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WTO

By Amber Bradley,2014-07-19 01:47
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WTO

    WTO

SpecialReport

    ;HardToBreDeadlock

    ;QuestionsStillRemain

    ;Duringa1ongpert0darlelltufa1ptoducttradeasaspecialcategorykeptdeviatedfromtherestrictk)nsofGATll’Hl’LIesHowe’ver.theover]lowof

    ;varionsagriculIUlalSU1idesandexport ;subsidesseeJviJre”ircomoetitionfn

    ;internationalagricuhuralproductstrade,and ;thereforefurtherctk)rmbecomesanurgent

    ;needDuetothls.agriculturalnegotiation ;isIstedasthecoreiSSkleofthenewround ;ofWTOnegotiation

    ;Butagriculturalnegotiations0onrather

    ;djmcultMarch2003wimessedSiloha ;scencinGeneva:insidctheWTO

    ;negotiationhall,agriculturalnegotiationis ;infuljwing:outside.aparliamentmereber ;oftheRepublIcofKorc2ahasstarvedseveraI ;daystoopposeopeningagriculturalmarket ;Assoonasheknewthatthenegotiationdid ;notreachanexpectedagreement.heleft ;awayrightnow

    ;FmmJune20to22thisyearaimingat

    ;promoteGenevanegotiation,asmallsized ;informalseniormeetingwillbeheldin ;Egypt,whichisonthe~suesofagriculture, ;nona鼬自l,鳓嬲,Pub1jchealthalld

    ;:tab.

    ;galargeagriculturalcountry’.s()

    ;undnegotiationresultsaremore

    ;anttoUs.Recently,”WTOEconomic

    ;}Periodica1_1undertheVqT0

    ;m~lltoftheMinist0,ofCommerce

    ;nIlyheldafomracaled”Chinas

    ;ltureafteritsWTOentr),&anew ;agricultur~negotiations”Doctor

    ;.

    ;an

;.

    ;oni

    ;,

    ;nter

    ;.

    ;nationa

    ;unci1DeveloPraentResearch

    ;Iparticipatedj8eforumd母攥

    ;.

    ;WhatisthedjvergeReeofviewsin

    ;agriculturalneg0tiatIOns?

    ;Inrecentyears,agriculturaltradedisputes ;havereinalnedlncreas1ngwitl_arisIng ;proportionintradeconflictsNotfewdays ;agoEUattunedAustraltanagricu{turaJ ;productIinportqLlaratlt1liesyste111ot ;“unfair]vprotectintsdomesticmarket”

    ;ThewheatdisputebetweentheUnitedStates ;andCanadattlrnstoWT0disputesolution ;procedureI’heUnitedStatesregardsJapan

    ;alldCh1naasthecountrieswiththemost ;severe~radebarriers

    ;ChenGuoqiangys.becauseagriculture ;jsconcernedwithmostCOnntriesraIu ;safetypeasants’lncome.environmental

    ;protectionandothelstrategicalproblems, ;especiallyinthosedevelopedcountries, ;agriculturehasbecomeasensitivepo1itica

    ;matter.Thus,ineachcountryprotective ;me~umsofdifferentdegreesonagriculture ;areadopted.Anotherresu1tjsthat ;agriculturalproducttradehasra.ngbeen ;beyondtherestrictionsofGATT’srules

    ;GATTtr{edsevcralIImestoPut

    ;agriculturaltradeinloIlsframe.butal

    ;atteraptsBed.Onmeotherhand.severe ;tradebarriersfomeittoimplementreforms ;1n2002.anewroundhiWTOnegotiations ;onagricultureaimingatliberalizQi}gthe ;globalagriculturaltradesystemnitately

    ;wasstartedButafterthatitploahead

    ;widjfficulfiesUntilMarch3J.o03,no

    ;..

    ;Ch

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    ;enGt.mqlan

    ;..

    ;g

    ;

    ;say

    ;.

    ;s

    ;.

    ;ag

    ;.

    ;ricultur,

    ;eissue

    ;吐站mostcomplicatedjntheW0multilateral ;r~gotiationa.,tisintemsbareinterwoven ;together,gothenegotiationdifficmtyis ;biggerthaninanyotherfieldsItinvolves ;tllcacuteeontradictionsbetweenimportand ;eapo~countriesandthesh.arpdiscrepancy ;betweeunewandodmembers.During

    ;enegotiations,eachpartyhoIdadifforem!,~ ;~pi/lionsonthethree-plllar髂鼬m

    ;agncuIttlraIproducttariffredtlction ;domesticsupportandc~portsubsidy ;AagliculturalexportcountriestheUnited ;StatesandCairnsGroupmembersinsiston ;expandingmarketpermissionandreducing ;agriculturalsubsidyuntiltOzeroThey ;proposetoreduceagriculluralproducttariIf ;inalldevelopedmembersto25%.WhileEU ;andJapanemphasizethenontradeaspectin

    ;agricuItureandusellastheexcuseof ;protectingdomesticagricultureanddelaying ;agriculturalproductliberalizationAtpresent, ;thericetariff?1Japanisupto490%andthe

    ;presentbeeftariffjnIheEUis21O% ;Thereforetheystronglyopposefl1emotion ;oftheUnitedStates

    ;TtieUnltedStatesalsoproposesto ;sharply

    ;.

    ;reducedomestica

    ;supportrequestitolimital1embers.ng

    ;domesticsuppnnv~thin5%ofagricultural

    ;grossproductionvaluewithin5years. ;CairnsGroupmembershopetocmdown ;50%agriculturalsubsidiesindeveloped ;countriesandgraduallyeliminatea1

    ;bsidleswithin5years.Thishasmeta ;smongobjectionfromJapanandEU,who ;stressflexibifity

    ;Furthermore,jDtheaspectofexport ;std~idy,theUnitedStatesandCairnsGroup ;~embersuggestcancelingallexport ;~

    ;

    ;die,to51ileanan

    ;CHINASFOREIGNtRADEly21303

    ;

    ;??—-=

    ;

    ;

    ;EUonly’agreetocutdowu4)%onm]elage

    ;ChinastickstofairCOlTlpetition ;Asadevelopingagliculturalcountry’

    ;ChinaCOBldnollmplememthehigh

    ;protection&high—subsidy’policy’Ontile

    ;otherhanditsW’I’OpromisesmakeIcs

    ;agricullurefaceconlpetdionsbothathaole ;andabroadChJUaSagricuhurehasa ;headacheinemployn3entandincomeIts ;FOalketorientationreforillhasnotfinshed. ;yetlIhas0enteranmernatioHa?zatIon ;Pl1raseThisnotonjYinfluCnccsits ;agriculturalproducts,income.priceand ;employment.butalsochallengesChinas ;agriculturaleconomicsystemandpolicy ;AgriculturalissueWaSONCethecorcof ;ChinasWTOentrytalks.andattracted ;extensiveattentionfromhomeandabroad ;WhenitenteredtheWTO,Chinapromised ;toreduceagculturalproducttariff,cancel ;nontartffmeasures,andopenits

    ;agriculturaImarket.Italsopromisedto ;restrictdomesticagricultaralsubsidies, ;eliminateexportsubsidyandregulate ;animalandvegetablesanitationinspection ;Therefore,inexportcompetition,thegoal

;ofChina’sparticipationinthenewround

    ;talkistosharplyreduceoreveneliminate ;expo~subsidy.Indomesticsupport,China ;suggestsgreadycuttingdown”yellowbox”

    ;and’’bluebox’’subsidiesandregulating

    ;“greenbox”subsidy

    ;ButChertGuoq1angaddsthatnot

    ;adoptingallroundsubsidiesdoesnotmean ;thatourcountrygivesupthenecessary, ;supportandsubsidy.Agricultural ;protectionismremainsasacommon

    ;phenomenoninlnternationalsocietyEach ;countryisprudentinopeningitsagricultaral ;marketandreducingagriculturalsubsidies ;ToprovideagriculturewiIn.necessary ;supportisalwaysoneofChina’sstrategl~

    ;measuresOntheotberhand,actively ;participatinginthenewroundnegoti.ati.on ;andwinninganadvantageouspositionfor ;na’sagriculturallproductsisavery

    ;partictlhtrityolagricultureinthedeveloping ;countiies.outheoIherJtai1dltcan ;rigorouslyrequi,cdevelopedcountriesto ;keepIheirpromisesofreducingsubsidies ;andeliminatingvarioustradeburrielsand ;openingtheirmarkettodeve10Ping ;countriesThisbringsatleasttwobenefits ;toChinasagriculturalproducttrade:oneis ;topromotetheeportofChinas

    ;advantageousagriculturaIproducts. ;vegetables.fruits,flowersandanimal ;husbandryproducts.Secondistolimithigh ;a~iculturalsubsidyandunfaircompetition ;indevehipedcountries,andreducethe ;impmtpressureofthekeyagricultural ;productssuchasgrains.

    ;AsanewWT0memberChinaalso

    ;proposestogivespecialtreatmentstonew ;WTOmembers

    ;WheIherthedeadlockcouldbe

    ;broken0rnOt

    ;AtpresentafterI.ncnegotiations.nave ;reachedanimpasse.internationa]society,arc ;railofworriesaboutthenewroundof

;1mNtila.

    ;teralnegotlauonsOnememberof

    ;the酶她dStatestradedelegationsaysmat

    ;SpecialReport

    ;tilelUoncedelayedLlragentalkforlOUl

    ;ycalEThistinitthcirdiscrepancyisno

    ;maIlerthatlbeforc.thel-Cforethe

    ;negotiationismilchlikely’tobcpostponed.

    ;andthedangerofenteringanimpasseis

    ;muchbigger

    ;litaddition,thebenefitsofdeveloping

    ;membersarcscattered.andtheyarevery

    ;weakForexample.Brazil,Argentinaand

    ;ThailandbelongtoCairnsGroup.andthey

    ;areontheUnitedSmmssideinmanyfields.

    ;However,theAmericanpropnsalonly

    ;reflectsitsambitiont0furtherconquelthe

    ;worldmarket.withoutgivinsany

    ;considerationtotheparticularityand

    ;discrepancyofthedevelapingcountries.

    ;ChertGuoqiangpointsoutthatifthe

    ;developingmembersdonotenhancee

    ;eoordinatiolinnegotiation,theirown

    ;benefitswillbefurtherdamaged

    ;Agriculturalnegouationsareal.sounder

    ;theinfluenceofthenegotiationprocessof

    ;otherissues.suchasnOil?agricu1taral

    ;productpermission,intellectualproperty

    ;rcatedtotradeandanti-dumpingetcThese

    ;negotiationsgoonenmoreslowlythtm

    ;thisimpasseisratherdisaplmintingHeeven1heseuslllveagrieulturalissue?Therefore?

    ;thinksthisisanotherexampletoprovetheagreementsOllagriculturalproblemcanool

    ;dcep~ningdiscrepancybel~,eentileUnitedbeformeduntiltheJaslminute. ;StatesandEuropeduringthelraqWar.AnChcnGuoqiangadda,theeWround ;agriculturalexpertofEUalSOoresseshisagriculturalnegotiationhasenl~redintoa ;u.tsappointment.sayingthatm.eWTOemcia:lperiod.Theintemadotlatagi-it~tltrral

    ;ProposalrequiresmoresacrificeonEL]rulesandinternatiohalcompefitioaorderbuilt.

    ;1alnlelNthanltheAmencabdoes.onitwillhaveagreatinfluenceonChin. ;a~

    ;Itpredictablethe60wroandIqolvingagriculturalproblemstWhat’s,wo~

    ;agricultn,i,;alnegotiatkm”,;viiistillhavecom0refenhonisthinTofutnre,1~2ria

    ;exper0

    ;eachI

    ;eflbrlstobringagricultur

    ;f0thetarmaltrackall ;cog.of2004

    ;ChenGuoqiangsays ;mIinonwhetherthe ;;,mplishontime.The ;y

    ;la’sbenefits

    ;!incursofm{

    ;OfChina’s

    ;{,CHI~A’S

    ;m_mu_蚕一_

    ;?w舡三l

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    ;“.?k?矿?

    ;

    ;?m?!

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