1. Speaking: Could you please describe the weather of today? 2. Do you know the following words in English:
天气预报 摄氏度 晴朗 阴天
下雨 下雪 有雾 霜冻
微冷 有风 潮湿 干燥
雷雨 温暖 炎热 寒冷
3. Translate the following sentences:
Gracie: It’s a lovely day out today, isn’t it?
Devin: It’s beautiful. Enjoy it while it lasts. It’s supposed to get cold tomorrow.
Gracie: What’s the weather forecast for tomorrow?
Devin: It’s supposed to snow early tomorrow morning and then tomorrow afternoon there’s a chance of freezing rain.
Gracie: That doesn’t sound pretty.
Devin: Do you have any plans for tomorrow.
Gracie: Well, I was going to drive to Birmingham to see some friends. Devin: You might want to change your plans. With the cold and wet weather that
we’re supposed to have tomorrow, the roads are going to be rather slippery. Gracie: I suppose I should. I don’t like driving in dangerous weather conditions. Do you have any plans for tomorrow?
Devin: I just have to go to class tomorrow afternoon. Gracie: If you’re lucky, it’ll get cancelled and you can have a snow day! Devin: If that happens, then I’ll invite you over and we can drink hot cocoa and watches movies.
Gracie: That sounds like fun.
Devin: Hey, look outside! It’s started to drizzle.
Gracie: English weather is even more predictable than I had previously thought.
1. What is the weather forecast for tomorrow? 2. Why Gracie might want to change her plan? 3. If the class is cancelled, what will they do? 4. What might be Gracie’s opinion on English weather in the past? Describe the pictures
devoid ~ of sth 缺乏？完全没有
excel ~ in/at doing sth 擅长做某事
till v. 耕作？犁地
primordial 原始的？基本的 onslaught 攻击
clank ；使？发出叮当声 dandified ；贬？打扮得像花花公子的
docile 温顺的？听话的 plod ~ on sth 沉重缓慢行进 locust 蝗虫
villainous 罪恶的？卑鄙可耻的 cataract 大洪水
irrevocable 不可挽回的？不可改变的 vestige 残余
fortify ；精神上？增强 moralize 教化
Do you know who they are?
What do you know about them?
How do you think about the World War II?
Do you know Hitler’s invasion of U.S.S.R.?
Speech on Hitler’s Invasion of U.S.S.R
―The Nazi regime(政权) is indistinguishable from the worst features of
Communism. It is devoid of；缺乏？ all theme and principle except appetite and racial
domination. It excels；擅长？ all forms of human wickedness in the efficiency of its
cruelty and ferocious；残忍的？ aggression. No one has been a more consistent
opponent of Communism than I have for the last twenty - five years. I will unsay no word that I have spoken about it. But all this fades away before the spectacle which is now unfolding. The past, with its crimes, its follies；愚笨？, and its tragedies, flashes
away. I see the Russian soldiers standing on the threshold of their native land, guarding the fields which their fathers have tilled；耕作？ from time immemorial；原
始？. I see them guarding their homes where mothers and wives pray - ah, yes, for there are times when all pray – for the safety of their loved ones, the return of the
bread-winner, of their champion, of their protector. I see the ten thousand villages of Russia where the means of existence is wrung so hardly from the soil, but where there are still primordial；原始的？ human joys, where maidens laugh and children play. I
see advancing upon all this in hideous onslaught；攻击？ the Nazi war machine, with
its clanking；发出叮当响？ , heel-clicking, dandified；打扮得花花公子一样的？
Prussian officers, its crafty expert agents fresh from the cowing and tying down of a dozen countries. I see also the dull, drilled, docile；驯服的？, brutish masses of the
Hun；野蛮的？ soldiery plodding on；沉重缓慢前进？ like a swarm of crawling
locusts；蝗虫？. I see the German bombers and fighters in the sky, still smarting from many a British whipping；鞭打？, delighted to find what they believe is an easier and
a safer prey.
"Behind all this glare, behind all this storm, I see that small group of villainous；罪恶的？ men who plan, organize, and launch this cataract；大洪水？ of horrors
"I have to declare the decision of His Majesty's Government - and I feel sure it is a decision in which the great Dominions will in due concur – for we must speak out
now at once, without a day's delay. I have to make the declaration, but can you doubt
what our policy will be? We have but one aim and one single, irrevocable；不可避免
的？ purpose. We are resolved to destroy Hitler and every vestige；残留？ of the Nazi
regime. From this nothing will turn us – nothing. We will never parley；会谈？; we
will never negotiate with Hitler or any of his gang. We shall fight him by land, we shall fight him by sea, we shall fight him in the air, until, with God's help, we have rid the earth of his shadow and liberated its peoples from his yoke；统治？. Any man or
state who fights on against Nazidom will have our aid. Any man or state who marches with Hitler is our foe... That is our policy and that is our declaration. It follows therefore that we shall give whatever help we can to Russia and the Russian people. We shall appeal to all our friends and allies in every part of the world to take the same course and pursue it, as we shall faithfully and steadfastly to the end....
"This is no class war, but a war in which the whole British Empire and Commonwealth of Nations is engaged, without distinction of race, creed, or party. It is not for me to speak of the action of the United States, but this I will say，if Hitler
imagines that his attack on Soviet Russia will cause the slightest divergence of aims or slackening；减弱？ of effort in the great democracies who are resolved upon his doom, he is woefully；不幸地？ mistaken. On the contrary, we shall be fortified；加
强？ and encouraged in our efforts to rescue mankind from his tyranny. We shall be strengthened and not weakened in determination and in resources.
"This is no time to moralize；教化？ on the follies of countries and Governments
which have allowed themselves to be struck down one by one, when by united action they could have saved themselves and saved the world from this tyranny. But when I spoke a few minutes ago of Hitler's blood-lust and the hateful appetites which have impelled or lured him on his Russian adventure I said there was one deeper motive behind his outrage. He wishes to destroy the Russian power because he hopes that if he succeeds in this he will be able to bring back the main strength of his Army and Air Force from the East and hurl it upon this Island, which he knows he must conquer or suffer the penalty of his crimes. His invasion of Russia is no more than a penalty；惩罚？ to an attempted invasion of the British Isles. He hopes, no doubt, that all this may be accomplished before the winter comes, and that he can overwhelm Great
Britain before the Fleet and air-power of the United States may intervene. He hopes that he may once again repeat, upon a greater scale than ever before, that process of destroying his enemies one by one by which he has so long thrived and prospered, and that then the scene will be clear for the final act, without which all his conquests would be in vain – namely, the subjugation；征服？ of the Western Hemisphere to his
will and to his system.
"The Russian danger is therefore our danger, and the danger of the United States, just as the cause of any Russian fighting for his hearth；家庭？ and home is the cause
of free men and free peoples in every quarter of the globe. Let us learn the lessons already taught by such cruel experience. Let us redouble our exertions(努力), and
strike with united strength while life and power remain. "
1. Use one sentence to summarize the speech.
2. Use one sentence or phrase to summarize each paragraph.
1. Why did Churchill’s side with the Soviet Union since he had always been an
avowed enemy of communism?
2. What policy did Churchill declare Britain would pursue?
3. What, according to Churchill, was Hitler’s motive in invading Russia? Do you
agree with him?
1. I see the German bombers and fighters in the sky, still smarting from many a
British whipping；鞭打？, delighted to find what they believe is an easier and a
2. We shall be strengthened and not weakened in determination and in resources. 3. Let us redouble our exertions, and strike with united strength while life and power
1. He wishes to destroy the Russian power because he hopes that if he succeeds in
this he will be able to bring back the main strength of his Army and Air Force
from the East and hurl it upon this Island, which he knows he must conquer or
suffer the penalty of his crimes. 2. If your boss is opposite with you on the above
case, how will you persuade her?
2. He hopes that he may once again repeat, upon a greater scale than ever before,
that process of destroying his enemies one by one by which he has so long thrived
and prospered, and that then the scene will be clear for the final act, without which
all his conquests would be in vain – namely, the subjugation；征服？ of the
Western Hemisphere to his will and to his system.
Features of speech
Purpose of speech: arouse the passion of audience, win their support Syntax;句法；
1) Periodic sentence(圆周句)
a) The past, with its crimes, its follies, and its tragedies, flashes away.
b) Any man or state who fights on against Nazidom will have our aid.
c) If Hitler imagines that his attack on Soviet Russia ...... he is woefully mistaken.
Try to write a periodic sentence
2) Rhetorical question (or interrogation)；反义疑问句？
... but can you doubt what our policy will be?
Try to write a rhetorical question
3) Parallel structure；排比？
a) we shall fight him by land, we shall fight him by sea, we shall fight him in the air
b) Let us learn the lessons already taught by such cruel experience.
Let us redouble our exertions . . .
Try to write a parallel structure
From this nothing will turn us —nothing.
but this I will say
Try to write an inversion.
We have but one aim and one single, irrevocable purpose.
He has so long thrived and prospered.
We will never parley, we will never negotiate . . .
Try to write a repetition