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By Heather Pierce,2014-07-18 02:26
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    ;Policy’sChangeofHamasandItsInfluences

    ;onPalestinePoliticalSituation

    ;LiZhifen

    ;Asaradicalpoliticalpowerdriftedlongaway ;fromPalestinianAutonomousAuthority,Hamasbe

    ;gantochangeitspoliticalideologyandstruggleways ;afterhavingwonintheLegislationCommitteeElec

    ;tion.Hamasappearedtosoftentheradicalpolitical ;standswhichexpressinginitsthreeimportantpa

    ;pers:theelectionprogrammaticdocuments,the ;guardingprinciplestoorganizetheunitygovern

    ;PP.59

    ;ment,theinauguralspeechofPrimerMinisterlsmail ;Haneya,andthatrevealeditselfthetrendtoturnto ;arealisticpoliticalparty.Thisisanecessarycondi

    ;tionforPalestinianstogetunityandreachacompre

    ;hensiveagreementwithIsraelitoresolvePalestine

    ;Israelconflicts.ButPalestiniansunitygovernment

;wouldstillfacedifficuhiesandinternalcontradic

    ;tionsinthefuture.

    ;BasicFeaturesandStylesofDemocraticPractices ;intheMideastCountries

    ;WangLincong

    ;ThedemocracyprocessintheMiddleEast

    ;countriesisappearingthetrendofuprising.Therea

    ;sonsoforiginatingthedemocracyintheMiddleEast

    pushingandimita-- ;revealedthefeaturesofforce-

    ;tion.ThedemocracyprocessintheMiddleEaste

    ;mergedthefeaturesofdelayingandslow-moving

    ;Thestageofdemocracydevelopmentshowedthefea

    ;tureofunbalance.Thedemocracypracticeshadthe ;featureofdiversitywhichexpressedthedemocracy ;pp.1621

    ;basedonsecularism,thedemocracyofIslamdomi

    ;natedbyFaqih.thedemocracyoflimitationcon

    ;trolledbypowerauthority,thedemocracydividedby ;religiouspartiesandetc.Inthemeantime,thedif- ;ferenttrendsofdemocratizationandtheIslamism ;complementedeachother,andtheseshowedthedis

    ;tinguishingfeaturesandcontradictionsinthewaysof

    ;democratizationintheMiddleEastcountries. ;EgyptianArabNationalisminGlobalizationEra ;ChenDecheng

    ;Withtheuprisingofglobalizationwave,Egyp

    ;tianArabNationalismwasfacinggreatdifficultyin ;1970s.butitdidn’tdisappearandremainedtena—

    ;cious.ThemodernEgyptianArabnationalismin ;globalizationerahadtwokindsoflevels:thena

    ;tionalismdominatedbygovernmentandthenational

    ;ismworkedincivilsociety.Forthefirst,itpre

    ;ferredtherealitytoideality,preferredpeacetowar, ;preferredrationalitytoimpetuousness,anditpre

    ;ferredopeningtoclosure.Forthelater,ithadabun

    ;pp.2231

    ;dantemotionotherthanrationality.ithadtheinten. ;tiontouseviolenceandhadstrongmassbasics. ;EgyptianArabnationalisminglobalizationerawas ;mainlythenationalismexpressinginthelevelofgov

    ;ernment,anditenrichenedtheoreticallyArabna

    ;tionalism.ItcanplaypositiveroleforEgypttodeal ;withthechallengeofglobalization.However,itcan ;promotetheunityofArabandtheMiddleEastpeace

;process.Itisalsousefulforthisnationalismtoreal

    ;izetheeconomicunityforArabnations. ;?

    ;79?

    ;

    ;WESTASIAANDAFRICANo.2,2008

    ;U.S.δΈ€IraqRelationsinSaddamHussiemAge ;TianZonghui&YaoDaxue

    ;DuringtheAgeofSaddamHussiem,Iraqand ;U.S.hadkeptcomplicatedrelationsforabout25 ;years.Thereweretimesofconfrontationandtimesof ;honeymoon

    ;constructive

    ;duringthattime.IraqandU.S.conducted ;contactsduringtheIraqIranWar.After

    ;theendofColdWar.theGlllfCrisisandGWar ;brokeoutbecauseofthedifferencesofstrategiesbe. ;tweenIraqandU.S.AftertheGulfWar,Iraqand ;U.S.conducted12years’fiercestrugglefor”Contain.

    ;menttoAnti—containment”AftertheeventofSeotem.

    ;ber11.U.S.addedthesigns”axisofevil’’and

    ;pp.3238

;

    ;roguestates”toIraq.ButSaddamHussiemstil1

    ;carriedoutastrongpolicyagainstU.S.andshowed ;hisstubbornpoliticalandforeignattitude.Atlast, ;U.S.andUKbypassedtheUNandlaunchedthewar ;againstIraq,andoverthrewSaddamHussiemre- ;gime.SaddamHussiemwasgibbetedonthedayof ;Corbanin2006andendedtheAgeofSaddamHus- ;siem.NowthesituationinIraqremainsinturmoil ;andtherei.

    ;salongwayforrebuildingthesocietyof

    ;Iraq.

    ;“Americanization”andIsrael’sTransformationtoModern

    ;ConsumptionSociety

    ;AViewpointfromtheWayofCulture

    ;WangXiaode

    ;Themostimportantelementstolimiteconomic ;growthintheMiddleEastaretheissuesofsustain. ;abledevelopment,especially,theissueofwater ;shortageisthedominantelement.Inordertoresolve ;theissueofwatershortage,suchkindsofeffortsmay ;beuseful:adjustingthepricesofresources,making

    ;properdistributionofwater,adoptingneweffective ;pp.3945

    ;technology,andconductingwideranginginterna?

    ;tionalcooperation.Fortheissueofpollution,the ;followingmeasuresmaybeadoptedfortheMiddle ;Eaststates:revisingdevelopmentstrategy;readjus? ;ringsystemofprices;improvingthestructureof ;powers;openingupmeasureofabsorbinginvestment ;andconductinternationalcooperation.

    ;AfricanStrategicChoiceBasedonIndigenousKnowledge ;——

    ;outIineofAfricanIndigenousKnowledgeStudies(2of2) ;LiuHongwu&ZhangYonghong&WangTao ;ThoughtheindigenousknowledgeinAfrica

    ;originatedfromancienttimes,itsvalueandmeans ;werepopularlyemphasizedinmodemsocietyThis ;phenomenonreflectsthatpeopletrytorethinkthe ;faultandweaknessofmodemsociety.Peopletryto ;setupabridgetolinkthemodernscienceandindig. ;enousknowledge,anddemolishthedualismstmc. ;turalconfrontationindevelopingcountries.There. ;?

;80?

    ;pp.5156

    ;valuationofindigenousknowledgejustreflectshu

    ;manbeing’Smorediligentandequalityefforts.For

    ;Mricanstates,thefunctionandspecialmodern ;meaningofindigenousknowledgecanbeusedin ;suchfieldslikeenvironment,ecology,resourcesand ;civilizationdevelopment,anditisnecessarytore? ;markandadvocatethisnewvalueofindigenous ;knowledge.

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