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SOUTHWELL REVITALISATION STRATEGY

By James Marshall,2014-07-11 14:17
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SOUTHWELL REVITALISATION STRATEGY ...

Final Report July 2004

Prepared by the Strategic Planning and Community Services Teams of the City of

Cockburn

    1. Introduction .............................................................................................................. 3

    2. Project Background ................................................................................................. 3

    2.1. Justification ...................................................................................................... 3 2.2. Study Area ....................................................................................................... 3 2.3. History of Development ................................................................................... 3

    3. Area Assessment ..................................................................................................... 4

    3.1. Zoning .............................................................................................................. 4 3.2. Topography...................................................................................................... 5 3.3. Transport ......................................................................................................... 5 3.3.1. Roads ....................................................................................................... 5 3.3.2. Public Transport ....................................................................................... 5 3.3.3. Pedestrian and Cyclist Access ................................................................. 6 3.3.4. Entrance and Connections ....................................................................... 6 3.4. Community Facilities ........................................................................................ 6 3.4.1. Shopping .................................................................................................. 6 3.4.2. Recreation ................................................................................................ 7 3.4.3. Education .................................................................................................. 7 3.4.4. Community Support .................................................................................. 8 3.5. Housing and Streetscape................................................................................. 8 3.5.1. Type.......................................................................................................... 8 3.5.2. Tenure ...................................................................................................... 8 3.5.3. Condition .................................................................................................. 9 3.5.4. Streetscape Condition ............................................................................ 10 3.6. Utilities ........................................................................................................... 10 3.6.1. Water, Sewer, Gas and Electricity .......................................................... 10 3.6.2. Stormwater Drainage .............................................................................. 10 3.6.3. High Voltage Powerline .......................................................................... 10 3.6.4. Oil Pipeline ............................................................................................. 10

    4. Social Assessment ................................................................................................. 11

    4.1. Demographic Characteristics ......................................................................... 11

    4.1.1 Age By Gender-Southwell ...................................................................... 11 4.1.2 Employment Status ...................................................................................... 11 4.1.3 Single Parents .............................................................................................. 12 4.1.4 Languages ................................................................................................... 12 4.1.5 Ethnicity By Gender ..................................................................................... 13 4.1.6 Residents Per Household ............................................................................ 14 4.2. Quality of life indicators .................................................................................. 14 4.3. Community services ...................................................................................... 15 4.4. Community concerns ..................................................................................... 16 4.5. Service Gaps/Needs ...................................................................................... 18

    5. Opportunities and Constraints .............................................................................. 18

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1. Introduction

    The purpose of this document is to provide background information on Southwell to the Department for Housing and Works, Council officers and the successful project manager for the Southwell New Living Project. The report brings together information collected by Council over a number of years on Southwell and includes information on available infrastructure and services, information from a housing stock survey and interviews carried out in 2002 of selected community workers in the Southwell area and the Southwell Photographic Survey, the Planning Your Future Workshop held in 2003.

2. Project Background

    2.1. Justification

    In November 2003 Council agreed to sign a Memorandum of Understanding between the City and the Department for Housing and Works for the Southwell New Living Project. The Memorandum sets out the objectives of each party together with the guiding principles that will be applied to the project. The purpose of this document is to provide background information on Southwell to the Department for Housing and Works, Council and the successful project managers of the Southwell New Living Project.

    2.2. Study Area

    The area commonly referred to as Southwell falls within the suburb of Hamilton Hill, approximately five kilometres to the south-east of Fremantle. It is not a suburb in its own right, though is distinguishable from neighbouring areas for a variety of reasons. Because of the major roads that bind the area, Southwell is physically distinct and separated from surrounding areas. Stock Road to the east and Phoenix Road to the south provide hard edges to Southwell. To the west is Rockingham Road and to the north a tract of land that has long been reserved for the future construction of the Roe Highway. The age, type and condition of housing stock in Southwell also sets it apart from neighbouring areas. This contrast is most apparent when comparing Southwell to the new and upmarket St. Pauls Estate to the east.

Figure 1 shows a locality plan of Southwell.

Figure 2 shows the study area.

    2.3. History of Development

Southwell was developed in the mid 1970’s by the (then) State Housing Commission. Prior to that

    the area was predominantly undeveloped. Unlike surrounding areas, most of Southwell was not previously used for market gardening. Aerial photography from its pre-development period indicates that Southwell was bushland, of which some remnants, albeit in a degraded state are still evident in many of the areas local parks.

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The then State Housing Commission was involved in many projects including the swap with the

    University for the endowment land for land in Murdoch. The transfer enabled the State Housing

    Commission to build the Southwell Estate.

The pattern and layout of development in Southwell that has occurred was based largely on the

    design work carried out by Margaret Fielman, a renowned private town planning consultant of her

    time. The Radbourne design model was used in developing Southwell, which was to encourage

    pedestrian use by orienting dwellings towards lanes rather than facing the street. Today, this

    design model has caused some concerns for the safety of pedestrians and properties adjoining

    the laneways in Southwell.

Figure 3 shows an aerial photograph of the current Southwell.

There are 315 Department of Housing and Works properties within Southwell, comprising 192

    villa-townhouses, 41 duplexes and 82 single detached houses. The Department intends to

    reduce this number in area to a ratio of one in nine, which means that the numbers would be

    reduced from 315 to 98.

Figure 4 shows the distribution of Department of Housing and Works properties within the

    Southwell area. (This plan is not available for public viewing)

    3. Area Assessment

    3.1. Zoning

Under the City of Cockburn Town Planning Scheme No.3, the predominant zoning in Southwell is

    ‘Residential’. The majority of Southwell is zoned R20 to R25 with pockets of medium and high

    density scattered through the area. Illawong Village (R35), Jindalee Units (R40), Lot 20 Heal

    Street (R40) and 19 Blackwood Road (R80) are zoned for more intensive residential development.

    The only non-residential zoning in Southwell is the ‘Commercial’ zoned shopping centre on Southwell Crescent.

Local Scheme reserves are in place for the Southwell Primary School, a number of local parks

    and recreational reserves and the Fremantle-Kwinana Oil Pipeline that cuts across the area.

Significantly, the Metropolitan Region Scheme reserve for the extension of Roe Highway

    dominates the northern edge of the study area. The reserve for Roe Highway is a significant issue

    for Southwell, which is addressed in more detail in this report.

A ‘Mixed Business’ area lies just outside the study area on Rockingham Road.

The area is zoned ‘Urban’ under the Metropolitan Region Scheme.

Figure 5 shows the zoning of the Southwell area under the City of Cockburn Town Planning

    Scheme No.3.

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    3.2. Topography

    Department of Minerals and Energy Soils Mapping indicates Southwell is built on Spearwood Dunes, the bulk of which is limestone, with some small pockets of sand. Soils in this area are characterised as pale yellowish brown, fine to course to course-grained sub angular quartz with traces of feldspar and shell debris of residual origin.

    Southwell generally sits on the secondary limestone ridge that runs north-south, three kilometres inland from the coastline. As a result, the landform within Southwell undulates from 20m AHD at Rockingham Road at the western end of the study area up to 54m AHD at the eastern end of the study area near Quickly Crescent. Significantly, parts of Southwell are amongst the most elevated areas in Cockburn and consequently have views over Cockburn Sound to the west, the Kwinana hinterland to the south and east towards the Darling Escarpment.

    Groundwater beneath the Southwell area generally exists to a maximum of between 2 and 3m AHD, which is between 18 and 50 metres below the natural ground surface.

Topography is mapped in Figure 6.

    3.3. Transport