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Composition

By James Johnson,2014-09-21 20:27
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Composition

Topic Thirteen Health

    必备词汇: health, unhealthy, fit, disease, illness, sick, fight against diseases, cancer, headache, overweight, mental, physical, treatment, recover from, be infected with(被感染), be addicted to, addiction, drugs, medicine, stressful, stress, sleepless, tired, tiredness, energetic, the disabled, junk food, green food, organic food, genetic food, health care, physical exercise, life style, fall ill, keep fit, be in a good mood, relieve the stress

     必备句型

    1. In order to fight against,we need to make more efforts to do something

    2. It is estimated that about 39.5% children are infected with

    3. Different People have different opinions about which is more important,

    wealth or health?

    4. Some people prefer wealth, holding that

    5. Once health is lost, it is no use doing something

    6. As far as Im concerned, I lovebut I value more.

    7. It is not wise to achieve wealth at the cost of our health.

    8. Without health, everything else, including our wealth, becomes meaningless.

    9. Nothing can compensate for( the loss of health. 弥补!

    10. It is a common phenomenon that many students are addicted to online games, which produces a negative influence on their academic performance.

    Topic Fourteen Weather

    必备词汇:

    climate, pleasant weather, atmosphere, rain, storm, rainstorm, rainforest, adequate rainfall , rainbow, thunder, lightning, snow, snowfall, foggy, wind, icy,

    rainy, cloudy, clear, frost, freeze, hail, hot, cold, warm, cool, wet, dry, dried up, drought, flood, temperature, intense heat, global warming, weather forecast, heavy rain, hurricane, typhoon, artificial rain(人工降雨), water crisis

    必备句型

    1. As long as we make joint efforts, we may manage to stop from

    2. To stop global warming, we should make immediate and continual efforts

    3. By limiting private cars, we can reduce our contribution to global warming

    while creating a stronger, healthier and more secure nation.

    4. has received 25% less rain than normal.

    Topic Fifteen Entertainment and sports

    必备词汇: performance, attend a party, an English evening, join the club, on a summer camp, go camping, go to the theatre/cinema, go dancing, ice-skating, go skating, soccer, rugby, badminton, baseball, bungee jumping, diving, surfing, wrestling, walking, jogging, boxing, cycling, play chess, hiking, champion,

    stadium, gym, do exercise, do/have sports, swimming pool, Yoga 必备句型

    1. It is reported that about 2,000 athletes from different countries will attend

    the 11th Asian Games to be held in

    2. Some people like jogging for the simple reason that

    3. Its essential for us to keep healthy both physically and psychologically.

    4. In my opinion, we shouldnt dojust for our own benefit.

    5. We should takeseriously, focusing on

    6. Its really important to make it a natural part of our life to do sports in our

    leisure time.

    7. Its necessary for us to make it a habit/a rule to do

    8. It must be pointed out that people are paying much more

     attention to health nowadays.

    9. We should always keep it in mind that

    10. It is true that entertainment also contributes to a better state of mind.

    Topic Sixteen Travel and transport

    必备词汇: a seaside city, capital, important center for industry politics,

    economy, economic, culture, cultural, location, be located/situated in/on main

    language, famous sights, places of interest, climate, scenery, by bus/tube/subway,

    underground, on foot, by train, flight No. 321, a traffic jam, a road accident, traffic

    light, show sb.

    around, turn right/left, give sb. a lift, ask for a lift, pick sb. up 必备句型:

    square kilometers 1. The city has a population/an area of

    ..is a seaside city with a population of.., covering an area of

     a large/small population

    2. It is located in/on/ near

     Located/Situated in the south of China, Guangdong enjoys a pleasant climate,

    neither too cold nor too hot.

    3. The history of the city dates back to/goes back toyears ago has a long

    history of with a long history

     The history of the city dates from Tang Dynasty.

    4. Famous sights in the city includeas well as

     There are some places of interest in the city, including

     There are many wonderful sights in the city, included.

    5. It has a pleasant climate with plenty of sunshine and the

     average temperature is

     The climate here is warm in winter and cool in summer. 6. Because of its sound public transportation system, it is

     convenient and easy for us to travel between and

    7. With the development of modern science and technology, the transportation and

    communication facilities have greatly improved.

    8. Traveling abroad or within ones country brings many invaluable benefits as well as broadening ones horizon.

    9. From my point of view, modern transportation is a double-edged sword. On one

    hand, it provides conveniences and comforts for uson the other hand, we can

    never ignore its negative influences. For example, it damages our environment

    10. There is no better way other than improving technology and raising peoples

    awareness of safety so that we can make the most of modern transportation. Topic Seventeen: Language learning

必备词汇: spelling, pronunciation, grammar, article, obtain, grasp(领会,掌握)

    learnby heart, memorize, recite, recitation, oral language, spoken language, body language, appreciation of the language, translateinto, explain sth. to sb., give sb.

    an explanation, stress(强调), vocabulary, native speaker, mother tongue, fluency, accuracy, input(), output, dictionary, proficiency(), influent, expression, 输入熟练

    with an accent, translation, translator, describe sth. vividly, describeas

    paragraph

     必备句型

    1. The more you practice, the better your English will be.

    2. What we are supposed to do is to learn to appreciate

    3. I dont think it makes any sense to do

    4. Learning something in the absence ofis very difficult.

    5. It is recommended that students practice speaking whenever possible, as the saying goes, Practice makes perfect.

6. Knowing sth about the culture will guarantee a better comprehension while

    reading in English.

    7. It is well worth our extra efforts to learn by heart.

    8. Having 15 minutes of extra-curricular study a day can really improve ourselves.

    9.Never hesitate to turn to others when we have questions.

    10. It is commonly believed that the cultural background is an essential part in ones language learning.

    11. It will definitely do us good to communicate with others more frequently.

    12. Dont be afraid of making mistakes while speaking English.

    13. It is certain that you will make rapid progress as long as you put your heart into

    14. The secret lies in the fact that children can develop their language proficiency by making and correcting their mistakes.

    Topic Eighteen Nature

    必备词汇: in nature, get close to nature, by nature(本性),

     vegetables, flower, grass, insect, nature park, earthquake, disaster, typhoon, pollution, protection of wild animals, wildlife, plants, botany, botanical, soil, forest, coral, sands, beach, mine, natural resources, energy, be connected with, blue sky, fruit, fruitful, ocean, island, scenery, garden, bridge, lake, river, stream, spring, the balance of nature, bird, beast, creatures, desert, flood, fresh air, peaceful

    必备句型

    1. We should be aware of the fact that natural resources are becoming

    scarcer.

    2. We should live harmoniously with nature.

    3. As is known to all, water is the source of life

     Where there is water, there is life.

    4. In my opinion, it is high time that we paid much attention to the problem of water crisis.

5. Without water, it would be hard to imagine what the world

    would be like.

    6. If we continue to waste water, sooner or later we will

    7. This is why we have to take immediate action to prevent

    8. Taking care of the birds and animals in nature is taking care of ourselves.

    9. Taking all these into account/consideration, we are likely to solve this

    problem.

    10. With all the efforts made by human beings, we will surely be able to live

    in a better environment.

    11. The lack of water will absolutely bring about/result in other problems as

    well.

    Topic Nineteen The world and the environment

    必备词汇:

     gases, coal, oil, natural gas, global warming, endangered

     animals, natural disasters, the greenhouse effect, flooding,

     contaminate, contamination(污染) noise, recycle, reuse, protection, preserve, spread, extinct, habitat, die out, surroundings, conservation, waste, white pollution, environmentally-friendly products, damage, destruction, plastic bags, green food, climate change, rubbish, spitting.

    必备句型

    1. It is a widely accepted fact that our surroundings are becoming seriously

    polluted.

    2. Facing/Faced with these problems, we should be determined to do

    something to change the situation.

    3. It is high time that something was done about it.

    4. It will make a difference to enhance the citizens consciousness of protecting

    the environment.

    5. In terms of this, there are several measures for us to adopt.

    7. It is also necessary and significant to our countrys development and

    construction.

    8. In summary, if we continue to ignore the issues mentioned above, we are bound to suffer from

    9. In order to improve the situation, we will take a series of effective measures to deal with it.

    10. It is the governments responsibility to make everyone aware of the

    importance of protecting

    Topic Twenty Popular science and modern technology

    必备词汇:

     computer science, mobile phone, cell phone, the Internet,

     online shopping, desktop, breakthrough, discovery, advance,

     advanced, do/carry out research, make a discovery,

     important inventions, advances in science and technology, explore, with the development of, communications, transport, inventor, techniques, scientific, theory, pioneer, expert, researcher, robot, in the universe, search engine, equipment, be

equipped with, man-made satellite, biology, information technology

    必备句型

    1. With the development of agriculture and industry

    2. What we see now are the latest achievements in technology, which will be

    more accessible to the average people.

    3. Apart from the advantages, computers also bring about problems, such as

    the increase of

    4. Frankly speaking, the advantages ofoutweigh the disadvantages.

     There are more advantages than disadvantages in building a factory here. 5. Another worry is that

    6. It is also feared that (人们担心。。。)

    7. Compared with the advantages, the problems caused by are not so serious, but they must be solved properly, because they have something to do with

    peoples health.

    8. Comparatively, it is more convenient for people to travel from place to place. 9. With the introduction of mobile phones, the way people communicate has

    changed from a lot

    Topic Twenty-One Topical issues

    必备词汇:

     argue, argument, discuss, a heated discussion, survey,

    from doing, regulation, issue, be popular with, reform, ban

    hold the view that agree/disagree with, in agreement with,

    in disagreement with, approve of, approval, support, object to,

    oppose, be opposed to, be opposite to, be against, be for, be

    in favor of, regardas, think ofas, look onas , viewas

    considerto be, see/treatas, for my part, in my opinion, in

    my eyes, as for me, according to my point of view,

    from my perspectives

    必备句型

    1. Recently the phenomenon has become a hot topic.

     For the time being, the phenomenon has aroused a heated discussion among

    the people on the Internet.

     Recently the phenomenon has aroused great concern among people.

    2. There is an increasing number of experts who hold the view/opinion that 3. Recently our class had a heated discussion on whether it is appropriate for

    students to bring cell phones to campus.

    4. Some people argue for the latter opinion, while others argue against it.

    5. It makes no sense to argue about this in that/because

    6. The immediate result it produces is

    7. As to the question, peoples opinion are divided.

    8. Opinions vary from person to person when it comes to

    9. Altogether opinions are divided into two groups.

Topic Twenty-two History and geography

必备词汇:

    densely-populated(人口稠密的), in sparsely-populated rural areas(在人口稀少的农村地区), political center, cultural center, cultural relics/heritages(文化遗产), religious belief, religion, a tourist city(), a resort/a tourist destination/ attraction 旅游城市

    () be situated in, lie in the south of, neighboring, 旅游胜地

    square meter/kilometer, province, in the countryside, in rural areas, in urban areas, in the suburb(), on the outskirts of 郊区

    Beijing(), south, southern, north, northern, east, 在北京郊区

    eastern, west, western, southeast, southwest, northeast, northwest, on the west coast of, America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Oceania, Australia, the Pacific/Atlantic/Artic/Indian Ocean, ancient, ancestors

    必备句型

    1. Located/Situated in/on

    2. With a history of over 5,000, the Chinese civilization is famous all over the

    world.

    2. is a city with a population of more than 14 million people. 3. Well known for its various tropical fruits, the town attracts millions of people

    from all over the world.

    4. As a young and the most active city, Shenzhen attracts young people with

    dreams from different parts of the country.

    5. It covers an area of 900 square kilometers.

    6. The oldest building in the city is said to be built between 1589 and 1627. 7. From the story of we can learn that

    8. The history of the temple dates back to Qing Dynasty, when people began to

    9. With the reputation of being the most potential city Topic Twenty-two History and geography

    必备词汇:

    densely-populated(人口稠密的), in sparsely-populated rural areas(在人口稀少的农村地区), political center, cultural center, cultural relics/heritages(文化遗产), religious belief, religion, a tourist city(旅游城市), a resort/a tourist destination/ attraction (旅游胜地) be situated in, lie in the south of, neighboring, square meter/kilometer, province, in the countryside, in rural areas, in urban areas, in the suburb(郊区), on the outskirts of Beijing(在北京郊区), south, southern, north, northern, east, eastern, west, western, southeast, southwest, northeast, northwest, on the west coast of, America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Oceania, Australia, the Pacific/Atlantic/Artic/Indian Ocean, ancient, ancestors

    必备句型

    1. Located/Situated in/on

    2. With a history of over 5,000, the Chinese civilization is famous all over the

    world.

    2. is a city with a population of more than 14 million people.

    3. Well known for its various tropical fruits, the town attracts millions of people from all over the world.

    4. As a young and the most active city, Shenzhen attracts young people with dreams from different parts of the country.

    5. It covers an area of 900 square kilometers.

    6. The oldest building in the city is said to be built between 1589 and 1627.

    7. From the story of we can learn that

    8. The history of the temple dates back to Qing Dynasty, when people began to

    9. With the reputation of being the most potential city

    Topic Twenty-Three Society

    必备词汇:

     policy, project, welfare system(福利制度)employment rate,

    unemployment, employer, employee, retire, retirement,

    pension, residents average income(居民均收入),salary,

    educational programs, benefit from, profitable(盈利的) ,

    make profits, benefits, advantages, merits, be burdened with,

    a heavy burden, poverty, poverty-stricken(饱受贫困的) ,

    disadvantages, demerits, drawbacks, shortcomings, beggars,

    discrimination(), violence, the gap between the rich and 歧视

    the poor(贫困差距), crime rate(犯罪率)homelessness, take

    drugs, inequality(不平等), medical care, medical insurance,

    birth rate, quality of life, the living standards, model city, the

    only child, unfair phenomena, single parent family, aging of

    the population, the disabled, social security, campus safety

    必备句型

    1. Great changes have taken place in the country in the past 30 years/since

    the opening and reforming policies were carried out in 1978.

    2. The reform and open policy has brought us Chinese people a rich and colorful life.

    3. I think the unbalanced development in different places in China should be changed.

    4. Many people take it for granted that it is harmful to society while others think it is a natural phenomenon.

    5. Unemployment brings us some disadvantages, but on the other hand, it also benefits us in some ways/aspects.

    6. What really matters is not whether but how we can

    7. At present, China is on the elementary stage of socialism and its economy is still backward.

    8. The problem of unemployment does exist, but

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