周 次 第 周；第 1 次课 授课时间 2010年 月 日
授课章节 Lesson seven: the greatest invention
本，章(节 课堂讲授，? ( 实践课， ( 教学时数 2课时 授课方式
~1. Introduce background information to students: author, cultural
information, etc. 节
2. New words & expressions. 学
重 1.background information
2. Usage of new words and expressions. 和
1. Preview the text and expressions. 或 作 业
Part one: Warming-up Qs:
• What is science?
• What do you think is the greatest invention?
• What do you think is the image of a scientist? What is the driving force of the scientists to do
• Is science only for science itself?
• What does science benefit us?
• Will science do any harm to human being?
• Science is an imaginative adventure of the mind seeking truth in a world of mystery.
—Sir Cyril Hinshelwood English chemist.
Nobel prize 1956
• Science is the desire to know causes.
—William Hazlitt English essayist
• Science is a great game. It is inspiring and refreshing. The playing field is the universe itself.
—Isidor Isaac Rabi U.S. physicist
Nobel prize 1944
Science is a wonderful thing if one doesn’t have to earn one’s living at it.
The most exciting phrase to hear in science, the one that heralds new discoveries, is not “Eureka!”
(“I found it!”) but rather, “hmm... that’s funny…”
No science is immune to the infection of politics and the corruption of power.
Can you give some examples of terrorism?
Why did they take the terrorism?
How do we respond to the terrorism?
Terrorism has become the systematic weapon of a war that knows no borders or seldom has a
We all have to be concerned about terrorism, but you will never end terrorism by terrorizing
—Martin Luther King III
Everybody’s worried about stopping terrorism. Well, there’s a really easy way: stop participating
Part two: Background information:
Lord Dunsany (July 24, 1878—October 25, 1957) was an Irish writer and dramatist. His full name was Edward John Moreton Drax Plunkett, 18th Baron Dunsany.
Lord Dunsany was educated at Eton College and Sandhurst. He served as an officer during the Boer War and World War I. He was a keen huntsman, and sportsman, and was at one time the chess and pistol champion of Ireland.
His fame arose, however, from his prolific writings of short stories, novels, plays and poetry, reportedly mostly written with a quill pen.
The work of Lord Dunsany must be the foundation of any good library of fantasy and science fiction. His most notable fantasy short stories include:The Gods of Pegana, The Book of Wonder, The Man
Who Ate the Phoenix etc.
His significance within the genre of fantasy writing is considerable.
Quote of the author:
Logic, like whiskey, loses its beneficial effect when taken in too large quantities.
II. Fantasy and Fable
; Fantasy: It is a situation imagined by an individual or group, which does not correspond
with reality but expresses certain desires or aims of its creator.
1. Fantasies typically involve situations which are impossible (such as the existence of
magic powers) or highly unlikely (such as world peace).
2. In literature fantasy is a form of fiction, usually novels or short stories.
3. As a genre, fantasy is both associated and contrasted with science fiction and horror
4. “Fantasy” seems reserved for fiction that features magic, brave knights, damsels in
distress, mythical beasts, and quests.
; Fable: A fable is a short story or folk tale with a moral at the end. It often, but not
necessarily, makes metaphorical use of an animal as its central character. In some cases
usage of the term has been extended to include stories with mythical or legendary elements.
An author of fables is a fabulist.
III. The Caribbean
The Caribbean or the West Indies is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. These islands curve
southward from the bottom tip of Florida to the Northwest of Venezuela in South America. There are at least 7,000 islands, islets, reefs and caves in the region. They are organized into twenty-five
territories including sovereign states, overseas departments and dependencies.
The name “West Indies” originates from Christopher Columbus’ idea that he had landed in India when
he had in fact reached the Americas. The Caribbean consists of the Antilles and the Bahamas and is
part of North America.
IV. Germ Warfare
1. Germ is an informal term for a disease-causing organism, particularly bacteria.
2. Biological warfare, also known as germ warfare, is the use of any organism (bacteria, virus or other
disease-causing organism) or toxin found in nature, as a weapon of war. It is meant to incapacitate or
kill an adversary.
3. Biological warfare is a cause for concern because a successful attack could conceivably result in
thousands, possibly even millions, of deaths and could cause severe disruptions to societies and
economies. However the consensus among military analysts is that except in the context of
bioterrorism, biological warfare is militarily of little use.
教 案 周 次 第 周；第 2 次课 授课时间 2010年 月 日
授课章节 Lesson seven: the greatest invention 本，章(节 课堂讲授，? ( 实践课， ( 教学时数 2课时 授课方式
章1. Lead-in discussion. ~ 节 2. Detailed study of the text.
重 1. Comprehend and translate some of the key sentences;
2.Translate and paraphrase. 和
1. Review sentence paraphrase;
教学内容与组织安排 I. Word Study
1. appeal: v. a. to make a serious request for help, money, information
b. to be attractive or interesting
c. to make formal request to a court
； She appealed to the kidnappers to release her son.
； Does the idea of working abroad appeal to you?
； If you are not satisfied, you can appeal.
appeal n. 恳求；呼吁：吸引力：上诉； 申诉
； appeal for aid
； an appeal to parents to supervise their children
； The film has great appeal for young audience.
； an appeal to the European court of Human Rights 2. fierce: a. very strong; done with very strong feelings and energy
fierce emotions 强烈的感情
fierce attack 猛烈的进攻
fierce competition 激烈的竞争
fierce anger 极度愤怒
fierce look 面目狰狞
fierce tempest 狂风暴雨 3. glory: n. great honor; praise
return with glory 凯旋
in one’s glory 得意之时
go to glory 死；升天
glory to do/in doing sth. 为做某事而自豪
glorify oneself 自夸
a glorious death 光荣的牺牲 4.spur: v. a. to encourage a horse to go faster
b. to incite or stimulate
n. a fact or event that makes you try harder to do sth.
； The rider spurred on to his destination.
； He was spurred on by poverty to commit a crime.
； To him difficulties were simply spurs to endeavor.
； Ambition is an excellent spur for the young.
II. Phrases and Expressions
1. adapt to: to change your ideas or behavior so that you can deal with a new
； Most students have little difficulty adapting to college life.
； When he moved to Canada, the children adapted to the change very well. adapt for: to change sth. so that it can be used in a different purpose
； The materials can be adapted for use with older children.
； You can adapt this fabric for anything from driver’s suit to gloves. 2. be born to do/be sth.: to be very suitable for a particular job, activity, etc.
； She was born to be a dancer.
； He is a person born to lead.
be born with a silver spoon in one’s mouth 生于富贵人家
be born under a lucky star 生来就幸运
born and bred 土生土长
I wasn’t born yesterday. 不要拿我当小孩。
There is one born every minute. 随时有人犯傻。 3. but for: without, if not for
； But for these interruptions the meeting would have finished half an hour ago.
； But for my brother's help, I would not have finished. 4. drive away: to make someone stop wanting sth. or stop wanting to be with
； Increasing prices will only drive customers away.
； Your possessiveness will drive Liz away if you’re not careful. 5. if only: used to express a strong wish
； If only I had a car, I could get out of this place.
； “If only I could see for three days,” said the blind girl. 6. let loose: to let sb. or sth. go free
； You should not let loose your indignation in this way.
； Don’t let your dog loose if there are any sheep around. 7. lose grip on: a. to lose the power and control over
b. to become less able to understand things or deal with them
； The policeman would not lose his grip on the thief.
； Don’t lose your grip on the rope or you’ll fall.
； Are you starting to lose your grip on reality?
be in the grip of sth. 处于不利局势之中
； The forest is still in the grip of winter.
get a grip on oneself 控制自己的感情
； Stop being hysterical and get a grip on yourself.
have a grip on sth. 对某事的控制
； The church no longer has a strong grip on the population. 8. mark off: to make an area separate by drawing a line around it or putting a rope
； We marked off the limits of our lots with stakes.
； The place was marked off as a tennis court.
； Her smiling eyes marks her off from other girls.
9. put into/in:a. to enter a port or harbor
b. to spend time or use energy working or practising sth.
c. to interrupt sb. in order to say sth
； The ship put in a port.
； You have to put in a lot of effort to learn a new language.
； He put in a good word for me.
put across 表达清楚
put away 收拾起来： 存钱
put down 批评某人
put forward 提出
put off 延期
put through 为某人接通电话
10. what if: what would happen if
； What if we move the picture over here?
； It sounds like a good offer, but what if it’s a trick?
11. within one’s grasp: to be able to achieve or attain sth.
； Success is within our grasp now.
； She has an excellent position within her grasp.
beyond one’s grasp 力量达不到
have a good grasp of 深刻了解
in the grasp of 在??????掌握中
keep a firm grasp on 抓紧
Grasp all, lose all. [谚]贪多必失。
Language points (words and expressions)
1. I was tired of looking at the tropical sea, so I went ashore and walked into a tavern to
see if they had any decent wines in that country. (para5)
go ashore: go to the shore
prefix “a-”加在名词、动词、形容词前,构成副词或表语形容词 ； They were walking abreast. (side by side)
； He was standing a few steps apart from them.
； She left the door ajar.，slightly open 半开(
； Many of those visitors came from afar (far away).
decent: acceptable, good enough
； a decent meal/job/house/ hotel decent clothes/ wages
2. When the bottle had been uncorked and the wine poured out, like liquid tropical
sunlight, I watched it go down under that black mustache. (para5) [paraphrase]: The bottle was opened and the wine was poured out. The man with black
mustache drank it up although it was pretty strong, like hot liquid sunlight. liquid: (literacy) clear, shining like water
晶莹的蓝眼睛 liquid blue eyes
3. We aimed at the mastery of the whole Caribbean. (para6)
[paraphrase]: It was our purpose to have complete control of the whole Caribbean. ； The enemy had complete mastery (the status of master or control) of the seas and no
ships could get through.
； Everybody was impressed by her quick mastery (full command of a subject) of those
4. …he was not at all what one would regard as the figure of a soldier. (para11) the figure of a soldier: the kind of person one would expect to see as a soldier, tall and
； You have to watch our diet if you want to keep your figure. shape ； the exact figure number ； both a political and a religious figure person ； to play the figure of a judge character 5. Our Minister … was a cavalry officer and could not adapt his ideas to modern
science. He thought of war simply as an opportunity for cavalry charges and fine
uniforms and glory. (para12)
cavalry charges: rushes to attack the enemy on horseback
； 1. The hotel charged me $50 for a room for the night. (ask in payment) ； 2. Suddenly the wild animal charged at us. (rush to attack)
； 3. He was charged with murder and betrayal. (to accuse formally of a crime) ； 4. The soldiers charged their guns and prepared to fire. (to load) ； 5. He is always charged with strength and power. (to take in the correct amount of
6. “We had to get rid of him in order to fulfill our just aspirations.” (para12) get rid of him: to get him out of the way or remove him from office fulfill our just aspirations: to achieve our just goals
a just ruler a just cause just deserts a just appraisal ； honorable and fair 公正的
； consistent with what is morally right; righteous 正义的
； properly due or merited 应得的
； based on fact or sound reason; well-founded 有根有据的 7. Once, if a nation had twelve battleships it was a Great Power…(para16) [paraphrase]: It refers to the 19th century when colonialists and imperialists pursued
Gunboat diplomacy: the use of a threat or show of armed force by a country to support a
claim, demand, complaint, etc. against another.
8. But what if we know how to let loose a plague capable of destroying whole nations? (para16)
what if: what would happen if
let loose: to let sb. or sth. go free
plague: any disease causing death and spreading quickly to a large number of people ； What if we move the picture over here? 我们把画移到这儿怎么样? ； You should not let loose your indignation in this way. 你不该用这种方式发泄愤慨. ； A great many people have been swept away by the plague.
； That child is a plague of her life.
； The little boy plagued his father by begging over and over to go to the zoo. ； You’ve been plaguing me with silly questions all day!
9. “We looked for a new and deadlier germ.” (para18)
deadly (adj.): very dangerous, likely to cause death
Cf. deadly poison deadly enemy deadly silence
deadly (adv.): deadly serious deadly boring
the seven deadly sins
Those faults in a person's character which are thought to be the cause of all evil actions.
Ranked in order of severity (worst sins listed first) as in Dante's Divine Comedy, the
seven deadly sins are:
1. pride (vanity) — a desire to be important or attractive to others or excessive love of
2. envy (jealousy) —resentment of others for their possessions 嫉妒
3. wrath (anger) — inappropriate (unrighteous) feelings of hatred, revenge 暴怒
4. sloth— laziness; idleness and wastefulness of time 懒惰
5. avarice (covetousness, greed) — a desire to possess more than one has need or use
6. gluttony — wasting of food 饕餮
7. lust — unlawful sexual desire 淫欲
10. “We knew that we had marvelous powers within our grasp, if only Carasierra could
be kept at his work.” (para18)
have sth. within one’s grasp: to be able to achieve or attain sth.
keep sb. at sth.: to force sb. to continue to do sth.
； Success is within our grasp now. 现在我们已有成功的把握了.
； She has an excellent position within her grasp. 她唾手可得一个很好的职位.
； To do exercise once in awhile is not enough. You’ve got to keep at it.
； He keeps at his studies, although he is ill.
； Keep at him for payment.
11. “Always spurred on by a fierce ambition. His very life was devoted to making inventions.” (para20)
spur: to urge sb. to try harder
fierce: very strong
very: used to emphasize a noun e.g. that very day
； He was spurred on by poverty to commit a crime.(刺激(
； To him difficulties were simply spurs to endeavor.(刺激，物()
； Ambition is an excellent spur for the young. 雄心是青年人的一种极好的推动力.
12. “I tried everything: threats, appeals to him to think of our ancient glory, even
bribe (n.): money or sth. valuable given to sb. to persuade him to do sth.
bribe (v.): to pay sb. to persuade him to do sth. Dishonest
bribe sb. (with sth.)/bribe sb. (into doing sth.):
； They bribed the superintendent with cigarettes. 他们用香烟贿赂管理员.
； She was offered a $50000 bribe to drop the charges. 有人用5万元贿赂她,要她撤回控告.
13. “We were so nearly one of the Great Powers but for a fancy that came to this man’s