Illinois Open 2007: Spite of the Long Knives
Packet by Illinois
1. This political entity’s fate was sealed with the fall of Bhamo, after which its last ruler fled to Bassein and was
assassinated by his son. Assuming power after the fall of Pyu to the Nanchao, this kingdom was converted to Theravada
Buddhism after its conquest of Mon. Falling out of power after the defeat by Kublai Khan of Narathihapate at
Ngasaunggyan in 1277, this dynasty’s greatest ruler was probably Anawrahta the Unifier, who set it up as the great rival of the Khmer. FTP, name this empire, also known as the Burman Empire, which unified Burma from its base of power in a
ANSWER: the Kingdom of Pagan (or Pagan Dynasty or Empire; accept Burman Empire before it’s mentioned)
2. One of these contains an encounter with a wolf, who flees though the main character is unarmed. A second criticizes a
woman as “queen of half-men, girt by her crew / Of sickly shame” before praising the selfsame for having “had loftier
thoughts; / To find out death.” A third advises a youth not to trust “Astrological numbers.” The dedicatees of these works
include the aforementioned Leúconoé, Aristius Fuscus, and Cleopatra. The first six of the third book of these are called
“Roman.” The variety in these poems’ meters results probably from the poet attempting to adapt a variety of Greek meters
into his own language, though their mood differs greatly from Pindar’s. FTP, name this set of four books of 103 short, lyric
poems in a variety of meters; the best-known work of Horace.
ANSWER: Horace’s Odes
3. The form of this object is the symmetrized Euler first integral if the Lagrangian density is the scalar product of the field
strength. The isotropic plasma approximation neglects off-diagonal terms in this mathematical object. It contains a term of
the Kronecker delta times the energy density and has a space-like component equal to the Poynting vector, so this rank-two
object gives the Poynting flux through the faces of a differential cube. FTP, name this three-by-three matrix that gives the
inertia transfer associated with electromagnetic field alone and is named for the corrector of Ampére’s law. ANSWER: the Maxwell stress tensor (accept Maxwell energy-momentum tensor; prompt on “stress tensor” or “Maxwell tensor”)
4. In the Deadwood episode “Mr. Wu,” the title character demonstrates that this is the only word of English he knows, using
it to refer to the robbers of his junk courier. As an adjective, it is in the title of a film that cannot legally be shown outside
the physical presence of Robert Frank; that film shares the name of the bad-faith final Decca single by the Rolling Stones,
this word’s namesake “Blues.” Equal parts Bailey’s and butterscotch schnapps make a drink that is named with cowboy and
this word. This insult was used to refer to the driver of a gun truck secretly belonging to Kaiser Söze, so criminals are made
to say “Give me the keys, you [this]” in the lineup at the beginning of The Usual Suspects. Allegedly the only word that can guarantee an R rating, FTP, name this insult referring to the performance of fellatio.
5. Simon Wright’s authoritative study of this person records that his Piano Concerto No. 5 was called a “piano tuners’ orgy.” The dedicatee of this artist’s Cinq preludes refused to play his Guitar Concerto without a written cadenza. In addition to compositions for Andrés Segovia, he created a 1955 Harmonica Concerto; Momoprecoce, a virtuosic piano work; and an operatic version of Yerma. He is best known for a series of 9 compositions the fifth of which has namesake
parts Aria and Dança and which were inspired by his study of The Well-Tempered Clavier as a child. FTP, name this composer best-known for his Bachianas brasileiras; the foremost composer of Brazil.
ANSWER: Heitor Villa-Lobos
6. A diplomat in this clash warned that one side was led by a council of kings, fighting which would be akin to fighting the
Hydra; this was the Thessalonian Cineas. As it began, the leader of the aggressors concluded a treaty with Ptolemy
Keraunos; and Barbula discontinued actions in the Samnite Wars. The Third Punic Treaty led to a Carthaginian defensive
blockade of the Tiber in this conflict, as Carthage sought to protect its interest in Sicily, which was eventually invaded.
Beginning as a dispute with Tarnetum, this war’s characteristic battles include ones at Heraclea and Asculum. FTP, name
this early third-century BCE war named for the King of Epirus and noted for its extremely costly victories.
ANSWER: the Pyrrhic War
7. This person died in Gostynin shortly after being forcibly tonsured. This ruler’s cousin defeated the rebellion of Ivan
Boltnikov, which gained traction from this ruler’s reversal of decision in the Inquest of Uglich; that reversal led to his
downfall as he was compelled to seek help from Charles IX to oust the Thief of Tushino. Wladyslaw IV was elected to
succeed him, but never served. He was proceeded by a man claiming to be the Tsarevich the he himself had declared died
by accident in 1591, the First False Dmitri. FTP, name this last Tsar of the Time of Troubles, who was succeeded by
ANSWER: Vasily IV Shuiksy of Russia (or Vasily Ivanovich, Knyaz Prince Shuysky)
8. One of these “of constructions” was developed by Coquand; its types are values of the first kind. These are related to type
theory through the Curry-Howard correspondence, which applies to the typed kind. An extension of these was posited by
Parigot, who added the bracket operator. Introduced to circumvent Russel’s paradox, these mathematical systems define
mathematics using functions and are especially good at analyzing recursion via the namesake operator. The original
negative result for the halting problem was derived using these, but the Turing machine result is equivalent since every
Turing machine corresponds to statements in these formalisms according to the thesis of Turing and their inventor, Alonzo
Church. FTP, name these so-called calculi named for a greek-letter operator.
ANSWER: lambda calculi (prompt on “calculi” or “calculus”)
9. The central action in this work centers on some clothes and a note left on a riverbank at the urging of a character who
remembers that Afrémov had to save the protagonist at one point. Janácek did not finish his 1916 opera based on this play,
in which Petrovich congratulates the title character on the action that causes him to say “Ah.... Happiness!...” after bidding farewell to Masha, his gypsy lover. This work is probably a polemic against divorce laws as Lisa’s dilemma between exile to Siberia and leaving Victor Karénin induces another character to shoot himself. FTP, name this work about Fédya
Protosov, who had not, in fact, perished; the best-known play of Leo Tolstoy.
ANSWER: The Man Who Was Dead or Zhivoi trup (or The Living Corpse or Redemption or Reparation)
10. The expression of sgk-1 is heightened in this region in response to stress or damage, but interestingly not
methamphetamine intake. This region’s output pathways are the cingulum bundle and the fornix. Studies on lovebirds showed that the removal of this entity resulted in a much higher mobbing frequency. Squire’s studies involved R.B., a
subject who had suffered damage to this area. Consisting of three fields of Cornu Ammonis and the dendrate gyrus, it is part of the limbic system in the medial temporal lobe. Reduction in its size is a strong correlate for Altzheimer’s disease. FTP,
name this region of the brain largely responsible for short-term memory formation that may be named for its resemblance to
ANSWER: the hippocampus
11. Protagonists of this person’s include a man who helps the hotel porter Boris resolve a problem with his daughter,
another who created works entitled Eyes to the Horizon and Complacency, and a third who goes to America with Frank after
Hanada threatens her with a golf club: these are Etsuko; Ryder, a pianist with memory problems; and Masuji Ono, who is
coming to grips with his propagandist past. The author of the screenplay for The Saddest Music in the World, his recent book Never Let Me Go was as well-received as aforementioned The Unconsoled, A Pale View of Hills, and An Artist of the Floating World. He is best known, however, for the tale of Lord Darlington’s butler Stevens, The Remains of the Day. FTP, name this Anglo-Japanese novelist who won the 1989 Booker Prize.
ANSWER: Kazuo Ishiguro
12. Written to address the so-called Übergang problem, the gulf between the results of two of its predecessors, this work
uses the principle of reflection to derive the purposiveness of the title faculty. One section of this book is probably a
polemic against Hume’s “Of the Standard of Taste;” a later section invokes comparisons between Polycletus’ Doryphorous and Miron’s Cow and Michelangelo’s David to discuss the difference between correctitude and beauty. Its two sections
discuss the teleological and aesthetic forms of the titular concept. FTP, name this 1790 work, the third great work of
ANSWER: Critique of Judgment or Kritik der Urteilskraft
13. When the A-field is non-zero, a generalization of this idea due by Rasolt and Vignale holds that goes by its name with
the word “current” added. Based on the fact that the state function is the namesake type of object, this model is like many
other approximate ones in that success depends on the choice of basis functions. This formalism rests on the HK theorems
and can be arrived at by the addition of the Weizsäcker correction and exchange energy the Thomas-Fermi model. The
universal variety of the namesake entity accounts for electron-electron interactions and appears in this theory’s fundamental
equation, the Cohn-Sham equation. FTP, name this quantum approximation used to find many-electron system ground-state
energies using the namesake types of mappings from the electron concentration function.
ANSWER: time-independent Cohn-Sham density functional theory (accept Cohn-Sham theory before “Cohn-Sham”)
14. One term in this identity can be considered as the inverse of the bordered Hessian matrix of the u-function acting on a
vector with u’s maximizing Lagrange multiplier as the only entry. A quick proof of this statement is to equate one of the
relevant functions, of the expenditure for a given utility, to the other, of the utility itself; take a price partial; then use the
Envelope theorem to set the price partial of the expenditure to the uncompensated demand. This fundamental equation of
value theory uses the income and substitution effects to changes in Mashallian and Hicksian demands. FTP, name this
cornerstone of mathematical economics named for a Russian economist and sometimes known as his decomposition.
ANSWER: Slutsky’s equation or decomposition or identity
15. With Tonks, this person names the problem of finding the distribution function for a substance that undergoes the
oscillations named for Tonks and this person. Many of the accomplishments of this scientist are based on the concentric
theory of atomic structure posited in his “The Arrangement of Electrons in Atoms and Molecules.” He is the namesake of a
unit equal to a microtorr-second, approximately the exposure required to deposit a monolayer, a concept that he invented.
He coined a term to refer to ESP studies, ufology and other research apparently following the scientific method but
producing bad results, as distinct from pseudoscience; this is his “pathological science.” FTP, name this coiner of the term
plasma, surface science pioneer, and American winner of the 1932 Nobel Prize for Chemistry.
ANSWER: Irving Langmuir
16. This work usually has appended to it a similar work about Do-Well, Do-Better, and Do-Best, and its three texts are
known as A, B, and C, the last of which contains a number of autobiographical passages. Prior to the introduction of the title
character, the narrator follows a noble to Westminster, where she agrees to marry a knight after an attempt at incestuous
marriage is broken up; thus is the story of Lady Fee, the daughter of Falsehood, who tries to marry both Fraud and
Conscience. The narrator of this poem is drawn to the title character, who sets the world to work, through the advice of Holy
Church after he falls asleep in the Malvern Hills. FTP, name this alliterative allegorical work by William Langland about a
tiller of the soil.
ANSWER: William’s Vision of Piers the Plowman
17. In the 95th chapter of God Passes By, Shoghi Effendi identifies Baha’Ullah with this figure. The major resident of
Tusita, he is generally depicted wearing a khama as a girdle and holding a dharmachakra on a lotus. His major prophet is
Asanga, author of the Mahasannipata sutra, which holds that this being will appear after five epochs. The Leshan Giant is a
depiction of this figure, who is usually represented as an Indian prince. Similar to Mithra and Kalkin, his cult arose around
the same time as that of a similar figure, Amitabha. FTP, name this Buddha of Loving Kindness who will lead the world
with true dharma as foreseen by Siddhartha.
ANSWER: Maitreya (prompt on “Buddha” or “bodhisattva”)
18. Dinner parties recur in this person’s works and include one in which everyone is sitting on toilets; one from which
Alicia de Roc and Sergio Russel are unable to leave due to the presence of Leticia; and ones during which the the Thevenots
and Senechals are constantly interrupted. The aforementioned dinners occur in this artist’s The Phantom of Liberty, The
Exterminating Angel, and The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie, which reprises themes brought up in his early work, L'Âge d'or. In his best-known work, he harasses what seems to be