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# Chapter 6

By Hazel Rose,2014-07-18 03:56
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Chapter 6

Garrison 13e Practice Exam Chapter 7

Print these pages. Answer each of the following questions, explaining your answers or showing your work, as appropriate, and then compare your solutions to those provided at the end of the practice exam.

1. Describe the major advantages of the variable costing method.

2. Describe the major advantages of the absorption costing method.

3. Vosges Candy Company produces handmade candies. The candies sell for \$12 per box.

During its first year of operations, the company produced 10,000 boxes of candies and sold

9,000 boxes of the candies. The company’s cost information includes the following:

Direct materials \$ 2.00 per unit

Direct labor \$ 3.00 per unit

Variable manufacturing overhead \$ 1.00 pr unit

Variable selling and administrative expenses \$ 3.00 per unit

Fixed selling and administrative expenses \$ 5,000

Part (a) Compute the unit product cost under absorption costing.

Part (b) Compute the unit product cost under variable costing.

Part (c) Prepare an income statement using absorption costing.

Part (d) Prepare an income statement using variable costing.

Part (e) Explain the difference in the net operating income determined under the absorption and variable costing methods.

GNB 13e Practice Exam Solutions Chapter 7

1. Solution (Learning Objective 4):

; Method is compatible with CVP and TOC analysis,

; Method does not cause fluctuations in profit due to changing production and inventory

levels, unlike the absorption method,

; Method show only variable product costs so it avoids the problem under absorption

method where managers mistakenly think fixed manufacturing costs are variable

product costs,

; Variable costing allows total fixed manufacturing overhead costs to be visible on the

income statement, rather than being “buried” in the cost of goods sold and inventory

figures,

; Variable costing avoids some of the problems with overhead costs allocations, and ; Variable costs are more easily used with standard costing and flexible budgeting.

2. Solution (Learning Objective 4):

; Method is required by GAAP and tax authorities, and

; Method reflects the full costs of manufacturing a product.

3. Part (a) Solution (Learning Objective 1):

Direct materials \$2.00

Direct labor 3.00

Fixed manufacturing overhead (\$20,000 divided by 10,000 units) 2.00

Product cost using absorption costing \$8.00

Part (b) Solution (Learning Objective 1):

Direct materials \$2.00

Direct labor 3.00

Product cost using variable costing \$6.00

Part (c) Solution (Learning Objective 2):

Sales (9,000 units @ \$12) \$108,000

Cost of goods sold:

Beginning inventory \$ 0

Cost of goods manufactured (10,000 @ \$8 per unit)

80,000

Less: ending inventory (1,000 @ \$8 per unit) (8,000) 72,000

Gross margin 36,000

Less selling & administrative expenses (variable of

9,000 @ \$3 per unit + fixed of \$5,000) 32,000

Net operating income \$ 4,000

Part (d) Solution (Learning Objective 2):

Sales (9,000 units @ \$12) \$108,000

Variable cost of goods sold (9,000 @ \$6 per unit) 54,000

Less variable selling & administrative expenses

(9,000 @ \$3 per unit) 27,000

Contribution margin 27,000

Fixed selling & administrative expenses 5,000 25,000

Net operating income \$ 2,000

Part (e) Solution (Learning Objective 2):

Note that there was no beginning inventory. As such, the difference in net operating

income of \$2,000 can be explained by looking at the amount of ending inventory reported

ing the two methods. The difference is due to the fixed manufacturing overhead costs us

(1,000 units in ending inventory @ \$2 of fixed manufacturing overhead cost per unit =

\$2,000) is included in inventory (rather than expensed) when absorption costing is used,

but is expensed immediately (rather than being included in inventory) when variable

costing is used.

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