ECArTE was founded in 1991 and currently comprises between 28 and 32 member institutions
from 13 European countries.
The Consortium‟s work includes:
- Creating stronger European links in the Arts
Therapies through the international exchange of
staff and students. r
- Promoting research into methods of Arts
Therapies practice within Europe. European Consortium for Arts Therapies Education
- Working towards opportunities for international study in Arts Therapies training
- Promoting recognition of qualifications in the Arts Therapies at a European level.
- Supporting the development of appropriate and academically recognised, nationally validated
Higher Education courses for the Arts Therapies.
- Offering opportunities for professional communication at its international conferences.
ECArTE is a Consortium of Universities and
Higher Education Institutions.
Its primary purpose is to represent and
encourage the development of the arts therapies
at a European level, particularly the courses
offering nationally validated and professionally
recognised training for Arts Therapists.
(For the purpose of the Consortium, Arts
Therapies include Art Therapy, Dance-movement
Therapy, Dramatherapy and Music Therapy).
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European Network curriculum development, staff and student
exchange. ECArTE is member to develop recognize - Access to curriculum and syllabus details of standard. It is working towards establishing courses within member institutions. mutual recognition and compatibility in - The opportunity to become part of a network for educational and vocational training for Arts developing Arts Therapies education in Europe. Therapists within the Europe. European Credit - Attendance at regular General Assembly Transfer System (ECTS) as a vehicle for meetings within Europe. developing and maintaining shared standards. - Reduced rates when attending ECArTE events. ECArTE was established with the support of - An established network for research purposes. ERASMUS. - Use of the ECArTE logo and recognition in all publicity and course marketing. Basic criteria for training as an Arts Therapist
ECArTE Membership The General Assembly of ECArTE has drawn
up the following broad and minimum criteria for Applications for Full Membership are invited initial training as an Arts Therapist: from nationally recognised Higher Education The university training should consist of a Institutions providing validated courses which minimum of four years‟ study (1250 or more study meet the basic criteria for initial training as an Arts hours per year). At least one year should focus Therapist agreed by ECArTE. exclusively on specialisation in the Arts Therapies, The second category of membership, i.e. ART THERAPY, DANCE-MOVEMENT Associate Membership, is available for THERAPY, DRAMATHERAPY or MUSIC appropriate institutions seeking to develop THERAPY. courses in this field and which can thereby benefit
from the experience and expertise offered by the Training should include:
Consortium. Normally Associate Membership will - the development of artistic skills
be granted for a maximum of four years following - the study of Arts Therapies theories
which it is anticipated that they will apply for Full - the study related scientific studies
Membership. - supervised clinical practice
The third category, Partner Membership, may - therapeutic experiential work courses should
be given to institutions of Higher Education/ lead to a specific award either in Art Therapy,
Universities that do not qualify for either Full or Dance-movement Therapy, Dramatherapy or
Associate Membership but that hold a legitimate Music Therapy.
partnership involving the Arts Therapies with a
Full Member of the Consortium. By „Legitimate The benefits of ECArTE Membership
Partnership‟ we mean a formally agreed ECArTE is a means of promoting and contractual arrangement – (e.g. a franchise developing, at an international level, the standard arrangement), within the area of Arts Therapies and quality of Arts Therapy education offered by education/ training. member institutions. It also provides member The Consortium also provides a consultancy institutions with a range of benefits: service for institutions wishing to develop Arts - Enhanced opportunities for grants from the EC Therapies training. bureaux (such as ERASMUS/Socrates) for
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Introduction to the directory
This booklet provides country by country profiles of Arts Therapies Education training programmes offered by ECArTE Member
Institutions. It gives the current perspective on Professional Arts Therapies training across the European Community in terms of professional practice and professionalisation.
You will be able to find out:
- which institution offers which course of studies, as well as which areas the programme
- what Art Therapy qualifications are available - the duration of the various courses of study - syllabuses and goals of the various courses of study
Although we have found some common
ground through intense discussions on a real process of convergence, much remains to be done on a European scale, primarily in the following areas:
- setting up membership-wide training standards. - standardising course and curriculum information for prospective students.
- establishing standards for inter-institutional credential equivalencies which correspond to the course work of individual students in their member country institution.
- job mobility throughout Europe for professionals in the field.
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The Master Training Program at the Lemmensinstituut stands for a broad European
orientation. Four times a year a visiting professor from another European country is invited to give
workshops and seminars on specific topics. Specialists from abroad come to inform of their
research results during the annual national congress „Music and Psychiatry‟. Since 2005 the
Lemmensinstituut took the initiative to bring together in an annual symposium the different
European research centres for psychoanalytically informed music therapy. Students participate
actively in exchange programs and organise annually their own European meeting. In 1998 the th European Music Lemmensinstituut hosted the „4 Therapy Congress‟.
Flanders: The “Beroepsvereniging Muziektherapie” Professional context of Art Therapy (Professional Association of Music Therapy)
The two officially recognised training assembles professional music therapists in order centres for Arts Therapies in Belgium are both to guarantee the application of the European located in Flanders (the Dutch speaking part of standards for recognition and to establish a Belgium). The Lemmensinstituut in Leuven is structure of supervision and permanent education. organising a master training program in music-The association works to develop interdisciplinary therapy and the Provincial Hogeschool Limburg a communication and to disseminate information „bachelor after bachelor‟ in art-therapy. Both through a bi-annual journal.
training programs are psychoanalytically informed. The “Nationale Vereniging voor
This embedment in psychoanalysis is Orthoagogische Muziekbeoefening” (National explained by the traditional openness of Association for Orthoagogic Music Practice) was psychoanalysis for the arts and by the intensive established in 1991 to bring together the many theoretical thinking concerning the relationship practitioners who work with disabled people and between art and psyche within the Belgian use music as an ortho(ped)agogic medium. psychoanalytic societies (Belgische School voor The foundation „Music and Therapy‟ was Psychoanalyse/Ecole Belge de Psychanalyse and founded in 1995 and involves the official training the Gezelsxhap voor Psychoanalyse en of music therapy at the „College of Science and Psychotherapie). This approach emphasizes the Art‟, campus Lemmensinstituut, and experts in autonomy of the arts and avoids to consider the legal and financial aspects. It aims at the study artistic practice as only a mean to attempt and research of the psychological components of therapeutic goals. music and musical experience and especially of their therapeutic implications.
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„L‟Association pour la Recherche,
l‟Education et l‟Application de la Musicothérapie‟ (The Association for Research, Education and Application of Music Therapy - A.R.E.A.M.) is in charge of a private training program for the French speaking candidates. It is also organising workshops and lectures and collaborates more and more with its Dutch speaking counterpart.
Master in Music Therapy at the „College of Science and Art‟, campus Lemmensinstituut in
Leuven (Association with the Katholieke
Since 1993 the College has offered a training course leading to a Master‟s Degree in Music Therapy. This full-time education takes 5 years and is organised in cooperation with the University of Leuven. It is the only official training for music therapists in Belgium, recognised by the government.
The Lemmensinstituut is a conservatoire
with a very high reputation and level of training for performing musicians, composition, art of speech, pedagogy of music and music therapy. The Bachelor students in music therapy are required to have a good knowledge of music and good musical skills. The general musical atmosphere and the presence of leading musicians creates the opportunity for the students to take courses with famous performers and music specialists. imprimé le 11.01.05 5
The practicum‟s during the last two years COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND ART th year) take place in the (9 months in the 5LEMMENSINSTITUUT LEUVEN University Centre St.-Jozef in Kortenberg. This in collaboration with Kathlieke University of Centre with a very long tradition in the practise of Leuven the Arts Therapies, has a department for music Master of Music Therapy therapy with educational facilities and has qualified music therapists who provide weekly Entry requirements supervision. Higher education certificate. The program concludes with a Master‟s Entrance exam consisting of a music exam and thesis. interviews. Special attention paid to personal Courses: motivation and psychosocial skills. Only 10 Theory of Music Therapy: Bases and students are accepted. Principles of Music Therapy. History of Music Candidates are requested to spend a month in Therapy. Music Therapy in psychiatry. Music a psychiatric or similar institution to Therapy in child psychiatry. Orthoagogic music familiarise themselves with the clinical practice. Theory of methodological work situation. (observation, assessment, diagnosis, treatment plan, evaluation). Research methodology. Duration of Studies Music Therapeutic Methods: General
basic techniques and methods of active Music 5 years: 3 Bachelor and 2 Master. Therapy. Study of Clinical Therapy Course Content Study of case material (with case-
The Bachelor years provide a broad basic description and presentation)
training. The development of the artist is Literature search seminars.
especially accentuated, which enables the future Project learning: Four times a year a
music therapist to speak through and to fully visiting professor from abroad is invited to give understand the language of music. From the third workshops and seminars during one week on year onwards the accent is put on the use of specific topics (i.e. group dynamics, autism, music in a clinical and therapeutic context. musical improvisation, different music therapeutic
During the Master years there is a models).
harmonious balance between music and Music Studies: Improvisation: piano, psychotherapy. Specific music therapy and guitar, percussion, voice and another melodic psychotherapy courses are taught at the instrument individually and in group. Clinical Lemmensinstituut, while the more general application of music in Music Therapy. theoretical courses are given at the University of Instrumental/vocal skills. Monodic instrument. Leuven. Song and choir. Keyboard musicianship.
It is mandatory that the students engage Psychology of music. Music and society. History in a minimum of two years individual therapy and of art and music. Composition. Practical and two years of group therapy. theoretical harmony. Musical analysis. Music and
Because it is a lateral process only 10 movement. Philosophy of music.
candidates are admitted per year.
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Medical and related studies: psychiatry
and psychopathology, orthopedagogy, child
psychiatry, models of psychotherapy, general and developmental psychology, psychoanalysis, psychotherapy, deontology/ethics, institutional psychotherapy, organisation of health and welfare, clinical practice, supervision.
Assessment: Annual exams. At the end of
the fifth year the student should prepare a final thesis which s/he will present to a board of examiners. This thesis includes a theoretical as well as a connected practical section.
Jos De Backer / Jan van Camp (coordinators) Hogeschool voor Wetenschap en Kunst
B - 3000 Leuven
Tel: 0032 16/ 23 39 67
Fax: 0032 16/ 22 24 77
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The Senate of the University of Zagreb has established the committee for recognition of
diplomas in art therapies, acquired by the candidates at university studies abroad. However,
the possibility of education in the field of art therapies within undergraduate and postgraduate
studies does exist – within interdisciplinary studies of applied educational and rehabilitation sciences
at the University of Zagreb. There are also other levels of additional education programs in art
therapies out of the university, however with different programs and values.
The experts in various disciplines – employed with different institutions, clinics,
rehabilitation centres – apply art therapy within their basic profession. Or these are the art
therapists who have been recognised as practitioners, depending on their education.
Various forms of art therapies are applied as complementary supportive approaches in the
protection and maintenance of mental and Professional context of Art Therapy
physical health, as well as in various fields of The terms (synonyms) such as art therapy, education, diagnostics, treatment and creative art therapy, art psychotherapy and rehabilitation. expressive art therapies imply specific Every other year, with the support of the professional fields in a broader sense: music Ministry of Science and other supporters from therapy, dance – movement therapy and body Croatia and abroad, our Department organises symbolisation, drama therapy and psychodrama, international symposia under the title Art and art (painting) psychotherapy, creative therapy, art Science in Life Potential Development, which sophrotherapy… include also various topics in the field of art
therapies. There are no defined programs of studies Mise à jour en 2004 on the basis of which it would be possible to
acquire a diploma in the field of art therapies
recognised on the university level. However, there
are certain efforts aimed at creation of studies
programs for this field. It is considered that for that
purpose specific courses should be established,
through which the students would be enabled to
acquire the knowledge in biomedical, humanistic,
social and other studies, as well as in various
fields of arts. This is also one of the criteria for the
evaluation of professional competencies of art
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the dance studio of the “Komedija” theatre and UNIVERSITY OF ZAGREB
other institutions. Undergraduate Studies (four-year studies)
Following contemporary trends of Education in the Field of Art Therapy
European universities, the creation of studies
programs for a separate professional orientation – Within the undergraduate (four-year)
Art Therapies – is under way. Discussions are studies in applied educational and rehabilitation being held on new programs of studies and sciences, through compulsory and elective
professional orientations. There are some courses, the students may acquire the knowledge suggestions that the basic professional title and skills in various fields of art therapies. In that obtained with the diploma after four-year way they are given an opportunity to improve their undergraduate studies should be supplemented basic professional identity (bio-psychosocial with the title of professional orientation, e.g. clinician, rehabilitation expert, sophrologist, Remedial Educator – Art Therapist, Sophrologist – remedial educator, psychotherapist…).
Art Psychotherapist… In this way the degree of The students interested in art therapies
university education would be more precisely may take different courses, such as Neurology, denoted, as well as the recognised field of Developent Psychology, Psychopathology,
professional competencies of art therapists with Creative Therapy, Clinical Training in Creative different specialisations. Therapy, Methods of Clinical Assessment etc.
Creative Therapy, for instance, is defined as an Postgraduate Studies integrative somatotherapeutic and
psychotherapeutic concept, and the course (two- and three-year studies)
includes the fields of painting therapy, dance – The candidates may acquire the movement therapy, drama and psychodrama, professional title of M.A. (Master of Science) or various models of psycho-physical relaxation, Ph.D. guided imagery etc. This course is offered to third The first postgraduate studies in the field and fourth year students. Clinical practice in this of motor disorders, chronic diseases and art field is conducted at specialised centres, therapies started in 2003. The studies included psychiatric clinics, clinics for physical medicine the students who already graduated from some of and rehabiliation, clinics for oncology, children the faculties or colleges (School of Medicine, centres etc. The students in their fourth year of Faculty of Philosophy – Humanities, art studies, interested in this field, prepare their academies etc.) and are interested in various graduation theses, based on their studies in fields of psychosocial rehabilitation, remedial literature and research, under supervision within education, psychotherapy, art therapies and the clinical training. The final graduation exam sophrology. These are medical doctors, takes place publicly, before a committee physicians, pedagogists/educators, rehabilitation consisting of three university professors. During experts of different orientations, as well as the studies, the students interested in this field are graduates from music and art academies. offered the benefits of cooperation with the The concept of postgraduate studies in Academy of Fine Arts and the Music Academy – this field is based on the results of research University of Zagreb, the Centre for Drama conducted for a couple of years within several Education of the Zagreb Youth Theatre projects supported by the Ministry of Science and (“ZeKaeM”), the Croatian Music Therapy Society, the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Croatia. the Psychiatric Clinic and other clinical institutions,
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creativity in man. ?...In the light of contemporary The realisation of the program has
holistic approaches, the application of a foreseen also cooperation with related university biopsychosocial model is presented in the field of and clinical institutions abroad (exchange of prevention of mental health, education, lecturers, student exchange, joint research
diagnostics, treatment and rehabilitation. From the projects etc.). The modul of studies in art therapy epistemological point of view, art and science are with a set of elective and compulsory courses has presented on the same path in the discovery and been prepared in line with contemporary
support of developmental potential of life. While, evaluational criteria based on the European Credit on the one hand, the hierarchical relations in Transfer System. Some of the postgraduate
science are manifested in the development of courses are the following: Neuropsychophysiology traditional and new scientific disciplines, in the of Music; Visual Expression and Aesthetic
constant discovery of enigmas of man and the Message; Multivariant Analyses in Creative
world, the primeval and magical power of various Therapy and Art Therapy; Evaluation of Voice
forms of art, on the other hand, constantly enters Perturbations; Sophorology; Psychosomatics and the metaphysical field of experience, as a form of Complementary Supportive Therapies; Music and vital energy and self-realisation of an Music Psychodrama…
Enrolment Criteria During the studies, the students, their
mentors, clinicians of various specialisations, are Pursuant to the Statutes, eligible for these given the opportunity to discuss various aesthetic postgraduate studies are all candidates who transcultural, philosophical and deontological previously graduated from a faculty or college in issues regarding the development and changes in the field of biomedical, humanistic or social the paradygm of the discipline, i.e. regarding the studies, from the Academy of Fine Arts or the development of professional identity and Music Academy – University or Zagreb, as well as professional orientations in the field of art those who graduated abroad. The candidates therapies. For the purpose of further development interested in art therapies who have not graduated of this field, cooperation has been established the interdisciplinary studies in educational and with related institutions on the level of the rehabilitation sciences are obliged to take European Consortium for Arts Therapies additional courses and corresponding exams Education (ECArTE). during their first year of postgraduate studies, according to the Statutes. Contact Address
Course Background and Philosophy Department of Motoric Disturbances, Chronic
Diseases and Art Therapies The concepts of different art Faculty of Education and Rehabilitation Sciences psychotherapeutic approaches and education of UNIVERSITY OF ZAGREB experts within the interdisciplinary studies at the Pročelnik/ Head: Prof. Dr. Miroslav Prstačić undergraduate and postgraduate studies are Kušlanova 59a, Zagreb, CROATIA based on various theoretical approaches: the bio-Tel. ++ 385 1 2338-022 psychosocial model, aspects of existential Fax ++ 385 1 2329 - 950 philosophy, philosophy and pedagogy of art, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org psychoanalytical principles of anthropological Mise à jour en 2004 structures of imagination and the process of
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