Raquel Yrigoyen Fajardo CV (English)

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Raquel Yrigoyen Fajardo CV (English) ...


    Raquel Zonia YRIGOYEN FAJARDO (Curriculum Vitae)

    GENERAL DATA ...................................................................................................................................... 1 I. STUDIES.......................................................................................................................................... 2 II. AWARDS AND SCHOLARSHIPS .................................................................................................. 2 III. PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE .................................................................................................... 3 III. UNIVERSITY TEACHING EXPERIENCE (Guest professor and speaker) ................................. 10 IV. PUBLICATIONS ............................................................................................................................ 12 V. EDITORIAL EXPERIENCE ........................................................................................................... 15 VI. MEMBERSHIP IN NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS ............................... 16


    - Place and date of birth: Huaraz -Ancash, Peru: 31/05/1963

    - Citizenship: Peruvian. Passport 3534867, DNI 06744190

Permanent Contact

    - International Institute on Law and Society (IILS)/ Instituto Internacional de Derecho y Sociedad

    (IIDS). Address: Jr. Ribeyro 132, Lima 11, Perú. Tel. (51-1) 4241723. Cel. (51-1) 957-45490.

    - E-mail:,, web:

Qualifications summary: major areas

-Topics of experience: Human rights, access to justice and indigenous rights. Multiculturalism,

    intercultural dialogue, legal pluralism, customary law and indigenous law. Rule of law, legal & judicial

    reform, alternative dispute resolution, and “informal justice”. Gender and women’s rights. Minority rights.

    Citizen participation, democracy and local government. Good governance and transparency. Legal

    anthropology, sociology of law and criminology; constitutional law and criminal law. International Law on

    human rights, international humanitarian law, and truth commissions in post conflict countries.

- Areas of experience: Work experience since 1983 in rights awareness raising, training in and defence

    of human rights; United Nations missions and international cooperation programs; civil society

    participation, consensus building; constitutional, legal and judicial reform; institutional strengthening,

    project design, management, monitoring and evaluation; network creation and support; research and

    writing reports; university teaching, popular education; editing, and website design.

Countries which I have visited for professional or academic assignments:

    a) Extended periods: Peru (citizen); Timor-Leste (2008-2009), Guatemala (2006-2007; 1996-1999);

    Cambodia (2004-2005), Canada (1999-2004), Spain (1993-1996), United Kingdom (1994);

    b) Others in South America: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Chile, Ecuador, Panama, Venezuela; c) Others in

    Central America and the Caribbean: Barbados, Belize, Costa Rica, Cuba, El Salvador, Honduras,

    Nicaragua; d) Others in North America: Mexico, USA; e) Others in Europe: Belgium, France, Germany,

    Holland, Italy, Luxembourg; f) Others in Africa: Tunisia; g) Others in Asia: Thailand, Timor-Leste,

    Singapore, Taiwan; f) Australia.

Languages: Spanish (mother tongue), English (UN Proficiency & TOEFL), working knowledge of

    Portuguese (CEB), studies of French (AF).

Picture with the research team of the book Pathways to justice, released in Cambodia (Sept. 2005)

    Picture at the University of Andalusia, Spain.

     1 CV Raquel Z. Yrigoyen Fajardo / January 2010


PhD in law. University of Barcelona, Faculty of Law, Department of Criminal Law (1993-95). Thesis:

    Constitutional and criminal subjection of indigenous peoples in the Andean Countries in the XIX century,

     defended in 2005. The thesis awarded highest honors.

    International Fellowship in Comparative Federal Indian Law. University of Oklahoma, Law faculty (Oklahoma, 2007).

    Specialization in Indigenous Customary Law. (Post-graduate studies). Autonomous National University of Mexico and San Carlos University of Guatemala. (1997-1998). Thesis (Guatemala, 1998):

    Justice and legal pluralism in Guatemala (awarded highest honors).

    Master in Criminal Justice System and Social Problems. University of Barcelona (1993-95). Thesis (June 1995): Constitutional recognition of difference in the Andean Countries (Peru, Colombia and


Common Study Programme on Criminal Justice and Critical Criminology. Erasmus Common

    Study Programme. Middlesex University, U. Barcelona, U. Bari-Italia, U. Rotterdam-Holland and U.

    Saarlandes-Germany. (1993-1995). Saarbruken, Diploma (1995).

Anthropology Studies. (Post-graduate Diploma). Catholic University of Peru, School of Post-Graduate

    Studies. (1987-1993). Diploma, Lima 1993.

    Graduate in Law (Lawyer). Catholic University of Peru (1980-1986). Thesis: “The Rural Rondas in Peru, a legal anthropology study”. The thesis awarded highest honors. Lima, 1993.

This title was homologated as a title of “lawyer” in Spain (Minister of Education Decree, Nov., 17, 1994).

    Bachelor in Law. Catholic University of Peru. 1992. Honor list of the Faculty of Law (Lista de


Studies in Law: Catholic University of Peru, Faculty of Law. Lima. (1982-1986).

    Studies in Arts: Catholic University of Peru, School of Arts. Lima. (1980-1981).


Awards (among others)

    ? Masaji Chiba award for the study of Legal Pluralism. International Institute for the Sociology of

    Law (IISL). Oñati, Spain, October 2000. Internship at the IISL: July 2001.

    ? Publication award on Justice in Latin America. Institute of Alternative Legal Services, ILSA.

    Bogota, Columbia, September 2000.

    ? Research Prize. “Premi Jusfiforum“ for the essay “Alternatives to prison and harm

    reduction (Alternativas a la prision y reducción de sus efectos vulnerantes). Generalitat de

    Catalunya. Barcelona,1995.

    ? First National Prize in Essay on History. Education Ministry and the newspaper “El Diario Ojo“.

    Lima, 1979.

Scholarships for Studies (among others)

    ? First International Course on Legal Anthropology. University of Chile. Santiago de Chile. 5-23

    Nov. 2007.

    ? International Course on Indigenous rights and policy. International Training Centre of the

    International Labour Organization. Turin, Italy. Oct. 2007.

    ? International Fellowship in Comparative Federal Indian Law. University of Oklahoma, College

    of Law (May -July, 2007). (Info: Robertson, Lindsay G. ? International Seminar on Interculturalism. University of Chile. Santiago, December 2003.

    ? International Course in Customary law in Chile. Latin American Network on Legal Pluralism.

     2 CV Raquel Z. Yrigoyen Fajardo / January 2010

    Arica, Chile, March 18-23, 2000.

    ? International course on Justice and Constitution, in Tunis. Academie Internationale de Droit

    Constitutionnel. Tunisia, July 1995.

    ? Doctorate Studies in Spain. Spanish Cooperation Agency (Barcelona, 1993- 1996).

    ? Common European Programme on Critical Criminology and Criminal Justice, 1993-1995.

    Erasmus Programme grant to study a semester at Middlesex University (London, 1994), and to

    attend Common Sessions in Bari (Italy), Rotterdam (Holland), Saarbruken (Germany) and


    ? Pre-graduate thesis Scholarship. National Council of Sciences and Technology-CONCYTEC.

    Lima, 1989. The thesis was awarded maximum honors.

    ? International Course on Human Rights and Humanitarian Law. Human Rights Center of

    Geneva and Andean Commission of Jurists. Lima, 1988.

    ? V Interdisciplinary Course on Human Rights in Costa Rica. InterAmerican Institute on Human

    Rights-IIDH. San Jose, Costa Rica. 1987.

    Scholarships for Conferences and Congress abroad (among others) ? VI Congress of The Latin American Network on Legal Pluralism. ENAH. Bogota, Colombia, Oct.

    26- Nov. 4, 2008.

    ? V Congress of The Latin American Network on Legal Pluralism.CIESAS, Oaxaca and Mexico,

    Nov. 2006.

    ? International Seminar on Access to Justice for the South Pacific Asia. UNPD Thailand. Phnon

    Penh, Cambodia. September 2005.

    ? IV Congress of Researches on indigenous rights. Unversity of Girona, Spain, Oct. 2004. ? IV Congress of The Latin American Network on Legal Pluralism. Flacso-Ecuador, Quito, August,


    ? International Seminar on Interculturality. University of Chile. Santiago de Chile, Dec. 2003.

    ? International Congress of Latinoamericanists, Chile, July 2003 (resigned).

    ? III Congress of The Latin American Network on Legal Pluralism. USAID Human Rights

    Program. Quetzaltenango, Guatemala. August, 2002.

    ? Workshop: Sociology of Law in Latin America. International Institute of Sociology of Law. Oñati,

    Spain, July 2001.

    ? Scholarship to attend the XII International Conference on Folk law and Legal Pluralism.

    International Committee on Folk Law and Legal Pluralism. Arica, Chile, March 13-17, 2000.

    ? Law and Society Annual Congress. Latin American Section. Colorado, USA June 1998.

    ? Workshop: The young Sociology of Law in Spain. University of Oñati, International Institute of

    Sociology of Law. Oñati, Spain. 1995.

    ? International Conference on Law and Society in Europe, North America and Latin America.

    University of Oñati, International Institute of Sociology of Law. Oñati, Spain. 1994.

    ? Conference on Critical Epistemologies on Law, organized by Boaventura de Sousa Santos.

    International Institute of Sociology of Law. Oñati, Spain. 1995.

    ? Workshop on Discourses on Drugs Control. IISL, Oñati, Spain. 1994.

    ? International Congress on Critical Criminology. Estado do Para, Brazil. 1990.


1. The International Institute on Law and society-IILS/ Instituto Internacional de derecho y

    sociedad- IIDS ( Founding Director (and former President 2000-

    2208-). Current tasks: a) Director of research on legal pluralism and indigenous rights; b)

    Support to the organization of the VII Congress of the Latin American Network of Legal

    Anthropology (; c) Design and coordination of the International Exchange

    Program on Multiculturalism, Indigenous rights and Legal Pluralism

    (, and d) Editor of Alertanet- Portal on Law and Society

    ( and promotion of the Latin American Network on Law and Society.

    2. UNDP Timor Leste. International Legal consultant on Access to Justice and traditional justice

    for the UNDP-Ministry of Justice Justice System Programme. Tasks: a) To consolidate existing

    knowledge on informal justice/ traditional justice in the country, b) To elaborate a conceptual,

     3 CV Raquel Z. Yrigoyen Fajardo / January 2010

legal and methodological framework on access to justice, customary law and local justice for

    further policy and legal development, c) To design the tools and conduct an assessment of the

    social demand for justice and an evaluation of the supply of justice services, such as the formal

    justice system (the judiciary, public Ministry, prison system, police), traditional justice systems

    and alternative conflict resolution mechanisms, with filed study in 4 pilot areas; d) To provide

    technical assistance to the Ministry of Justice to conduct a consultation process on ”Access to

    justice, customary law and community justice” at district, sector and national level, involving all sectors (local and traditional leaders, formal justice sector, women and social organizations,

    NGOs, academia, donors, etc.), d) To provide advice to the Ministry of Justice for draft

    legislation, considering their reality, human rights standards and comparative international

    experience, and e) To present periodic reports to UN, counterparts and donors; select

    personnel, prepare and present budget, support other administrative tasks for the management

    of the project. Lima, Perú and Timor-Leste (Dili, Oecusse, Baucau, Suai, Los Palos, etc.).

    August, 18 October 12, 2009. (Info: Elizabeth Garret, Carlos


    3. UNDP Peru and the Institute of Democracy and Human Rights of the Catholic University

    of Peru . Consultant. Tasks: a) Review of the existing literature on access to justice in rural

    areas in Peru, b) Interview of indigenous leaders, justice organizations, judges, NGOs and

    other social actors, c) Project design on Access to justice with a focus on rural areas, legal

    pluralism and indigenous rights, d) Presentation of the project before the PUCP, European

    Union Office, etc. Lima, June 2008. (info: Walter Albán

    4. International Labour Organisation-ILO. Consultant to develop a program to implement

    and promote the 169 ILO Covenant on Indigenous Peoples in Latin America. Tasks: a) to

    desing a project for the promotion and implementation of 169 ILO Covenant in Latin America

    including the identification of possible alliances and donors, b) To provide technical assistance

    to governmental and indigenous organizations for the implementation of 169 ILO Covenant; c)

    To do capacity building for public servants, judges, indigenous organizations, d) To do in

    country missions to Bolivia, Chile and Mexico; e) To teach about Indigenous rights at the

    International Training Centre of ILO at Turin, Italy, for Asian and African participants; f) to

    design a research project on learning opportunities on indigenous rights in the Andean

    countries to be executed by OXFAM; Lima, July 2007- May 2008. (Info: Birgitte Feiring & José

    Luis Daza,

    5. UNDP Bolivia. Consultant. Expert in constitutional law, indigenous rights and legal pluralism.

    Advisor for the constitutional assembly in relation to justice reform and indigenous rights. Tasks:

    a) To provide technical assistance on international law and indigenous rights to different

    commissions of the Constituent Assembly, including the Justice Commission, Community

    Justice, State structure, human rights, decentralization, etc. for drafting proposals related to

    indigenous legal systems within the framework of multicultural/ plurinational justice system, b)

    To provide advice such as Justice, b) To advice indigenous organizations in relation to their own

    constitutional proposal, c) To provide capacity building for members of the constituent

    assembly, judges, indigenous organizations, women’s organizations, and university members,

    including the “Seminar on international law and comparative constitutionalism on indigenous

    rights and legal pluralism. La Paz, Santa Cruz and Sucre, March- May 2007. (Info: Christian

    Jette & Vilma Romero,

    6. Fundación Soros Guatemala. Consultant. Strategic litigation on human rights. Tasks: a)

    To design a conceptual framework on Strategic litigation on human rights; b) To conduct and

    systematize a workshop for lawyers who litigate in human rights in Guatemala; c) To design the

    methodology and the tools for a field research of the strategic litigation in human rights in

    Guatemala by the NGOs, including paradigmatic cases; d) To write the final report, with the

    findings and recommendations. Guatemala: Feb.-March 2007, and Lima. (Info: Michel Andrade

    7. IS GTZ -European Union and COPREDEH Programme “Fight against exclusions in Guatemala”. International expert on gender and multiculturalism. The Programme seeks the

     4 CV Raquel Z. Yrigoyen Fajardo / January 2010

social inclusion of indigenous and rural woman in Guatemala, the enforcement of their human

    rights, the implementation of equity policies, and the eradication of discrimination. Tasks: a) To

    provide technical advice to the team in the preparation of projects and biddings, in order to

    mainstream a gender vision, women’s rights and indigenous rights, b) To provide capacity building to national organizations (such as COPREDEH, DEMI, Foro de la Mujer, Ministries,

    etc.); social, indigenous and women’s organizations; to other European Union project teams (related to justice, human rights, indigenous rights, etc.), the academia, etc., d) To participate at

    the European Union Gender team, and e) To participate at GTZ training activities. Guatemala,

    April 2006-January 2007. (Info: Claudia Neuenburg,

    8. UNDP Colombia. Consultant (Feb.-March 2006). Assessment and proposals related to the

    human rights training at the Penitentiary School, as part of a project to improve human rights in

    prisons committed to follow up the recommendations of the OHCHR Mission on Human rights

    in Prison (2001). Tasks: a) To prepare a conceptual and legal framework of the role of the

    penitentiary system in Colombia under the light of the Constitution and human rights standards,

    b) To write methodological guidelines to work with the Penitentiary School team in order to

    review the current academic programme, c) To provide advice to the Penitentiary School team

    for the elaboration of a proposal for a new training system in order to fulfil the constitutional role

    of the penitentiary system and human rights standards. The final proposal included a new

    training system to prepare: a) technical security penitentiary personnel, b) social integration

    professionals, and c) administrative personnel. Lima and Bogota (Info: Janneth Aparicio

    9. UNDP Cambodia. Consultant (May 2004-Sept. 2005). Research Team Leader. Tasks: a) To

    design and conduct a research-action project on “Access to justice in Cambodia with focus on

    the poor, women, indigenous peoples”. Analysis of the social demand for justice and the supply

    of justice services, including the formal justice system (the judiciary, police, attorneys, prison

    system, etc.) ADR, community based systems of justice and indigenous law, b) To provide

    technical assistance to the Ministry of Justice for the legal and judicial reform programme, c)

    To write a report and recommendations, published by UNDP in form of a book (“Pathways to

    justice. Access to justice in Cambodia with a focus on the poor, women and indigenous peoples,

    2005); c) To participate as a key speaker and resource person at the Asian Workshop on

    Access to Justice, and at the Regional Centre of UNDP on the main findings of the Cambodian

    research. Canada (Montreal), Cambodia (Phnom Penh, Mondulkiri, Kampong Chhnang,

    Kampong Speu, Kampong Tom, Siem Riep, Ratankariri) and Thailand (Bangkok). (Info: Sara

    Ferrer and Emilia Mugnai

    10. UNDP Ecuador. Consultant (August, 2004). Evaluation and support of the research Project:

    Indigenous customary law, access to justice, and gender, in 22 indigenous communities in

    Ecuador. Report and recommendations. Quito, August 2004. (Info: Francesco Notti

    11. Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, Lund University and

    the Guatemalan Ombudsman, with the support of the Swedish International Development Aid

    (SIDA). Consultant. International expert in a Seminar on International Human Rights and

    Indigenous rights for Ombudsman personnel and court officials (Huehuetenango), and for

    indigenous leaders (Quiche). Guatemala, February 2004. (Info: Rolf Ring y Abigail Booth -


    12. Swedish International Development Aid-SIDA, Embassy of Sweden in Guatemala.

    Consultant, team leader. Study on Access to Justice in Guatemala. The study includes: a) an assessment of the main problems that comprise the social demand for justice in Guatemala,

    b) an evaluation of the supply of justice services, including the formal justice system (the

    judiciary, public ministry, police, prison system, legal defence, etc.), indigenous law and

    alternative dispute resolution, and c) recommendations to improve the access to justice for

    indigenous communities, women and disadvantage people. The purpose of the study is to

    serve as the main input for the Swedish cooperation programs in Guatemala during the next 5

    years ($US 10’000,000.00 donation). Guatemala and Toronto, March-May 2003. (Info: Henrik

     5 CV Raquel Z. Yrigoyen Fajardo / January 2010


    13. UNDP Peru and the Truth Commission of Peru. Consultant. (Toronto, June- July 2002).

    Legal framework to be applied by the Truth Commission related to collective indigenous rights,

    International law of human rights, humanitarian law, genocide and war crimes. (Reference:

    José Burneo, Director of the Legal Department,

    14. UNDP and the Ombudsman of Peru. (Info: Walter Albán, Ombudsman Consultant.

    - Adviser on Indigenous rights and communal justice. (Lima, January-February 2004).

    - Speaker at regional and national conferences on “Constitutional Reform, the right of previous

    consultation and legal pluralism” (Chota-Cajamarca and Lima, February 2003).

    - Expert opinion on legal reform related to indigenous rights and speaker at the Congress on

    Consultation for a bill on “Rondas campesinas.” (Lima, April 2002)

    - Design of a Strategic Plan on Justice and indigenous peoples for three years 2001-2003. - Civil

    society participation in justice. - Evaluation of the research on Customary law in the Amazon.

    (Lima, Cajamarca, Pucallpa- Peru, Oct.-Nov. 2000).

    - Adviser and speaker about the creation of a Truth Commission (Feb. 2001).

    - Adviser: Research on Prison and Indigenous Peoples (July 1999).

15. Inter-American Commission on Human Rights of the OAS. Independent Expert. (March,

    2002).Speaker on the hearing on the Situation of Human rights in Colombian Prisons. 114?

    Period of session. Washington DC.

16. United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. Office in Colombia. Consultant.

    Member of a three members Mission on “Human Rights and Prison in Colombia” to

    prepare a report of the situation with recommendations. (Bogota, Cali, Valledupar,

    Bucaramanga, October-November 2001). Tasks: a) To visit 15 prisons in different parts of

    Colombia, b) To write a report of the situation of human rights in prisons in Colombia: “Centros

    de Reclusión en Colombia: Un estado de cosas inconstitucional y de flagrante violación de

    derechos humanos”./ In particular, I was in charge of two chapters: II Indigenous and

    Afrocolombian in prison, and III Criminal and penitentiary policy; the visual report, and the

    integration of the final report ; and c) To present the report before the Ombudsman, the press,

    etc. (Info: Carmen Rosa Villa

17. Supreme Court of Justice of Venezuela, Indigenous Commission of the Congress, and

    the World Bank. Consultant. (Info: Congressperson Noelí Pocaterra

    (, and Guillermo Guevara

    ( Adviser for the redaction of Indigenous Bill. Chapter on

    Indigenous Law (capítulos X. Del Derecho y la Jurisdicción Especial Indígena, y XI. De los

    derechos de los indígenas ante la Jurisdicción Ordinaria), and the right to previous consultation.

    Draft for a programme on indigenous rights at the University of Zulia. Speaker at the

    International Forum on Indigenous Law and legal reform for judges and congressman.

    (Caracas, Bolívar and Zulia, April 2002; and Caracas, December 2001).

18. Justice Program CHECCHI/ USAID in Guatemala. (Info: Steve Hendrix &

    Brian Treacy, CEO.

    - Consultant. Guidelines to work on Justice and Multilingualism, and presentation of a book on

    that issue: Justicia y Multilingüismo. (October 2001).

    - Consultant. Commented on Guatemalan bills to restructure the career structure of the

    judiciary considering multicultural issues (Toronto: January-May. 2000).

    - Consultant. Justice and Multilingualism in Guatemala. Drafted guidelines for a program to

    implement multilingualism in the national justice system in order to improve access to justice

    for indigenous peoples. The report includes a historic and legal framework, an assessment of

    the current situation of the use of indigenous languages in the justice system (including the

    judiciary, the public ministry, the police, the prison system, the legal defence, etc.), and

    recommendations. (Guatemala: Aug.-Sept. 1999). Report was published in form of a book on

    Oct. 2001.

     6 CV Raquel Z. Yrigoyen Fajardo / January 2010

    19. Inter-American Institute of Human Rights (IIDH): Consultant and speaker in International

    seminars. (Info: Roberto Cuéllar, Academic Director,

    - Prison and Indigenous Peoples in Latin America (Guatemala, Aug. 1999). The presentation

    includes a panoramic vision of the situation of indigenous peoples at the prison system and

    recommendations to implement indigenous rights at the prison system in Latin America.

    - Reparation for human rights violations (Guatemala: April 1999). The presentation includes a

    summary of the findings of the Truth commission related to violations of collective indigenous

    rights during the war period, and recommendations for appropriate reparations.

20. Myrna Mack Foundation: Consultant. Study “Guidelines for the Coordination of State

    and Indigenous Law” (Guatemala: 1999). The report includes: a) a conceptual, historic and

    legal framework on legal pluralism and customary law in Guatemala and Latin America, b) an

    analysis of the Peace Accords and the debate about the constitutional recognition of customary

    indigenous law in Guatemala, and c) Guidelines for the Coordination of State and Indigenous

    law. The report was Published in form of a book in 1999 (Pautas de Coordinación entre el

    Derecho Indígena y el Derecho Estatal). Info: Fundación Myrna Mack, Director: Helen Mack.

21. Associates in Rural Development (ARD, Inc).:

    - Consultant. Design of USAID Justice Reform Program in Guatemala, multicultural issues.

    (Guatemala, Nov. 1998- Jan. 1999).

    - Consultant. Citizenship participation in legislative process in El Salvador. Report of the

    constitutional and legal framework, and proposals to improve citizen participation in legislative

    process (San Salvador, May 1999).

22. UN Office of Project Services and Truth Commission (CEH): International researcher.

    (Guatemala: Sept. 1998- March 1999). (Info:Marcie Mersky Tasks: a)

    Chief of a three-person investigative unit, b) Author of the sub-chapters: legal frame of

    indigenous rights (marco legal de los derechos indígenas), “Violations against indigenous

    collective rights” (Violación de los derechos colectivos a la existencia, integridad e identidad de

    los pueblos indígenas), and the destruction of the social weave during the war (destrucción del

    tejido social) c) Revision of other chapters: legal framework on international human rights and

    humanitarian law, violations against women, missing people, children, self-defence patrols, etc.

    and c) Member of the final revision team. (The Final Report was published in 1999. Informe


23. United Nations Mission for Verification in Guatemala-MINUGUA: Project Officer. Chief of

    Project “Justice and Multiculturalism (Feb.1996- Aug. 1998). Chief of a team of nine (9)

    professionals and three (3) external practitioners. Tasks: a) To design and conduct an

    assessment on access to justice for indigenous peoples with recommendations for legal and

    policy development, b) To promote consensus building with more than 80 organizations and

    institutions of the justice sector (Judiciary, Public Ministry, Police, Legal Defence, etc.),

    indigenous organizations, universities, municipalities, NGO, etc., including the creation of

    regional inter-institutional commissions on justice and multiculturalism, c) To do capacity

    building for different sectors, including workshops for judges and indigenous leaders to

    promote mutual understanding; an inter-institutional Training Program for Mayan Translators

    (later hired by the judicial system), a University Diploma for bilingual justice operators, and

    other training programmes, d) To draft policy guidelines to implement multilingualism in the

    justice system, including a multilingual judicial program, institutional strengthening, on duty

    training for translators and judicial operators, etc., e) To conduct the development of bilingual

    legal glossaries (Spanish-Kiche, and Spanish-Mam) and other bilingual materials, f) To provide

    advice to indigenous organizations related to the constitutional recognition of indigenous

    customary law and their own justice system, g) To manage the project, present and execute

    the budget, hire personnel, produce periodic reports for UN and donors, etc. (info: Leila Lima

    former Chief of Institutional Strengthening

    24. United Nations Development Program-UNDP. Consultant. (Santiago de Chile, July 1996).

    Member of a team in charge of drafting “Justice and governance” for a Latin-American

     7 CV Raquel Z. Yrigoyen Fajardo / January 2010

    presidents meeting. Coordinator: Jorge Obando.

    25. United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI). Research

    Consultant. Task: a) To research about a non-formal security and justice system self-

    organized by rural population in the Andes in Peru, b) To write a report with the findings for the

    UNICRI research project “Alternative Policing styles (cross-cultural perspectives)”, published in

    form of a book (Rome, 1993). Author of the chapter “Rural Rondas in Peru”.

    26. National Council of Sciences and Technology (CONCYTEC) Peru: Researcher. (Lima,

    Aug.-Oct. 1993). Two research assistants. Systematization of the last 20 years of research on

    law and society in Peru. Author of the chapter “The status of socio-legal research in Peru, the

    last 20 years.” (Published in form of a book by CONYTEC in 1994). Info: Humberto Rodríguez.

27. Andean Commission of Jurists (CAJ): Research consultant. (Lima:


    - Chief of international research: “Penal control of Drugs in the Andean countries

    (Columbia, Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Chile and Venezuela)”. Chief of three research assistants

    and coordinator of eight international researchers. Design of the comparative research and

    writing of final report (Published in 1994).

    - Consultant. Program design: Judge Training Program (Lima, Dec. 1994- Jan. 1995). - Consultant. Project design: Democracy, Indigenous People and Legal Pluralism (Peru,

    Bolivia, Ecuador). Lima, July-Aug. 1994.

28. Bishop’s Commission of Social Action (Comisión Episcopal de Acción Social de la

    Conferencia Episcopal Peruana- CEAS) (Lima, 1983 -1992). (Info: Laura Vargas, Executive


    Member of the Legal Department for almost 10 years with different posts:

    - 1992: Coordinator of the Roundtable on Cultural & Legal Pluralism (inter-institutional network)

    which successfully proposed the constitutional recognition of customary law in 1993.

    - 1990-1992: Chief of the Training Area, and Human Rights national network. (Interdisciplinary

    team: 4 professionals). Support of local offices of human rights; organization of National

    workshops on Justice and Human Rights for lawyers and judges, Publications of books;

    national campaigns.

    - 1987 -1989: Chief of legal defense team for prisoners of conscience. Design of defense

    strategy and supervision of lawyers (Team: 4 lawyers, 6 practitioners; 15-20 external lawyers).

    - 1985 -1986: legal assistant (coordinator of 2-3 practitioners).

    - 1983 -1984: legal practitioner.

    29. Associate researcher of the Latin American Group on Critical Criminology (1989-1994). - 1994 Indigenous peoples, Constitution and criminal law. (Lima).

    - 1993 Tow topics: a) Drug control. b) Legal Pluralism and Rondas. (San Salvador). - 1992 Legal Pluralism. Proposal for a comparative study in Latin America. (Santa Cruz,


    - 1991 Institutional control of youth and women (Guayaquil, Ecuador).

    - 1990 Informal control (Belem do Para, Brazil).

    - 1989 Popular law (Bogota and Villa de Leiva, Colombia).

    (Info: Lolita Aniyar de Castro:

30. SHORT CONSULTANCIES. Consultant and advisor for different institutions, NGO and

    social organizations:

    ? ILO. Consultant to facilitate a workshop for the researchers of the research project on

    ? Training opportunities in indigenous rights for public servants and indigenous organizations ?.

    Lima, June 2008. (Info: Jose Luis Daza

    ? European Union Comission in Colombia, PROGECO and Council of Magistrates.

    International expert of the Technical Assistance Mission on Gender and Indigenous Especial

    Jurisdiction, as part of the Project on Strengthening of the Justice Sector in Colombia. Tasks:

     8 CV Raquel Z. Yrigoyen Fajardo / January 2010

    Speaker at a National workshop on the coordination between the ordinary justice system and

    the indigenous special system, and other meetings. Bogota, July, 27 August, 15, 2008.

    ? Institute of Governance of the World Bank. Consultant to support the constitutional

    process in Bolivia. Tasks: a) Speaker at a Forum on Community Justice; b) Conferences for

    judges, students and indigenous leaders; and c) Advise to the Justice Commission of the

    Constitutional Assembly. La Paz & Sucre: March 2007. (

    ? Centro Pluricultural por la Democracia-CPD (Pluricultural Centre for Democracy).

    Consultant. Project on Coordination between indigenous authorities and ordinary justice system.

    Facilitator for building capacities of judges, attorneys and public defenders on legal pluralism

    and access to justice for indigenous peoples. Speaker at workshops with indigenous authorities

    and justice operators. Guatemala, February 2007. (info: Marilin Villagran

- Rural Rondas. Advisor and speaker in workshops and Congress: Chota, Dec. 2006; Lima, Nov.

    2001, Chocas-Lima (March 2001), Huaraz (March 2001 and July 1999), and Bambamarca

    (Oct. 2000 and Aug. 1999). (Info:, y Daniel Idrogo

- ILAS-London. Institute of Latin American Studies, University of London. Several consultancies.

    - Referee of publications for the Journal of Latin American Studies (Toronto, Sept.-Oct. 2003).

    - Research Consultant, lecturer and writer of a chapter for a book. (London, April, 2000). Info:

    Rachel Sieder

- Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences-FLACSO in Guatemala. Consultant. The

    recognition of indigenous law in the Latin American constitutions. Guatemala, February, 2002.

    (Info: Simona Yagenova

    - CLD- Corporación Latinoamericana de Desarrollo. Consultant. Constitutional collective

    rights in Ecuador and the Andean Countries. (Quito, Nov. 2000). Info: Speech

    published in form of a book in 2001.

- Bishop Commission of Social Action (CEAS). Consultant (Lima, Nov. 2001). Consultant and

    speaker: International Forum on Special Jurisdiction and Community Justice (Lima, march

    2001); International Conference on criminal policy (Lima, Oct. 2000); Course for judges:

    Access to Justice and Multiculturalism (Casma, Peru, Aug. 1999). Info:

    - Indigenous Peoples’ Commission on Constitutional Reform -COPMAGUA. Advisor.

    (Guatemala 1997-98).

    - Catalonian Institute of Social Reintegration (IreS). Advisor. Systematization of IReS

    experience with prisoners and former prisoners. (Barcelona, 1995). Report published in 1995.

    (Info: María Dolors Vallés

    - Jurists with out borders (Juristas sin Fronteras). Advisor. Program of international

    cooperation with Latin America. (Barcelona, 1995-6).

    - Judges for democracy in Spain and Europe (MEDEL). Advisor. Conference “Justice and

    Democracy in Latin American, African and East European countries”. (Barcelona, 1994).

    - UNICEF and Peruvian Committee for Drafting of Children’s Rights Code. Advisor. (Lima,


    - Latin American Committee for Women’s Rights (CLADEM). Advisor on gender and

    criminology issues (Lima, 1992-1993).

    - Constitutional Reform Commission, Peruvian Judiciary. Advisor on legal pluralism and

     9 CV Raquel Z. Yrigoyen Fajardo / January 2010

    customary law. (Lima, 1992-1993).

- Justice and Peace Academy, CEAPAZ. (1991 - 1992). Professor of Sociology of law and

    legal anthropology.

- Family and Childhood Institute (IDEIF). Consultant and speaker. Courses of human rights,

    criminology and justice for Juvenile Policemen. (Lima, 1991-2).

- Women’s Rights Commission –IU. Author. Chapter “Legal Situation of Women”. In: Women’s

    dignity and rights recognition (Lima, 1985).

    III. UNIVERSITY TEACHING EXPERIENCE (Professor, guest professor and speaker)

? University San Martín de Porras. PhD in Law programme. Professor of the Course: Law and

    Anthropology. Lima, 2008. (Info: Felipe Villavicencio ? University of Santo Tomás, Bogota, Colombia. Speaker on legal anthropology. Bogota, August,

    2008 (Info: Rosembert Ariza

    ? University of El Rosario and the European Union in Columbia. Speaker on comparative

    recognition of Special Jurisdiction. Bogota, July 2008 (Info Beatriz Londoño

    ? University of Deusto and the Office of the High Commissioner of UN for Human Rights. Guest

    professor of the training program for indigenous leaders on “Legal pluralism and indigenous law”.

    Bilbao, June 2008. (Info: Felipe Gómez y Susana Ardanaz

    ? University Carlos III of Madrid and Indigenous Fund. Guest professor of the Expert Program on

    indigenous peoples. Course “Comparative constitutionalism in indigenous rights and legal

    pluralism”. Madrid, June 2008 (Info: Daniel Oliva y Mª del Carmen Cabrillo

    ? Autonomous University Tomás Frías de Potosí, Bolivia. Master in Criminal law. Guest professor

    of the course “Community justice, legal pluralism and indigenous rights. Cochabamba and Tarija,

    May 2008. (Info: "Elia Ardaya"

    ? University of Oklahoma and the Supreme Court of Oklahoma. Speaker at the Sovereignty

    Symposium XX. New Trends on the Latin American constitutionalism. Oklahoma, May 2007. (info:

    ? Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar and UNDP Bolivia. A) Professor at the Semminar on

    International and Comparative Indigenous rights and legal pluralism, and b) Speaker at a Seminar

    on Human Rights, Politics and Constitution. Sucre, April and May 2007. (Info:

    ? San Marcos University of Peru (UNMSM). Summer course on Indigenous Peoples’ rights. Taller

    Renacere. (March 2007). (info: Maria Alicia Baca Macazana

    ? San Carlos University of Guatemala (USAC). Postgraduate studies on interpretation and

    translation into indigenous languages. Opening lecture on Justice and Multilingualism in Guatemala.

    Guatemala, July, 28, 2006. (Info: Edgar Batres, ? American University, Rafael Landívar University and COPREDEH. Course on human rights.

    Lecture on Justice, gender and ethnicity. Guatemala, July, 21, 2006. (info: Frank La Rue,

    ? University of Gerona, Spain. Guest Lecturer at the Doctorate in Law Programme. Opening class:

    Indigenous Policies in Latin America along the history. December 1

    st, 2005. Info: Jose María Pérez

    Collados (

    ? University of Arizona and the Office of the High Commissioner of UN for Human Rights, Special

    Rapporteur on the situation of the human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous people.

    Key speaker at the Expert Seminar on the implementation of Legislation and Jurisprudence on

    indigenous rights in the Americas. Tucson, October 2005. Info: James Anaya


    ? Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium. Speaker at The international expert seminar on “Dealing

    with the past in Guatemala: The long road to reparation and reconciliation”, and the Academic

    week on Guatemala: “Human Rights and Indigenous Worldviews: competitive or complementary ?”,

     10 CV Raquel Z. Yrigoyen Fajardo / January 2010

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