By Megan Lawrence,2014-02-06 11:14
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    September 20, 2005


    Part One General Rules Governing the 5th International Mine Rescue Contest…………1 Part Two Rules of Simulated Mine Rescue……………………………………………………3

    Fresh-Air Base Procedures …………………………………………………………4


    Interpretations of A Cords …………………………………………………………5

    Interpretations of B Cards …………………………………………………………7

    Proper Method for Roof Testing………………………………………………………24

    Examples of Proper Methods of Setting Roof Supporters…………………………………26

    Proper Installation of Roof Support to Recover A Patient Located Under An Area of

    Elongated Unsafe Roof……………………………………………………………………27

    Extent of Gas Sketch …………………………………………………………………28

    Examples of Initial Exploration under Rule 29……………………………………………29

    Staggered Crosscut ………………………………………………………………………………30

    Mine Map legend………………………………………………………………………………31 Part Three Rules of Operation of Breathing Apparatus ……………………………………35 Part Four Rules of First Aid Contest…………………………………………………………49

    Part One General Rules Governing The 5th International Mine Rescue Contest

    th1The 5 International Mine Rescue Contest (hereinafter referred to as Contest) sets up three items of

    contests: simulated mine rescue, first aid and operation of breathing apparatus.

    2The contest will last for two days.

    3The contest organizing committee is composed of director, vice director and members, chief judge,

    deputy chief judge and judges and working persons.

    4Each mine rescue team, which will participate in the contest, consists of 6~8 persons in which the

    permitted persons for various items: 6 persons for simulated mine rescue; 3 persons for first aid and 2

    persons for operation of breathing apparatus. After registered, the persons should not be changed at

    will without the approval by the chief judge.

    5The host should provide BIOPAK 240 and BG-4 respirator, fire zone communication tools, head lamp,

    self-rescuer, and corrector of breathing apparatus, stopping, make placards, PVC pipe and simulated

    support materials. Mine rescue team should carry sufficient supplies (overalls, safety boots, waistband

    flapper, metal name plate, metal identification tag, communication whistle, safety cap, etc). No any equipment and facilities, parts and accessories of breathing apparatus will be available at the

    contest site.

    Sixty days before contest, the type, model and number of respirator wearing by the rescue team should

    be reported to the secretariat of the organizing committee, if it needs change apparatus, it should have

    permit from the chief judge.

    6The rescue team should register at assigned place one day before the contest and collect related


    7The contest order should be decided by drawing lots.

    8All time setting for the contest is Beijing time.

    9During the contest, all mine rescue teams must report to isolation at 6:00 a.m. on each day of their


    10. Any rescue team not report within the fixed time should be treated as abstention. 11. If the contest discounts are same, the total time for completing the operation should be used as the


basis for judging the score.

    12. After signed on the discount sheet, the judge should not re-discount on the same item. 13. Every judge group should sets full-time check person, the judge should hand in the discount sheet in time after completion of the contest. The team captain and trainer can review the scorecard for not more then 20 minutes and should not present a protest to check person. If there is objection, the rescuer captain or trainer can submit written material 60 minutes after read the corrected and hand in to the chief judge, the complain for particular item should not be more than one page.

    14. The chief judge should organize concerned persons to analyze and study the complaint material following rules of the contest and interpretation procedure and should inform the result of final adjudication as soon as possible on the principle of open, fair, just and the minority is subordinate to the majority.

    15. Team award and individual award will be set for the contest.

    16. During check-in, rescue team should provide certificate of physical examination to verify that the contest member can wear respirator and participate in the contest activity. Date of physical examination should be within 12 months before the contest.

    17. Judges should have strict training and can perform judge work only after test and qualified. Based on division of labour, judges should familiar with rules requirement and site arrangement and should know well the performance, their disassemble, operation and maintenance of various apparatus. The Judge should not contact with the rescue team and also the manufacturer that provide apparatus for the contest.

    18. The rescue team should strictly comply the secret system and enters into the assigned place for isolation until starting of the contest. Any rescue team should not obtain information about contest. The rescue team that has completed the contest should not make exchange with waiting team. 19. During contest, one or two interpreters, who are provided by the contest team its-own, to enter into the contest site and do their communication and liaison work.

    20. Persons who are permitted to enter into the contest site: number of organizing committee, judges, security person, site staff members, doctors and news and medium person who have enter permit credentials.


    Part Two Rules of Simulated Mine Rescue

    1. Each team shall be composed of a minimum of six persons (five working team members and a briefing officer) and shall be limited to a maximum of eight persons. Each member shall wear a different number from one to six (or from one to eight), on the arm, at or near the shoulder, with No.1 assigned to the captain and No.6 to the briefing officer. Any means of affixing legible number on the sleeve of the uniform will be acceptable. After the clock is started, only the five working members and the briefing officer will be permitted to do work.

    Each team shall have a briefing officer. The briefing officer will accompany only one participating team and may assist that team with any of the functions normally performed on the surface or at the fresh-air base. The briefing officer will be stationed at a designated location at the fresh-air base during the working of the problem and will be permitted to communicate with the team via telephone and may mark the briefing officers map from information received from the team. Visual of the contest site by the briefing officer is not permitted. The briefing officers map will be checked against the rescue

    teams map and the judges map and discounts will be assessed on both maps for scoring purposes. All maps shall be turned in at the completion of the problem.

    Should the team return to the fresh-air base, the briefing officer may leave the designated location to assist the team, otherwise, he or she should stay at the designated location. When the rescue team has completed a task and re-enter the disaster area, the briefing officer must return to the designated location. Briefing officers meeting the physical requirement may substitute for any team member if so desired.

    2. Each team shall provide its own breathing apparatus for each member of the team. A breathing apparatus approved for four hours shall be used in mine rescue contest problems. Other approved breathing apparatus may be used on patients. Each team member must wear safety boots, an approved protective hat and cap lamp, and members must be similarly dressed. Each team member must have a metal identification tag attached to his/her belt.

    3. Gas testing devices used by team shall be approved, and only instruments which give an accurate reading for percent by volume or parts per million shall be used.

    4. Teams must assure themselves that before they report to the mine entrance or fresh-air base, all apparatus are fully assembled, airtight, and ready to wear. Cylinder pressures must be above 18MPa.


    Spare apparatus are not required tested as part of the equipment check at the fresh-air base. The

    organizing committee will provide containers for the disposal of waste materials (i.e., canisters or

    chemicals) .

    5. Teams shall be equipped with and use a portable mine rescue communication system or a sound

    powered communication system. The wires or cable shall be of sufficient tensile strength to be used as

    a manual communication system. Teams may use standard signals if the communication system fails. 6. Each team must be under guard, in a designated location, before the start of the contest. Teams must

    remain continuously under guard until time to work the problem. Teams that have performed will not

    be permitted to return to the isolation area or communicate with any teams waiting their turn to


    Communication with the outside world is not allowed after the rescue team entered into the isolation

    area. Wire less communication systems will be strictly prohibited in the isolation area. This includes

    personal pages, cellular phones, radios, laptop computers, etc.

    7. Any team or member receives information concerning a contest problem prior to arriving at the

    fresh-air base will be disqualified by the Chief Judge.

    Any team or member receiving unauthorized information concerning a contest problem after arriving

    at the fresh-air base may be warned by the Chief Judge and be discounted under Rule 38 or will be

    disqualified by the Chief Judge.

    8. Teams will not be permitted to furnish or make placards indicating materials or equipment and then

    simulate their use.

    Fresh-Air Base Procedures

    1. The person in charge of the fresh-air base will introduce himself/herself to the team captain and

    briefing officer upon arrival of the team at the mine portal or fresh-air base. Teams will be allowed to

    position (this means unloading stretcher) their equipment and lay out lifeline across the fresh-air base

    prior to the introduction. The person in charge of the fresh-air base will read and present a prepared

    statement to the team but will not answer questions regarding the problem or conditions in the mine.

    The prepared statement will include information relating to the mine or section of the mine to be

    explored. A maximum of five minutes will be allowed for discussion and preparation after the team

    receives the written statement. The team will be confined to the fresh-air base during this time period.

    A video presentation may be used in lieu of reading a prepared statement.

    2. Each team will be given a written problem and maps. The timing clock will be started by the team

    captain immediately after the team receives the blank map and problem. Time required for studying


    the problems, checking equipment and getting under oxygen and/or air will be included in the total

    problem working time.

    When unexpected condition occurs which is not the responsibility of the rescue team during the

    contest, the timing clock should be stopped and it shall be re-started after the condition was handled



    1. To rescue people, teams, on condition of compliance with item 19 of the interpretation of B card, may

    be required to change existing ventilation, energize local fan, pump water, or support unsafe roof if it

    can be done safely. Other methods of recovery will not be accepted (i.e., roping, hooking, etc). 2. Solid lines on a map denote actual and accurately measured workings. A solid line means there will be

    no openings from above, below or on the same plane that are not shown on the map.

    Dotted lines, on a map, denote projections and may or may not be accurate.

    Interpretations of A Cords

    1. Failure to examine gauges and apparatus at not more than 20 minutes intervals. This must be done at a

    team stop. One point for each minute or fraction there of (Total discounts are not to exceed 5 points)


    The zero point for the timekeeping process for apparatus checks will begin with the completion of the

    last person checked during the first apparatus examination and this will be the procedure that will be

    used throughout the problem. This means that all team members must be checked before the next

    twenty minutes have elapsed.

    2. Failure to complete the problem within two hours, for each three minutes over time, or fraction there of (not to

    exceed 10 points)——1

    The working time for a problem will start when the team captain starts the recording timing device at

    the fresh-air base and will continue until the team captain stops the timing device. The team captain

    must start the timing device immediately after receiving the map and problem and before any work is

    done. In the event the captain fails to start or stop the timing device, working time will be determined

    by the timekeeper and the team will be discounted under Rules 26 (B Card). When the captain stops

    the timing device, the maps must be submitted to the judge. (No work will be permitted on the map

    after the timing device has been stopped.)

    3. When submitted to the map examiners, conditions and/or objects marked on the map in any area of the

    mine not explored by the team, each infraction——1


    The objects and conditions, which should be marked on the map, include: unsafe roof, chamber, and water over knee deep as well as inextinguishable fires from rib to rib. The captain will examine these areas as close as practical, and this will require them to be located on the mine map. Objects or conditions located in areas of the mine where the team has explored shall be marked on the map.

    4. Failure to locate and record accurately on the map object/condition that should have been found and were indicated to be in the mine, for each omission——2

    The team is not responsible for locating and mapping objects/conditions that are initially found in the fresh-air base.

    This discount shall be assessed for all objects/conditions that are not mapped in an area of the mine that the team should have explored if the problem had been worked systematically and correctly or for mapping objects/conditions not found in the mine.

    Objects/conditions located in area of elongated unsafe roof, unsafe rib, and areas where unsafe roof extends diagonally from rib to rib must be mapped if passed by the team.

    The map legend developed and included as part of these rulesshall be used by all teams to mark their

    respective mine maps. Objects/conditions are not covered by the legend, will be written in by the team and the location of the object/condition indicated by the symbol X. The team may place any

    additional information on the mine map concerning objects/conditions found in the mine if it does not adversely affect the legibility of the times/conditions required to be mapped.

    The marked map as submitted by the team will be compared with the problem and key map by the map examiners. Objects/conditions located on the map must be within 1.8m (6 feet) of accuracy and 1.8m (6 feet) allowance will be measured from the center point of the object/condition drawn in to the center point of the object/condition denoted on the key map. All objects/conditions mapped by the team must be shown in the entries, crosscuts and openings. If a team fails to explore the entire mine, the farthest point of advance shall be indicated on the map submitted to the map examiners except at locations where the following objects/conditions are encountered: faces, caved areas, water over knee deep, unsafe roof across and opening, seals, stoppings, barricades, closed regulators, and inextinguishable fires. Objects/conditions must be indicated on the teams map submitted to the map

    examiners. This does not include statements read by the patient or notes given to the team. Information found on notes in lunch box, at barricaded and any other location must be recorded on the mine map. The map shall reflect an X for each note found. (e.g. one X for the lunch box and one for the note). These Xs cannot be stacked one on top of the other.


    Additional information placed on the map by the team cannot be existing symbols that are presently denoted in the legend, regardless of color coding used by the team in mapping.

    The 1.8m (6 feet) tolerance will not apply to pillar block drawn in projected area, but discounts will be assessed for improperly located objects/conditions in these areas including faces denoted by placards. A placards indicating person that is located by the team in an area of elongated unsafe roof, but

    cannot be reached due to a lack of roof support, shall be mapped as an X with the word person

    written out. If the team subsequently reaches the person placards and the placard is changed to a

    body or live person, the proper symbol shall be used in conjunction with the original X.

    The following changes need to be noted on the mine map to indicate the conditions left in the mine and the fresh-air base: changes to ventilation structures (i.e., stoppings, doors, regulators, etc.); victims removed from the mine; electrical circuits energized or de-energized; fires extinguished; water pumped; roof supports installed; and in the areas reentered by team, smoke cleared, gases removed, and permanent changes in direction of ventilation. Any terminology, which describes these changes, is acceptable.

    Ventilation structures such as stoppings, doors, etc. that are initially located and mapped, will remain on the map and any removal of such structure will be reflected by a notation such as removed. If

    rebuilt, a notation, such as rebuilt, will suffice. If a check curtain is converted to a temporary stopping, a notation indicating such will suffice.

    All newly erected, in tact and airtight structures built by the team, except for frames erected for a line curtain, will be considered to be temporary stoppings. Regardless of their use or intention (i.e., ventilation, air lock, seals, etc) they shall be treated and mapped as a temporary stopping.

    Interpretations of B Cards

    A. Apparatus

    1. Apparatus improperly assembled, each apparatus —— 3

     Failure to fasten covers, snaps, etc.

    Full practice canisters or other acceptable canisters must be in place and used in the apparatus. 2. Apparatus improperly adjusted to the wearer, each person——1

    If required, patient must have apparatus on and properly adjusted, even if on stretcher. This only applies to shoulder straps, chest straps and head straps that are not properly fastened, are twisted or rolled (separate discount for each straps).


    3. Failure to follow prescribed procedures for going under oxygen or air, each person, excluding patient


    This will depend on type of apparatus used.

    4. Apparatus part or parts worn or deteriorated so as to be dangerous to the wearer, each person——8

    Holes that are in the breathing tubes and straps that break after the wearer goes inby the fresh-air base

    are discounts.

    5. Oxygen supply of team member over specified limitations ——2

    This will apply to oxygen supply prior to starting work and be determined by the type of apparatus


    It does not mean minimum at end of problem.

    6. Failure of captain to examine gauges, apparatus, and to have his/her gauges, apparatus examined

    before entering the mine, each apparatus——2

    7. Failure to make proper apparatus examination during any required apparatus check, each infraction

    1(Maximum 5 points).

    Each team captain will examine gauges and apparatus of team member and have his gauge and

    apparatus examined by a team member.

    A proper apparatus examination will include a visual examination of the gauge, facepiece, hoses, and

    determine by sight or feel, that the protective corer is secure. If the gauge has a protective holder, the

    gauge must be put back into the holder after viewing.

    The team member making the check must obtain assurance from the person being checked that the

    person is all right. A verbal response from the person that he/she is all right will suffice. 8. Not wearing goggles in conjunction with an SCSR when smoke is encountered, each patient infraction

    ——2. The smoke means any smoke.

    9. Team members breathing external air inby the fresh-air base, each team member, each infraction

    (excluding patient) ——8

    10. Team members breathing irrespirable air, each team member, each infraction——10

    11. Team not following proper procedure in case of apparatus failure, each infraction——6


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