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Speech

By Judith Anderson,2014-12-11 12:47
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Speech

    Weather

    Brainstorm:

    1. Speaking: Could you please describe the weather of today? 2. Do you know the following words in English:

    天气预报 摄氏度 晴朗 阴天

    下雨 下雪 有雾 霜冻

    微冷 有风 潮湿 干燥

    雷雨 温暖 炎热 寒冷

    3. Translate the following sentences:

    明天的天气预报怎么说!

    今天外面天气如何!

    我看要下雨了。

    雾开始散了。

    外面在下倾盆大雨。

    Dialogue:

    Gracie: Its a lovely day out today, isnt it?

    Devin: It’s beautiful. Enjoy it while it lasts. Its supposed to get cold tomorrow.

    Gracie: Whats the weather forecast for tomorrow?

    Devin: Its supposed to snow early tomorrow morning and then tomorrow afternoon theres a chance of freezing rain.

    Gracie: That doesnt sound pretty.

    Devin: Do you have any plans for tomorrow.

    Gracie: Well, I was going to drive to Birmingham to see some friends. Devin: You might want to change your plans. With the cold and wet weather that

    were supposed to have tomorrow, the roads are going to be rather slippery. Gracie: I suppose I should. I dont like driving in dangerous weather conditions. Do you have any plans for tomorrow?

    Devin: I just have to go to class tomorrow afternoon. Gracie: If youre lucky, itll get cancelled and you can have a snow day! Devin: If that happens, then I’ll invite you over and we can drink hot cocoa and watches movies.

    Gracie: That sounds like fun.

    Devin: Hey, look outside! Its started to drizzle.

    Gracie: English weather is even more predictable than I had previously thought.

Questions:

    1. What is the weather forecast for tomorrow? 2. Why Gracie might want to change her plan? 3. If the class is cancelled, what will they do? 4. What might be Gracies opinion on English weather in the past? Describe the pictures

New words:

    regime 政体?政权

    devoid ~ of sth 缺乏?完全没有

    excel ~ in/at doing sth 擅长做某事

    ferocious 残忍的?凶猛的

folly 愚蠢

    till v. 耕作?犁地

    immemorial 古老的

    primordial 原始的?基本的 onslaught 攻击

    clank ;使?发出叮当声 dandified ;贬?打扮得像花花公子的

    docile 温顺的?听话的 plod ~ on sth 沉重缓慢行进 locust 蝗虫

    whipping 鞭打

    villainous 罪恶的?卑鄙可耻的 cataract 大洪水

    irrevocable 不可挽回的?不可改变的 vestige 残余

    parley 会谈

    yoke 统治?枷锁

    slacken 减弱

    woefully 悲哀的

    fortify ;精神上?增强 moralize 教化

    penalty 惩罚

    subjugation 镇压?征服

    exertion 努力

    Warming Up

Do you know who they are?

    What do you know about them?

    How do you think about the World War II?

    Do you know Hitlers invasion of U.S.S.R.?

    Speech on Hitlers Invasion of U.S.S.R

    The Nazi regime(政权) is indistinguishable from the worst features of

    Communism. It is devoid of;缺乏? all theme and principle except appetite and racial

    domination. It excels;擅长? all forms of human wickedness in the efficiency of its

    cruelty and ferocious;残忍的? aggression. No one has been a more consistent

    opponent of Communism than I have for the last twenty - five years. I will unsay no word that I have spoken about it. But all this fades away before the spectacle which is now unfolding. The past, with its crimes, its follies;愚笨?, and its tragedies, flashes

    away. I see the Russian soldiers standing on the threshold of their native land, guarding the fields which their fathers have tilled;耕作? from time immemorial;原

    始?. I see them guarding their homes where mothers and wives pray - ah, yes, for there are times when all pray for the safety of their loved ones, the return of the

    bread-winner, of their champion, of their protector. I see the ten thousand villages of Russia where the means of existence is wrung so hardly from the soil, but where there are still primordial;原始的? human joys, where maidens laugh and children play. I

    see advancing upon all this in hideous onslaught;攻击? the Nazi war machine, with

    its clanking;发出叮当响? , heel-clicking, dandified;打扮得花花公子一样的?

    Prussian officers, its crafty expert agents fresh from the cowing and tying down of a dozen countries. I see also the dull, drilled, docile;驯服的?, brutish masses of the

    Hun;野蛮的? soldiery plodding on;沉重缓慢前进? like a swarm of crawling

    locusts;蝗虫?. I see the German bombers and fighters in the sky, still smarting from many a British whipping;鞭打?, delighted to find what they believe is an easier and

    a safer prey.

     "Behind all this glare, behind all this storm, I see that small group of villainous;罪恶的? men who plan, organize, and launch this cataract;大洪水? of horrors

    upon mankind...

     "I have to declare the decision of His Majesty's Government - and I feel sure it is a decision in which the great Dominions will in due concur for we must speak out

    now at once, without a day's delay. I have to make the declaration, but can you doubt

what our policy will be? We have but one aim and one single, irrevocable;不可避免

    的? purpose. We are resolved to destroy Hitler and every vestige;残留? of the Nazi

    regime. From this nothing will turn us nothing. We will never parley;会谈?; we

    will never negotiate with Hitler or any of his gang. We shall fight him by land, we shall fight him by sea, we shall fight him in the air, until, with God's help, we have rid the earth of his shadow and liberated its peoples from his yoke;统治?. Any man or

    state who fights on against Nazidom will have our aid. Any man or state who marches with Hitler is our foe... That is our policy and that is our declaration. It follows therefore that we shall give whatever help we can to Russia and the Russian people. We shall appeal to all our friends and allies in every part of the world to take the same course and pursue it, as we shall faithfully and steadfastly to the end....

     "This is no class war, but a war in which the whole British Empire and Commonwealth of Nations is engaged, without distinction of race, creed, or party. It is not for me to speak of the action of the United States, but this I will sayif Hitler

    imagines that his attack on Soviet Russia will cause the slightest divergence of aims or slackening;减弱? of effort in the great democracies who are resolved upon his doom, he is woefully;不幸地? mistaken. On the contrary, we shall be fortified;加

    强? and encouraged in our efforts to rescue mankind from his tyranny. We shall be strengthened and not weakened in determination and in resources.

     "This is no time to moralize;教化? on the follies of countries and Governments

    which have allowed themselves to be struck down one by one, when by united action they could have saved themselves and saved the world from this tyranny. But when I spoke a few minutes ago of Hitler's blood-lust and the hateful appetites which have impelled or lured him on his Russian adventure I said there was one deeper motive behind his outrage. He wishes to destroy the Russian power because he hopes that if he succeeds in this he will be able to bring back the main strength of his Army and Air Force from the East and hurl it upon this Island, which he knows he must conquer or suffer the penalty of his crimes. His invasion of Russia is no more than a penalty;惩罚? to an attempted invasion of the British Isles. He hopes, no doubt, that all this may be accomplished before the winter comes, and that he can overwhelm Great

    Britain before the Fleet and air-power of the United States may intervene. He hopes that he may once again repeat, upon a greater scale than ever before, that process of destroying his enemies one by one by which he has so long thrived and prospered, and that then the scene will be clear for the final act, without which all his conquests would be in vain namely, the subjugation;征服? of the Western Hemisphere to his

    will and to his system.

     "The Russian danger is therefore our danger, and the danger of the United States, just as the cause of any Russian fighting for his hearth;家庭? and home is the cause

    of free men and free peoples in every quarter of the globe. Let us learn the lessons already taught by such cruel experience. Let us redouble our exertions(努力), and

    strike with united strength while life and power remain. "

    Main Idea

    1. Use one sentence to summarize the speech.

    2. Use one sentence or phrase to summarize each paragraph.

    Questions:

    1. Why did Churchills side with the Soviet Union since he had always been an

    avowed enemy of communism?

    2. What policy did Churchill declare Britain would pursue?

    3. What, according to Churchill, was Hitlers motive in invading Russia? Do you

    agree with him?

    Paraphrase

    1. I see the German bombers and fighters in the sky, still smarting from many a

    British whipping;鞭打?, delighted to find what they believe is an easier and a

    safer prey.

    2. We shall be strengthened and not weakened in determination and in resources. 3. Let us redouble our exertions, and strike with united strength while life and power

    remain. "

    Translation

    1. He wishes to destroy the Russian power because he hopes that if he succeeds in

    this he will be able to bring back the main strength of his Army and Air Force

    from the East and hurl it upon this Island, which he knows he must conquer or

    suffer the penalty of his crimes. 2. If your boss is opposite with you on the above

    case, how will you persuade her?

    2. He hopes that he may once again repeat, upon a greater scale than ever before,

    that process of destroying his enemies one by one by which he has so long thrived

    and prospered, and that then the scene will be clear for the final act, without which

    all his conquests would be in vain namely, the subjugation;征服? of the

    Western Hemisphere to his will and to his system.

    Writing

    Features of speech

    Purpose of speech: arouse the passion of audience, win their support Syntax;句法;

    Vocabulary (词汇)

    Style (风格)

    Rhetorical devices

    1) Periodic sentence(圆周句)

    a) The past, with its crimes, its follies, and its tragedies, flashes away.

    b) Any man or state who fights on against Nazidom will have our aid.

    c) If Hitler imagines that his attack on Soviet Russia ...... he is woefully mistaken.

    Try to write a periodic sentence

    2) Rhetorical question (or interrogation);反义疑问句?

    ... but can you doubt what our policy will be?

    Try to write a rhetorical question

    3) Parallel structure;排比?

    a) we shall fight him by land, we shall fight him by sea, we shall fight him in the air

    b) Let us learn the lessons already taught by such cruel experience.

    Let us redouble our exertions . . .

    Try to write a parallel structure

    4) Inversion(倒装)

    From this nothing will turn us nothing.

    but this I will say

    Try to write an inversion.

    5) Repetition(重复)

    We have but one aim and one single, irrevocable purpose.

He has so long thrived and prospered.

We will never parley, we will never negotiate . . .

Try to write a repetition

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