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    basisandbeconductedinaccordance ;withthelaw,itsaid.

    ;Localauthoritiesshouldstepup ;withregistrationofrurallandowner- ;shipandsteadilycarryoutpilotpro

    ;gramstocontractrural1and.Mcan

    ;while,thegovernmentwillworkto ;improvetherulesofconciliationand ;arbitrationoflanddisputes,saidthe ;document.

    ;Lastyear,illegallandgrabsand ;otherregulatoryissuescausedmass ;protestsinChina.Adisputeoverland ;use.financingandelectionsin,7\,ukan ;villageinthesouthernprovinceof ;Guangdongledtolargescaleprotests

    ;byvillagesagainstloca1authorities ;sinceSeptember.

    ;PremierWenJiabaosaidatthe

    ;annualcentralconferenceonrural ;work,whichopenedlateDecember, ;thatChinashouldstrivetopromote ;agriculturalmodernizationandprotect ;farmers’rightstoboostthedevelop—

    ;mentofruralareas.

    ;Hesaidfarmersenjoythelegal ;rightsoflandcontracts,landuseand ;collectiveincomedistributionasbasic ;protections,nomatteriftheymoveinto ;thecitiesorstayinthecountryside. ;“Nooneisempoweredtodeprive

    ;suchrights,”wensaid,addingthat

    ;anyslightfailureinagriculturewould ;hamperthecountry’seconomicdevel-

    ;opmentandsocialstability.

    ;ThousandsofresidentsinJkan ;ondnesdaysawthestartofanelec

    ;tionfornewleadershipafterformervil

    ;1ageheadswereremoved.

;0fficia1datashowedChina’sgrain

    ;outputrosetoarecordhighof571.21

    ;milliontonesin2011.Taefigurerep

    ;resentedayear-on-yearincreaseof4.5 ;percentandmarkedtheeighthcon

    ;secutiveyearofgrowthforthecountry’s

    ;gramoutput.

    ;Meanwhile.farmers’incomes

    ;postedrelativelyfastexpansionover

    ;eightstraightyears,whichisexpected ;totopRMB6,900(US$1,092.6)in

    ;2011.

    ;Despiteremarkableachievements

    ;inimprovingagriculturalproduction

    ;andthelivelihoodsofruralresidents

    ;in2011,Chinanowfacesgrowingdif-

    ;ficultiesanduncertaintiesinsecuringa ;stabledevelopmentofruralareas.said ;thedocument.0

    ;inreformingtheagriculturalscience&technology ;system.

    ;SinceChina’sagriculturalscience&technology

    ;systemreformhasbeendeepened,whatproblemsare ;confrontingthereform?Andwhatcounter-measures ;canbetaken?Thesetwoquestionsareconcerning ;thegeneralpublic.AccordingtoChenXiwen,direc

    ;toroftheofIicefortheCommunistPartyofChina ;(CPC)CentralCommittee’sLeadingGroupon

    ;Rural汀厂Drksystemandinputconsistedofthemost ;importanttwoaspectsforaddressingtheabove,men——

    ;tionedquestions.Fromtheperspectiveofsystem, ;agriculturalR&Dneededtobecloselylinkedwith ;production;ifmerelyanglingforacademictitlesand ;publishingworks,researcheswouldplayalimited ;roleinpromotingproduction,saidChen. ;Surely,systemdoesnotonlyreferstoR&D.but ;alsoforpromotionofagriculturalscienceandtech

    ;nology,asagricultureservesasthefoundationofthe ;nationaleconomyanditstronglysupportssustained ;andstableeconomicandsocialdevelopment. ;InChina.capitalinputinR&Daccountsfora ;smallportionintheGDPandlessforagricultural ;R&D.1herefore.thisyear’sNo.1Documentfclcuses

    ;onestablishingalong-termmechanism,pointingout

    ;toensurethatfinancialinputinagricultura1science ;andtechnologyshouldgrowmuchmorerapidlythan ;regularfinancialrevenuesandtoraisethepropor

    ;tionofagriculturalR&Dinagriculturaladdedvalue. ;However,onceinputisincreased,astringofreform ;andinnovationneedstobelaunchedtoformanef- ;fectiveincentiveandconstraintmechanismsothat ;theincreasedinputcanbespentwisely.

    ;Moreover,sinceonlvwithfarmers’application,

    ;agriculturaltechnologycanyieldoutcomeinthe ;farmland,itisnecessaryforfarmerstohavebetter ;science&technologyqualityandtoauthentically ;mastermoderntechnologiessothatagricultural ;R&Dachievementscanfunctionwellinrealproduc

    ;tion.

    ;Howtoovercomethelastobstaclefor

    ;agriculturaltechnologypromotion

    ;Democountiesforagriculturalscience&tech

    ;nologypromotionsystemreformandconstruction ;willcoverallthefarmingcounties(cities,districts ;andfarms)thisyear.

    ;1heNo.1Documentparticularlystressedagri

    ;culturalscience&technologypromotion.saidTang ;Renjian.deputydirectoroftheofficefortheCPC ;CentralCommittee’sLeadingGrouponRura1Wl0rk.

    ;Inthepastyears,thesystemforagriculturalsci

    ;ence&technologypromotionhadsomeprominent ;qs

    ;<<1.1<Zo.=)oocrT1?『_1_arq??

    ;?<mno3or_T1n[=)_I<

    ;problems--unsoundpromotionnetwork,incoherentcom

    ;municationanddisperseresponsiblepeople.AftertheThird ;PlenarySessionofthe17thNationalCongressheldin2008 ;setoutnewrequirementsforroot-levelagriculturaltechnol

    ;ogypromotion,epidemicspreventionandcontrolaswellas ;forthequalityandsafetymechanismofagriculturalprod

    ;ucts,thesystemforagriculturaltechnologypromotionhas ;takenaturnforthebetter.1hroughreformanddevelop

    ;ment,theservicecapabilityfortheagriculturaltechnology ;promotionsystematthegrassrootslevelhasbecomeconsid

    ;erablystronger.

    ;eNo.1CentralDocumenthighlightedthecapability ;ofthegrassrootslevelagriculturalpromotionanditmadethe ;on——the--jobpersonnelforagriculturaltechnologypromotion

    ;havesimilarsalarywiththoseinthegrassrootsinstitutions, ;Tangintroduced.Democountiesforagriculturalpromotion ;systemreformandconstructionwillcoverallthefarming ;counties(cities,districtsandfarms)thisyeartoaddressthe ;problemthatthegrassrootsorganizationsforagricultural

    ;technologypromotionlacknecessaryfunding;construction ;projectsforagriculturaltechnologypromotionorganizations ;wil1coverallthevillagesandtowns,whichwillmainlytarget ;atimprovingworkingconditions,suchasofficebuildings, ;cn!Ms

    ;instrumentsandequipmentaswellastransportationmeans? ;Inthemeantime,thedocumentalsoemphasizesto

    ;transformthesystemsoastoinfusevigor.”Thepersonnel

    ;recruitmentsystemwillbeimplementedinanallround

    ;mannerfeaturingstrictrecruitmentrequirementsandclearly- ;definediobresponsibilities.Thus,unlikeinthepast,itdoes ;notmeanthatthosewhoarehiredwillhaveasecurediob,”

    ;saidTang,”Theeffectsandconditionsforpromotionwillnot

    ;bedeterminedbycompetentdepartmentsanymore,butas

    ;sessedtogetherbythreeparties--competentdepartments, ;townshipgovernmentsandfarmers.’’

    ;Howwilltheruralpoliciesadapttothenew

    ;urbanizationtrend

    ;Thekeyliesinhowtoaddressthethreeprominent

    ;problemswhowilldothefarmwork,howwillfarmersbe

    ;integratedintothecityandhowwillthevillagesbegoverned. ;Lastyear,theChinesetownsandcitieshadabiggerpop

    ;ulationthanthevillagesforthefirsttime,andtheurbanpopu- ;lationaccountedfor51.27%inthetotalpopulation,whichwas ;anepochmakingmilestoneforChinaandwhichshedlights ;onthepoliciesforaddressingthe”threerura1issues”(agricul-

    ;ture,farmersandruralareas),saidTangRe@an.Thekeylies ;inhowtoaddressthethreeprominentproblems--whowilldo ;thefarmwork,howwillfarmersbeintegratedintothecityand ;howwilltheviHagesbegoverned.

    ;Foraddressingtheproblemthatlotsofyoungrural ;laborersgotothecitiesandthus1eavebehindchildren, ;womenandtheold,attentionshouldbepaidtothefollow- ;ingthreeaspects:first,thefarmingoperationentitiesshould ;becultivatedandinnovatedbasedonthehouseholdcontract ;management;second,italsoneedstotrainprofessionalfarm

    ;ersinordertoletthenewgenerationoffarmerswhomaster ;technologiesandwellunderstandmanagementgobacktothe ;ruralareastoengageinthemodernerationofagricultural

    ;production;third,thesocialservicesystemforagriculture ;shouldbestrengthened,andprofessional,comprehensiveand ;cooperativeserviceagenciesareencouragedtodevelopamong ;companies,governmentsandnongovernmentalorganlza

    ;tions,whichaimsatprovidingonestopservicesthroughout

    ;theprocessofagriculturalproduction.

    ;“Regardingtheproblemhowtointegratefarmersinto

    ;cities,farmers,ingeneral,needtogenuinelyreceiveequal ;treatmentwithurbanresidents.”saidTang.”Populationflow

    ;shouldbeguidedreasonablysothatontheonehandurban

    ;izationwil1bepushedforwardandontheotherhandnew ;COUntrysidewillbeconstructed;eligiblefarmersshouldbe ;grantedwithregisteredpermanentresidenceincities;mi

    ;grantworkersandfarmersneedstobeguidedtobeemployed ;locally.”

    ;Referringtotheproblemthathowthevillageswill ;begoverned,Tangsaidthatingeneralabriskvillageself- ;governancesystemwhichwasfullyparticipatedbyfarmers ;undertheIeadershipofthePartywastobeestablishedbased ;onthedomesticstatusquoandthedevelopmenttrend;new ;socialorganizationsandintermediaryorganizationsindiffer- ;entformswereencouragedtobesetuD.@

    ;

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