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Psychology 202 Final Exam Study Guide Winter 2011-02-15

By Todd Burns,2014-05-09 21:57
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Psychology 202 Final Exam Study Guide Winter 2011-02-15

Psychology 202 Final Exam Study Guide: Winter 2011

    ; Know portion of American adults who suffer from a mental disorder in any

    given year.

    ; Multiple definitions of psychopathology

    ; Know that subjective discomfort explains most cases when individuals seek

    voluntary professional help for mental disorders, lack of subjective discomfort

    may reveal psychopathology and the psychopathology does not always

    cause personal anguish

    ; Social nonconformity may either indicate psychopathology or may be a

    “harmless eccentricity”

    ; Abnormality is relative and must take context into consideration ; Abnormal behavior accompanied with maladaptive and loss of control over

    thoughts and behaviors indicates a need for psychological help.

    ; Know system in the US to classify psychological problems (a manual) ; Know important uses of the DSM-IV-TR (including that descriptions of

    disorders are based on empirical data and clinical observations) ; Know disorders that entail psychotic symptoms

    ; Know general characteristics of mood disorders

    ; Know major dissociative disorders

    ; Definition of somatoform disorder

    ; Be able to list personality disorders discussed in text ; Know definition of paraphilias

    ; Know definition of a substance-related disorder

    ; Risk factors for mental disorders

    ; Know impact of support networks, stress levels, and cultural beliefs on

    overall mental health abuse.

    ; Definition of psychotherapy

    ; Know distinctions among insight based, action based, directive/non-

    directive, and supportive types of therapy

    ; Know distinguishing characteristics of positive psychology

    ; Know the role of therapists is multi-faceted and that they seek to restore and

    promote the capacity to forgive oneself for mistakes, adaptive coping skills,

    interpersonal communication skills

    ; Know that a sense of identity, personal automony, and self-control promote

    mental health.

    ; Know who developed the first form of psychotherapy and what he sought

    to treat.

    ; Freud’s theory was based on the belief that neurosis was caused by -

    _____________

    ; Know characteristics of modern psychodynamic therapy

    ; Know emphases of humanistic therapies and know types of humanistic

    therapies.

    ; Know comparisons of psychoanalytic and client-centered psychotherapy ; Definition of unconditional positive regard

    ; Know psych services can be offered via radio, telephone, email and internet

    chats, videoconferencing

    ; Definition of social psychology and what social psychologists study ; Definition of culture

    ; Definitions of social roles, ascribed roles, achieved roles

    ; Understand cognitive dissonance theory

    ; Definition of social influence

    ; Definition of proxemics

    ; Know one function of roles is that they allow us to anticipate the actions of

    others

    ; Know definition of role conflict

    ; Know dimensions of structure and cohesiveness in relation to groups.

    ; Know meanings and significance of in-group and out-group

    ; Know how norms effect groups

    ; Definition of attribution, consistency, distinctiveness

    ; Prosocial and antisocial behavior

    ; Understand need to affiliate and need to affiliate

    ; Understand the basis of social comparison theory

    ; Understand upward comparison and downward comparison

    ; Know characteristics most people look for in friends (from the text) ; Factors that influence interpersonal attraction are ___________________,

    ________________, _____________________.

    ; Know why physical proximity increases attraction ; What is the halo effect and how does it operate

    ; Definition of homogamy

    ; Definition of self-disclosure

    ; What is entailed in social exchange

    ; Romantic love is often marked by _____________________,

    ____________________ and _____________________. ; Define applied psychology

    ; What do industrial/ organizational psychologists study?

    ; Describe/define psychological efficiency and know characteristics of it. ; What is job enrichment?

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