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Study_2Study,study

    Study

;9

    ;201051O

    ;计算机教育

    ;ComputerEducationNo.9May.10,201047

    ;文章编号:16725913(2010)09-004704中图分类号:G642文献标识码:A

    ;StudyontheQualityAssuranceandEvaluationMechanismin ;CollegeenterpriseCooperation

    ;LIULiping,CHENZhigang

    ;(SchoolofSoftware,CentralSouthUniversity,Changsha410075,China)

    ;Abstract:College.enterprisecooperationmodelisanewmodelofcultivatingapplication.typedtalentsi

    ncollegeby

    ;cooperatingwithenterprises.Thisthesisputsforwardasetofqualityassuranceandevaluationmechanis

    m,practice

    ;showsthatthismechanismCaneffectivelyguaranteetheteachingqualityandevaluatetheteachingresult

    sscientifically.

    ;Keywords:collegeenterprisecooperation;quality;evaluation;mechanism ;1Background

    ;Collegeenterprisecooperationmodelisanew

    ;modelofcultivatingapplicationtypedtalentsin

    ;UniversitybyCooperatingwithEnterprises.Itsbasic ;connotationincludescollege-enterprisecooperation, ;twoWayparticipationandmutualbenefits.

    ;InJuly2001,”Thenoticeonestablishingexemplary

    ;softwarecollegesissuedbytheMinistryofEducation’’

    ;pointedout:Facingthecriticalnationalindustrial ;developmentandfiercecompetitionfortalents,satisfying ;themarkets’needs,reformingsoftwaretalentstraining

    ;modeandemphasizingthesoftwaretalentstraininghas ;becomeanimportantandurgenttaskinthehigher ;educationreformanddevelopment.

    ;Nowadaysmanysoftwarecollegesinhighschools ;havelaunchedallal1.roundschoolenterprisecooperation,

    ;thismodelnotonlybringshigh-qualityschoolteacher ;resources,thecuttingedgeenterprisetechnology,

    ;engineeringmodel,innovativeideasandinnovative ;approaches,butalsotheenterprise’Shopeforeducation

    ;anddemandfortalents.

    ;However,intheprocessof

;cooperation,manyproblems

    ;appeared,suchashowto

    ;maintainthecomprehensive

    ;andadvancedattributesof

    ;theteachingcontent,howto

    ;guaranteetheteachingquality,

    ;andhowtoassessandevaluate

    ;theprocessandresultsof

    ;educationandSOon.

    ;LIULiping

    ;AsaNationalexemplarysoftwarecollege,the ;SoftwareCollegeinCentralSouthUniversityhasseta ;goalsinceitsestablishment:”Tocultivateinternational

    ;softwareengineeringeliteswithaninnovativesense”.

    ;Collegeactivelyadaptstotheneedsofeconomicand ;socialdevelopment,promotestheschoolinstitutional ;reform,deepencollegeenterprisecooperationand

    ;realizethegreat?leap?-forwarddevelopmentinsoftware ;talenttraining.

    ;Authorsintroduction:LIULi-ping(1971

    ),female,seniorexperimenta1diviSion,researchdirecti013iSgrid

    ;computing,serviceorientedcomputing;CHENZhigang(1964

    ),male,Ph.D,professor,doctoraltutor,research ;directioniSnetworkcomputinganddiStributedtreatment. ;48

    ;计算机教育

    ;ComputerEducation2010

    ;Basedonthemutuallybeneficialandwin-win ;cooperationofstudents,enterprise,societyandschool, ;Collegehasintroducedtheindustry’stalentneeds,good

    ;humanresources,technicalresources,innovative ;approachesandoperatingmodetothetalenttraining ;process,andhascreatedanewtalenttrainingmodelfor ;college-enterprisecooperation.Collegehasalso ;developedandimplementedaseriesofscientificquality ;assurancemanagementsystem.Combinedwiththe ;CMM(CapabilityMaturityMode1)proposedbythe ;softwarecollegeinCarnegieMellonourcollegehas ;proposedCDIOCapabilityMaturityAssessmentModel ;CDIO.CMMjJ.

    ;Fiveyearsofimplementationdemonstrates, ;CDIOCMMnotonlyprovidesaunifiedassessment ;systemtoassessstudentsCDIOability,butalsohelps ;toimprovetheCDIOlearningprocess,thuscontributes

    ;totheimplementationoftheCDIOengineeringeducation ;modelandtheimprovementofthequalityofengineering ;education,andfinallyprovidesmoreandbetterengineering ;talentsforthesociety.

    ;2QualityAssurance

    ;enterpriseCooperation

    ;2.1Difie}rentWaysto

    ;andAdvancedAttributes

    ;MechanismsforCollege-

    ;MaintainComprehensive

    ;oftheTeachingContent

    ;Thecollegehasinvitedseniorexpertsinsoftware ;industryandenterprisestojointheCollegeTeaching ;Committee,participatingintheformulationoftalent ;trainingobjectivesandcurriculumsystems,determining ;thecoursesyllabus,carryingouttheteachingquality ;assessmentsandparticipatinginafacultydecision-making. ;Weestablishacollegeenterprisejointmeeting

    ;systemtoexplorethelatestprogressinthesubjectand ;industry,andthusadjusttotheteachingcontent. ;Wewritehighqualityteachingmaterialsbyway

    ;ofcollege-enterprisecooperation.Itisoftendifficultto ;findateachingmaterialthatmeetsthecourse’

    ;requirementsandobjectives.Therefore,withthe ;experienceinthepreparationofteachingmaterials,we ;havewrittensomebookstogetherwimtIleenterprise ;engineers.Thesebooksshouldfullyreflectandmeetthe ;course’requirementsandobjectives.

    ;Cooperatedwithmanyinternationa1anddomestic ;well?knowncompanies,Collegehasofferedrelated ;iointcoursesandachievedgoodresults.Thefrontier ;technology,engineeringmodelsandactualcasesfrom ;enterprisesstimulatetheclassroomteachingandthus ;aregenerallywelcomedbythestudents.

    ;2.2ScientificandStrictManagementSystemto ;EnsuretheTeachingNormalization

    ;Collegetreatsteachingseriously,organizesteaching ;processcarefully,andisalwaysstrictwithstudents.It ;putsthequalityoftalenttrainingasalifeline,and ;concentratesonenhancingtheawarenessofteaching ;quality.Targetedatvariousaspectsoftheteachingprocess, ;ourcollegehasimprovedthequalitycontrolsystemand ;establishedacomprehensiveeducationmanagementsystem. ;Weestablishthedual-tutorialsystemandenterprise

    ;visitingsystem.Undertheguidanceoftheenterprise ;projectmanagersandthecollegetutors,studentteams ;completepracticaltrainingprojectsaccordingtothe ;enterpriseprojectoperatingmodeandmeettheneedsof ;theenterprisepracticalproject.

    ;Weintroduceasetofassessment,evaluationand ;eliminationmechanismforteachersemployedfrom ;enterprises.Adoptingthemeansofformertrialteaching, ;lecturesattending,semesterclassevaluation,student ;evaluationandothermeanstoensuretheteachingquality. ;3EvaluationSystemforCollegeenterprise

    ;CooperationinTalentTraining

    ;Evaluationismainlytheassessmentandevaluation ;abouttheimplementationandresultsoftheeducation ;process.Itisthemostimportantmeansofmonitoring ;theteachingeffectsandteachingquality.

    ;Evaluationsystemincludestwoaspects:theevaluation ;ofstudentsandtheevaluationofthetrainingmode. ;9

    LIULiping,etal:StudyontheQualityAssuranceandEvaluationMechanisminCollegeenterpriseCooperation49

    ;3.1CDIO-CMMBasedonStudentCapabilityMaturity ;Afternearlyfiveyearsofresearchandimplementation, ;combinedwiththeCMM(CapabilityMaturityMode1) ;proposedbythesoftwarecollegeinCarnegieMellon, ;ourcollegehasproposedCDIOCapabilityMaturity ;AssessmentModelCDIOCMM.constructedCDIO

    ;CapabilityMaturityAssessment,andimproveditsbasic ;framework.CDIOCMMnotonlyprovidesaunified

    ;assessmentsystemtoassessstudentsCDIOability,but ;alsohelpstoimprovetheCDIOlearningprocess,thus ;contributestotheimplementationoftheCDIOengineering ;educationmodelandtheimprovementofthequalityof ;engineeringeducation.

    ;WiththehelpoftheStudentCapabilityMaturity ;AssessmentModel,thecollegehasformedanallround

    ;teachingqualityassuranceandmonitoringsystem. ;Collegehasestablishedqualitycontrolandimprovement ;mechanismwithcapacitycultivatingasitscoreand

    ;basedonthefourlinksof”preparation,implementation,

    ;summary.feedback”.”Preparation”istodeterminethe

    ;scopeoftheassessmentprocess,theestablishmentof ;evaluationorganizations,thedevelopmentofassessment ;plans,andtodeterminethecontentofassessment.

;‘‘Implementation”includessampleselection,questionnaire

    ;surveysandevaluation,interviewsanddocument ;review,informationconfirmingandfiling.”Summary’’

    ;istosumupandanalyzethestrongandweakpoints, ;confirmassessmentleve1.communicatewimstudentsand ;createassessmentreport.’’Feedback’’includessuggestions

    ;fortheimprovementofstudentslearningprocess, ;teachingcontentandmethods,curriculumandcurriculum ;systemoptimization,teachingprogramadjustments. ;InthelightoftheStudentCapabilityMaturity

    ;AssessmentModel,collegehasadjustedtraining ;programsandcoursecontent,improvedthetraining ;process,andconstructedanevalu~ionsystemconformed ;tothe”pluralism,rationalizationandstandardization’’of

    ;theCDIOeducationalmodel[.

    ;3.2EvaluationofStudents

    ;Accordingtothecharacteristicsofthesoftware ;coursesandtrainingprocess,collegeusesappropriate ;evaluationmethodsforstudentsOfdifferentcoursesand ;differentstages.Studentcapabilitymaturityassessment ;iscombinedwithcollegeassessmentandenterprise ;assessment.Collegeassessmentismadebycourse ;examination,theorytest,practicalabilityassessment, ;questionnairesurvey,lecturesattending,interviewsand ;visits,etc.Enterpriseassessmentfocusesonstudent ;abilitytosolvepracticalproblemsandtheoverall ;qualityassessment.Form1illustratesthecapacityofall ;gradesneedtobetested.

    ;FOrm1CapacityNeedtobeEvaluated

    ;GradeCapacityNeedtobeEvaluated

    ;Ideologicaleducation,foreignlanguageskills,mathematics,basicskills(1ogicalthinking,codingcapa

    bility),personalF

    ;reshmen

    ;qualities(self-learningability,responsibility,communicationskills,abilitytoexecute),etc.

    ;Technicalskills(professionalknowledge,independentproblemsolvingskills,developmenttools,applicationcapability),S

    ;ophomore

    ;projectcapabilities,personalqualities(collaborationcapabilities,theteamability),etc.

    ;Projectmanagementcapabilities(engineeringanalysis,overalldesign,organization,implementationc

    apacity),personalJ

    ;uniors

    ;qualities(passion,efficiency,integrity),etc. ;Technicalcapacity(high-endlargescalesoftwareproductdevelopment,platformarchitecture,thelat

    estsoftwaretechnology,etc.),S

;eniorStudents

    ;personalqualities(self-confidence,self-expression,professional,corporateloyalty,internationalcoop

    eration),innovation,etc

    ;Inthestudent

    ;assessmentaccounts

    ;abilityevaluation,thecollege

    ;f0r60%ofthetota1andthe

    ;enterpriseevaluationaccountsfor40%.Forthecollege ;assessment,theratioofthecourseexamination ;50

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    ;ComputerEducation2010

    ;performanceis50%,comparedto10%ofthetheoretical ;assessment,practicalabilityassessmentaccountsfor ;30%comparedto10%ofthequestionnairesurvey[6.

    ;Throughacomprehensiveanalysisoftheabove ;evaluationresults,studentabilityevaluationreportcarl ;beformed.Evaluationreportreflectsthematuritylevel ;andexistingproblemsofthestudentsCDIOcapability, ;thusthedevelopmentprogramsforthenextstageand ;theCDIOprocessimprovementorientationCallbe ;adjustedaccordingly.

    ;Collegeorganizedevaluationin2006and2009. ;Fig.3isthecapacityevaluationscoresofallstudents ;in2006,Fig.4isthescoresofallstudentsin2009.By ;Fig.3CapacityEvaluationScoresofAllStudentsin2006 ;comparingFig.3andFig.4,wecanseetheabilityof ;allstudentsoftheCDIOgenerallybeimprovedafter ;threeyearsofCDIObasedabilitytraining.

    ;Fig.4CapacityEvaluationScoresofAllStudentsin2009 ;4Conclusion

    ;Enhancingthecultivatingofstudent’sengineering

    ;capabilitiesiscriticalforthehigherengineering ;education.Toachieveafurthercooperationwithenterprises, ;improvethequalityoftalenttraining,softwarecollege ;inCentralSouthUniversityhasmadealotthorough ;studyandpractice,formeditsowncharacteristics,and ;obtainedgoodteachingresults.

    ;Refefences:

    ;[1]MinistryofEducationofthePeople’sRepublicofChina.TheNoticeonEstablishingNationalPilotSo

    ftware

    ;EngineeringSchoo1s(EducationHigh2001]No.3)S,2001.

    ;CarnegieMe1IonUniversitySoftwareEngineeringInstitute.Capabi1ityMaturityModel(C

    ?):SoftwareProcess

    ;ImprovementGuide[M.LIUMengren,trans1ation.Beijing:ElectronicIndustryPress,2001:3036.

    ;CHENQ

    yuan,RENSheng-bing,HUZhigang,eta1.CDIOEngineeringStudentsCapabi1ityMaturityAssessmentand

    ;ImprovementSystemforResearch[J].ChinaHigherEducation,2009(8):3133.

    ;ZHAJJanzhong.OnCDIOModelunder”LearningbyDoing”Strategy[J.ResearchinHigherEduc

    ationofEngineering,

    ;2008(3):6.

    ;TANChanggeng,RENSheng-bing,HUZhigang.SoftwareEngineeringCurticulumBasedontheStudentsCapabi1ity

    ;MaturityMode1C.Eangzhou:NationalSoftwareEngineeringConference2007,2007:187190.

    ;HUZhigang,LIULiping,RENSheng-bing.ResearchonPipelineTrainingSystemBasedonCDIOCapacity

    ;Assessment[R].Nanjing:Nationa1SoltwareEngineeringConference2009,2009. ;(编辑:张现)

    ;

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