By June Olson,2014-07-08 01:02
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?. Paraphrase(

     1. We're elevated 23 feet. (para 3)

     1. We' re 23 feet above sea level.

    2. The place has been here since 1915, and no hurricane has ever bothered it. (para 3)

     2. The house has been here since 1915, and no hurricane has ever caused any damage to it.

    3. We can batten down and ride it out. (para 4)

     3. We can make the necessary preparations and survive the hurricane without much damage.

    4. The generator was doused, and the lights went out. (para 9)

     4. Water got into the generator and put it out. It stopped producing electricity, so the lights

    also went out.

5. Everybody out the back door to the cars! (para 10)

     5. Everybody go out through the back door and run to the cars.

    6. The electrical systems had been killed by water. (para 11)

     6. The electrical systems in the car had been put out by water.

    7. John watched the water lap at the steps, and felt a crushing guilt. (para 17)

     7. As John watched the water inch its way up the steps, he felt a strong sense of guilt because

    he blamed himself for endangering the whole family by deciding not to flee inland.

8. Get us through this mess, will You? (para 17)

     8. ()h God, please help us to get through this storm safely.

    9. She carried on alone for a few bars; then her voice trailed away. (para 21)

     9. Grandmother Koshak sang a few words alone and then her voice gradually grew dimmer

    and stopped.

    10. Janis had just one delayed reaction. (para 34)

    10. Janis displayed rather late the exhaustion brought about by the nervous tension caused by the hurricane.

?. Paraphrase:

     1. The burying-ground is merely a huge waste of hummocky earth, like a derelict building-lot. (para 2)

     IV. 1. The buring-ground is nothing more than a huge piece of wasteland full of mounds of earth looking like a deserted and abandoned piece of land on which a building was going to be put up.

    2. All colonial empires are in reality founded upon that fact. (para 3)

     2. All the imperialists build up their empires by treating the people in the colonies like

    animals (by not treating the people in the colonies as human beings).

    3. They rise out Of the earth, they sweat and starve for a few years, and then they sink back into

the nameless mounds of the graveyard (para 3)

     3. They are born. Then for a few years they work, toil and starve. Finally they die and are buried in graves without a name.

    . 4 A carpenter sits crosslegged at a prehistoric lathe, turning chair-legs at lightning speed. (para 9)

    4. Sitting with his legs crossed and using a very old-fashioned lathe, a carpenter quickly

    gives a round shape to the chair-legs he is making.

     5. Instantly, from the dark holes all round, there was a frenzied rush of Jews (para 10)

     5. Immediately from their dark hole-like cells everywhere a great number of Jews rushed

    out wildly excited.

    6. every one of them looks on a cigarette as a more or less impossible luxury (para 10)

     6. Every one of these poor Jews looked on the cigarette as a piece of luxury which they

    could not possibly afford.

    7. Still, a white skin is always fairly conspicuous. (para 16) 7. However, a white-skinned European is always quite noticeable.

     8. In a tropical landscape one's eye takes in everything except the human beings. (para 16)

     8. If you take a look at the natural scenery in a tropical region, you see everything but the

    human beings.

    9. No one would think of running cheap trips to the Distressed Areas. (para 17) 9. No one would think of organizing cheap trips for the tourists to visit the poor slum

    areas (for these trips 42V,?,?. would not be interesting)

     10. for nine-tenths of the people the reality of life is an endless, backbreaking struggle to wring

    a little food out of an eroded soil (para 17)

    10life is very hard for ninety percent of the peopleWith hard backbreaking toil they can

    produce a little food on the poor soil

     11. She accepted her status as an old woman, that is to say as a beast of burden. (para 19)

    11She took it for granted that as an old woman she was the lowest in the community

    thatshe was only fit for doing heavy work like an animal

     12. People with brown skins are next door to invisible. (para 21)

     12People with brown skins are almost invisible

    13. Their splendid bodies were hidden in reach-me-down khaki uniforms (para 23)

     13The Senegales soldiers were wearing readymade khaki uniforms which hid their

    beautiful wellbuilt bodies

    14. How long before they turn their guns in the other direction? (para 25)

    14How much longer before they turn their guns around and attack us?

     15. Every white man there had this thought stowed somewhere or other in his mind. (para


    15Every white manthe onlookersthe officers on their horses and the white NCOsmarching with the black soldiershad this thought hidden somewhere or other in his mind

IV. Paraphrase:

     1. And it is an activity only of humans. (para 1)

     1And conversation is an activity which is found only among human beings(Animals


    birds are not capable of conversation)

2. Conversation is not for making a point. (para 2)

     2Conversation is not for persuading others to accept our idea or point of view

    3. In fact, the best conversationalists are those who are prepared to lose. (para 2)

     3 In fact a person who really enjoys and is skilled at conversation will not argue to

    win or force others to accept his point of view

    4. Bar friends are not deeply involved in each other's lives. (para 3)

     4People who meet each other for a drink in the bar of a pub are not intimate friends for

    they are not deeply absorbed or engrossed in each other’s lives

5. it could still go ignorantly on (para 6)

     5 The conversation could go on without anybody knowing who was right or wrong

    6. There are cattle in the fields, but we sit down to beef (boeuf). (para 9)

     6 These animals are called cattle when they are alive and feeding in the fieldsbut

    when we sit down at the table to eatwe call their meat beef

7. The new ruling class had built a cultural barrier against him by building their French against his

    own language. (para11)

     7 The new ruling class by using French instead of English made it difficult for the

    English to accept or absorb the culture of therulers

8. English had come royally into its own. (para 13)

     8The English language received proper recognition and was used by the King once


9. The phrase has always been used a little pejoratively and even facetiously by the lower classes.

    (para 15)

     9 The phrasethe King’s Englishhas always been used disrespectfully and jokingly

    by the lower classes The working people very often make fun of the proper and formal language

of the educated people

    10. The rebellion against a cultural dominance is still there. (para 15)

     10 There still exists in the working peopleas in the early Saxon peasantsa spirit of

    opposition to the cultural authority of the ruling class

    11. There is always a great danger that "words will harden into things for us. " (para 16)

     11 There is always a great danger that we might forget that words are only symbols

    and take them for things they are supposed to representFor examplethe word “dog” is a symbol

    representing a kind of animalWe mustn’t regard the word “dog” as being the animal itself

    12. Even with the most educated and the most literate, the King's English slips and slides in conversation. (para 18)

    12 Even the most educated and literate people do not use standardformal English all the

    time in their conversation

IV. Paraphrase:

     1. And yet the same revolutionary beliet for which our forebears fought is still at issue around the globe (para 2)

     1. Our ancestors fought a revolutionary war to maintain that all men were created equal and

    God had given them certain unalienable rights which no state or ruler could take away from them.

    But today this issue has not yet been decided in many countries around the world.

     2. This much we pledge--and more. (para 5)

     2. This much we promise to do and we promise to do more.

     3. United, there is little we cannot do in a host of cooperative ventures. (para 5)

     3. United and working together we can accomplish a lot of things in a great number of

    joint undertakings.

    4. But this peaceful revolution of hope cannot become the prey of hostile powers. (para 9)

     4. We will not allow any enemy country to subvert this peaceful revolution which brings

    hope of progress to all our countries.

    5. our last best hope in an age where the instruments of war have far outpaced the instruments of peace (para 10)

     5. The United Nations is our last and best hope of survival in an age where the

    instruments of war have far surpassed the instruments of peace.

6. to enlarge the area in which its writ may run (para 10)

     6. We pledge to help the United Nations enlarge the area in which its authority and

    mandate would continue to be in effect or in force.

    7. before the dark powers of destruction unleashed by science engulf all humanity in planned or accidental self-destruction (para 11)

     7. before the terrible forces of destruction, which science can now release, overwhelm

    mankind; before this self-destruction, which may be planned or brought about by an accident,

    takes place

     8. yet both racing to alter that uncertain balance of terror that stays the hand of mankind's final war (para 13)

     8. Yet both groups of nations are trying to change as quickly as possible this uncertain

    balance of terrible military power which restrains each group from launching mankind's final war.

     9. So let us begin anew, remembering on both sides that civility is not a sign of weakness (para 14)

     9. So let us start once again (to discuss and negotiate)and let us remember that being

    polite is not a sign of weakness. 10. Let both sides try to call forth the wonderful things that

    science can do for mankind instead of the frightful things it can do.

    10. Let both sides seek to invoke the wonders of science instead of its terrors. (para 17)

     11. each generation of Americans has been summoned to give testimony to its national loyalty (para 21 )

     11. Americans of every generation have been called upon to prove their loyalty to their

    country (by fighting and dying for their country's cause).

    12. With a good conscience our only sure reward, with history the final judge of our deeds, let us go forth to lead the land we love (para 27)

     12.Let history finally judge whether we have done our task welt or not, but our sure reward will be a good con-science for we will have worked sincerely and to the best of our ability. Paraphrase:

     1. boy and man, I had been through it often before (para 1)

     1. As a boy and later when I was a grown-up man, I had of- ten travelled through the region. 2. But somehow I had never quite sensed its appalling desolation.(para 1)

     2. But somehow in the past I never really perceived how shocking and wretched this whole

    region was.

    3. it reduced the whole aspiration of man to a macabre and depressing joke (para 1 )

     3. This dreadful scene makes all human endeavors to advance

and improve their lot appear as a ghastly, saddening joke.

    4. The country itself is not uncomely, despite the grime of the endless mills. (para 3)

     4. The country itself is pleasant to look at, despite the sooty dirt spread by the innumerable

    mills in this region.

5. They have taken as their model a brick set on end. (para 3)

     5. The model they followed in building their houses was a brick standing upright. / All the

houses they built iooked like bricks standing upright.

    6. This they have converted into a thing of dingy clapboards, with a narrow, low-pitched roof. (para 3)

     6. These brick-like houses were made of shabby, thin wooden boards and their roofs were

    narrow and had little slope.

    7. When it has taken on the patina of the mills it is the color of an egg long past all hope or caring. (para 4)

     7. When the brick is covered with the black soot of the mills it takes on the color of a

    rotten egg.

8. Red brick, even in a steel town, ages with some dignity. ( para 4)

     8. Red brick, even in a steel town, looks quite respectable with the passing of time. / Even

    in a steel town, old red bricks still appear pleasing to the eye.

    9. I award this championship only after laborious research and incessant prayer. (para 5)

     9. I have given Westmoreland the highest award for ugliness after having done a lot of hard

    work and research and after continuous praying.

    10. They show grotesqueries of ugliness that, in retrospect, become almost diabolical. (para5)

     10. They show such fantastic and bizarre ugliness that, in looking back, they become

    almost fiendish and wicked./ When one looks back at these houses whose ugliness is so fantastic

    and bizarre, one feels they must be the work of the devil himself.

    11. It is incredible that mere ignorance should have achieved such masterpieces of horror. (para 6)

     11. It is hard to believe that people built such horrible houses just because they did not

    know what beautiful houses were like.

    12. On certain levels of the American race, indeed, there seems to be a positive libido for the ugly (para 7)

     12. People in certain strata of American society seem definite- ly to hunger after ugly

    things; while in other less Chris- tian strata, people seem to long for things beautiful.

    13. They meet, in some unfathomable way, its obscure and unintelligible demands. (para 7)

     13. These ugly designs, in some way that people cannot un- derstand, satisfy the hidden

    and unintelligible demands of this type of mind.

    14. they made it perfect in their own sight by putting a completely impossible penthouse, painted a staring yellow, on top of it (para 8)

     14. They put a penthouse on top of it, painted in a bright, conspicuous yellow color and

    thought it looked perfect but they only managed to make it absolutely intolerable.

    15. Out of the melting pot emerges a race which hates beauty as it hates truth. (para 9)

15. From the intermingling of different nationalities and races in the United States emerges

the American race which hates beauty as strongly as it hates truth

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