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    ;China”sEarlySymphonies:InCelebratingthe

    ;CentennialofChineseSymphonies

    ;IntalkingaboutChinasmodemnewmusic,onecannotbut ;mentionsymphony.Intheearlyperiodofourmodemmusichistory, ;whensymphonieshadalreadybeenintroducedtoChina,symphony ;orchestraswereestablishedtogiveperformances,andafewmusi

    ;clanscomposedsymphonicworks.Whenwasthefirstsymphonyor

    ;chestrafoundedinChina.then?IhaveMerystronginterestinthis ;question,butitisnoteasytogivearightanswerbecausethere ;mightbedifferentanswerswhenlookingfr0mdifferentperspectives ;orapplyingdifferentcriteria.

    ;AsfarasIknow.inFebruary19o8.theAffiliatedMusicTrain

    ;ingSchooIoftheZhiliEducationOfficewasestablishedinTianjin. ;Thisbecamethefirstgovemment-runeducationinstitutefortraining ;musicandPEteachersinmodemChina.Asforthefirstsymphony ;orchestraorganizedbyChinese,itshouldbethesymphonyorches

    ;trathatZengZhiminfoundedattheShanghaiOrphanagein1909. ;XiaoYoumeicreatedtheSymphonyOrchestraofPekingUniversitys ;MusicSchoolin1922,whichalsoplayedanunmistakablyimportant ;roleinmodemChinesemusichistory.Theorchestrahadexistedfor ;aroundfouryearsduringwhichitpresentedoverfortyconcertsand ;performedsuchworldfamousmusicmasterpiecesincludingthoseof ;Beethoventhatitprovedtheorchestrahadreachedquiteahigh ;levelofperformance.

    ;TheearliestWestemstyleorchestrainChinacandatebackto

    ;theperiodrightaftertheendoftheOpiumWarin1840.Asmany ;foreignerslivedinsuchmajorcitiesasShanghai,Tianjin,Beijing ;andHarbin,musicactivitiesofvariouskindsweregraduallydevel

    ;opedthere.TheearliestWesternstyleorchestrainChinawasthe

    ;OrchestraofShanghaiMunicipalCouncil,composedofallforeign

    ;ers,andthiswasthepredecessoroftodaysShanghaiSymphony ;Orchestra.

    ;Chinesesymphonieshavesofarexperiencedacenturyspro

    ;cessofdevelopment.1havethestrongwishthatmorebrilliant ;achievementswilIbemadewithChinesesymphonyinthisnew ;century,bettersymphonicworkswillbecreatedconstantly,and ;moreorchestraswilIbecomeworldrenownedgroups,soastode

    ;velopChinesesymphonicmusicintoonewhichhasrealChinese

    ;culturaIelements,Chinesestyleandcharacters. ;TheEverlastingColourofSpring:AReviewofthe

    ;Symposiumonthe50YearsMusicCompositionof

    ;Prof.DuMingxin

    ;Mr.DuMingxinIsafamouscomposerandmusiceducatorin ;China.Ontheoccasionofhis80thbirthday.theCentraIConserva. ;10ryofMusicorganizedtheSymposiumonthe50YearsMusic ;CompositionofProf.DuMingxinonOctober2O.2oo7.Duringthe ;conference,manyexpertsandscholarsspokehighlyofProf.Dus ;greatachievementsinmusiccompositionandmusicteachingforthe ;past50years.

    ;ItisverynaturalthatI.beinganordinaryteacheremployedby ;thegovernment,shouldaccomplishmydutyMerywellandalways ;trytoimprovemyteachingsoastohelpmystudentslearnmorein ;myclasses.”Thesearethewordsfromtheverybottomofthe

    ;heartofan80-year--oldmarlwhohasbeenworkingasateacher ;attheCentralConservatoryofMusicforfiftyyears,andwhohas ;taughtalargenumberofstudentsthatlaterbecamefamouscom

    ;posersbothathomeandabroad,andwhohascomposedinhis ;sparetimealotoforchestral,pianoandvocalmusicworks.When ;recallinghisearlyyears,thisoldmanhadtearsinhiseyesand ;saidthathewasaluckyorphanwhocouldcompletemusicstudy ;andcontinuehismusiccareerfortherestofhislife.Thismanis ;Prof.DuMingxin,arenownedcomposerandmusiceducatorin ;modemChina.

    ;InordertocelebrateProf.Dus80thbirthdayin2008.theBei- ;jingFederationofLiteraryandArtCircles,theBeijingMusiciansAs

    ;sociation,theCentralConservatoryofMusicandtheBeijingSym- ;phonyOrchestraco-organizedTheEverlastingColourofSpring

    ;ConcertinCelebratingthe50YearsMusicCompositionofDU ;Mingxinand’3”heEverlastingColourofSpring—Symposiumonthe

    ;50YearsMusicCompositionofDuMingxin.TheEverlasting ;ColourofSpringconcertwasheldattheForbiddenCityConcert ;HallinBeijingonOctober19,2007.Theprogrammeincludessev- ;eraIofProf.DusChinapremieredorchestra1works.suchasthe ;worldpremieredViolinConcertoNo.2,programmemusicPiano ;ConcertoNo.1”TheColourofSpring”.dancedrama”TheMer.

    ;maid11heRedDetachmentofWomen”andThePeonyFai

    ;aswelIaschorusGaOLiTaiand,ABlackGirIIsSinging.The ;concertwasperformedbytheBeijingSymphonyOrchestraunder ;thebatonofTanLihua,withShengYuanandLiuXiaoaspiano ;andviolinsoloistrespectively.Thechoralpartwaspresentedbythe ;ChoirofStudentsArtTroupeofChinaRenmInUniversity. ;On0ctober20,2007,theSymposiumonthe50Years

    ;TeachingCareerofProf.DuMingxinwasheldatYulongHotel, ;Beijing.ParticipantsincludingexpertsandscholarsfromtheChinese ;MusiciansAssociation,theBeijingMusiciansAssociation,theCen

    ;traIConservatoryofMusic,theChineseNationaIAcademyofArts. ;TianjinConservatoryofMusic,MusicDepartmentofCapitalNormal ;University,XinjiangCollegeofArts,MusicDepartmentofChina ;RenminUniversity,thePeoplesMusicmagazine.theMusicWeekly ;newspaper,aswelIasProf.Dusstudentsandfriends.gatheredto. ;gethertodiscussonhismusiccompositionandteaching.Thesym- ;posiumwasCOhostedbyWangLiguangandYangQing,both

    ;Vice-ChairpersonsoftheBeijingMusiciansAssociation. ;RejectillgMisunderstandingsinChineseNationalVocalMusic: ;OntheInnateStructureandAestheticValuesofChinese ;NationalVocalMusic

    ;WhatisChinesenationalvocalmusic?Or,whatisthenationalvo. ;calmusicoftheChinesenationality?Thedefinitl0nsh0uldbeas ;

    ;follows:avocaImusicworkoritspedormanceinoneofthe ;languagesusedbytheChinesenationality,withoneofthe ;musicst~esoftheChinesenationality,aimedtorepresentthe ;lifeandemotionoftheChinesenationality.Accordingtothis ;definition.suchsongsasDragonBoatSong”,”BonfireinNaxi,

    ;Alili.andMulanJoinedtheArmy”shouldbelongtothena-

    ;tionaIvocaImusic.Andsodothesongs”0detotheYellow

    ;R.~er”.”LovefortheHomeland”,andILoveThisLand.Guo

    ;Lanying,CaidanZhuoma,PengLiyuanandSongZuyingshould ;berankedinthiscategorywhentheysingChinesesongs,and ;soshouldsuchsingersasYuYixuan,GuoShuzhen,LiuBingyi ;andLiaoChangyongwhentheysingChinesesongs.Ina ;broadersenseoftheterm”vocaImusi.alIkindsoftraditionaI

    ;opera,Quyi(balladsingingandstorytelling)andfolksongs ;shouldalsobelonghere.Apparently,whenaChinesesinger ;singsItaliansongs,heorsheisinterpretingItalianvocalmu. ;sic,andwhensingingRussiansongs,heorsheisinterpreting ;Russianvocalmusic.AnyforeignsingerwhosingsChinese ;songsisinterpretingChinesevocalmusic.Whenyousing ;songsofaparticularnationality,youshouldfollowthestan- ;dardsoflanguageandstylefromthatnational.Singingstyles ;andtechniquesshouldbesubjecttotherequirementofthe ;musicwork,andsecondarycreationinsingingshouldonlybe ;conductedwithinthebasicIimitsofitscontentandstyle.rather ;thanbeingdivided{ntoseveraldifferentwaysofsinging. ;Singersmaytryworksofdifferentstyles,andperhapscanonly ;applyoneorafewstyles,butafterall,intheoreticalterms,

;oneshouldnevertakethe”DragonBoatSong”asChinesena-

    ;tionalvocalmusicpiecewhiletakingtheLoveforHomeland ;and”ILoveThisLand”asItalianbeIcantosongs.

    ;Thepowerofactionandconceptisimmense.Chinese ;vocaImusicisdividedintothetwocategoriesof”beIcanto”

    ;and”nationaImusic,incompetitions.inclassrooms,indisci-

    ;plines,andevenintheory,andpsychologically,thiswillevoke ;greatimpactonthefollowingtwoaspects:ontheonehand, ;teachersandstudentsinthecategoryofbeIcanto”would

    ;naturallydistinguishthemfr0mthal0f”nationaIvocaImusic,,.

    ;andwouldspendalItheireffortsonhowtomaketheirsinging ;ofWestemclassica1worksacceptabletotheforeignerswhile ;neglectingthemoreimportanttaskofadaptingWestemtech- ;niquestoChinesemusicandmakingtheirsingingofChinese ;songsacceptabletotheChineseaudience.Ontheotherhand, ;teachersandstudentsmajoredinChinesenationaIvocaImusic ;alwaystrytodistinguishthemselvesfr0mthemajorofbelcan

    ;tofocusingonhowtocompetewithbelcantointermsof ;compassanddifficulty,andasaresult,someofthemcannot ;helpbutkeepingtheirshortcomingsaspeculiarities,which ;wouldsoonerorIaterresultinpaRemsofsimilarity. ;Inmyopinion,therefore,anydefinitionofChinesenationaI ;vocaImusicshouldnotonlyreflectthecharacteristicsofthe ;Chinesenationality,butalsobesupportiveofthediversitywith

    ;inthescopeofnationaIvocaImusic.theinclusivenessofChi- ;nesecu~ure.aswetIastheadvancednatureofvocalmusicin ;keepinguDwiththetrendsofthetimes.Onlyinthiswaycan ;thetruthofhistorybeunveiledandcanthedemandofthe ;present-dayChinesenationforvocaImusicbesatisfled. ;MLADCoNTENTS

    ;ChinasEarlySymphonies:InCelebratingtheCentennialof ;ChineseSymphoniesLiLanqing(4)

    ;rheSpringofChineseSymphonies”ConcludedSuccessfully(8)

    ;InscriptionsDedicatedtotheConcertofWorksbyDuMingxin ;WangCizhao(11)

    ;’uMingxin’sTwoPianoConcertos:DedicatedtoBoththeAudience

    ;andHimselfLiJiti(12)

    ;AStudyofDuMinnandHisWorksFuXianzhou(18)

    ;ASymphonyfortheSunlight:NotesonDuMingxinsSymphonicPoem ;“MemoriesoftheStmlight”LiangMaochun(24)

    ;TheEverlastingColourofSpring:AReviewoftheSymposiumonthe5 ;YearsMusicCompositionofProf.DuMingxinDu]inmei(26) ;RejectingMisunderstandingsinChineseNationalVocalMusic:Onthe ;InnateStructureandAestheticValuegofChineseNationalVocalMusic

;ShiWeizheng(29)

    ;MemorizingwithThinkingforPianoPlayingChenPei(34) ;AssistedTeachingforCelloBasedontheSoftwareMATLADLiuYang(36) ;NanyinofF~ianandT~wanComesfromtheSameOrionWangDandan(39) ;GreatSymphoniesContributedtotheGreatOlympicsAnLuxin(42) ;TheNeverSettingSun,theNeverEndingSong:OntheCreation, ;PerformanceandDiffusionoftheSong”TheNeverSettingSun

    ;RisesontheGrassland”ZhaoFang&BoPing(4_4)

    ;DiversifiedInterpretationsofMusicCompositionforErhuinthe ;SecondHalfofthe20CenturyWangHaiyuan(461

    ;ANewChapterofSinoAmericanMusicEducationExchangeand

    ;Cooperation:NotesontheGoodwillExchangesBetweentheCentral ;ConservatoryofMusicandJulliardSchoolofMusic

    ;LiuHongzhu&WangXiaoxi(52)

    ;TheChallengestotheEducationforMusicTeachersinthe21’Century

    ;ZhengLi(56)

    ;PopMusicandMassCUltureZhangYi(59)

    Soul ;MyImpressionsontheSpecialForumonthe”DisputeofMusic

    ;Antitheses”LongFei(62)

    ;UtilizingSuperiorTraditionsandExtendingtheCoverageofDisciplines: ;AGeneralIntroductiontotheDisciplinaryConstructionattheShanghai ;ConservatoryofMusicTuYilan(66)

    ;Mr.TongZhongliang,aGreatMasterwithGreatKnowledgeofBoththe ;ChineseandtheWesternMusic,ofBoththeAncientandtheModenl ;WangHongjun(69)

    ;AManWhoHasDedicatedHimselftoOpera:InMemoryofTenor ;SingerShiHong’eLanDi(71)

    ;PassionatePresentationsbytheNewYorkPhilharmonicOrchestra: ;VeryYoungPoople’sConcertsGuoShengjian(74)

    ;TraditionsandInnovations:Onthe2008BeijingModemMusicFestival ;WangShe”gfu&WangYongzllen(77)

    ;,I11eBodydMindUnitedas0ne:MyIIIIpressionsonz0u)(iPio

    ;Recitalingregardssurl,enfanJ6sus”WgJuanju(80)

    ;ABriefReviewontheAncientMusicExchangeandIntnglingBeeen

    ;ChinaandK0reaJiWeijian(82)

    ;Fr0muguewritintougue,sNew,I11eozhangki(91)

    ;(TranslatedbyZhgXihai)

    ;

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