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THE FAMILY COFRANCESCO BY ALBERTO CARLO SILVESTRO COFRANCESCO AK

By Andrew Davis,2014-07-11 14:35
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THE FAMILY COFRANCESCO BY ALBERTO CARLO SILVESTRO COFRANCESCO AK ...

    THE FAMILY COFRANCESCO

    BY

    ALBERTO CARLO SILVESTRO COFRANCESCO

    A/K/A

    A. CHARLES COFRANCESCO

    SEARCH FOR THE FAMILY COFRANCESCO

My older brother, Dr. Richard E. Cofrancesco, in 1950 hired a genealogical firm to trace the

    family back to its origins. What he received, was a lot of “garbage” about the Cofrancescos being

    of Spanish origin! My dad, who was still alive at the time, said ".this is the most non-sensical

    history that I have ever seen”, and suggested that he get his money back. Unfortunately my

    brother passed away before he could take any further action.. He was a Dentist and contracted

    Encephalitis from a patient of his.

When I was a youngster, my dad briefly related our family origins to me. However, when you are

    young - “WHO CARES?” As the saying goes “TOO SOON WE GET OLD, AND TOO LATE WE GET SMART”! In the 1950‟s with the start of the Common Market, I found myself traveling to Italy

    about six months of the year. I visited towns such as Cerreto Sannita, Massa/Faicchio, Telese,

    San Lorenzello, Gioia Sannitica, Solopaca and about 50 others in the area. I have since met at

    least 15-20 relatives that I previously knew by name only, or had no idea whatsoever of their

    existence. I was AMAZED at how much my dad had related to me, that was now being told to

    me by these relatives!

In 1976, being in Italy approximately six months of the year, I thought, “HELL I SHOULD BE

    ABLE TO HIRE AN ITALIAN GENEALOGICAL COMPANY AND EXPECT SOMETHING MUCH

    MORE ACCURATE THAN WHAT MY BROTHER HAD RECEIVED”! That was one of the worst

    mistakes I‟ve ever made ! WHAT A DISASTER!!

Eventually, I hired three different firms, at three different times as a check against each other.

    The total cost was about 3,000,000+ lire (approx. $2,000). What I received in return was WORSE

    than what my brother received 20 years previously! The only part in common that all three had,

    was an erroneous link to the Family COLAFRANCESCO!

The amazing parts of these reports were:

     1) Italian High School students knew more about the Colafrancesco‟s, than these firms

     apparently did!

    2) One had the Cola‟s originating from the area known today as Poland!

     One from Mongolia (The Huns)!

     One from Lombardia (close but NO CIGAR)!

    3) Others too numerous to mention!

At this time I should like to EMPHASIZE - THERE IS NO CONNECTION WHATSOEVER

    BETWEEN THE TWO FAMILIES- it was only by co-incidence as divulged later on that the two

    chose Benevento as their HOME GROUNDS. However, except for cities and towns like Foggia,

    Manfredonia, Cassino, Frosinone, Sora, Arce and other towns, mainly in Lazio, no Colafrancesco

    EVER dwelled in OUR TOWNS(unless one fell through the cracks by marriage or changed their

    name, which would usually be discovered in Vital Record Search)!

However, to get on with the “SEARCH FOR THE FAMILY COFRANCESCO”, it is necessary to

    have a little understanding of European History. Although I studied the subject in High School, I

    guess we did not even scratch the surface! In addition, I have found that many “Historians” , as do

    genealogists, apparently write “history” to suit their own purposes and objectives! I believe this is

    still going on today, however, I will leave that for future generations to decide.

Furthermore, it was even difficult in many instances to reconcile differences between “Historians”!

    Some referred to Charles Martel, for example, as the Father of Charlemagne, others, as the

    Grandfather, and yet others as the great grandfather! I later found the same to be true of the

    Battle of Marignano which many referred to as the Battle of Marilengo/Merilengo!! THIS WAS

MOST IMPORTANT IN THE SEARCH OF FAMILY COFRANCESCO!! NOT ONLY THE

    LOCATION BUT DATES AS WELL!!

Today, I have VERY SERIOUS DOUBTS AS TO OUR EDUCATION SYSTEM, PAST AS WELL

    AS PRESENT, AND WHAT IT WILL BE LIKE IN THE FUTURE !! THE “SEEMINGLY” ERRORS

    THAT I ENCOUNTERED MAKE ME SERIOUSLY DOUBT HOW MUCH OF WHAT WE DEEM TO

    BE FACT, IS TRUE!!

Another “roadblock” encountered, was that if a family member did not turn out to be King or other

    personage of “HIGH NOTE”, there might not be any mention of him/her in family chronicles or

    even in the family Stem!

Also, the difference between the TWO FAMILIES must be clear, I can‟t really fault “genealogists”

    on this, as I almost made the same mistake myself, although I had even been forewarned by my

    dad! Events were such in the Middle Ages, that it was rather easy to confuse Cola‟s with Co‟s!

    BRIEF HISTORY OF THE FAMILY COLAFRANCESCO

Probably the MAJOR confusion arose from the fact that the COLAFRANCESCOS were an OLD

    ESTABLISHED FAMILY NOT ONLY IN THE BENEVENTO AREA, BUT ALSO IN MILAN, whereas,

    the name COFRANCESCO did not come into “BEING” until approximately 1530!

With the fall of the Roman Empire the LONGOBARDI‟S, a Germanic tribe from what today is know

    as Austria and the greater part of Hungary, in the late 400‟s/ early500‟s AD, overran what we know

    as Italy! They established two kingdoms: The Kingdom of Italy in the north, extending to what later

    became known as the “Papal States”; and the Duchy of Benevento in the south covering the

    remainder of the peninsula and the island of Sicily!

The only reason they did not include the Papal States in their kingdom was due to the fact that they

    were DEVOUT CATHOLICS and had the greatest respect for the Pope and felt him deserving of

    his own kingdom plus they probably were foresighted enough to see that the power of the Papacy

    was growing by leaps and bounds and would become a power to be reckoned with in the in the very

    near future, WHICH HAPPENED!

Needless to say their capitals became Milan in the north and Benevento in the south.

Since it was custom up until about the late 1500‟s/early 1600‟s to call people by their given(first)

    name rather than their surname(last name), most historians were UNAWARE, or did not want to

    recognize for whatever reason, that the SURNAME OF THE LONGOBARDI CHIEFTAINS,

    LATER KINGS, WAS “COLAFRANCESCO”! It was from this connection that the Empire of Austria,

    later the Austro-Hungarian Empire laid claim to Italy for many centuries until 1866 when they were

    forced by defeat in the war of 1866 to give up all claims to Italy.

In 780 (?)AD, the Colafrancescos, apparently disillusioned with Pope Adrian I, marched on Rome

    and the Papacy. Pope Adrian called on Charlemagne to help the Papacy survive. Charlemagne

    quickly defeated DESIDERIUS COLAFRANCESCO, King of the Kingdom of Italy. Meanwhile

    ASTULFO COLAFRANCESCO, King of Benevento (Pope Gregory II had elevated the Duchy to a

    Kingdom in 715 AD) was advancing toward Rome and had subdued Cassino, Caserta, Frosinone,

    Arce, Sora and most of Lazio and Abbruzzo. Charlemagne defeated Astulfo at Capua and sent him

    retreating back to Benevento.

The COLAFRANCESCOS from that time on ceased to be a power in Italy, although the Kingdom of

    Benevento surived until the mid 1200‟s! In the period 1200-1622, they relied primarily, first on their

    relatives the Austrian Hapsburgs (Emperors until 1918) and later their Spanish relatives, the

Hapsburgs of Spain who succeeded the House of Anjou as the Spanish Royal Family under

    Charles V.

    My “BOMBARDING” of these firms with the History of the Colafrancescos, taken directly from Italian High School Text Books, enabled me to eventually receive EVERY LIRA IN REFUND from all three firms!

    FAMILY COFRANCESCO

Thoroughly disgusted with “Genealogical” firms at this point, I dropped THE SEARCH FOR

    FAMILY COFRANCESCO, and went on with my life.

In 1984, I retired and being “empty nesters”, my wife and I went to live in Italy. She is from the town

    of Sora in the Province of Frosinone, and we had met while I was on business and also visiting relatives in the area. So we settled in Sora. I did not have, nor do I now have, any desire to live in the Benevento Area. Nice to visit, but live there-NO THANKS!

    We spent much time visiting primarily in Cerreto Sannita and Massa/Faicchio where the majority of the family is located. The urge to know more about our family once more overtook me, and since I now had the time to do so, I renewed the search on my own.

    It is necessary to understand the “hurdles” that were encountered and had to be overcome, quite frankly in some cases, I was forced to make an “educated” guess due to circumstances

    encountered, such as the earthquake of 1688 which destroyed ALL RECORDS IN THE

    PROVINCE, and made it necessary for me to try to come in the “back door”, by that I mean “try to link someone who survived 1688 to someone who was alive before 1688, such as my great, great, great, great grandfather who I believe was born 1660 died 1734”, usually the survivors left their history to their family. Not always however, and this made it very difficult at times!

    I recalled my dad telling me that our name came into existence beginning with the Battle of Marilengo in the early 1500‟s and that our family could be traced back to a HUGH CAPET, who was the last direct male descendant of Charlemagne. At the time with this information in mind, I felt it would be easier to start at Marilengo.

    Lo and behold, I searched maps and history books but could find no Marilengo! With history books, I didn‟t fare much better with HUGH CAPET, nothing more than a reference that he was the founder of the Capetian Dynasty in France which spanned the years 987(?) AD-to present day.

    Actually, the Capetian Dynasty ended in 1328 AD. However, what occurred was no more than a name change, from Capet to a descendant who preferred the name of his fiefdom to Capet, and thus emerged the Valois Dynasty with Philip VI of Valois as King.

    An additional change occurred in 1589 AD, when Margaret of Valois married Henry IV Duke of Bourbon and established the Family Bourbon as the ruling Family of France under Henry IV.

    Here was an intra-family intrigue (of which there were quite a few starting with Charles Martel, the grandfather of Charlemagne). Prior to this marriage the Dukes of Bourbon where also “Princes of Valois”! Down through the years, as a method of preserving titles, domains etc., intra-family

    marriages were not “uncommon”. There was quite a history of aunts marrying nephews, nieces marrying uncles and even instances of brother and sister marrying. It wasn‟t until 1516 AD that Pope Leo X, decreed that henceforth no marriages would be permitted between relatives of less than the “Third Degree”, apparently ruling out all of the above and requiring cousins to be no less than third cousins.

Another obstacle that “DROVE ME UP A TREE” during my search in Italy, France and Germany

    was that in France, it seemed the only names that were available were Louis, Antoine, Pascal and Michel! In Italy, Luigi, Antonio, Pasquale and Michele! Try to keep about 10 of each of these names, in every branch of the family, in proper perspective(without mixing one with another)! More so when certain of them emmigrated from France to Italy!

    I decided that I would start my search in France with the advent of Charlemagne. I visited libraries, monasteries, churches and city halls in places like Paris, Orleans, Bordeaux, Avignon, Tours, and a number of other towns and cities and for a while it seemed I was getting “no where”, and just traveling in circles!

    My successes began when a Friar at a monastery in Avignon, suggested that I go to Aachen, Germany the birthplace of Charles Martel. (My history books told me he was born in Paris). The friar turned out to be correct! According to records Charles Martel (known as Charles the Hammer), was the illegitimate son of a Merovingian King, Pepin of Heristal, and was born in 692 (?) AD. His sons Pepin The Short and Carloman, ruled the Empire that Charles had left, jointly. Subsequently Carloman grew weary and retired to become a Benedictine Monk at the Abbey of Monte Cassino in Italy, leaving his brother in sole possesion of the Empire which included most of what today is West Germany to the Rhine River, Belgium, Holland, Luxembourg, France, Switzerland and parts of Northern Italy.

    Charlemagne in turn was the illegitimate son of Pepin, born 742 AD, and half-brother to Carloman, the legitimate son of Pepin. Carloman was killed in battle 771 AD, as he and Charlemagne were Co-Kings fighting in the battle together, suspicions were aroused as to how Carloman may have died.

    With the deaths of Pepin and later, Carloman the Merovingian Dynasty came to an end. Charlemagne saw fit to now name the Family Carolingian, in honor of his half-brother Carloman. Thus began the Carolingian Dynasty which was to last until the ascent of Hugh Capet to the throne.

    (It is quite possible that the family goes back even prior to Charles Martel. Clovis, the first Merovingian king had been a Roman General and Governor of the region. However, records of his rule and subsequent rulers were next to "non-existant". I could not establish any direct link from Clovis to Charles Martel.)

Charlemagne had three sons:

     Charles King of Acquitaine

     Pepin King of Italy

     Louis I King of France

    Charlemagne had been crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Leo III on December 24,800 A.D.

     No one of his sons were credited with anything of note, and each was kept busy during their reigns in maintaining order, quelling rebellions and warding off invaders. Neither did any of the three produce offspring of note, although Pepin had three grandsons by his son Bernard who became Holy Roman Emperors. Although, many subsequent offspring resulted from these Emperors, there was really nothing of great importance that occurred from the death of Louis I, son of Bernard in 876 AD until the reign of Louis V, the last Direct King of the Carolingian Line and in reality the last DIRECT MALE DESCENDANT OF CHARLEMAGNE!

    Under the LAW OF PRIMOGENITOR initiated by Charlemagne, male descendants deriving from the female line, were not considered to be DIRECT DESCENDANTS OF THE RULER!

    Louis V died at the young age of twenty, his Regent had been his Uncle, who was referred to as “Hugh the Great”. Upon the death of Louis V, no direct descendants remained except for Charles,

    Duke of Lorraine a cousin. Charles was considered a “Traitor” to country and family, as he had joined in a war years earlier against Lothair, father of Louis V. Even though defeated, Charles never reconciled with the family. His uncle, Hugh the Great had a son, also named Hugh. The Great managed to have an aunt of Louis & Charles adopt his son as her own. Hugh the Great, was also the Mayor of The Palace (Regent/Prime Minister ?), he himself was “direct” in the line from Charlemagne, but on the female side; he figured this action would give his son more validity as a “Carolingian”! It apparently did as the nobles refused to recognize Charles as the legitimate successor to the throne and named Hugh the Great‟s son as King.

    History has not recorded the surname of Hugh or Hugh the Great. Upon his ascent to the throne, Hugh assumed the surname “Capet” which he derived from the word “cappa” which referred to the cape that he was so fond of wearing.

    Now began the era of the Capetian Dynasty, which would end (except for name changes of the Royal Family) with Henri de Bourbon-Parma who at last report was living in Palm Beach, Florida. He is the current “Pretender” to the throne of France. CORRECTION, HE PASSED AWAY IN LATE 1999. HE HAD NO MALE HEIRS.

    The rule of the “Direct Capetians” which ended in 1328 with the ascent to the throne of France of Philip VI Duke of Bourbon, Prince of Valois was a very turbulent era. Out of the turbulence arose William the Conqueror, later King of England, Richard the lionhearted, his brother John, and Robert Giuscard, (the Norman prince, who finally stripped the Colafrancescos of their remaining power)among others, ALL CAPETIANS! As previously stated, these were turbulent times, wars were the order of the day. The invasion of England by William, the Crusades, the first One-Hundred Years War, and many other wars in between.

    In 1328 Philip VI began, and the turbulent years continued, the rule of the “Direct Valois” continued until 1589 with the death of Henry III. In addition to the normal wars of the era, there was also the second One-Hundred Years War, Joan of Arc also lived and died during this era. In 1498 Charles VIII died and with him his direct line of Valois. The title of King now went to the Orleans branch of the family, Louis Duke of Bourbon and Orleans, Prince of Valois, who assumed the throne as Louis XII, he reigned until 1515 and died without heirs. The titles now passed to the branch of Bourbon-Orleans known as Valois-Angoule‟me(House of Anjou) under Francis I who

    now was “Master” of Bourbon, Orleans, Valois and Anjou. Francis was born 1494 died 1547. His younger brother Louis Duke of Bourbon, Prince of Valois born 1496 died 1571(?) and Francis(to the French, Francois I, to the Italians, Francesco I) are probably the TWO MOST IMPORTANT PERSONAGES IN THE FAMILY COFRANCESCO!!!!

    Francis I and his brother Louis were both daring and adventurous characters! Francis ascended to the throne of France at the age of twenty-one, immediately upon the death of his uncle Louis XII, his brother Louis was only nineteen at the time.

    One of his first acts as King was to declare war with Austria for two main reasons, Charles V the Emperor of Austria was also the heir to the Spanish throne. Queen Isabella (of Columbus fame) had passed away and King Ferdinand was on his deathbed, also because the Duchy of Milan had been a part of France since Charlemagne‟s time until the 1200‟s he felt it rightfully should be part of France once again. His intent was to “kill” two birds with one stone, neutralize Charles V, who

    was his enemy, and regain Milan which previously was ruled by the Visconti‟s, of whom he and Louis were direct descendants!

    The Swiss joined the Austrians against Francis and on September 13, 1515 the Swiss and the Austrians were defeating the French forces under Field Marshals Lautrec, Trivulce and LaPalice.

    On the day of September 14, 1515, Louis Duke of Bourbon, Prince of Valois arrived with a force of 12,000 men to turn the tide against the Swiss and Austrians, pursued them in their retreat and completely destroyed them at Villa-Franca. The original battle was the “BATTLE OF

MARIGNANO, SOME “HISTORIANS” REFERRED TO IT AS THE BATTLE OF MARILENGO

    WHILE OTHERS CALLED IT THE BATTLE OF MERILENGO! Take your pick, the name of the town today is MARIGNANO AND WAS IN 1515!!

    When Louis arrived with his army and engaged the Austrians and Swiss, it is said that the Austrian Field Marshall Bayard, asked one of his Aide-de-Camps (who was a Colafrancesco) 'who in the hell is that in command of the French reinforcements?‟ , the Aide rather than replying Louis de Bourbon or Prince Louis of Valois or Francis‟ brother, whatever; in the lack-a-daisical

    manner of the the Italians of the day, replied „ He‟s with Francesco „ (the Italian for Francis/Francois)!!

HENCE THE NAME !!!!!!!COFRANCESCO!!!!!! LOUIS WAS NOT TO USE THIS NAME

    UNTIL ABOUT 15 YEARS LATER IN 1530 (?) WHEN HE DECIDED TO SPEND THE REST OF

    HIS LIFE IN ITALY, AS HIS BROTHER FRANCIS SUBSEQUENTLY HAD A SON AND THREE

    GRANDSONS ALL OF WHOM SUCCEEDED HIM AS KING! Son Henry II born 1517 and first

    of three grandsons, Francis II born 1537.

    It was not until the 1530‟s more likely than not, after the birth of Francis II, when hopes for Louis to succeed Francis I to the throne faded, that Louis and two sons moved to the area of Villa-Franca, the scene of his GREAT TRIUMPH. Here he became known as Louis Cofrancesco and his sons, Henri and Antoine also assumed the name COFRANCESCO!

    By the way, I did suffer some moments of embarrassment during my search. It was rough finding the connection to Louis Duke of Bourbon, until once again a Monk intervened, this time in Orleans. He questioned me, “Are you certain your name is Cofrancesco?‟ When I replied in the affirmative, he merely said “Shame on you, have you never heard of Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Valois, Duke of Benevento?” I was tempted to reply, “What do you think I‟m here for?”, but his statement made me believe that if anyone could steer me right, it was he. Later, I asked him if by chance he was a Cofrancesco, his answer was No! He was just very interested in the lives of Francis I and Louis.

    Sure enough the next thing he did was bring me a “ledger”; about two feet high, a foot wide and at least 6-10 inches thick. He left it with me with the admonition, be careful you ruin anything and it will cost you $1,000 per page. I proceeded to open it, and the first page that I took between my thumb and forefinger felt as though it was going to disintegrate right then and there. I beckoned to the Friar and he came back to me and before I could say anything to him, he said “you‟re not rich, and you‟re afraid to open it, aren‟t you?” I replied “you‟re reading my mind!” He opened it to the part I would be interested in and said when I needed to turn the page let him know.

    Louis, nor his sons Henri & Antoine, ever left Northern Italy, and not much was recorded of any of the three from that time on. Two grandsons, (sons of Henri & Antoine ?), named Antoine circa 1585-1666 and Pascal circa 1592-1672 were the first COFRANCESCOS to migrate to the Benevento area. Antoine, who became Antonio circa 1622, to Cerretto Sannita with three sons; Louis, Pascal and Michel. Subsequently all assumed the Italian version of their names, Luigi, Pasquale and Michele.

    I use the word “circa” due to the fact that prior to 1710 it is almost impossible to get an exact date, due to the earthquake of 1688, as mentioned previously all records in the Province were destroyed.

    Pascal followed Antoine about two years later, circa 1624. Their ORIGINAL PURPOSE was not to build a better life, BUT to claim territory that the COLAFRANCESCOS had ceded to their Grandfather Louis after the War. The territory comprised the greater parts of the Provinces of Avellino, Caserta, Foggia, Campobasso, Isernia & Frosinone together with the entire Province of Benevento, which was the Capital City and Province of the Colafrancescos. Part of the terms of

Cessation were the complete evacuation of the Province of Benevento by the

    COLAFRANCESCOS!

    In those days, all of Europe with the exception of England, was comprised of “ABSOLUTE MONARCHIES”, and as Charlemagne previously set forth the LAW OF PRIMOGENITOR , this law was followed in all countries except England.

    Under the LAW, the FIRST BORN MALE received all the family riches upon the death of the head of the family. The rest were left to fend for themselves. Antoine, apparently modified the law and treated his sons and brother much better by arranging for them to receive ? each, upon his demise so long as they stayed and settled their new domain.

    Pascal, however being the youngest brother, and with Antoine settled comfortably in his new domain, was allowed by Antoine to forfeit his grant upon the death of their father circa 1640, and return to Villa-Franca and inherit the family domain there. It never was established whether their father was Henri or Antoine! Could not determine from the records available.

    Pascal, who is now Pasquale, and Antoine who is now Antonio, apparently kept in close touch with one another. Pasquale returned many times to visit his brother and nephews prior to his death in 1672.

    Pasquale had two sons, Luigi Antonio and Michele Andrea. It is assumed that they and/or their heirs succeeded to the Estate that Pasquale had inherited from his father. It was Luigi Antonio who kept record of the Cerreto branch of the family, which must have been passed on to him by his father, which enabled me to make some links between 1688 and 1710.

    I never did follow up on the Northern branch of the Family, I do know, however that the Milan branch for the most part descend from Francesco and Filomena Cofrancesco COFRANCESCO. Also that the Genoa branch descends from my dad‟s younger brother Vincenzo, and most of the

    Rome branch descends from a mixture of Cerreto and Faicchio ancestors. The remainder of the Northern branch, I at this time assume descend from the above Pasquale and his family, this includes the Swiss, French (in the province of Savoy) and Torino and thereabouts.

    From all indications, the Family Cofrancesco for the first fifty or so years in Benevento, settled in Cerreto Sannita originally, the first record I found of a Cofrancesco in any of the other towns, was Antimo Federico who passed away in 1725. I assume that this may very well be the son of Luigi Antonio 1610-1690(?) who was born 1664 in Cerreto and died 1725 in San Lorenzello, which is probably a twenty-thirty minute walk from Cerreto.

    All taken into consideration, it appears that the Family did extremely well considering the “Economy” of the area in which they were located. It has always been and still is a very depressed area! The fact they did well was undoubtedly due to their “modification of Primogenitor”, to the extent that the first TWO males inherited considerable land, while the rest were given a “DOWRY” and left to manage on their own. Even so, as the male line increased the land and money eventually ran out! It was probably in the early 1700‟s that those who received the “DOWRY” rather than land, began to think, “what the hell am I doing here in Cerreto?”, and began drifting off into other towns such as Telese, Faicchio, Castelvenere, Solopaca, etc. Apparently those who inherited land, even though it may have been located in Foggia or Avellino wherever, did not leave Cerreto but lived off the land as landlords.

    While the “drifting off” places were primarily in the Province of Benevento, after about 1890 the “drifting off” places became the U.S.A. , Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and Venezuela where we

    have quite a few more relatives.

    It did not take too long for the FAMILY to “MULTIPLY”! The three sons of Antonio(Antoine) among them produced fourteen male heirs! These fourteen in turn produced among them NINETY-THREE MALE HEIRS, just factoring in say twenty females, they must have been real BUSY!! Under these circumstances, it is easy to see why the land and money eventually ran dry!!

    Male Descendants of ANTOINE (ANTONIO) COFRANCESCO 1585-1666

     Luigi Antonio Pasquale Michele Michele Antonio

     1610-1690(?) 1615-1690(?) 1616-1690(?)

    ___________________ ___________________ ________________

    Angelo Pasquale 1642-(?) Antonio Michele 1640-1712(?) Luigi Antonio 1660-1734(?) Michele Antonio 1643-(?) Pasquale Antimo 1646-(?) Antonio Pasquale 1665-1742

    Andrea Michele 1646-(?) Michele Antonio 1647-1716(?)

    Giovanni Antonio 1649-(?) Riccardo Emilio 1650-1721(?)

    Giuseppe Antimo 1655-(?)

    Antonio Michele 1656-(?)

    Errico Pasquale 1657-(?)

    Antimo Federico 1664-1725(?)

    Male Descendants of LUIGI ANTONIO 1660-1734(?)

    Alberto Carlo (?)-1742 Pasquale Antonio (?)-1758 Antonio Michele (?)-1754

    Giovanni Antonio (?)-1759 Antonio Raimondo (?)-(?) Liberato Michele (?)-(?)

    Giuseppe Riccardo 1708-(?) **Michele Vittorio 1710-1798 Giovanni Pasquale 1713-(?)

    Ferdinando Michele 1722- (?) Francesco Edoardo 1724-(?) Nicola Luigi 1728-(?)

    Male Descendants of ANTONIO PASQUALE 1665-1742(?)

    Ferdinando Michele (?)-1750 Francesco Edoardo (?)-1748 Giovanni Pasquale (?)-1752

    Giovanni Antonio 1705-(?) Michele Angelo 1706-(?) Simone Vincenzo 1707-(?)

    Giovanni Pierino 1712-(?)

** = my great great great grandfather Michele Vittorio 1710-1798

    (?)=date not determinable for number of reasons:

    1) died in earthquake of 1688

    2) records simply lost in earthquake of 1688

    3) in case of death, may have moved away from

     Cerreto and died elsewhere Massa, Faicchio, Telese, etc.

    Due to the fact that the male heirs of Luigi Antonio 1610-1690? and Pasquale Michele 1615-1690? Numbered 74 in total, I have recorded their names only, no dates of birth/death. They follow on the final pages of this History.

    FROM THIS POINT ON, I HAVE FOLLOWED MY “DIRECT “ FAMILY LINE ONLY!

    Descendants of MICHELE AND CHRISTINA CICCARELLI COFRANCESCO 1710-98

    Angelo Michele Angelo Raffaele Pasquale Giovanni Maria Teresa **Luigi

     1736-1799 1737-1796 1740-1802 1751-1813 1765-1822 1773-859

     **= My great great grandfather

    Descendants of LUIGI AND MARIA CRISTINA CAPELLA COFRANCESCO 1773-1859

    Maria Teresa Maddalena Teresa Andrea Polidoro Angelo Raffaele Giovanni Pasquale

    12/16/1810 01/25/1813 03/16/1815 11/28/1818 11/24/1820

     Liberantonia ** Antonio Giovanni

     06/30/1822 07/23/1823 01/08/1829

     **=My great grandfather

Descendants of ANTONIO and MARIA GRAZIA DURANTE COFRANCESCO 1823-1878

Francesco

    Raimondo ** Luigi Emilio Errico Ciro Alfredo Edoardo

    08/31/1855 08/05/1857 05/14/1860 11/27/1862 03/22/1865 12/14/1867.

     Married Married Married Married Married d

    Filomena Tommasina Antonia Lucia Rosalia Elisabetta

    Cofrancesco MARCHITTO IULIANI AMODIO SANZARI BIONDI

    COFRANCESCO

     Faicchio Cerreto Cerreto Cerreto Cerreto Cerreto

    02/12/1881 04/16/1882 10/13/1889 09/23/1888 01/017/89 01/22/98

2nd wife

Ludovica

LOMBARDI

Massa

03/03/1924.

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