1. denotative meaning 2. connotative
6. collocative collocation
reference sense 1. synonymous
freezing cold chilly cool lukewarm
3. hyponymy metonymy
1. semantic scope
2. it’s no easy job.
I can cite quite a few instances to
This is no joke.
The cultural event of the year
Have a say in the matter
What a surprise!
I have already put the case clear.
Discuss affairs of the state
It’s sb’s duty
Development is of overriding importance.
--- is the absolute need. … is the hard reason.
Be raised to the purple
Born in the ---
--- as grass
A green old age
In the green tree
Keep the memory green n the green I
Are you a bad sailor?
Paint the town red
As timid as a hare
As bitter as wormwood Ass in the lion’s skin
A rat in a hole
Have a card up one’s sleeves
Birds of a feather flock together.
The leopard cannot change his spots.
Shed crocodile tears As cold as marble
He suffers from tracheitis.
He is a henpecked man.
As solemn as an owl
Kick the bucket
Beef mutton lamb pork Eat mutton cold
If you do not enter the tiger’s den, how can you get a tiger’s cub.
A woman can eat just “whatever there is”
when she gave birth to a girl, while she
can eat “whatever she wants” when a boy.
; If you are not careful, all the efforts will
If things are not properly handled, our
labor will be totally lost.
A wise lady marries a good man, while a
stupid one just property.
From his speech, we can see what he is for and what he is against, what he likes and what he bitterly hates.
; When Ah Q heard this, he was greatly
; As for//when it comes to writing
articles, I dare not to show off in the
presence of you, the expert in it. ; Modesty helps one to go forward,
whereas conceit makes one lag behind. ; No one is safe from slander. The best
way is to pay no attention to it, but live
in innocence and let the world talk. ; Wherever they went, the bandits
massacred, burned, looted and stopped
; I won’t go if you are not going.
; Kong Ming said with a smile/laugh, “I
doubt if Cao Cao will come out in this
; on the night of may 10, The Chairman
passed away at the age of 100.
; Be at rest breathe one’s last
; Run one’s race join one’s forefathers
Return to dust
; In public places
; There is little difference between town
and country in this region.
; A teacher should love his students.
; These are the novels I want to read.
; I am planning to be a lawyer.
; The horse has been replaced by the
railroad, the windship and the steamship.
; Any substance is made of atoms whether
it is a solid, a liquid or a gas.
; A round moon rose slowly above the
mountains and cast its beams on the
banks of the river.
; I am going to ask you to a meal, as we
; A thief is the most likely person to
accuse others of theft; a moralist with
three wives and four concubines is the
most likely to attack women for not
“Iron rice bowl”, Chinese system of
lifetime job and income security
Jigong, Robinhood in China, robbed the rich and helped the poor.
Play the male role of Judge Bao, the just and impartial judge in Chinese history
Three cobblers with their wits combined equal Zhuge Liang, the mastermind.
Bole, who knows about horses
This workshop processes raw materials on
client’s demand and processes according
to investor’s samples as well.
Sit on the fence and fall on the side of the stronger
We should advocate the spirit of taking the
whole situation into consideration All of a sudden, he felt an intense warmth in his heart, as if a cheerful fire was
When anyone among the people breaks the law, he too should be punished.
At this his heart missed/skipped a beat
and he blushed.
What you told me just now is more and
better than I have learnt from books for
If Mr. Foreigner would not allow him to
be a revolutionary, there was no other
way open to him.
These new models of cars are fast, efficient and handy.
As for marriage, the young people would make their own decisions.
During Granny’s last days, my uncle was in HK taking part in business
The rich get richer, the poor get children. 8.认识落后；才能去改变落后？学习先
Only by doing… can we do sth.
Backwardness must be perceived before I t can be changed. A person must learn from the advanced before he can catch up and surpass them.
So long as green hills remain, there will
never be a shortage of firewood.