Part ? Writing (30 minutes)
Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes) Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the choices marked A), B), C) and D). For questions 8 to10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.
A Few Aspects of American Life
It’s summertime. For many Americans, this is the season to travel. Why? Because school is over and the weather is great. And most of all, they believe they deserve a break. When Americans take a break, they often head for their favorite vacation spot.
Throughout their history, Americans have been people on the move. The early immigrants had to travel to get to the New World. Once they arrived, the settled along
1 获取更多英语四级资料,请登录恒星英语学习网 http://www.hxen.com
the East Coast. But they weren’t content to stay here. Explorers and traders journeyed to the unknown western territories. Later, settlers moved west to develop new areas. As a result of this west movement, Americans eventually occupied the whole continent—from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Even today, Americans seem unable to stay put. Research says that average American moves every five years.
Americans are used to traveling. Some people make long-distance commuting to work daily. Their jobs may even require them to take frequent business trips. Most companies provide an annual vacation for their employees, and people often use that time to travel. Some people just visit friend or relatives in distant states. Some go on low-budget weekend trips and stay in economy motels. Those with more expensive tastes choose luxurious hotels. Camping out in the great outdoors appeals to adventurous types. Some travel in recreational vehicles to camp out in comfort, while others “rough it” by sleeping in tents. Families often plan their trips with the kids in mind. More and more “family friendly” hotels offer special programs for children.
Americans love pets. Many pet owners treat their pets as a part of the family. You might say Americans treat their pets like they treat their children—sometimes even
In America, there are more households with pets than those with children. At least 43 percent of US homes have pets of some sort. Usual creatures, such as monkeys, snakes and even wolves, find a home with some Americans. More common pets include fish, mice and birds. But the all-time favorites are cats and dogs, even at the White House. Americans sometimes have strong feelings about whether dogs or cats make better pets. “Dog people” and “cat people” often enjoy friendly
Many grocery stores in America sell pet foods. Pets can even accompany their owners on vacation. Fancy hotels are beginning to accommodate both man and animal. Animal guests at Four Seasons Hotels can enjoy delicious meals served on fine china and sleep in soft beds.
The average American enjoys having pets around, and for good reason. Researchers have discovered that interacting with animals lowers a person’s blood
pressure. Dogs can offer protection from robbers and unwelcome visitors. Cats can help rid the home of unwanted mice. Little creatures of all shapes and sizes can provide friendship and love. In many cases, having a pet prepares a young couple for the responsibilities of parenthood. Pets even encourage social relationships: they give their owners an appearance of friendliness, and they provide a good subject of conversation.
Pets are as basic to American culture as hot dogs or apple pie. To Americans, pets are not just property, but a part of the family.
“I do.” To Americans, these two words carry great meaning. They can even change your life, especially if you say them at your own wedding. Making wedding
2 获取更多英语四级资料,请登录恒星英语学习网 http://www.hxen.com
promises is like signing a contract. Now Americans don’t really think marriage is a
business deal. But marriage is a serious business.
It all begins with engagement (婚约). Traditionally, a young man asks the father
of his sweetheart for permission to marry her. If the father agrees, the man later proposes to her. Often he tries to surprise her by asking her to marry him in a romantic way.
Sometimes the couple just decides together that the time is right to get married. They may be engaged for weeks, months or even years. As the big approaches, bridal (新娘的) showers and bachelor’s parties provide many gifts. Today many couples also receive counseling during engagement. This prepares them for the challenges of married life.
At last it’s time for the wedding. Although most weddings follow long-held traditions, there’s still room for individualism. For example, the usual place for a wedding is in a church. But some people get married outdoors. A few even have the ceremony while skydiving or riding on horseback! The couple may invite hundreds of people or just a few close friends. They choose their own style of colors, decorations and music during the ceremony. But some things rarely change. The bride usually wears a beautiful, long white wedding dress. She traditionally wears “something old,
something new, something borrowed and something blue”. The groom (新郎) wears a
formal suit. Relatives and close friends participate in the ceremony.
As the ceremony begins, the groom stands with the minister, facing the audience. Music signals the entrance of the beautiful bride. Nervously, the young couple repeats their promises. Traditionally, they promise to love each other “for better, for worse,
for richer, for poorer, in sickness and in health”. But sometimes the couple composes
their own promises. They give each other a gold ring as a symbol of their marriage promise. Finally the minister announces the big moment: “I now pronounce you man
and wife. You may kiss your bride!”
1. What is the top reason Americans travel in the summertime?
A) School is over.
B) They think they deserve a rest.
C) Summer is the season to travel.
D) The weather is great.
2. Every year, most companies _______.
A) require a business trip
B) insist that workers commute
C) have employees travel together
D) provide a vacation for workers
3. Many Americans treat their pets as _______.
A) very usual things
B) very common things
C) their own property
D) their family members
4. According to the passage, some fancy hotels could provide for your pets the
3 获取更多英语四级资料,请登录恒星英语学习网 http://www.hxen.com
following except _______.
A) good accommodation
B) some well-served food
C) a soft bed
D) delicious Chinese meals
5. It’s discovered that interaction with pet animals is good for health as they can help
A) guard against unwelcome visitors
B) catch unwanted mice
C) lower blood pressure
D) keep company
6. Pet can encourage social relationship by _______.
A) acting as basic element to American culture
B) providing a subject for chatting
C) becoming members for the family
D) having a friendly appearance
7. Traditionally, if a young man wants to get married to his girlfriend he is supposed
A) propose to his friend at the right time
B) ask his girlfriend to marry him in a romantic way
C) get the permission of his girlfriend’s mother
D) get the permission of his girlfriend’s father
Part III Listening Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
11. A) He thinks he’s very organized.
B) He doesn’t want to join the display.
C) He doesn’t think he should lead the study group.
D) He knows someone who can lead the study group.
12. A) He doesn’t know where his brother keeps his computer.
4 获取更多英语四级资料,请登录恒星英语学习网 http://www.hxen.com
B) The woman should buy a used computer.
C) He doesn’t know how much computers cost.
D) His brother paid too much for the computer. 13. A) It’s been to warm to wear the jacket.
B) The jacket is too big for him.
C) He doesn’t like cold weather.
D) He didn’t buy the jacket until cooler weather arrived. 14. A) He started the semester in a bad mood.
B) He’s not usually bad-tempered.
C) He has few responsibilities.
D) He doesn’t like the man.
15. A) He forgot to cancel the reservation.
B) They can go to the restaurant after the woman has finished working.
C) He has to work late tonight.
D) They don’t have a reservation at the restaurant.
16. A) Use bleach on his socks.
B) Buy new white socks.
C) Wash his red T-shirt again.
D) Throw away his pink socks.
17. A) He isn’t satisfied with his progress.
B) He wants to move up more quickly than he’s presently doing.
C) He has advance quickly enough in his career.
D) He feels frustrated as he tries to move up the ladder.
18. A) Try on a smaller sweater.
B) Look for another style at a different store.
C) Give the sweater away as a gift.
D) Exchange the sweater for a bigger one. Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
19. A) She's unable to attend the study session.
B) She has seen a doctor recently.
5 获取更多英语四级资料,请登录恒星英语学习网 http://www.hxen.com
C) She's concerned about medical care.
D) She mentions the need for some medical tests. 20. A) To improve the study skills of university students.
B) To suggest changes in the student government.
C) To give people the opportunity to speak with a politician.
D) To discuss graduation requirements for political science majors.
21. A) Graduate school application procedures.
B) Funding for university education.
C) Winning the confidence of voters.
D) Preparing for an important test.
22. A) Tell her what to study for the history test.
B) Write a favorable letter of recommendation.
C) Advise her about how to run an election campaign.
D) Suggest a topic for a research paper.
Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
23. A) Boston schools.
B) Frontier life.
C) Teaching requirements.
D) Immigration patterns.
24. A) She was a famous author.
B) Her family later became famous landowners.
C) She exemplifies the immigrant spirit.
D) She invented some labor-saving farm equipment. 25. A) To the library.
B) To the movies.
C) To a bookstore.
D) To a travel bureau.
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you
will hear some question. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you
6 获取更多英语四级资料,请登录恒星英语学习网 http://www.hxen.com
hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C),and D).
Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard. 26. A) They were drawing pictures. B) They were watching TV.
C) They were making a telephone call. D) They were tidying up the drawing room.
27. A) They locked the couple up in the drawing room.
B) They seriously injured the owners of the house.
C) They smashed the TV set and the telephone.
D) They took away sixteen valuable paintings.
28. A) He accused them of the theft.
B) He raised the rents.
C) He refused to prolong their land lease.
D) He forced them to abandon their traditions.
29. A) They wanted to protect the farmers’ interests.
B) They wanted to extend the reservation area for birds.
C) They wanted to steal his valuable paintings.
D) They wanted to drive him away from the island.
Questions 30 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard. 30. A) Through food. B) Through air.
C) Through insects. D) Through body fluids.
31. A) They ran a high fever. B) They died from excessive bleeding.
C) Their nervous system was damaged. D) They suffered from heart-attack. 32. A) To see what happened to the survivors of the outbreak.
B) To study animals that can also get infected with the disease.
C) To find out where the virus originates.
D) To look for the plants that could cure the disease. Passage Three
Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
7 获取更多英语四级资料,请登录恒星英语学习网 http://www.hxen.com
33. A) To determine whether the Earth’s temperature is going up.
B) To study the behavior of some sea animals.
C) To measure the depths of the ocean.
D) To measure the movement of waves in the ocean.
34. A) They were frightened and distressed.
B) They swam away when the speaker was turned on.
C) They swam closer to “examine” the speaker when it was turned off.
D) They didn’t seem to be frightened and kept swimming near the speaker.
35. A) To attract more sea animals to the testing site.
B) To drive dangerous sea animals away from the testing site.
C) To help trace the sea animals being tested.
D) To determine how sea animals communicate with each other.
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.
Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (25 minutes) Section A
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.
Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage.
8 获取更多英语四级资料,请登录恒星英语学习网 http://www.hxen.com
Dreams are a way for the subconscious to communicate with the __47__ mind. Dreaming of something you’re worried about, researchers say, is the brain’s way of helping
you rehearse for a disaster in case it occurs. Dreaming of a challenge, like giving a presentation at work or playing sports, can enhance your __48__. And cognitive neuroscientists have discovered that dreams and the rapid eye movement (REM) that happens while you’re dreaming are __49__ to our ability to learn and remember. Dreaming is a “mood
regulatory system,” says Rosalind Cartwright, PhD, chairman of the psychology __50__ at Rush University Medical Center in Chicago. She’s found that dreams help people work
through the day’s emotional quandaries. “It’s like having a built-in therapist,” says Cartwright.
While we sleep, dreams __51__ new emotional experience to old memories, creating plaid-like patterns of old images laid on top of new ones. As she puts it, “You may wake up
and think, What was Uncle Harry doing in my dream? I haven’t seen him for 50 years. But
the old and new images are __52__ related.” It’s the job of the conscious mind to figure out
the relationship. In fact, dream emotions can help real therapists treat patients __53__ traumatic (创伤的) life events. In a new study of 30 recently __54__ adults, Cartwright tracked their dreams over a five-month period, measuring their feelings toward their ex-spouses. She discovered that those who were angriest at the spouse while dreaming had the best chance of successfully coping with divorce. “If their dreams were bland,” Cartwright
says, “they hadn’t started to work through their emotions and __55__ with the divorce.” For
therapists, this finding will help __56__ whether divorced men or women need counseling or have already dreamed their troubles away.
A. deal I. determine
B. physically J. compare
C. wake K. department
D. performance L. conscious
E. making M. presentation
F. undergoing N. linked
G. experience O. emotionally
Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You
9 获取更多英语四级资料,请登录恒星英语学习网 http://www.hxen.com
should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.
A few years ago a young mother watched her husband diaper (给…换尿布) their firstborn
son. “You do not have to be unhappy about it,” she protested. “You can talk to him and smile a
little.” The father, who happened to be a psychologist, answered firmly, “He has nothing to say to
me, and I have nothing to say to him.”
Psychologist now know how wrong that father was. From the moment of birth, a baby has a great deal to say to his parents, and they to him. But a decade or so ago, these experts were describing the newborn as a primitive creature who reacted only by reflex, a helpless victim of its environment without capacity to influence it. And mothers accepted the truth. Most thought (and some still do) that a new infant could see only blurry (模糊的) shadows, that his other senses
were undeveloped, and that all he required was nourishment, clean diapers, and a warm bassinet.
Today university laboratories across the country are studying newborns in their first month of life. As a result, psychologists now describe the new baby as perceptive, with remarkable learning abilities and an even more remarkable capacity to shape his or her environment including the attitudes and actions of his parents. Some researchers believe that the neonatal period may even be the most significant four weeks in an entire lifetime.
Far from being helpless, the newborn knows what he likes and rejects what he doesn’t. He
shut out unpleasant sensations by closing his eyes or averting his face. He is a glutton for novelty. He prefers animate things over inanimate and likes people more than anything.
When a more nine minutes out, an infant prefers a human face to a head-shaped outline. He makes the choice despite the fact that, with delivery room attendants masked and gowned, he has never seen a human face before. By the time he’s twelve hours old, his entire body moves in
precise synchrony (同时发生) to the sound of a human voice, as if he were dancing. A
non-human sound, such as a tapping noise, brings no such response.
57. The author points out that the father diapering his first-born son was wrong because________.
A) he believed the baby was not able to hear him
B) he thought the baby didn’t have the power of speech
C) he was a psychologist unworthy of his profession
D) he thought the baby was not capable of any response
58. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?
A) A new infant can see only blurry shadows.
B) A new infant’s senses are undeveloped
C) All a new infant requires is nourishment, clean diapers, and a warm bassinet.
D) A new infant is actually able to influence his or her environment
59. What does the sentence “He is a glutton for novelty” probably mean?
A) The newborn is greedy for new food.
B) The newborn tends to overeat.
C) The newborn always loves things that are new to him.
10 获取更多英语四级资料,请登录恒星英语学习网 http://www.hxen.com