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Roles

By Derrick Wells,2014-09-22 12:44
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Rolesroles,Roles,ROLES,role,rol

    Roles

?~olesandPromotionalMeasures0

    ;~tandardlzatlonintheDevelopmenl

    ;~fCircularEconomy

    ;ByYinLiliandGuoBin

    ;AbSad:StandardiSaneffectivecarrierofdevelopingcirculareconomywhilestandal

    ;izationiSthefoundationofscientificmanagementofcirculareconomyandthebridgeforscie

    ;tificresearch,productionandapplication.Therefore,itisnecessarytoexplorehowtogive1

    ;playtotheimportantrolesofstandardizatiOninthedevelopmentofcirculareconomy.how

    ;makeuseofstandardizatiOntoacceleratethepromotionandapplicationofadvancedtechno

    ;gyf0rcirculareconomyandtodevelopthecirculareconomywiththehelpofstandardization.

    ;KeyWOll~.”circulareconomy;standardization

    ;ChinaStandardizationSeptember/Octok

    ;

    ;Circulareconomyisatypeofeconomydevelopedby

    ;humanbeingforprotectingtheenvironmentandmaintaining ;theecologicalbalanceinordertorealizethesustainablede

    ;velopmentandapatternofscientificeconomicdevelopment, ;whilestandardizatiOnisanactivityofstipulatingtheterms ;andconditionsforgeneralandrepetitiveapplicationwithre

    ;aardtorealisticorpotentialissuessoastorealizetheopti

    ;maIorderofeconomicdevelopmentandreasonablyarrange ;alIkindsofresources.Thedevelopmentofstandardizati0nin ;theneweramustfacethechallengeofhowtogivefullplay ;tOtherolesofstandardizatiOninthedevelopmentofcircular ;economy.makeuseofstandardizatiOntoacceleratethepro

    ;motionandapplicationofadvancedtechnologyforcircular ;economy.explorethenewideasandexperienceinthede- ;velopmentofcirculareconomysoastofacilitatethesustain- ;abledevelopmentofeconomy,societyandenvironment. ;1.1”Standard”isaneffectivecarrierofpromotingthe

    ;developmentofcirculareconomy

    ;Standardisadocumentofrules,guidesorspecifica

    ;tionsstipulatedtobegenerallyandrepetitivelyappliedtoan ;activityoritsresultsinordertoachievetheoptimalorder ;withinacertainrange.Inthedevelopmentofcircularecono

    ;my,standardisbasedonthecomprehensiveresultsofsci

    ;ence.technologyandexperiencetoregulatethehuman’s

    ;behaviorsintheexploitationandutilizationofresources,en

    ;vironmentalprotectionandecologicalconstruction,etc.and

;realizethebestsocialbenefitsforthedevelopmentofcircu

    ;lareconomy.Standard,asaneffectivecarrierofpromoting ;theadvancedtechnologyforcirculareconomy,hascollec- ;tivelyrepresentedtheleveloftechnologicaldevelopment. ;Whilepromotingthedesignconceptofproduct,anadvanced ;standardcanbehelpfultoenhanceworkingefficiencyand ;regulatetheproductionandoperationofcirculareconomy; ;makeuseofthestandardizedbenchmarkandunifiedmea

    ;surementcriteriaandindictorstosynchronouslyassessthe ;managementperformanceofcirculareconomyintheregion ;andspacesoastofindoutshortcomings,facilitatescientific ;ChinaStandardizationSeptember/October2010 ;decisionmakingandguidethevirtuous

    ;developmentofcirculareconomy.

    ;1.2Standardlizationfacilitatesthede-

    ;velopmentofcirculareconomy

    ;Theintegrationofstandardizationin

    ;tothedevelopmentofcirculareconomy

    ;canguaranteethattherearestandards

    ;availableinthesociaIeconomyandalI

    ;thelinks,realizethesmoothconnection

    ;andscientificmanagementofproduction

    ;Iinksandboostthevirtuousdevelopment

    ;ofcirculareconomy.Firstofall,thesci-

    ;entificmanagementofcirculareconomy

    ;Isbasedonstandardizati0n.Standardiza

    ;tioncannotonlyavoidthewastefuldupli

    ;cationofeffortsinthetechnology,man

    ;agementandstudyofcirculareconomy,

    ;butalsobeabletoshortenthedesigncy

    ;cleofproductsinordertokeepthescien

    ;tificandorderlyoperationofcircular

    ;economyandproduction.Secondly,stan

    ;dardizationisthebridgeforscientificre

    ;search,productionandapplication.The

    ;standardsystemofcirculareconomyisa

    ;yardstickofevaluatingwhethertheimple

    ;mentationofcirculareconomyhasgood

    ;performance.thekeytechnologyofcircu

    ;lareconomyisscientificandreasonable

    ;aswellasitsdegreeofadvancement,

    ;andanimportantbasisfortherelevant

    ;competentadministrativeauthoritiesofcirculareconomyto ;superviseandenforcethelawsregardingcirculareconomy.

    ;StandardizatiOnisalsoanimpo~anttechnologicaIguar- ;anteeforpromotingenergyconservationandconsumption ;reductioninallrespectsanddevelopingthecircularecono

    ;my,andaneffectivetoolforfacilitatingthereasonableutiliza

    ;tionofnaturalresources,maintainingecologicalbalanceand ;defendingthehuman’scurrentandlong—termbenefits.

    ;Inrecentyears.ChinahasIaunchedthestandardsfor ;comprehensive,industryandvenousindustryeco-industrial ;parks,theguidesforenvironmentalprotectioninthedevelop

    ;mentofcirculareconomyinsaltchemicalindustry,ironand ;steelindustryandaluminumindustry,whilesomescholars ;havealsocarriedoutthestudyontheassessmentindicator ;systemofcirculareconomyforsomeindustries,e.g.,paper- ;making,dyeing,chemicalindustryandmineral,etc. ;InZhejiangProvince,thepracticalexplorationofstan

    ;dardizationforcirculareconomyhasbeenconductedgradu

    ;allyinmultiplelevelsandthepracticalstudyoncirculare

    ;conomyhasbeencarriedoutinthreelevels,includingenter

    ;prises,parksandsociety.Moreover,thepreliminaryindicator ;systemofcirculareconomyhasbeenestablishedinover10 ;industries,includingpapermaking,textileanddyeing,chemi

    ;calindustry,plating,cementandmedicine,etc.Around70% ;ofnationalandprovincialdevelopmentzones(industrial ;20

    ;parks)havecarriedoutecologicalcon

    ;structionandrestructuringtogradually

    ;fOrmapromotionalmodeofcircularecon.

    ;omyinthelevelsofenterprises,parks

    ;andsociety.Anindicatorsystemofcircu

    ;lareconomyhasbeenconstructedbased

    ;onthefeaturesoflocaleconomyorfrOm

    ;theapproachofeconomy,energy,re

    ;source,environmentandmanagement,or

    ;fr0mthefocusonthereducing.reusing

    ;andrecyclinginthecirculareconomyaf-

    ;tercombiningthefeaturesofcirculare

    ;conomy,inJiaxing,Huzhou,ZhenhaiDis

    ;trict,Ninghai,Longwan,Leqing,

    ;YongkangandLongyou,etc.Thereare

    ;twoideasregardingthestudyontheas

    ;sessmentindicatorsystemofcircular

    ;economy:oneistoconsiderthreemain

    ;recyclingmodes,large,mediumand

    ;small,ofcirculareconomyandfocuson

;differentlevelsofimplementingcirculare

    ;conomytostudytheassessmentindica

    ;torsystemofcirculareconomyintheso

    ;ciallevel,parklevelandenterpriselevel,

    ;inordertopreliminarilyformadiversified

    ;anddynamicindicatorsystemintegrating

    ;economicdevelopment,recyclingfea

    ;turesandenvironmentalprotection;the

    ;otheristostudytheassessmentindicator

    ;systemofcirculareconomyindifferentin

    ;dustriesbasedonthefeaturesofthein

    ;dustriesinwhichcirculareconomyisim

    ;plemented.Theformeris.atamacrolev

    ;el,concentratingontherepresentatiOnal

    ;indicatorsofcirculareconomyinthelev

    ;els,whiletheformerismainlycombining

    ;thefeaturesofaspecificindustrytoor

    ;ganicallycombinecirculareconomyand

    ;thefeatures.Suchtwoassessmentsys

    ;temscansuppodandcomplementeach

    ;ChinaStandardizationSeptember/October2010 ;othersoastoeffectivelyfacilitatethedevelopmentofcircu

    ;IareconomyinZhejiangProvince.

    ;From2005to2008,Zh~iangProvincehadreducedits ;comprehensiveenergyconsumptionforRMB10.000GDP ;frOm0.9tceto0_78tce.rankingNo.3amongthose ;provinces.prefecturesandmunicipalitiesinthecountryfor ;thelevelofenergyconsumptionreduction,onlyafterBeijing ;andGuangdong;andtheincreaseofenergyconsumptionof ;RMB10.000inindustrieshadbeenreducedfrOm1.41tceto ;1.18tce,downby16.3%(Table1).Thewaterconsumption ;f0rRMB10.000GDPwasreducedfr0m184.8tonsin2004 ;tO99tonsin2008whiletherateofrecyclingwaterinindus- ;triesjncreasedfrom33.8%in2001to62.2%in2008.From ;2004to2008,ZhejiangProvincehadrapidlydevelopedthe ;industryofrecyclingdiscardedelectronicproducts,waste ;metals,wasterubber,garbageandslime,etc.Bytheendof ;2008.ithadover500enterprisesspecializedincomprehen

    ;siveutilizationofresources,whichcouldrecycleover50mil

    ;liont/asolidwastes,including”threeresidues”,namelyin—

    ;dustrialsolidwastes,domesticgarbageandtimbers.Its ;comprehensiveutilizationofindustriaIsolidwasteshad ;reachedto1.0933milliontonsatthecomprehensiveutiliza ;tionratioof54.1%andthedisposalratioof18_7%.

;3.I88UO8intheDevelopmentof

    ;CircularEconomyandTheirCauses ;circulareconomyisstillintheprelimi

    ;narystageofdevelopmentinChinawhile ;itsstandardizatiOnisevenintheembryon

    ;icperiodofpilotanddemonstration,so ;thereareaIotofdifficultiesandproblems ;tobeovercomeandsolved.

    ;3.1lnsufficientknowledgeandmis- ;conceptions

    ;ThestandardizatiOnofcircularecono

    ;mvisstilIanewconceptformanyenter- ;prises,sotheknowledgeofhowtoeffec

    ;tivelycombinecirculareconomyandstan

    ;dardizationandmakethetechnical ;achievementsofcirculareconomyinto ;standardaswelIastobetterpromotethe ;developmentofcirculareconomyshould ;befurtherimproved.ThestandardizatiOn ;ofcirculareconomyisaneffectivepartof ;enterprisestandardsystem,butstilldiffer- ;entfrOmtheenterprisestandardsystem. ;IfenterprisestandardizatiOnandstan- ;dardizationofcirculareconomyaresimply ;mixed.itwilIoverlooktheuniquenessin ;Table1ComparisonofEnergyConsumptionsinZhejiangProvincein2005to2008

    ;EnergyConsumptionfor

    ;DecreaseEnergy

    ;Decrease

    ;EnergyConsumption

    ;DecreaseovertheOutputIncreaseof ;overtheConsumption

    ;overthe

    ;fortheOutput

    ;thePreviousRMB10.000inIndustries ;forRMB10.000

    ;PreviousYear

    ;IncreaseofRMB10,Previous

    ;YearFFCEforKeyEnergy

    ;GDP_CE000inlndustries/TCEYear ;ConsumptionEnterprises

    ;2005O.91.41.41

    ;2006O.863,521.344.62.968.7

    ;20070.8284.181.275.82.559.5

;20080_785.51.186_72.357.9

    ;Datasource:TheWhitePaoersofEnergyUtilizationinZhejiangProvincein2005to2008

    ;ChinaStandardizationSeptember/October20l021 ;thestandardizationofcirculareconomyandinhibititsguiding ;roleinthedevelopmentofcirculareconomy.

    ;3.2StandardizatiOnfallsbehindthedevelopmentofcir

    ;culareconomy

    ;InChina.thestandardizatiOnofcirculareconomyisobvi

    ;ousfallingbehindthedevelopmentofcirculareconomy.The ;successfulexperienceandtechnologicaladvantagesgained ;inthedevelopmentofcirculareconomycannotbemadeinto ;standardstimelytoguidemoreenterprisesintheutilization ;ofcirculareconomyTheconstructionofcirculareconomy ;standardsystemisstillinthestageofregionalpilot.Itlacks ;ofoverallplanningandcausesthestandardstohaveweak ;completeness,systematicnessandconsistency.Itcannot ;coverallthefieldsofconservingandcomprehensivelyutiliz

    ;ingresources,whichresultsintheabsenceofsignificant ;technicalsupportsforthedevelopmentofcirculareconomy. ;3.3Theexistingindicatorsystemsareunsoundandnot ;gearedtotheinternationalstandards

    ;Mostofdomesticcirculareconomyindicatorsystemsare ;constructedbasedontheindicatorsystemofsustainablede

    ;velopmentmanagement,butthesamenatureofindicators ;oftenadoptdifferentfocusesandcriteriaofmeasurement. ;Moreover.someindicatorsystemsfaiItoreveaIthefeatures ;andobjectivesofcirculareconomy,neglectthetechnologies, ;linksandlevelsofrecycling,greatlyfallbehindtheinterna

    ;tionaIstandardsandcannotrealizethecontroIofwholepro

    ;o.,essinthepracticalproductionofcirculareconomy. ;Moreover,duetolackingspecialexpertisewiththe ;knowledgeofbothcirculareconomyandstandardization,itis ;difficulttomeettherequirementsinthedevelopmentofcircu

    ;!arie~omy.

    ;4.CountermeasuresandRecommendations

    ;4.1Furtherenhancetheknowledgeandcomprehensive

    ;lYunderstandthestandardizationofcirculareconomy ;IfthestandardizatiOnofcirculareconomyisonlyap

    ;proachedfrOmtheperspectiveofenterprisestandardization, ;itwillbeimpossibletogivefullplaytotheguidingandregu

    ;latingroleofstandardizationinthecirculareconomy.There

    ;fore,itmustbefullyrealizedthatthestandardizationofcircu ;lareconomyisastandardsystemwiththecoreofreducing, ;22

;reusingandrecycling,andanorganic

    ;wholeofcriticaltechnologies,manage

    ;mentmeasuresandassessmentindica.

    ;tors.whichisconstructedbasedonthe

    ;basiclawofthecycleofmatterandflow

    ;ofenergyintheecologicalsystemand

    ;withtheintenttopromotetheutilizationof ;resourcesandenergiesandreducethe

    ;cost.Itsoutstandingroleistooptimize

    ;thesystemstructureofimplementingcir

    ;culareconomy,promotethetechnological ;levelandbreakthebottleneckinthede.

    ;velopmentofcirculareconomy.Onlyif

    ;thecOnnOtati0ns0fstandardizatiOnofcir

    ;culareconomycanbescientificallyunder- ;stood,itwillbepossibletomakeuseof

    ;standardizationtocontrolthekeypoints ;inthedevelopmentofcirculareconomy

    ;andfacilitatethebetterandquickerdevel

    ;opmentofcirculareconomy.

    ;4.2PilotthestandardizatiOnofcircu

    ;lareconomyandestablishthecirculare-

    ;conomystandardsystem

    ;Itisrecommendedthalthecompe-

    ;tentauthoritiesofstandardizationshould ;selecttheenterprisesandindustrialparks ;withcertaincapabilitiesandconditionsof ;scientificresearchinthekeyfieldsof

    ;energyconservation,emissionreduction ;andrecycling,asthesubjectsinthepilot ;ChinaStandardizationScptember/Octobm’2010

    ;Ofstandardizatj0nofcirculareconomy,explorethenew ;ideasandmethodsforthedevelopmentofcirculareconomy, ;establishtheaccuratestatisticandaccountingsystemofcir

    ;culareconomy,constructthescientificandreasonablycircu

    ;lareconomystandardsystemtoguidethedevelopmentof ;circulareconomyinallrespects,solvetheproblemsinthe ;developmentofcirculareconomy,andmakeuseoftheprin- ;ciplesandmethodsofstandardizationtomakecircularecon

    ;omyindustrystrongerwhilepromotingthescaledandinten

    ;sivedevelopmentofthecirculareconomyindustry. ;4.3ExplorethestandardizatiOnmodeofcircularecono- ;mvandacceleratethestandardizationofcirculareconomy ;Theproduction,educationandresearcharecombined

    ;toabsorbandlearnfr0mtheforeignadvancedexperiencein ;thestandardizatiOnofcirculareconomy,furtherexploreand ;perfecttheworkingmodeforthestandardizationofcircular ;economyindifferentlevels(enterprisesandparks),acceler

    ;atethepromotionofadvancedtechnologicalandmanage

    ;mentexperienceintostandards,formtheeffectiveworking ;andmanagementmodeforthestandardizatiOnofcirculare

    ;conomy,andmakeuseofthepilotconstructionofstandard- ;izationtoprovidethereferentiaImodeofdevelopmentand ;constructioninthedevelopmentofcirculareconomy.The ;circulareconomystandardinformationandotherplatforms ;areutilizedtorealizethesharingofresources,information ;andtechnologiesandacceleratetheapplicationandspread ;ofachievementsinthestandardizatiOnofcirculareconomy. ;inordertospeedupthestandardizatiOnofcirculareconomy. ;4.4Enhancetechnologicalstandardsandachievethe ;criticaltechnologyinthedevelopmentofcirculareconomy ;Technologyisanintelligentfactorinthesystemofcircu

    ;lareconomy,andadecisiveforcetourgethesystemofre

    ;cyclingsystemtoleaptowardahigherlevelcontinuously. ;Theimprovementofresourceutilization,optimizationofin ;dustrialstructureandrecyclingofwastes,etc.andthedevel ;opmentofcirculareconomyaredependentonthe

    ;technologicalprogresstoalargedegree.Currently,thereare ;ChinaStandardizationSeptember/0ctOber2010

    ;gigantictechnicalbarriersinthedevelop

    ;mentofcirculareconomyinChina.soitis

    ;urgenttolearnfromforeignadvancedex’

    ;perienceandcombineitwithChina.sna

    ;tionalconditionstostrengthenthedevel

    ;opmentandapplicationofcriticaltech

    ;nologiesofcirculareconomy,realizethe

    ;independentinnovation,promotethe

    ;technicaIlevelofstandards.andbreak

    ;thetechnicalbottleneckinthedevelop

    ;mentofcirculareconomy.?

    ;AbouttheAuthors:

    ;Ms.YinLiH,Engineer,Standardiza-

    ;tionResearchCenter,ZhejiangInstitute

    ;ofStandardization.Mainlyworkswith

    ;environmentstandardizationresearch,ac

    ;tivelyincirculareconomy.

    ;Mr.GuoBin,SeniorEngineer,Di

    ;rectorAssistantofStandardizationRe

;searchCenter,ZhejiangInstituteofStan

    ;dardization.Mainlyengagesinenviron- ;ment&chemistrystandardizationre- ;search,especiallyincirculareconomy. ;23

    ;

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