Unit 6 I’m more outgoing than my sister.
Part 1:Teaching design(第一部分: 教学设计)
Structures: Comparatives with –er, –ier or more and both
Is that Sam?
No, that’s Tom. He has shorter hair than Sam.
He’s calmer than Sam.
Vocabulary: more, than, taller, shorter, thinner, longer, calmer, wilder, quieter, funnier, heavier,
smarter, more athletic, more popular, twin, both, be good at
Learning strategies: Classifying, Listening for specific information
?To learn to use comparatives with -er, –ier, more and both
?To talk about personal traits
?To compare people
Warming up by learning grammar
An adjective is a describing word. When we compare two nouns we use a comparative adjective.
An example of this is the use of the endings: -er –est.
If you look at these sentences, we are using comparative adjectives to describe size:
A pony is small.
A cat is smaller.
A mouse is smallest.
Warming up by looking and saying
Judy and her car Andy and his car
I’m happy to meet you again. Today we shall take up the Sixth unit, Unit 6 “I’m more outgoing
than my sister”.
Look at these two pictures please. Picture1 shows us Judy and her new car. Picture 2 shows us Andy and his car. Please look at the blackboard and read after me the sentences. When you read, you should pay attention to the new structure of the sentence.
OK, now let’s compare students and subjects in our classroom. For example, Mary is taller than Lucy. Lucy is thinner than Mary. Lily’s ruler is longer than Nancy’s. Can you make a sentence
with than? Have a try, please.
1a Matching words
Look at the picture on page 31 in your book. What can you see in the
picture? That’s right, the twins. Look at these too boys. They are Pedro
and Paul. They are brothers. Who is taller, Pedro or Paul? Yes, Pedro is taller. Now repeat after me: Pedro is taller. OK, please look at the blackboard and read these sentences: Please pay more attention to “…er...than...”This structure is used in comparisons. Now look at the
words in the box in your book and match each word with the opposite. Please draw lines between the words of the opposite meanings. Now let’s check the answers.
Answers？all—short？long hair—short hair？thin—heavy calm — wild
2b Listening and Numbering
Look at the picture again. The people in the picture are all twins.
Twins are children born at the same time to the same parents.
Sometimes they look exactly alike, but not always. The twins in this
picture do not look exactly alike. Please listen to these three
conversations and number the twins. You write the number 1 to 3 in the blanks beside the twins. OK, now, let’s check the answers.
Sam and Tom: 1. Tara and Tina: 2. Pedro and Paul: 3
Now let’s read the tapescript to find out Comparatives with -er or–ier and than structure.
Shadow than and blacken -er or–ier. 1c Doing pairwork
Now practice the conversation in the picture. And then make your own conversations about the twins with your partner.
I’ll ask some pairs to say your conversations to the class.
2a Listening and writing
Next we will listen to a conversation about Tina and Tara. Look at the picture on page 32 in your book. Tina and Tara are talking to the reporter. Listen to the tape carefully and pay attention to what are they talking about. They are talking about themselves, right? OK. Now look at the two columns and read the headings please: -er, -ier and more. In the conversation,
some words they say end in –er or –ier, some words they add more
ahead. Listen carefully again and write the –er and –ier words in
the first column and the words that use more in the second column.
Now look at the blackboard. Please pay attention to the word “funny”. When
a word ends in “y”, the “y” changes to an “i” when you add “-er”. That is “funnier”. And look at
these three words: athletic, outgoing and serious. What is special about these words? Yes, they
have three to five syllables. When you compare things using words with three or more syllables, you use the word “more”.
2b Listening and writing more -er, -ier
Listen to the recording again. This time write words in outgoing funny
the boxes of 2b using the words from the list in athletic smart
activity 2a. Look at the example “funnier” in the box serious quiet
for Tina, which means Tina isfunnier than Tara.
How are Tina and Tara different?
Tina is funnier, more outgoing and more athletic than Tara.
Tara is more serious, smarter and quieter than Tina.
2c doing pairwork
Just now we talked about the twins Tina and Tara. Next we are going on talking about Tom and Sam. How are Tom and Sam different? Look at the chart in activity 2c, and work in pairs. You decide which one is A and which one is B. Student A in each pair look at the chart on page 32, and student B look at the chart on page 89. You mustn’t look at your partners’
For example, student A read the sample question to the class: “Is Tom smarter
than Sam?” Student B looks at the answer on your chart on page 89 and
answers: “No, Sam is smarter than Tom.” Student B can ask another question, for example, “Is
Sam taller than Tom?” Student A should answer: “Yes, Sam is taller than Tom.” Are you clear? OK,
now please continue on your own.
The sample dialogue:
A: Is Tom smarter than Sam?
B: No, he isn’t. Sam is smarter than Tom. Is Sam taller than Tom?
A: Yes, he is. Is Sam more athletic than Tom?
B: No, he isn’t. Tom is more athletic than Sam. Is Tom quieter than Sam?
A: Yes, he is. Is Sam thinner than Tom?
B: No, he isn’t. Tom is thinner than Sam.
3a Reading and writing
Now we have got to know how different Sam and Tom are. And there are another two pictures of girls on page 33. Do they look alike? Maybe in some ways they look the same. Here is a letter from Liu Li to Isabel. Please read it quickly and tell me what Liu Li tells Isabel. That’s right, Liu
Li tells Isabel something about her and her twin sister Liu Ying. OK, under the article, six statements are given. Read the article again in details and write T (for true) if the statements are true, F (for false) if the statements are false or DK (for don’t know) if you don’t know the answer
and try to give reasons why you write F or DK. Now let’s check your answers.
Next please look at these sentences on the board.
We are both student. We both have black hair.
They are both tall. They both like sports.
Please pay attention to the place of the word “both” in the sentences. Does the word “both” come
before or after the word “are”? Does the word “both” come before or after the word “have” and
the word “like”? Yes, as you see, the word “both” comes after the verb be (are), and before other
verbs (have, like). Try to use it correctly.
3. Now let’s read the article loudly to the tape sentence by sentence. Try to imitate the pronunciation and intonation of the native reader.
Read the article for a second time. While reading underline the useful expressions in the article,
blacken the –er, –ier or more and both and shadow the connectives. You should copy the
expressions into your notebook after school.
Do the exercises by filling in the blanks.
3b Doing pairwork
After reading we come to know there are some things different between
Liu Li and Liu Ying, and they have some things in common. Do you
have a twin sister or twin brother? Maybe the answers are not. But I
think most of you have good friends. And now please tell your partner about things that are the same and different between you and your friends. You should try to use these words and phrases: “in some ways, both, although, be good at, look the same, the same as, in common, more than”.
First read the sample conversation in the box, and work together for a few minutes to make your own conversation. Then I’ll ask some pairs to say your dialogues to the class.
Closing up by playing a game: same or different
Now let’s play a game. Here is a box. Please write your name on a piece of paper and put it in the box. Then take a paper from the box to find a partner. Are you OK? Next I’ll give you three
minutes to write down the things that are the same and different between you and your partner. Are you ready? Begin!
Oh, Time’s up. Let’s stop here, please! Let’s see how many same and different examples you have
found, and the pair who has the most examples is the champion.
Now I’ll ask some pairs to read your list to the
class. Any volunteers?