Red Blood cells

By Rodney Cox,2014-05-09 22:04
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Red Blood cells

Red Blood cells Fish Oogonium

    Epidermal cells Earthworm Primary Oocyte White blood cells Mammal Secondary Oocyte Glial cells Insect Oocyte

    Neurons Snake Spermatogonium HIV Germination Primary Spermatocyte

     Instinct vs. learning Secondary Spermatocyte

    Relative durations of: Haploid Spermatid

    Prophase Diploid Spermatocyte Metaphase Sex chromosomes Pheromones Anaphase Zygote Ecdysones

    Telophase RNA Phytotoxins Interphase Cell cycle Neurotransmitters G1 Cell division Opportunistic organisms G2 Karyokinesis r-strategy organisms S Cytokinesis Sexual maturity Galapagos Finches Mitosis Adult size Convergent Evolution-Filling a Compliment mRNA

    niche Maternal mitochondria Transduction Gene flow populations mixing Translation Transformation Bottleneck Effect-decrease in = sameness Transgenesis Homologypopulation= decrease in gene Prokaryotes Translocation variation=decrease chance to adapt= at risk

    Geographic Isolation Eukaryotes Transplantation Hybrid Sterility-mules Lysosomes Transcription Phototropism Plasma membrane Hormones

    Auxin Endoplasmic Reticulum Melatonin

    Population Cancer Cells Oxytocin

    Ecosystem Oncology Progesterone Community Coenzymes Prolactin

    Organism Metabolic Reactions FSH

    Habitat Facilitate Tracheophytes Predator-Prey relationships Active sites Alternation of generations Ribosome Minerals Dominant gametophyte stage Mitochondrion pH Adaptation to damp Habitats Nucleus Rough ER Vascular Tissues Centriole Temperature/Rxn rate Carbohydrate Production Golgi apparatus Anterior Cleavage

    Pollination Posterior Embryo

    Fertilization Dorsal Yolk

    Pollen tubes Ventral Fission

    Parthenogenesis-development of an Protostomes Cambium

    organism from an unfertilized gamete Coelomate Xylem Seed dispersal Segmentation Endodermis Sperm Radial symmetry Phloem Cytoplasm Bilateral symmetry Pith Adaptations Angiosperms DNA sequences Bony Skeleton Fruit Code Lungs Nourish Amino acid External fertilization Pollinators Essential amino acids Internal Fertilization Inhibit Variations Surface-area-to-volume-ratio Environmental conditions Electrophoresis

    Labile Embedded Enzymatic degradation Plant Embryology Mitochondrial membrane Bind

    Endosperm ATP synthesis Receptors Cotyledon Electron Transport Chain Casparian strip Gastrulation Stable Root cells Gamete fusion Nondisjunction Meristem

    Cell differentiation Meiosis Apical meristem Physiological effects Metabolic processes Abrasive

    Respiratory rate Aerobic cellular respiration Vascular cambium Pulse rate Anaerobic cellular respiration Vascular cylinder Blood pressure Fermentation Starch

    Polymerase chain reaction Krebs cycle Spherical cell Molecular biology Glycolysis Dependent Purify Pyruvic acid Independent DNA sequences Proton gradient Mole

    Human genome Cohesion of water Sub-level phosphorylation Genome Hydrogen bonds Phosphorylation Double fertilization Covalent Alcoholic fermentation Ovule Bonds Yield

    Diffusion Adjacent Photosynthetic Active transport Embryonic layers Photorespiration Aorta Vertebrate Atmosphere Nephron Neural tube Stomatal openings Small intestine Epidermis Calvin cycle Capillary Ectoderm Polar bodies Alveolus Digestive organs Genetic Variability Cerebral hemisphere Endoderm Vertebrates Medulla oblongata Notochord Meiosis I Corpus callosum Kidneys Meiosis II Cerebellum Skeletal muscle Loci

    Hypothalamus Mesoderm Genes

    Pituitary Reproductive organs Ratio

    Anterior Pituitary Blood Vessels Gene expression Posterior Pituitary Photosynthesis Dominance Cytokinin Nitrogen Fixation Incomplete dominance\ Abscisic acid Endocytosis Codominance Gibberellin Cerebrum Sex-linked trait Ethylene Metabolic pathways Epistasis Facilitated Diffusion Product White blood cells Protein carriers Catalyst Sickle cell anemia Concentration gradient Transcriptional Regulation Alzheimer disease Cytoskeleton Thermodynamic Regulation Down syndrome Membrane proteins Translational Regulation Cystic Fibrosis Endergonic processes Feedback Inhibition Muscular Dystrophy Hydrolysis Postranslational modification C3 photosynthesis ATP Neurotransmitters C4 photosynthesis Chemiosmosis Depolarization Photolysis Proton (H+) Hyperpolarization CO2 fixation Gradient Postsynaptic membrane Cyclic Phosphorylation Potential Energy Synaptic Cleft Non-cyclic phosphorylation Muscle contraction Vesicles Chemiosmot. phosphorylation

    Thyroxine Jointed Appendages Ammonia Metabolic rate Cytochrome Precipitation Body Temperature FADH2 Surface Runoff Blood vessel constriction NAD+ Evaporation Secretion NADP+ Porosity Epinephrine Oxygen Deforested Circulatory system Memb-bound electron carrier Solute Adrenal Glands Coenzyme Soluble Acetylcholine (ACTH) Electron transfer Leached out DNA ligase Intermediate Calcium DNA polymerase Oxidation Deciduous RNA polymerase The final electron acceptor Watershed Restriction Enzyme Photoautorophic Variable Reverse transcriptase Modification Data

    Synthesis of mRNA Lipids Correlation Okazaki fragments Export Herbicide Telomeres Conversion Application Retroviruses Transport Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium

    Template Endoskeleton Locus Nucleotides Mollusca Chance DNA replication Clam Selection pressure Alleles Octopus Natural selection Independent assortment Oyster Punctuate Equilibrium Probability Degradation Phenotype Genotype Encapsulated bacteria Migration Phenotype Nonencaspulated bacteria Agarose gel Proteins Culture medium Isolate Carbohydrates Extract Purify Nucleic Acids Bacterial colonies Restriction Enzymes Lipids Semiconservative Novel Steroids Double helix Cytolysis Glycogen Mutation Hypertrophy Chitin Replication Hyperplasia Cellulose Contaminated Plasmolysis Glucose Negative control Vacuoles Insulation Positive Control Molarity Buoyancy Transforming Factor Phagocytosis Arctic Titration Dominance Genetic code Sigmoidal Curve Sex-influenced traits Echinoderms Normal distribution Multiple loci Annelids Rate of Reaction Dominant allele Arthropods 3’ and 5’ ends of DNA F1

    Cnidarians Allosteric inhibitor F2

    Chordates Denatured Y chromosome Polyp Turgor pressure X chromosome Medusa Transpiration Autosomal Life cycle Water potential Sex-linked Pharyngeal gill slits Lenticels Lethal Dorsal hollow nerve chord Nitrogen fixing bacteria Deleterious Bottom-dwellers Nitrite Blastula Exoskeleton Nitrate Morula

    Hydrolytic Chyme Endonuclease Bile Terrestrial Digestion

    Diurnal Surface area

    Nocturnal Peristalsis

    Producers Arteries Consumers Veins Decomposers Capillaries

    Food Chain Cytosol Platelets



    Sodium Na+


    Capillary beds

    Deoxygenated blood Right atrium


    Right ventricle Left atrium

    Left ventricle

    Nutrient exchange Pharynx





    Right lung has three lobes

    Water cycle

    CHO 2




    Potasium K+






    Smooth muscle

    Pulmonary artery Immune system






    Nutrient exchange The Circulatory System Small Intestine Large intestine

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