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Module5

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Module5

    Module 5 The Great Sports Personality

    Teaching Design

    Period 1-2: ReadingA Life in Sport

    Goals

    ? To learn about the great sport personality

    ? To learn to read with strategies

    Procedures

    ?Warming up by learning what personality is

    What is personality?

    In psychology, personality is a collection of emotion, thought and behavior patterns unique to a person. There are several theoretical perspectives on personality in psychology, which involve different ideas about the relationship between personality and other psychological constructs, as well as different theories about the way personality develops.

    ?Talking about the top 10 world athletes in 2005

    The great sports personality is best shown in the annual top 10 world athletes. Following are the top 10 world athletes in the year of 2005 selected by Xinhua News Agency:

    1. Roger Federer (Switzerland)

    Top-ranked male tennis player in the world, ending up the 2005 season with 11 singles title including two grand slam trophies, a 35-match winning streak, and a win-loss record of 81-4, a second to best match winning percentage in a year in Open Era.

    2. Zhang Yining (China)

    Top-ranked women player in the world and the new generation to China's table tennis, lifting her first world championships singles trophy in Shanghai in May to become another "grand slam" winner of worlds, Olympics and World Cup.

    3. Fernando Alonso (Spain)

    Formula One's youngest champion at the age of 24, ending seven-time winner Michael Schumacher's string of five straight season titles.

    4. Liu Xiang (China)

    Winner of the Alternative Sportsperson of the Year at the 2005 Laureus World Sports Awards,

    adding an 110m hurdles silver medal at the Helsinki world championships to his history-making Olympic title taken at 2004 Games in Athens.

    5. Yelena Isinbayeva (Russia)

    Female Athlete of the Year named by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) for the second straight time, setting nine world records indoor and out while recording the first women's five-meter vault in London and breaking the mark again after winning the world title in Helsinki.

    6. Ronaldinho (Brazil)

    Biggest winner of world soccer in 2005, completing a hat-trick of three most important awards, as he won his second successive World Player of the Year award from soccer's governing body FIFA, and also the European player awards in the same year and the inaugural FIFPro World Player of the Year award, selected by soccer players in September.

    7. Maria Sharapova (Russia)

    First waman emerging from the star-studded Russian pack to climb onto the top of the world tennis rankings, winning 3 singlestitles at 18 and making semifinals in 11 tournaments in 2005 before declining to the fourth position at the end of the season.

    8. Kenenisa Bekele (Ethiopia)

    Winner of the IAAF men's athlete of the year award, whose season of 2005 has been remarkable in any circumstances with defending the 10,000 gold at the Helsinki world championships, breaking his own world record in Brussels and winning the world cross country double for the fourth successive time.

    9. Justin Gatlin (United States)

    Fastest man in the world 2005, taking both the 100m and 200m sprints gold medals at the world athletics championships in Helsinki in August.

    10. Lindsay Davenport (United States)

    Season-ending world number one female player to world tennis, winning six of her totally ten finals of WTA singles Tour in 2005,including the grand slam tournaments of Australian Open and Wimbledon. Enditem

    ?Before you read

    Before we take up the text on page 42 let‟s please go over the word list for this module, paying attention to the pronunciation of the word, the relationship between its pronunciation and its spelling.

    ?While you read

    While reading the text on page 42 try to cut/ the sentences into thought groups, blacken the

    predicates, underline the useful expressions and darken the connectives.

    ?After you read

    After reading you may find time to copy all the useful expressions into your Expression Book and make your own sentences with them.

    the prince of gymnasts, retire at the age of.., win 106 gold medals, in major competitions, across the world, at the 1982 World Championship, two silver and a bronze, sports journalists, make a list of…, the greatest sportsmen and sportswomen of the twentieth century, Li Ning', together with…, with the feeling that…, perform well, in the 1988 Seoul Olympics, this sense of failure,

    make…determined to succeed in one‟s new life, a year after.., begin a new career, sporting background, launch a new brand of sportswear, compete with…, make the unusual choice, choose…as the brand mark, the bright red logo, be made up of …, come onto the market, at just

    the right time, the number of… , on the increase, have a major advantage over…, a pair of …, cost up to five times as much as a similar…product, success for…, come quickly, in just a few years, win more than fifty per cent of the national market, be purchased every ten seconds, on the

    athletics track, the football pitch, go into a school or university anywherethe chances are …, in

    tracksuits, with the familiar logo, grow internationally, gymnastics teams, be employed by…to create…, step out onto the track, during the 2008 Olympics, make money, open a school for gymnasts, since then, achieve the sporting ambitions, work with…for children's rights and peace

    the work of a great sportsman, retire from…, a great sportsperson

    ? Reading again to answer questions

    A Life in Sport

    Because when he retired at the age of 26, he had won 106 gold medals Why did they called Li

    in major competitions across the world. (six out of seven gold medals Ning the prince of

    at the 1982 World Championship, and three at the 1984 Olympics in gymnasts?

    Los Angeles, as well as two silver and a bronze)

    It was the sense of failure that he experienced in the 1988 Seoul What made Li Ning

    determined to succeed Olympics that made him determined to succeed in his new life

    He decided to launch a new brand of sportswear, competing with in his new life?

    global giants like Nike and Adidas. And what did he

    decided to do?

    The number of young people with money to spend was on the increase. How was success for

    Li Ning's designs were attractive, and they had a major advantage over Li Ning guaranteed?

    their better-known rivals -- they were cheaper.

    Today a Li Ning product is purchased every ten seconds. The company What is Li Ning’s

    has also grown internationally. company running

    now?

    When he retired Li Ning’s dream was to open a school for gymnasts. He What was Li Ning’s

    was able to do this in 1991. dream when he

    retired?

    Additional Materials

    Complete the article with one word in each blank:

    When retiring at the _____ of 26, Li Ling has won 106 gold medals in major _____ across

    the world. But Li Ning retired disappointed, _____ he had not performed well in the 1988

    Seoul Olympics.

    A year laterLi Ning began his _____He chos his own name as the brand _____. Li Ning's sports clothes came onto the market at just _____ right time. In just a few years, Li

    Ning won more than fifty _____ cent of the national market. The company has also _____

    internationally. But Li Ning's dream was to open a _____ for gymnasts. He was able to do

    this in 1991. And if you _____ a great sportsperson, anything is _____, as Li Ning's advertising says.

    (keys: 1. age 2.competitions 3.for 4.business 4.mark5. the 6. per 7. grown 8.school 9. are

    10.possible)

    Study the notes to the difficult sentences:

    1. When sports journalists met in 1999 to make a list of the greatest sportsmen and

    sportswomen of the twentieth century, ...当体育记者在1999年聚会:拉出一个二十世

    纪最伟大的运动员清单的时候:……

make构成的短语还有~make for 走向:朝…前进?有助于:促进:make out 辨认出:

    看出?理解:了解?写出:开出。make up 构成:组成?(为…;化装?补充:补足?和解:

    重归于好?捏造:临时编造:虚构:make up for 补偿:弥补:make a face 做鬼脸。

    2. Li Ning retired with the feeling that he had failed. 李宁退役的时候心中有个失败的感

    觉。That引导的是同位语从句:属于名词性从句:大多由从属连词that引导:常常跟在fact,

    idea, opinion, news, hope, belief等名词后面。同位语从句一般用来解释或说明这些名词的

    具体含义或内容:在逻辑上表现为同位关系。例如~ They are familiar with the opinion that all matter consists of atoms.他们很熟悉这一观点:所有的物质都是由原子构成的。They

    were delighted at the news that their team had won.当听到他们的球队赢了的消息时:他们

    欣喜若狂。 The factory(that)we visited yesterday is a chemical one.我们昨天参观的那家

    工厂是化工厂。(that在从句中作宾语:所以此句是宾语从句) The news that he will leave for Shanghai is true.他将要去上海的消息是真的。(that只起连接从句的作用:所以此句是同位

    语从句)

    3. But it was this sense of failure that made him determined to succeed in his new

    life;但是:正是这种失败的感觉促使他下定决心在新生活中一定要取得成功。句中有一个

    表示强调的结构是 It is (was) + 被强调的部分,that (who)+句子的其它部分。除了谓语

    部分外:其余的可以用于强调句。需要注意的是当强调的部分是时间状语或地点状语时:只

    能用that而不用when where? 当被强调的部分是人时:可以用who? 当强调主语时

    要注意主语和谓语的一致。It is my uncle that/who is coming to visit us. It was at midnight

    that he came back home. It was in the park that the two old friends ran into each other. Its

    not you who are in trouble; but its I who am in trouble. It was not until the accident happened that I became aware of my own foolishness4. The number of young people with money to spend was on the increase.有钱可花的年轻人的数量在不断增加。

    4. If you go into a school or university anywherethe chances are you will see students in Li Ning tracksuits with the familiar logo.到任何地方的中学或大学看一看:

    很有可能:你会看到同学穿着印制有那个熟悉标志的李宁运动服。注意chance的用法~the

    chances are (that) ... (informal) it is likely that ...: The chances are you won’t have to pay.

    Answer the reading comprehension questions:

    1.Why was Li Ling called the prince of gymnasts? Because _____.

    A: When he retired at the age of 26, he had won 106 gold medals in major competitions

    across the world.

    B: Li Ning was the best.

    C: When sports journalists met in 1999 to make a list of the greatest sportsmen and

    sportswomen of the twentieth century, Li Ning's name was on it.

    D: A and B

    2. But he didn’t forget his _____ background.

    A: traveling

    B: sporting

    C: competing

    D: designing

    3. Success for Li Ning was ______ and it came quickly.

    A: guaranteed

    B: purchased

    C: employed

D: continued

    4. What does “And if you are a great sportsperson, anything is possible, as Li

    Ning's advertising says.mean?

    A: You are able to make big money.

    B: You are able to realize your dream.

    C~You are able to build your own school.

    D. You are able to get famous.

    (keys: DBAB)

    Period 3-4: GrammarReview of adverbial clauses Goals

    ? To review adverbial clauses

    Procedures

    ?Reviewing the adverbial clauses

    Adverbial clauses are less than (subordinate to) sentences. They do not contain a complete thought.

    Adverbial clauses always modify the verb in the main clause (the sentence) to which the adverbial clause is attached. An adverbial clause tells how, when, why, how much, to what extent and under what conditions

    the action in the main clause takes place.

    Adverbial clauses always begin with a subordinating conjunction. The most common

    subordinating conjunctions are listed below.

    Before, after, unless

    Although, if, until

    As, in order that, when

As, since, whenever

    as long as, so that, where

    as soon as, than, wherever

    because, though, while

    Adverbial clauses, like all subordinate clauses, are structured in the same way all sentences are

    structured. All adverbial clauses will fall into one of the five sentence patterns that have already

been described.

    Examples

    The whole country was saddened when Oswald assassinated Kennedy.

    When is the subordinating conjunction introducing this adverbial clause which modifies was saddened. Oswald is the subject of the clause. Assassinated is the action verb which transfers its action to the direct object, which is Kennedy, all of which makes this clause transitive active. Little Joe was punished because the window was broken.

    Because is the subordinating conjunction introducing this adverbial clause. Window is the subject. Was is the helping verb, and broken is the action verb which transfers its action back to the subject making this clause transitive passive or pattern #2.

    Since the boy was disruptive, he was expelled from school.

    Since is the subordinating conjunction introducing this adverbial clause which modifies was in the main clause. Window is the subject of the clause. Was is the helping verb, and disruptive is the predicate adjective making the clause intransitive linking or pattern #4.

    Note that the natural order of an adverbial clause is after the main clause. However, an adverbial clause is okay at the beginning of a sentence. If it comes at the beginning, however, a comma is used to separate it from the main clause.

    Can you determine the correct pattern number of the following examples of adverbial clauses? Franklin Roosevelt served as Governor of New York before he became President of the United States.

    If we continue burning fossil fuels, the temperature of the earth will rise.

    Agatha made coffee as I cooked the bacon.

    Since Grandfather died, I have been lonely.

    Grandfather died before he was ready.

    Although Spike broke the window, he did not feel guilty about it.

    Can you put both an adjective clause and an adverbial clause in the same sentence as the following example does?

    After Oswald assassinated Kennedy, Oswald was killed by a man who was overcome with sympathy for the dead President.

?Making sentences with adverbial clauses

    Next we are going to make our own examples. It's the best, most active way to learn. Before, after, unless; Although, if, until; As, in order that, when; As, since, whenever; as long as,

    so that, where; as soon as, than, wherever; because, though, while

    1. They called him the prince of gymnasts because, when he retired at the age of 26, he had won

    106 gold medals in major competitions across the world.

    2. Li Ning did so well as an athlete that he won six out of seven gold medals at the 1982 World

    Championship, and three at the 1984 Olympics in Los Angeles (as well as two silver and a

    bronze)

    3. When sports journalists met in 1999 to make a list of the greatest sportsmen and sportswomen

    of the twentieth century, Li Ning's name was on it, together with footballer Pele and boxer

    Muhammad Ali.

    4. But even though he had won everything it was possible to win in his sport, Li Ning retired

    with the feeling that he had failed.

    5. He was disappointed because he had not performed well in the 1988 Seoul Olympics.

    6. Because he had experienced the sense of failure in the 1988 Seoul Olympics Li Ning became

    determined to succeed in his new life

    7. After he retired a year after, Li Ning began a new career--as a businessman

    8. He longed to work for sports because he didn‟t forget his sporting background.

    9. Li Ning decided to launch a new brand of sportswear in order that he could compete with

    global giants like Nike and Adidas.

    10. People thought that he made the unusual choice, because he had chosen his own name as the

    brand mark.

    11. As the bright red logo is made up of the first two pinyin letters of Li Ning's name, L and N, Li

    Ning's sports clothes sold very well soon after they came onto the market.

    12. As the number of young people with money to spend was on the increase young people

    became the most important buyers of Li Ning's sports clothes.

    13. Because Li Ning's designs were attractive, they had a major advantage over their

    better-known rivals.

14. Because a pair of Nike trainers, for example, could cost up to five times as much as a similar

    Li Ning product, success for Li Ning was guaranteed.

    15. Today as a Li Ning product is purchased every ten seconds, Li Ning has won more than fifty

    per cent of the national market.

    16. If you go into a school or university anywherethe chances are you will see students in Li

    Ning tracksuits with the familiar logo.

    17. The company has grown so internationally that the Spanish and French gymnastics teams

    wear Li Ning clothes.

    18. Whenever Chinese athletes step out onto the track during the 2008 Olympics, they will be

    wearing Li Ning tracksuits.

    19. But Li Ning's goal when he retired was not to make money.

    20. If your dream is to open a school for gymnasts you have to go for your post-graduate studies

    first.

    21. Ever since he became a businessman Li Ning has managed to help young people to achieve

    their sporting ambitions.

    22. Li Ning has discovered that the work of a great sportsman does not finish when he retires

    from the sport.

    23. And if you are a great sportsperson, anything is possible, as Li Ning's advertising slogan says.

    Period 5-6: Function and speaking Goals

    ? To learn to express agreeing and disagreeing: degree of certainty Procedures

    ?Learning to express agreeing and disagreeing

    In life we may agree or disagree with other people. Then how to express agreeing and disagree is

    what we shall learn today. Here are sentences with “agree” and “disagree”. Read them and try to

    make your own sentences.

    1. When he said that, I had to agree.

    2. He agreed with them about the need for change. 3. I agree with her analysis of the situation. 4. „It‟s terrible.‟ „I couldn‟t agree more (= I completely agree)!‟ 5. We agreed (that) the proposal was a good one. 6. „That‟s true‟, she agreed.

    7. Are we all agreed on this?

    8. It was agreed (that) we should hold another meeting. 9. I asked for a pay rise and she agreed.

    10. Do you think he‟ll agree to their proposal? 11. She agreed (that) I could go early.

    12. She agreed to let me go early.

    13. They met at the agreed time.

    14. Can we agree a price?

    15. They left at ten, as agreed.

    16. Can we agree on a date?

    17. We agreed to meet on Thursday.

    18. We couldn‟t agree what to do.

    19. Next year‟s budget has been agreed.

    20. The figures do not agree.

    21. Your account of the accident does not agree with hers. 22. We must just agree to differ on this.

    23. I love strawberries, but they don‟t agree with me. 1. Even friends disagree sometimes.

    2. He disagreed with his parents on most things. 3. Some people disagree with this argument. 4. No, I disagree. I don‟t think it would be the right thing to do. 5. I disagree with violent protests.

    On page 47 there are some other useful expressions to express agreeing and disagreeing. Study

    them, too.

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