Draft Guideline Guideline Setting the Values of 'T' & 'L' Factors of the ...

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Draft Guideline Guideline Setting the Values of 'T' & 'L' Factors of the ...




    National Information & Communication Technology Act 2009

    National Information & Communication Technology (Radio Spectrum) Regulation 2010

Guideline Setting the Values of ‘T’ & ‘L’ Factors of the Annual Variable

    Spectrum Fee Formula

    -Insert Guideline Number-

    This guideline is issued by the National Information & Communication Technology Authority (NICTA) Pursuant to Section 6(7) of the National Information & Communication Technology (Radio Spectrum) Regulation, 2010 (the “Radio Spectrum Regulation).


    NICTA is Papua New Guinea’s ICT regulator and Licensing Authority. As the radio spectrum manager,

    NICTA regulates access to the radio frequency spectrum through three types of

    radiocommunications licences; Spectrum License, Apparatus License and Class License. The Radio

    Spectrum Regulation prescribes the method of calculating annual radiocommunications license fees

    for Apparatus Licences and Spectrum Licences issued on administrative basis. The fees are

    calculated in accordance with the Annual Variable Spectrum Fee (AVSF) formula set out in Schedule

    2 of the Radio Spectrum Regulation taking into account relevant parameters and factors of the

    particular licence.

    This guideline is issued by NICTA pursuant to Section 6(7) of the Radio Spectrum Regulation. The

    guideline describes the rationale for and sets the values for the Type of Service Factor (T) and the

    Location Factor (L).

    Annual Variable Spectrum Fee (AVSF) FORMULA

    The Annual Variable Spectrum Fee Formula is set out in Schedule 2 of the Radio Spectrum

    Regulations and reproduced below.

    Annual Variable Spectrum Fee (AVSF) = V x 2600/F x B x T x L


Where V is 454, F is the Frequency, ‘B is the frequency bandwidth (in MHz), ‘T is the type of service

    Factor and ‘L is the location factor.

    2. VALUES OF “L” and “T” FOR APPARATUS LICENSES [Section 6(3) (c)]

    3.1 Location Factor (“L”)

    Major Towns are ascribed the maximum value L = 1. The value of L is reduced for less populated

    locations where there is less economic activity and potential for congestion. The values of L are

    independent of type of apparatus and have the same ranges as shown in the tables below. 3.2 Type of Service Factor (“T”)

    Most fixed and mobile services use low transmit power and T is not dependent on power. The value

    of T = 1 is chosen as the reference value attributed to a fixed point to point link. Due to the directivity of links the same channel may be used at least 4 times in the same location. However with a point to multi point link reuse in the same location is not possible. Since a point to multi point link denies spectrum reuse 4 times more than a point to point link therefore the value of T = 4.

    Similarly, a corporate licence for a system comprising one repeater and several mobile and handheld stations denies the reuse of the same channel in the same area. However a handheld or mobile station would allow the same channel to be shared by others thus are attributed lower T values.

    The Values of T for various types of apparatus and services are shown in Table 1a, 1b, 1c.

    Table 1a: Values of T & L Factors for Apparatus licenses excluding Satellite and Broadcast stations

    Locality Service Type Apparatus type T L

    Fixed Major Towns Point to Point Station 1.00 1.00

    Point to Multipoint Station 4.00 Minor Towns 0.60

    Cellular Base Station 4.00 Rural/Remote 0.30

    ISM Point to Point 0.00

    ISM Point to Multipoint 0.00

    Mobile Corporate Station 4.00

    Cellular Base Station 4.00

    Repeater Station 1.00

    Base Station 1.00

    Aeronautical Station 1.00

    Coast Station 1.00

    Limited Coast Station 1.00

    Mobile Station 0.10

    Handheld Station 0.10

    Ship Station 0.10

    Aircraft Station 0.10

    Amateur Amateur Station 0.10

    Radio Radio Location 4.00

    Determination Radio Navigation 4.00

    Meteorological Meteorological Station 4.00



     Fixed Point to Point 1000 7 GHz 7425 7725 7575 14 1 1 2182

     Point to MP 1100 1.5 GHz 1428 1524 1476 2 4 1 6398 Broadcasting services use a range of transmit power, which affects the value of T, accordingly. High Mobile Corporate(V) 700 VHF High 148 174 161 0.05 4 1 1466 power transmitters pose greater denial and therefore T = 4 is the maximum for high power

    transmitters and decreases with lower power. Table 1b: Values of T & L Factors for Broadcast Apparatus

    Apparatus Locality Service Type Type Power Levels T L Broadcasting VHF TV >2-10kW Major Towns 4.00 1.00

    2-5kW 2.00 Minor Towns 0.60

    >1-2kW 0.80 Rural/Remote 0.30

    ? 1kW 0.40 Nationwide 7.00

    UHF TV 200-1000W 0.40

    200-500W 0.02

    100-200W 0.08

    < 100W 0.04

    MMDS 2-10W 4.00

    2-5W 2.0

    1-2W 0.80

    < 1W 0.40

    FM Sound 500-1000W 4.00

    200-500W 2.00

    100-200W 0.80

    < 100W 0.40

     AM Sound 4.00

     Satellite 4.00


HF B/c 0.03 30 30 0.003 4 1 472

    FM Sound (<100W, Remote) 88 108 98 0.2 0.4 0.3 289


Table 1c: Values of T & L Factors for Satellite Apparatus

    Locality Service Type Apparatus type T L

    Fixed Earth Station Major Towns Satellite Earth stations 0 or 4 1.00

    Mobile/Handheld Earth Station 0 or

    Satellite Earth station Handheld 0.1 Minor Towns 1.00

    Earth Station Receive Only Earth Station Receive Only 0.00 Rural/Remote 1.00

    Space Station 4.00 Nationwide 3

    The Values of T for Fixed Earth Stations can either be 0 or 4 depending on whether it has a separate space station license or not. If there is no spate space station license then a value of 4 will apply for the T Factor. The same reasoning will apply for Mobile /Handheld Earth station but the values of T will be either 0 or 0.1.


ES Fixed (C-Band) 3700 6425 5063 1 4 1 933 3. VALUES OF “L” and “T” FOR SPECTRUM LICENSES ISSUED ON ADMINISTRATIVE BASIS [Section 6(1) ES Fixed (C-Band) 3700 6425 5063 0.5 4 1 466 (b) (ii)] ES Fixed (Ku-Band) 11700 14300 13000 2 4 1 726

    ES Fixed (Ku-Band) 11700 14300 13000 1 4 1 363 3.1 Location Factor (“L”)


    4.1 Type of Service Factor (“L”)

    For spectrum licences issued on administrative basis the coverage area will usually include more

    than one location. The value of L therefore should reflect the aggregate L values of all the locations

    covered by the spectrum licence taking into account the administrative cost savings made by issuing

    and administering a single license as opposed to multiple apparatus licenses. For nationwide

    licenses L = 7 and decreases for smaller coverage areas.

    4.2 Type of Service Factor (“T”)

    A spectrum licence denies the use of the same spectrum by others in the same area and has

    therefore the maximum denial T = 4 irrespective of the technology or type of apparatus used.

    Table 2: Values of T & L Factors for Calculation of Fees for Spectrum licenses issued under Administrative


    Service Type Apparatus Type T Locality L


    Any Any 4.00 Major Town 3.00

     Minor Town 2.00

     Rural/Remote 1.00

     Nationwide 7.00


     850 - CDMA 800 880 840 22 4 7 865627 GSM - 900 880 960 920 26.667 4 7 1106497 GSM - 1800 1710 1880 1795 20 4 7 368258


    The locations used for the L factor are divided into three categories and are shown in the table


    Category Location

    Major Towns Port Moresby


    Mt. Hagen

    Minor Towns All other provincial capitals excluding

    the ones mentioned above.

















    All other provincial capitals excluding

    the ones mentioned above

Rural/Remote All other locations not specified above

The towns included in each category may change based on input from the relevant Government




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