; 9aamil fiy-ha … (9ml) [aj] pretend; p.ing to be; stupid; obsess; pointlessly o.ed (keeps going on act; a.ing as if; fake; f.ing; feign; f.ing about some pointless matter) 9abiyT iyn; 9abaayiT; 9abbaaTa (9bT) [a] 9aamil fiy-ha … (fy)[j] pretend; p.ing to be; act; a.ing as if; fake; f.ing; feign; f.ing silly; stupid; obsess; pointlessly o.ed (keeps 9aamil fiy-ha xaalíg-a (xlg) [a] arrogant going on about some pointless matter) (literally: 'acting as though he created it'); 9adaala (= [9adil]?) (9dl) [n] impartiality; haughty (literally: 'acting as though he created justice; fairness it'); proud (literally: 'acting as though he created 9adad a9daad (9d;) [n] issue (of magazine, etc.) it'); vain (literally: 'acting as though he created 9adad a9daad (9d;) [n] number; quantity; it'); conceited (literally: 'acting as though he amount? created it'); pompous (literally: 'acting as though 9adal (= [9adaala]?) (9dl) [n/] impartiality; he created it'); immodest?(literally: 'acting as justice though he created it') 9adam (9dm) [n] lack (total); want (total lack); 9aamil maTba9a ? (Tb9) [n] printer; printing non-existence worker; worker; printing w. 9adas coll (9ds) [ng] lentils 9adda ya9idd (9d;) [vt] count

10 9adda ya9idd (9d;) [vt?] count; number; reckon; 9ajiyb iyn; 9ujaba (9jb) [a] strange; odd; enumerate; compute; calculate extraordinary (can) be good or bad) 9aDDa yi9aDDiy (9Da) [vt] sting (e.g. bee) 9ajiyn (9jn) [n] dough; batter?; paste? 9ajiyn coll (9jn) [ng] paste?; dough; batter? 9aDDa (passive: [it] (normal), [in]) ya9aDDiy (9Da) [vt?] bite (into) 9ajjan yi9ajjin (9jn) [vt] pamper; overp. (a child) 9adil (= [9adaala]?) (9dl) [n/] impartiality; 9ajjuwr coll (9jr) [ng] cucumber/c.s? (grooved justice type; big, light green, bent) 9adiyl (9dl) [a] staight (not) crooked) 9ajjuwr coll (9jr) [ng] melon (variety of green 9adiyl (9dl) [d?] straight on melon.vegetable)? 9aDma 9uDaam; aat (9Dm) [ns?] bone 9ajjuwra aat (9jr) [ns] cucumber (grooved type; 9aDum coll? (9Dm) [ng?] bone/b.s big, light green, bent) 9aduw a9da (9da) [n] enemy 9ajjuwra aat (9jr) [ns] melon (variety of green 9aduw 9udwaan; a9da (9da) [n] enemy melon.vegetable)? 9afa 9an ya9fiy (9fa) [vtj] exempt?; forgive; 9ajuwz 9ajaayiz (9jz) [a] old (of people only?)? excuse; free?; relieve? 9ajuwz 9ajaayiz (9jz) [a] old/o. man; man; old 9afa 9an ya9fiy (9fa) [vtj] forgive for; excuse m. for 9ajuwz aat; 9ajaayiz (9jz) [af] old/o. woman; woman; old w. 9afa? coll? - (9f?) [ng?] furniture; household effects (furniture, also kitchen utensils, etc.) 9ajuwz aat; 9ajaayiz (9jz) [nf] woman; old 9afa? coll? - (9f?) [ng?] luggage; baggage woman; old woman 9afaana - (9fn) [n] rottenness; putridness; decay; 9ajuwza aat; 9ajaayiz (9jz) [a] old/o. woman; mold; moldiness; mustiness; woman; old w. 9akas ya9kis (9ks) [vt] turn round (so)that the mildew/mildewiness; septicness?; smell (rotten) 9affan yi9affin (9fn) [vi] rot; rotten; go r.; decay; front faces the back); round; turn r. (so)that the putrify; spoil front faces the back) 9afwan (9fa) [d] pleasure;it's my p./not at all 9akas (passive: [in], [it]) ya9kis (9ks) [vt] (replyto[?ukran]) reflect; throw back (image) 9akis (9ks) [n/] opposite; contrast?; contrary; 9afwan (9fa) [d] sorry; pardon; I beg your p. 9agid 9uguwd (9gd) [n/] contract reverse 9aksi … (9ks) [n/] opposite; the o. of …; contrary; 9agliy (9gl) [a] mental 9agrab 9agaarib (9grb)[nf] scorpion the c. of …; reverse; the r. of … 9aksi kida (9ks) [n/] contrary; the c. of this/that 9agul; *9agil 9uguwl (9gl) [n/] discernment; (is)true) insight; rationality; mind; intellect 9agul; *9agil 9uguwl (9gl) [n/] intelligence 9aksi kida (9ks) [n/] opposite; the o. of this/that (is)true) 9agul; *9agil 9uguwl (9gl) [n/] sense; reason; understanding; comprehension 9aksi kida (9ks) [n/] reverse; the r. of this/that (is)true) 9ajab ya9jib (9jb) [vt] please; delight; appeal to; 9ala (9la) [j] toward/t.s; direction; in the d. of like"; enjoy"; excite 9ajab ya9jib (9jb) [vt] please; delight; appeal to; 9ala ?aan (?an) [n] because of; due to; account; on a. of like"; enjoy"; excite 9ajala aat (9jl) [n] bicycle; bike; cycle 9ala ?aan (?an) [n] because; since 9ala ?aan (9la) [c] because; since; for; as 9ajala aat (9jl) [n] wheel; tyre (and) rest of wheel) 9ala ?aan (9la) [c] so that 9ajamiy iyn; 9ajam (9jm) [n] Arab; nonArab 9ala ?aan (9la) [c] to; order; in o. to (anyone who doesn’t pronounce Arabic properly; 9ala ?aan ?in-uw? (?n)[q] why; reason; for what r.? used as insult); foreigner? anyone who doesn’t 9ala ?aan ?in-uw? (9la) [j] why; reason; for what r.? pronounce Arabic properly; used as insult) 9ajamiy 9ujum (9jm) [n] Arab; nonArab 9ala ?aan ?in-uw? (?an) [n] why; reason; for what anyone who doesn’t pronounce Arabic properly; r.? used as insult); foreigner? anyone who doesn’t 9ala ayyi Haal ('y;) [o] anyway; rate; at any r.; pronounce Arabic properly; used as insult) anyhow; whatever (the case) 9ajiyb iyn (9jb) [a] astonish;a.ing; amaze;a.ing; 9ala ayyi Haal (Hwl) [n] anyway; rate; at any r.; remarkable; ridiculous anyhow; whatever (the case) 9ajiyb 9ujaab (9jb) [a] strange; odd; 9ala ayyi Haal (9la) [j] anyway; rate; at any r.; extraordinary (can) be good or bad) anyhow; whatever (the case)

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