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Chicago Manual Style

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Chicago Manual Style

    Chicago Manual Style

1) Indirect Quotation:

    Even Einstein recoiled from the implication of quantum mechanics that

    1reality is an illusion.

2) Direct Quotation

     A). Quotations run into text (段中引文): Direct quotations that do not

    exceed 40 words (about four typewritten lines) should be run into the text and enclosed in double quotation marks, as in the following example:

Curtiuss term the Latin Middle Ages covers a range of Roman legacies,

    including the share of Rome, of the Roman idea of the state, of the

    4 Roman church, and of Roman culture.

B) Quotations set off from the text (提引文): a direct quotation of more

    than 40 words (about four typewritten lines) should be set off from the text by indention and double-spaced. For dissertations and theses, however, single-spacing may be preferred because it more closely resembles a printed format. Set-off quotations are not enclosed in quotation marks.

     Set-off paragraphs should be indented ten spaces(十个字母的缩进).

    Indicate paragraphing of the original by indenting another three spaces. For introductory sentences, the colon is replaced by a period in modern usage except where formal introductory words such as thus and following

    are included.

Raymond Williams explains that the word career has all but lost its

    original meaning.

     Career is now so regularly used to describe a persons

    progress in life, or, by derivation from this, his profession or

    vocation that it is difficult to remember, in the same context,

    its original meaning of a racecourse and a gallopthough in

    some contexts, as in the phrase careering about, these

    survive.

    5 Career appeared in English

You may combine direct and indirect quotation.

Einstein wanted to believe that quantum mechanics was a mathematical

    1 trick.

Designation of Notes in the Text ;引文中上标的正确位置;

    The best placement of the numbers is at the end of a sentence or at the end of a clause. The number goes outside all punctuation except the dash, and it should not be underlined, circled, or followed by a period.

Incorrect: Robert Heilbroner explains that the profit motive as we

    1know it is only as old as modern man.‟”

    Correct: Robert Heilbroner explains that the profit motive as we

    1 know it is only as old as modern man.‟”

    1Incorrect: Robert Heilbroner explains that the profit motive

    Correct: The profit motive as we know it is only as old as modern

    1man,‟” according to Robert Heilbroner.

Incorrect: The profit motive as we know it is only as old as modern

    1man‟”—ancient civilizations did not have that concept. Correct: The profit motive as we know it is only as old as modern

    1man‟” ancient civilizations did not have that concept. Correct: The profit motive as we know it is only as old as modern

    1man‟”:ancient civilizations did not have that concept.

    Format of Notes/ Endnotes

    1) First reference and subsequent reference;首次引用与后续引用;

     First reference 2. Leonard Shatzkin, In Cold Type: Overcoming the

    Book Crisis (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1982), 45.

     3. Benjamin Woolley, Virtual Worlds: A Journey in

    Hype and Hyperreality (Cambridge, England: Blackwell,

    1992), 100.

    Subsequent reference

    4. Shatzkin, 45-47.

    5. Woolley, 81.

    6. Shatzkin, 45.

    2) Subsequent reference to more than one work by an author:

     10. Vaclav Havel, Keeping the Faith: Summer Meditations (New

    York: Knopf, 1990), 15.

     11. Vaclav Havel, Living in Truth (New York: Knopf, 1987), 43.

     12. Havel, Keeping the Faith, 43.

     13. Havel, Living in Truth, 72.

3) Subsequent references to work with more than one author:

    th 14. Cleanth Brooks and Robert Penn Warren, Modern Rhetoric, 4

    ed. (New York: Harcourt, 1979), 56.

     15. Brooks and Warren, 89.

     16. Janice M. Lauer et al. , Four Worlds of Writing (New York:

    Harper and Row, 1981), 77.

     17. Lauer et al. , 80.

    Examples of Endnote Forms and Bibliography Forms Books

    Basic form

     1. Hazel Henderson, Paradigms in Progress: Life beyond Economics (Indianapolis: Knowledge Systems, 1992), 62.

Henderson, Hazel. Paradigms in Progress: Life beyond Economics.

    Indianapolis: Knowledge Systems, 1992.

Two authors

     2. Wendy Simonds and Barbara Katz Rothman, Centuries of

    Solace: Grief in Popular Literature (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1992), 35.

Simonds, Wendy, and Barbara Katz Rothman. Centuries of Solace: Grief

    in Popular Literature. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1992.

Four or more authors

     3. William Mc Pherson et al. , English and American Literature: Sources and Strategies for Collection Development (Chicago: American

    Library Association, 1987), 67.

    McPherson, William, Stephen Lehmann, Craig Likness, and Marcia

    Pankake. English and American Literature: Sources and Strategies

    for Collection Development. Chicago: American Library

    Association, 1987.

Journals

     42. Simon Gaunt, The Significance of Silence, Paragraph 13 (1990): 204.

    Gaunt, Simon. The Significance of Silence. Paragraph 13 (1990):

    202-16.

Magazines

     47. Daniel Kleppner, About Benjamin Thompson, Physics Today, Sept. 1992, 9.

    Kleppner, Daniel. About Benjamin Thompson. Physics Today, Sept. 1992, 9-10.

Dissertations

     50. Carmen Virgili, Literature of the Spanish Civil War (Ph. D. diss. , New York University, 1990), 22.

    Virgili, Carmen. Literature of the Spanish Civil War. Ph. D. diss. , New

    York University, 1990.

    Online journal article with print equivalent

     67. Margaret Jacobson, Pregnancy and Employment: Three Approaches to Equal Opportunity, Boston University Law Review 68

    (Nov. 1988): 1019, on-line, available from LEXIS Library @LAWREV File: ALLREV

    Jacobson, Margaret. Pregnancy and Employment: Three Approaches to

    Equal Opportunity. Boston University Law Review 68 (Nov. 1988):

    -25. On-line. Available from LEXIS Library @LAWREV File: 1019

    ALLREV

Electronic texts

     40. William Shakespeare, The Tempest, on-line, available from FTP@du.edu.think.com Directory: Gutenberg/shake/Comedies/Tempest

Shakespeare, William. The Tempest. On-line. Available from

    FTP@du.edu.think.comDirectory:Gutenberg/shake/Comedies/Tem-

    pest

中文参考文献

    1 Bao Huinan 包惠南 and Bao Ang 包昂, Zhong Guo Wen Hua Yu Han Ying

    Fan Yi 中国文化与汉英翻译( Chinese Culture and Chinese-English

    Translation)(Beijing: Foreign Language Press, 2004), p. 140.

    Bao Huinan 包惠南 and Bao Ang 包昂. Zhong Guo Wen Hua Yu Han Ying Fan Yi

    中国文化与汉英翻译( Chinese Culture and Chinese-English Translation).

    Beijing: Foreign Language Press, 2004.

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