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    The

Nov.2005,Volume2,No.11!!.a1!!)USChinaEducationReview,ISSN1548-6613,USA

    ;TheDesignandDevelopmentofIntelligentMultimedia

    ;NetworkCAICourseware

    ;GuangranLiu’HongIqnTianfinVocationalTechnicalTeachersCollege

    ;I

    ;Abstract:Currently,theintelligenceandindividualityofmultimedianetworkcoursewareisnotenough, ;whichlimitstheuniversaldevelopmentofmodemlong-distanceeducation.Itisthebestwaytodevelopnetwork

    ;coursewarewithintelligence.Thepaperbasingon”CollegeEnglish”introducestheideaofdesign,system

    ;structureanddevelopmentofprocess.

    ;Keywords:intelligence;multimedia;network;courseware;teaching

    ;1.Introduction

    ;Withthedevelopmentofthetechnologyofmultimediaandnetwork,themodemlong-distanceeducation ;websitebasingonwebgrowsuprapidly,allkindsofcoursewareappearlargely.Butasfarasmostweb ;coursewareconcemedhaveseveralfaults.

    ;Theexpressionofteachingcontentisstaticbasically.Thatistosay,thecontentoflearningwhichis ;expressedinstaticHTMLispublishedonwebsite.Whentheyareputonwebsite.theyarehardlymodified.On

    ;onehand,thedesignersdon’tknowiftheirdesignsarereasonable.Ontheotherhandthestudentslearnthe ;teachingcontentaccordingtothepredesignorder,andtheywilllosetheinterestinlearningeasily.Inmost

    ;modemteachingeducationwebsite,differentstudentsface90%uniformteachingenvironment,thesametitle,

    ;navigator,backgroundandadvertisement.ThesameteachingenvironmentCannotprovidethelearningcustom

    ;andlearningscheduleaccordingtoeachstudent,andCannottakefulladvantageofindividualityeither. ;Theeducationwebsiteprovidesthefunctionofonlinetestfacingtostudent.Theyusetotesttheleaming ;effect,buttheresultoftesthasnotcombinedwiththefurtherlearning.Theydonotprovidetheinstmctionand

    ;suggestion.Theyhavenotenoughmanagementtomonitortheleamingprocess.

    ;Ingeneral,thenetworkmultimediacoursewarehasdeficienciesintheintelligenceandindividuality.itlimits

    ;theuniversaldevelopmentofmodemlong-distanceeducation.Itisthebestwaytodevelopthenetwork ;coursewarewithintelligence.Thepaperbasingon”CollegeEnglish”introducesthedevelopmentprocessof

    ;intelligentmultimedianetworkcourseware.

    ;2.TheSystemDesignofIntelligentMultimediaNetworkCourseware

    ;2.1TheDesignIdeaofIntelligentCourseware

    ;ItbasesthetheoryofCAIandtheprinciplewhichcentersonstudents,andthestudentsaccordingtotheir ;3l

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    ;TheDesignandDevelopmentofIntelligentMultimediaNetworkCAICourseware

    ;abilitiesdesigntheintelligentmultimedianetworkcoursewareofcollegeEnglish.Theintelligenceofcourseware

    ;expressesinseveralrespectsasfollow:

    ;(1)Thedesignoflearningenvironment

    ;Whenuserregisters,thecoursewaresystemputsquestiontousertogettheuser’Sdemandoflearning

    ;environment.Forexample,theinformationofteachingcontentwhereitdisplaysonwebsite,etc.Theuser’S

    ;demandisrecordedinpersonalinformationdocument,whenlearning,thesystemhavethelearningenvironment

    ;custommadeaccordingtouserdemand.

    ;(2)Individualityteachingstrategy

    ;ThecoursewaresystemCanautomaticallyprovidetheadaptableteachingstrategyaccordingtothelearning

    ;abilityandcomprehensionabilityandgraspingknowledgeofuser.Thereforetheuserlearnsintheteaching

    ;environmentwhichadaptstopersonallearningability.Withfurtherlearningofuser,theabilityofuserwillbe

    ;promptedcontinually.Theoldlearningstrategycannotbeadaptedtotheuser’Slearning.Thenewcourseware

    ;systemwilltestthelearningeffectofusertimelyandinspectthechangeoflearningabilityofuserandchangethe

    ;learningstrategyfortheuser’Slearning.

    ;(3)Comprehensivereviewtarget

    ;Thecoursewarecombinesabsolutereviewandrelativereview.Itcomprehensivelyreviewsthelearning ;effectofstudentinordertoreviewthelearningaimofstudentaccordingtothedifficultydegreeandaccuracyrate

    ;andtimeusedtotestandtimetheuser’Slearning,etc.

    ;(4)Thelearningcontentregulatedbyself-determination

    ;Whenthestudentisnotsatisfiedwiththelearningcontentintheprocessoflearning,theymayputforward ;applicationtoregulatethelearningcontentbyself-determination.Forexample,theymayselectfastlistening

    ;speedandsagafairy-tale,etc.

    ;(5)Takingfulladvantagesofmultimedia

    ;Theoldcoursewaremainlyconsistsofcharacters,soundvideoandSOon,thatareonlysupplements.Inth

e

    ;system,thesound,videoandcharactersareallthesameimportantforimprovingEnglishleveloveral1.Suchas

    ;theabilitiesofreading,listeningandspeaking.Thesystemrecordsandreplaysthepronunciationofstudentin

    ;orderthatthestudentCanlistentheirdeficienciesandcorrectthembypracticingagainandagn,tilltheir ;pronunciationsarecorrect.

    ;2.2TheDesignofSystemStructure

    ;ThestructuredesignofintelligentmultimedianetworkCAIcoursewarebasingoncollegeEnglishis ;presentedasFigure1.

    ;32

    ;Figure1SystemStructureof’’CollegeEnglish”IntelligentMultimediaWebCAICourseware

    ;

    ;TheDesignandDevelopmentofIntelligentMultimediaN——

    ;etworkCAICourseware

    ;(1)Interfaceofhumanandmachinebasingonwww

    ;Theinterfaceprovideswebbrowserwhichthestudentisfamiliarwithcurrently.

    ;(2)Studentmodule

    ;Thestudentmodulerecordstheinformationknowledgelevelandlearningabilityofstudent,etc.Itservices

    ;toestablishlearningstrategy.Theinformationincludespersonalachievement,learningrecord,personalcharacter,

    ;deficiencyinabilityandfBrtllerlearningstrategy.

    ;(3)Teachingstrategy

    ;Themodulegeneratesstudent’slearningstrategyaccordingtoability,learningscheduleandlearningde

    mand

    ;andetcwhichthestudentmoduleprovides.

    ;(4)Teachingmodule

    ;Themodulegetsknowledgeinformationfromlibrarytoteachandrecordproblemfromteachingaccording

    ;tothestrategywhichteachingstrategymodelprovides.Themodulereferstoteachingmodule. ;(5)Testmodule

    ;Themodulebasesonknowledgebase,andtestbasicknowledgeandthemasteryextentofabilitytrainingof

    ;studentandthelearningeffectofstudentoveral1.Itstorestheresultoftesttoprovidereferencefortheteaching

    ;strategymodule.

    ;(6)Abilityanalysismodule

    ;Themodulebasesonabilityanalyzerepositoryandthecharacterofabilityofstudentandrecordstheresult ;ofanalysisinthestudentmodule.Atthesametime,itfeedsandsuggeststhestudentwhichaspectshavetube

    ;intensified.

    ;(7)Knowledgebase

    ;TheknowledgebasenotonlystoresteachingcoBrseware,butalsostoresregulationswhereteachingstrat

egy

    ;generates-Theinformationincludesbasicknowledgebase,abilitybase,testingbase,opinionsbase,strategybase,

    ;abilityanalysisbase,recordbase,problembase,etc.

    ;2.3Development/RunningEnvironment

    ;TheCOBlSewaresystemadaptsthreetiersBrowser/Serverstructure,theillustrationasFigure2.

    ;Figure2SketchMapaboutB/SStructure

    ;Therunningenvironmentofsystemtakeswindows2000aswebserver.TheserveradoptsIISwhichsupports

    ;ASP?ThedatabaseserveradoptsMicrosoRSQL7.0.Theclientbrowseroperatingsystemiswindows9x.The

    ;browserisIE5.0orabove.

    ;1heconnectionofwebserveranddatabaseserveradoptsCG1whichisprogrammedinVB.Thereasonthat

    ;CGIisnotprogrammedinASPorJSPisthattheteachingenvironmentofthecoBrsewareisdynamica11v ;generatedaccordingtothelearninginformationofeachuser,includingthelearningcontent,thefurtherle1ing

    ;content,thestateofcurrentlearning,thedemandofcurrentlearningenvironmentandtheTeachingmodule,

    ;StudentModule,TestModule,CapacityAnalyzeTeachingstrategy

    ;,Knowledgebase,InterfaceofhlmaIlaIld

    ;machinebasingonwww,StudentClientbrowser,

    ;WebServerDatabaseserver,Pagerequest

    ;,

    ;PageAckn0w1edge

    ;lnformation,requestInformation,returndemandofchangingthelearningcontent ;,etc+Inaddition,theVB(Visual

    ;33

    ;

    ;T.

    ;heDesignandDevelopmentofIntelligentMultimediaNetworkCAICourseware

    ;Basic)hasanexternalmodule,whichmaygeneratewebpagedynamicallyinordertodevelopprogram ;conveniently.

    ;3.TheCoursewareDevelopment,

    ;3?1TheOrganizationofInformationDatabase

    ;Theinforrnationdatainthesystemisclassifiedin.inifile,.txtfileanddatabasefile.The.inifilestoresthe ;currentlearninginformationandthestatisticsoflearninginformationofuser,includingthelearningcontent,

    ;learningrecord,learningdemandandlearningstrategy,etc.Theconcretecontentstructureincludestheitemof

    ;test,listening,reading,writing,learningrecordandlearningenvironment,etc.Theitemsoflearningenvironment

    ;includesconcreteinformat;onofself-determination,backgroundcolor,fontcolor,usermodel,textposition,word

    ;position,readingposition,practiceposition,modelshape,etc.Theyareusedtodeterminetheconcretelearning

    ;enviromrtentOfstudent.

    ;Thetextfilestoresresourceinformationofcourseware,includingtext,word,readingmaterial,testrepository,

    ;etc.Theinformationtakescourseasunit.Itstoresthetext,word,readingmaterial,testingrepositoryintothetext

    ;filerespectively.

    ;Thedatabasefilestoresrelativelysteadyinformation.whichismainlythepositionoflearningcontentofuser

    ;intext.

    ;Intheprocessofrealizingcourseware,firstwewillreadtheinitialinformationfromtheini.File,secondwe ;willreaddatabasefileandlookforthepositionofteachingcontent,finallywewilllookupthetxtfileandread

    ;teachingcontentandthewebpageforusertolearn.

    ;3.2TheRealizationofLearningEnvironmentWhichisDifferentfromPersonality

    ;Weadopttwowaystorealizelearningenvironment,oneisprovidessomemodelforusertoselect,theother ;ismakesuserselectandrealizewhatcontentsinwhichposition.Thetwowaysrecordlearningenvironment

    ;informationintopersonalfile.Theconcreteinformationincludestheitemoflearningenvironmentinthe.inifile

    ;structure.

    ;Whtechnologydoesthecoursewareusetogeneratewebpage?IttakesuseofHTML.First,ittakesuseof ;htmlforeverymodelandeverypositiontoprogramtheaccordingwebpageandstoretheaccordingtextfile.

    ;Second,itwillreadthepositionoffilemodelfrompersonalinifileandmakeuseofthesendingfunction ;providedbytheexternalmoduleandsendevery.sentencetowebpagetheconcretecodeasfollows: ;Ifsa1.Rec0rdCount<>0Then

    ;startnumsal(“startline”1

    ;endnum=sal(“endline”,

    ;filenum=FreeFileO

    ;OpensForInputAsfilenum

    ;Forj=startnuroToendnum

    ;LineInput#filenum,f

    ;Sendf

    ;Send”<br>”

    ;Nextj’

    ;Here,thesendingfunctioniscalledwin32APwritingfileandsendstringtowebpage.

    ;

    ;TheDesignandDevelopmentofIntelligentMultimediaNetworkCA][Courseware

    ;3.3TheRealizationofDynamicLearningStrategy

    ;Therealizationofdynamiclearningstrategymainlyreliesonthestrategyfileofuserindatabase.The ;determinationoftheaccordingrecordofstrategyfilehastwoways.Oneisthatthestudentappliedlearning ;contenttothesystembyprovidingopinionsheetaccordingtOpersonalinterest.Theotheristhattherecor

d

    ;automaticallydetermines-thegradeofuseraccordingtothetestinglevelofstudent. ;3.4TheRealizationofComprehensiveReview

    ;Inusualtestingreview,thesystemreviewsthelearningstateofstudentaccordingtothetestaccuracyof ;student.Theresultofreviewisone.sidedandunfairtodeterminethelearningeffectisnotonlyfromone-side

    ;testing.butalsofromseveralrespectstoreviewcomprehensively.Suchas,thelearningtimeofstudent,me

    ;difficultyoftest,thetimeoftest,theaccuracyoftest,thedifficultyoflearningandotheroverallfactors.The ;systemreachesaconclusionofreviewwhentestingthecourseware.Itinsuresthefairoftestbyseveralrecords

    ;andtheprincipalofcomprehensiveanalysis.

    ;Whentheuserfinishthelearningofacourse,thecoursewaresystemwillgenerateapaperwhichaccords ;withthedifficultyoflearningofuser.Afterthesystemscores,itwilllookupthereviewofthelearningeffect

    ;accordingtothescoreinthesuggestionmaterialbaseofcoursewaresystem.Thesystemscoresbyindividual

    ;event,thatistosay,thesystemwillreviewthelearningeffectindividuallyforeveryitemofuserandhelpusers

    ;improvetheirlearningmethod.

    ;4.Conclusion

    ;TheintelligentmultimedianetworkcoursewarebasingoncollegeEnglishhasbeenforwardinitially.Itisan

    ;initialformbecausethecurrentcoursewareonlyprovidestheteachingcontentofcourses.Thenextemphasisis

    ;theoneisfichedinteachingcontentandthatistocompletetheteachingstrategy.TheotheristOintroducevoice

    ;recognitionintoCOurSeWaretOimprovethedegreeofintelligenceofcourseware.

    ;Referenees:

    ;I?GuangranLiu.(2002).TheDesignand”CollegeEnglish”IntelligentCourseware.JournalofTianjinN

    ormalUniversity,(5)

    ;2?JiyunLi.(2002).TheDes~nandRealizationofOptical&IntelligentCAICourseware.JournalofDongbeiUniversity,(1O)

    ;3?LiliMao.(2002).DesignandRealizatio[标签:快照]

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