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spoken english topics

By Kenneth Franklin,2014-09-22 16:38
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spoken english topics

1Compare the advantages and disadvantages of working in a big

    company or a small company .

    Searching for a job is not necessarily easy. Therefore it is good to prepare yourself a little bit and make up your mind about what kind of company you want to join. There are two basic types: You can either apply for a job in a big company or in a small company. Both have advantages and drawbacks.

     The smaller companies are usually ignored by potential employees, who their efforts more on large firms that have name recognition. However, during tough economic times, small firms are actually better positioned to hire in the period of recession. Small businesses may have a business plan more progressive than big companies, so they are able to succeed despite poor economic situation. What is more the small firm may not have the large overhead or the extra employees that big companies might have added during the last period of economic growth. Another advantage of working in small firms is that the work roles are often less specialized allowing employees to interact with staff in more functional areas and to get a better view of operations. Since employees and their work results are more visible, it is often easier to advance in a smaller organization. Employees often gain experience in a variety of areas, giving them multiple skills and areas of expertise to add to their resume. These small employers may also have more flexibility to consider alternative work arrangements like flextime or job sharing. On the downside, smaller employers may have fewer formal training programs, benefit packages can be more restricted, and opportunities to relocate to other branches may be more limited or non-existent. There might be less opportunity for growth and promotion, and the failure rate for small firms is also much higher than for larger ones. In addition the small company’s resources are almost always very limited. Furthermore little companies suffer from mistakes more than the big ones. Although there could be less job stability than at a bigger company, if the comfort level fits and you enjoy the job, working for a smaller company could be a good choice to get your career started. On the other side we have the big firms that also have advantages and disadvantages. The main advantage that most of us pay attention to most is the salary, which is usually higher than in the small companies. In addition the big companies are probably well known you can proud to work for an international company.

    Big company or small company

    There is a tendency for college graduates to choose big, world-known companies. It is understandable because working for such a company will provide you with both status and pride, and, because of your association with it, your families and friends will think of you more highly, assuming you are more competent with promising future. Despite the advantage, I will choose to work in a small company.

    It is true that working in a big, famous company, you may enjoy its prestige and glory. But this illusion won’t compensate for the fact that many capable

    persons end up working as a cog in a big machine. Their job is fixed and monotonous. In a small company, however, you will feel more responsible and excited. You will have more decisions to make, and can see the effect of your work and of your decision right away.

    In a large company you don’t have chances to acquire more skills nor much experience as you tend to be limited to one procedure and taught one thing only. On the contrary, the situation will be different in a small or middle-size business. As you are normally exposed to all kinds of experiences and expected to do more things than in a large company, your ability to work in a corporate organization is fully developed.

    Admittedly, you may enjoy higher salaries and more fringe benefits a big company offers. But work is demanding and competitive. The constant need to prove that you are as good as or better than your fellow competitors creates constant anxiety and stress. In a small organization, however, you won’t feel

    such a pressure. Yours salary may be a little bit lower, but you work comfortably and feel at ease.

    In the beginning of one’s career what really counts is not fame nor money but

    experience and skills. If you want to be an excellent manager or successful entrepreneur in your future career, working in small companies will provide you more opportunities.

    Neutral: I believe that is a personal option. Some people enjoy working in the big, fast-paced work environment, and some enjoy working in a small company. Which do you think you would enjoy working in more? Just remember this saying I got at a meeting for a management class. "Work to live. Don't live to work." If you want security, stick to the big company as it's been in business longer. If you want advancement, go to the smaller company and grow and adapt with it.

    (Working conditions\salary levels\chances to show your talents\possibilities to accumulate experience\relationship with upper-classes\chances to be promoted\possibilities to get the job\stability of the job)

2Compare the different types of transport in shanghai.

    The current transportation system in Shanghai is comprehensive: Overhead, in addition to the elevated train, the Zhongshan and Yanan Viaducts have done

    much to congested surface streets. Underground, Subway Line 1 and Line 2 are old lines; in addition, tight more tunnels are to be built under the HUangpu River and more bridges over it. The newest means of transportation is Maglev train. ( magnetic-levitation train )

    In my opinion, the most common types of transportation in Shanghai are bus and metro nowadays. Basically, it lies in the following four aspects.

Long distance between work and home. If your apt. is far away from your

    office, taking metro is faster than buses and much more economical than taxies. Moreover, there are many metro lines in Shanghai, so it is widely reachable. Metro Stations are unavailable to certain Districts. People

    living in Changning, Hongkou and Yangpu Districts are usually taking buses to office. On one hand, metro stations are relatively fewer by contrast to other Districts like nanhui. However, buses to different places are available. In particular, the destination of most buses there are just close to Metro Stations, so they can choose to transfer. Terrible traffic in rush hours. You can still

    see large numbers of cyclists waiting on the road, as soon as the traffic light turns on green, they will swarm into the road. Therefore, if you are not a master at riding bicycle, in Shanghai, I suggest you not have a try. In consideration of the safety, more and more people don't used bikes as a major type of transportation gradually.High expense on taking taxies everyday.

    Bicycle\motorcycle\bus\subway\private car\taxi

    Shanghai is China's largest city and has a dense concentration of population served by limited transportation infrastructure. Traditionally, bicycles and public transportation have been the dominant modes used by residents, but recent social and economic changes have resulted in a dramatic growth in motor vehicle use and overall traffic volumes. The use of bicycles as a mode of transportation in China and in Shanghai will continue for a long time to come. However, the role of bicycles within Shanghai is changing and will continue to evolve in the future as efforts to enhance basic transportation infrastructure are undertaken and economic and social conditions improve. The complexity of transportation patterns generated by high population densities, coupled with a shortage in basic infrastructure for an urban region of its nature, size, and importance, has created increasingly serious conflicts between motorized and nonmotorized vehicles throughout central Shanghai. These conflicts decrease overall safety and the functional capability of the existing transportation system to meet rapidly increasing travel demands in the municipality. Major improvements are being implemented that will upgrade Shanghai's urban transportation system significantly. They will, however, require a substantial commitment of time and financial resources to complete. In the interim, a comprehensive traffic management effort will be followed that recognizes the importance of bicycles and supports their continued use within the municipality in an appropriate balance with public transportation and other modes consistent with actual conditions and changing demands.

3College curriculum more courses or fewer courses?

more courses: 听课是获取知识的捷径(having classes is a shortcut to get

    knowledge)Few courses will make students feel too relax to study hard. Gradually, they will never pay much attention on the lessons, and play computer games at dorm or do something else which are unrelated to their lessons. However, taking more courses can motivate their study interests. Whats more, during a class, an experienced teacher will emphasize the important points which are the accumulation of his or her long-term studying and teaching. If you listen to the teachers at classes, you may acquire the knowledge in 45 minutes instead of 2 hours or more after classes when you learn by yourselves. If you preview the lessons at first, and then concentrate on the teachers, follow the teachers minds and think for yourselves, I believe you

    will be an efficient learner. During the classes, making notes is very important. On one hand, you can overcome the restrictions of remembering. On the other hand, it can help you understand and digest easily.

fewer courses: 听课不是获取知识的唯一途径(having classes is not the only way

    to get classes)To much courses will make students feel tired and even reduce the students interest in study. They will be so tired that they usually fall asleep at classes, which means the falling efficiency in study. Whats more, in addition

    to taking more courses, there are many ways to help you acquire the knowledge

    :Emotional factors which may influence as well. For example, Emotional

    studying are: motivation, responsibility, and persistence. Through identification and modification, bad study habits can be replaced by more productive habits. Knowing your current levels of these emotional factors, and working to positively reshape them can not only enhance your studying potential but change your outlook toward challenging courses. Sociological: Most students

    are not aware of the sociological factors that positively affect their ability to study effectively. Some prefer studying alone, in pairs, or in teams with adults or any combination thereof. Similarly, some seem to learn best in bright lights while others prefer darker corners. And some seem to learn best while eating or drinking or with loud music on in the background. While it is difficult for a variety of these sociological patters to operate simultaneously within one classroom, their value for efficient learning, especially studying, is of note here. To sum, students benefit from utilizing a variety of different sociological settings, as some serve to enhance initial learning while others act as reinforcement for studying.

4What do students do on the Internet?

The internet has changed the ways people communicateworkshop and learn.

    The latest internet technology gives us even more ways to share and work with others. Boys and girls often have different tastes. Boys often use computer as a machine of playing computer games day and night, while girls use it as a

machine of watching movies and chatting. And whats more, internet also can

    be used to connect friends and like-minded people. Today, the number of global internet socializers is surging into the millions. Why? One big reason is that social interaction sites offer much more than a long distance phone call or an e-mail can. They provide a fresh and ingenious way for people to share messages, photos, homemade music and videos. These sites also make it possible for people to extend friendship to strangers who share special interests.

Is Internet Good or Bad for College Students? With the development of

    the Internet, more and more Chinese have accesses to it. According to statistics, students compose a large part of the online population. But the influence of the Internet stretches farther than figures suggest. Internet has great impact on college students’ life. As far as I am concerned, the Internet is good for college students.

    Firstly, the Internet provides students with many chances to broaden communication with others and improve their relationship with friends. Emails

    and QQ on the Internet allow them to communicate conveniently with friends at home and abroad.

    Secondly, the Internet brings a particular opportunity for students to obtain a

     that help with their study. Nowadays, college large amount of information

    students in China can even learn lots of courses in foreign universities on line at

    home. If they pass all their examinations, they will get the certifications. Thirdly, through the Internet, college students can download data, which are

    necessary for their studies, such as textbooks, reference materials and surveys

    on current events. In the meantime, MP3, movies, pictures, games and some

    other things for daily entertainment can be easily obtained from the Internet.

    Besides, shopping online is in college students’ good graces. The most

    important reason lies in the low prices. And the students can do all the process at home without selecting something they want from one shop to another, which saves them much time.

    Though the Internet has its obvious advantages, as everything has two sides, the Internet also has its negative influence, which asks college students to utilize it in a wise way. As long as college students keep this in mind, the Internet’s advantages will always outweigh its disadvantages.

5Advantages and potential problems of big or small families.

    As we all know, in America, the family is just the parents and the children, while in China, its quite common to have a grandparent or an unmarried aunt or uncle living in the household as part of the family. They try to avoid sending their parents to an old peoples home.

    Advantages of big families: learn social skills early and have built-in friends\ living in big families gives you more options for a free babysitter when you have kids\you can get a lot of presents for your birthday\ a larger family creates more people for everyone to talk to, more help around the house, and support from so many people in a crisis.

    Disadvantages of big families: The biggest disadvantage of a big family is never being alone or having any privacy. You have to share everything and probably have to share your room. You become selfish and guarded of any time you get. And in todays fast moving world, this is a terrible thing to deal with later in life.\ not a lot of attention for you and less money.

    Advantages of small families: You have your own room\more attention on

    you\everything is better if you have a small family, especially money wise.\

    small families equal more alone time together, more talking, knowing exactly what everyone up to, not as many money problems as big families.\You might feel more comfortable and relax. No one can limit your own life. Disadvantages of small families: In a small family you wont learn to give and be

    compassionate as well as within a large family. This leads to the "me" generation. A very different kind of selfish in that these people are always saying what is in it for "me". I want. In the long run, this kind of selfish is probably the downfall of our society.\You can't think for the whole\might not have perfect social skills

6Advantages and disadvantages of week-long holidays.

    7-day Holiday: A 7-day holiday came into effect on May Day this year, which seems to be good news to everyone. After all, under great pressure every day, everyone longs to slow down and rediscover the real fun of life.

     Such a week-long holiday has brought a lot of benefits to the society and people. For individuals, it enables them to have more time for whatever they are interested in. They can make full use of the 7 days for a good rest, shopping or traveling. for the society, the 7-day holiday well serves the purpose of stimulating and promoting the development of tourism.

     However, this piece of good news also has a dark side. Owing to the large population of China, most peoples travel experiences during the first 7-day

    holiday, though well planned in advance, turned sour; they couldnt book

    railway tickets; hotels were packed; tourist attractions were all full of people. No wonder that a flood of complaints followed the week-long holiday.

    As the saying goes, "All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy." Longer holidays are certainly desirable, but the government should see that related facilities, such as transportation system and accommodation, are promptly adapted to the need of holiday activities.

    Week-long holidays, good or bad? Our National Day is coming. We shall have

    days of rest, presumably weeklong holidays again just like the weeklong May

    Day holidays. Many people welcome weeklong holidays and are busy planning where and how to spend the seven days; whereas many other people do not applaud. As to me, weeklong holidays mean a span of dullness, boredom, melancholy and helplessness, and I think anyone who had experienced the holiday sufferings in May would share my feelings.

     I well remember that from May Day, to be more exact, a few days earlier than May Day, the shopping season started. Most shops extended their shopping hours to respond to their overwhelmingly enthusiastic customers. There were special sales with discount coupons and instant lucky draws and various sales promotions in nearly every big store to lure potential customers into spending more. Crowds of shoppers flocked towards department stores, enjoying their high purchasing power.

     There were traffic jams almost everywhere, people waited in long queues at bus-stops and taxi-stands? Looking entirely exhausted. Tempers flared when people got pushed or if someone else cut the queue. Impatient drivers honked at each other every now and then.

     The railway station was congested with travelers who rushed to the platform like a swarm of bees and then squeezed their way into the train for seats as if there would be no tomorrow.

     In the restaurants, tables were shared. A platoon of waiters filed out from the kitchen armed with various containers of eatables. Orders were taken feverishly and then shouted across to the kitchen. Excitement reigned everywhere as waiters ran hither and thither to fill the orders.

     The above are just some vivid scenes that happened a few months ago. Everywhere was chaos and chaos everywhere. I am really afraid the drama will soon be repeated.

     True, week-long holidays help activate economy, but what about after-holiday depression? No doubt, people can have a lot of leisure, but leisure does not always bring a lot of pleasure.

    Advantages

    --more time to relax: All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.

     to travel

     to pursue one’s hobbies

     to visit friends

     to read, etc.

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