By Sam Garcia,2014-07-11 10:25
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    Robert Baldwin , 2008 [section on Italy is most developed]

The nine best general museums are National Gallery (London); Louvre (Paris); Kunsthistorisches

    Museum (Vienna); Hermitage (Leningrad); Dahlem Museum (Berlin); Uffizi (Florence); Vatican

    (Rome); Prado (Madrid); Rijksmuseum (Amsterdam).


    Vienna Kunsthistorisches Mus. (15-18 c.); Gemäldegalerie der Akademie der bildenden Kunst (Old Masters); Lichstenstein

    Museum (Old Masters, esp. Rubens); Belvedere Schloss (19-20 c. Austrian); Leopold Museum (Schiele, Klimt, &



    Best Flemish 15-6th century are Koninklijk Museum (Antwerp) and Musee Royal des Beaux Arts (Brussels)

     thAntwerp Koninklijk Museum (16-17 c. Flemish); Antwerp Cathedral (Rubens); van den Bergh Museum (16).

Brussels Musée Royal des Beaux Arts (15-17 c. Flemish). Don’t miss Horta House, an Art Nouveau masterpiece.

    Ghent San Bavo (Van Eyck’s Ghent altarpiece); Van Dyck, Crucifixion in S. Michael’s Church

    Bruges Groningen Museum (small with some great works by Van Eyck and Hugo, 15 c. Dutch); Memling Mus.


    Copenhagen Royal Mus. (15-19 c.); Glyptothek (classical, 19 c. French); Thorvaldsen Mus.


    London National Gall.; British Mus.; Tate Gall. (19-20 c., Turner); Courtauld Institute Gall. (19 c. Fren.); Wallace Coll. (17-18 c. Fren.); Victoria & Albert Mus. (sculpt., decor. arts, Constable); Royal Coll. at Buckingham Palace (15-17 c.); Royal Academy of Arts (academic art)

Cambridge Fitzwilliam Mus. (ancient-19 c.)

Oxford Ashmolean Mus. (ancient-17 c.)

Liverpool Walker Art Center (14-19 c. Euro;19-20 c. English)

Smaller museums: Birmingham & Bristol

    FRANCE thParis Louvre; Mus. d'Orsay (Impressionism; Post-Impressionism, 19 sculpture); Mus. Cluny (Lady and Unicorn tapestry cycle; medieval); Orangerie (2 rooms with 8 huge Water Lily murals by Monet); Mus. Marmottan (Monet); Petit Palais (19 c. French); Beau Bourg (20 c.); Mus. Rodin; Maillol Museum; Gustave Moreau Museum, Mus. des monuments francaises (replicas of medieval sculpture)

    Colmar Musée Unterlinden (Grünewald's Isenheim altar); Schongauer Madonna of the Rose Garden (altar in St Martin’s chuerch)

French Chateaus and Villas: Fontainebleau; Versailles, Vaux-le-Vicomte, Chambord,

Smaller good museums: Aix, Avignon, Bourdeaux, Chantilly, Dijon, Lille, Montpelier, Rennes, St. Paul, Strasbourg

Gothic Cathedrals: Notre Dame de Paris, Amiens, Rheims, Chartres, Laon,

Romanesque Churches:

GERMANY (* = built since 1990)

    Best Old Masters: Berlin; then Dresden, Munich. Germany has over 2,000 art museums which show 10,000 exhibitions


    Berlin Dahlem Mus. (15-19 c."); New National Gallery (19-20 c. esp. German, good Romanticism); Schloss Charlottenburg (rococo, Friedrich); Bode Mus. (ancient-18 c.); National Gallery (20 c.); Pergamon Mus. (classical, near-eastern); Brücke Mus. (Ger. Expressionism)

Bremen Modersohn Becker Haus; Kunsthalle (modern)

Cologne Wallraf-Richartz Museum (European painting)

Dresden Gemäldegalerie (major general museum, 14-19 century)

    Frankfurt Staedelsche Kunstinstitut (European painting); Museum für Kunsthandwerk (Richard Meier building)

Hamburg Kunsthalle (modern, good German Romantics)

    Hombroich *Langen Foundation (modern and Asian art museum designed by Taddeo Ando building alone is worth visiting)

Leipzig *Museum der bildenden Künste (15-19 c., good German Romantics)

    Munich Alte Pinakothek (15-18; Ger. Ren.); Neue Pinakothek (19-20); Lenbachhaus und Stadtische Galerie ("Blue Rider" Expressionists); Haus der Kunst, (Expressionism); National Museum (medieval sculpture); Shack Galerie (Ger. Romantics)

Seebull Nolde Mus. (Seebull, 2 miles north of Niebull, car is necessary)

Smaller good museums: *Baden-Baden (Richard Meier building), Braunsweig (good Northern Baroque including Rembrandt’s

    late Family Group), Darmstadt, *Dusseldorf, Essen, Hannover, Karlsruhe, Kassel (Northern Baroque) , Nuremberg, *Stuttgart th(19-20)


    Athens National Mus. (ancient Greek); Acropolis Mus. (ancient Greek)

Delphi Delphi Mus. (ancient Greek)

    ITALY (4 best painting collections: Uffizi, Villa Borghese, Museo Capodimonte, Brera) Note: Italian churches are usually open 9-noon and 3-6 PM. Basilica churches in Rome are generally open all day. If you are

    staying in any city for more than 4 days, get a week pass (abbondamento settimanale) at any news stand, valid for all metro and buses. You save a lot and avoid lines to buy tickets. Don’t forget to stamp your pass the first time you use it. For longer stays, consider a month-long abbondamento.

Rome *Vatican Museums [Michelangelo’s Sistine Chapel; three rooms of Raphael frescos, museum of classical sculpture with

    Laocoon, Apollo Belvedere, etc., museum of Early Christian art]; *Pantheon(also great at night for café dining / drinks); *St. Peters (with Michelangelo’s Pieta and dome, Bernini’s Longinus and Cathedra Petri; dome offers great view but show up by 8 AM to avoid long elevator lines); *Villa Borghese (16-17 century art, esp. Bernini, Caravaggio, Titian; advance reservations

    required at 06-328-10); S. Ignazio(best Baroque ceiling painting by Pozzo, just E of Pantheon, use light machine); *S. Maria della Vittoria (on Via XX Septembre with Bernini’s Ecstasy of St. Teresa; use light machine); just two blocks W on Via XX

    Septembre at the corner is Borromini’s S. Carlo alle Quattro Fontane and one block further west is Bernini’s S. Andrea al Quirinale (another jewel of Baroque architecture). Borromini’s other great church is S. Ivo alle Sapienza, S of Piazza Navona,

    only open Sunday 9AM to noon. Other great works by Bernini: Ludovica Albertoni Dying (in S. Francesco a Ripa in Trastevere 4 blocks SE of S. Maria in Trastevere) and his two giant angels in S. Andrea del Fratte

*Colosseum; *S. Pietro in Vincoli (with Michelangelo’s Moses); *Campidoglio (Michelangelo’s town square with equestrian

    Marcus Aurelius); Palazzo Barberini (with fine collection of 16-17 century painting and Cortona’s great ceiling fresco); Musei Capitolini (classical art); Palazzo Altemps-Museo Nationale (classical museum just N of Piazza Navona); Palazzo Massimo-Museo Nazionale (classical museum just N of train station); *Piazza Navona (pedestrian traffic only, Bernini’s Fountain of Four Rivers); Trevi Fountain (best very early in the morning, at twilight or night); three Caravaggio churches: S. Luigi dei Francesi (Matthew cycle, just E of Piazza Navona); S. Maria del Popolo (Conversion of Saul, Crucifixion of Peter); S. Agostino (Madonna del Loreto, just N of Piazza Navona); Villa Farnesina (Raphael’s fresco cycle on Cupid and Psyche and

    more open 9AM 1 PM, 10 min S of St. Peters); Bramante’s Tempietto (beautiful round church don’t miss Sebastiano’s

    ust below Quirinal Dioscuri Flagellation in adjoining church of S. Pietro in Montorio) Reni’s Aurora in Palazzo Pallavicini (j

    on Via XXIV Maggio, first door on left; open first day of each month 10-noon and 3-5)