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TIA-637-C

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TIA-637-C

Short Message Service (SMS) for Wideband Spread

    Spectrum Systems Release C

    Publication version

    SP-3-4391-RV3 (to be published as TIA-637-C)

    May 13, 2004

TIA-637-C

COPYRIGHT PAGE

(To be supplied by TIA)

     TIA-637-C

    PREFACE

    These technical requirements form a standard for a Short Message Service (SMS), providing delivery of text and numeric information for paging, messaging, and voice mail notification. This standard includes Service Option 6 and Service Option 14 (as defined in [15]), which support delivery of short messages on Traffic Channels. Service Option 6 and Service Option 14 conform to the general requirements for service options specified in [10]. A mobile station can obtain Short Message Service operating in either the analog or the spread spectrum (CDMA) mode when it conforms to this standard. This standard does not address the quality or reliability of Short Message Service, nor does it cover equipment performance or measurement procedures.

SECTION SUMMARY

    1. Introduction. This section defines the terms, references, protocols and network

    reference model used in this document.

    2. SMS Relay Layer. This section defines the requirements for the lower layer of the

    SMS bearer service protocols. The SMS Relay Layer provides the interface

    between the Transport Layer and the Link Layer used for message transmission.

    3. SMS Transport Layer. This section defines the requirements for the upper layer

    of the SMS bearer service protocols. The SMS Transport Layer manages the end-

    to-end delivery of messages.

    4. SMS Teleservice Layer. This section defines the requirements for the SMS

    Teleservice Layer, which provides application-level data formats and procedures.

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    NOTES

    1. The following verbal forms are used: “Shall” and “shall not” identify requirements

    to be followed strictly to conform to the standard and from which no deviation is

    permitted. “Should” and “should not” indicate that one of several possibilities is

    recommended as particularly suitable, without mentioning or excluding others;

    that a certain course of action is preferred but not necessarily required; or that (in

    the negative form) a certain possibility or course of action is discouraged but not

    prohibited. “May” and “need not” indicate a course of action permissible within

    the limits of the standard. “Can” and “cannot” are used for statements of

    possibility and capability, whether material, physical, or causal. 2. Footnotes appear at various points in this specification to elaborate and to further

    clarify items discussed in the body of the specification.

    3. Unless indicated otherwise, this document presents numbers in decimal form.

     Binary numbers are distinguished in the text by the use of single quotation marks.

    In some tables, binary values may appear without single quotation marks if table

    notation clearly specifies that values are binary. The character „x‟ is used to

    represent a bit of unspecified value. For example „xxx00010‟ represents any 8-bit

    binary value such that the least significant five bits equal „00010‟.

     Hexadecimal numbers (base 16) are distinguished in the text by use of the form

    0xhh where hh represents a string of hexadecimal digits. For example, 0x2fa1

    represents a number whose binary value is „0010111110100001‟ and whose

    decimal value is 12193. Note that the exact number of bits in the binary

    representation of a hexadecimal number strictly depends upon the

    implementation requirements for the variable being represented.

    4. “Base station” refers to the functions performed on the fixed network, which are

    typically distributed among a cell, a sector of a cell, and a mobile communications

    switching center.

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     TIA-637-C

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    SECTION SUMMARY............................................................................................................ iii NOTES ................................................................................................................................. iv 1 Introduction ............................................................................................................. 1-1 1.1 General Description ........................................................................................... 1-1 1.2 Terms ................................................................................................................. 1-3 1.3 References .......................................................................................................... 1-5 1.4 Network Reference Model ................................................................................... 1-7 1.5 SMS Protocols .................................................................................................... 1-8 2 SMS Relay Layer ...................................................................................................... 2-1 2.1 Introduction ....................................................................................................... 2-1 2.2 Overview ............................................................................................................. 2-1 2.2.1 Model of Operation .......................................................................................... 2-1

    2.2.1.1 U Interface .............................................................................................. 2-1 m

    2.2.1.2 N (Intersystem) Interface ........................................................................... 2-2 2.2.2 Relay Layer Functions ..................................................................................... 2-2 2.2.3 Service Description ......................................................................................... 2-3

    2.2.3.1 Service Primitives ...................................................................................... 2-3

    2.2.3.1.1 U Interface Primitives ....................................................................... 2-5 m

    2.2.3.1.2 N Interface Primitives .......................................................................... 2-6

    2.2.3.2 Services Provided by the Relay Layer ........................................................ 2-7

    2.2.3.2.1 Point-to-Point ...................................................................................... 2-7

    2.2.3.2.2 Broadcast ............................................................................................ 2-7

    2.2.3.3 Services Required from Protocol Layers .................................................... 2-7

    2.2.3.4 Services Required from Intersystem Links ................................................ 2-8 2.3 Elements of Procedures ...................................................................................... 2-8 2.3.1 Formats of Fields ............................................................................................. 2-8 2.3.2 Error Codes ..................................................................................................... 2-8 2.4 Definition of Procedures ..................................................................................... 2-9 2.4.1 Mobile Station Procedures .............................................................................. 2-9

    2.4.1.1 Point-to-Point Procedures ......................................................................... 2-9

    2.4.1.1.1 Common Channel Procedures ............................................................. 2-9

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    2.4.1.1.1.1 Mobile SMS Message Termination .................................................2-9

    2.4.1.1.1.2 Mobile SMS Message Origination ...................................................2-9

    2.4.1.1.2 Mobile Station Traffic Channel Procedures ........................................2-11

    2.4.1.1.2.1 Negotiation for the SMS Service Option .......................................2-11

    2.4.1.1.2.1.1 Procedures Using Service Option Negotiation ........................2-11

    2.4.1.1.2.1.2 Procedures Using Service Negotiation ....................................2-12

    2.4.1.1.2.2 Mobile SMS Message Termination ...............................................2-13

    2.4.1.1.2.3 Traffic Channel Setup...................................................................2-14

    2.4.1.1.2.4 Mobile Station Message Origination in the Conversation Substate2-14 2.4.1.2 Broadcast Procedures ..............................................................................2-15

    2.4.1.2.1 Common Channel Procedures for Broadcast SMS .............................2-15

    2.4.1.2.2 Traffic Channel Procedures ................................................................2-16 2.4.2 Base Station Procedures, U Interface .........................................................2-16 m

    2.4.2.1 Point-to-Point Procedures ........................................................................2-16

    2.4.2.1.1 Common Channel Procedures ............................................................2-16

    2.4.2.1.1.1 Mobile SMS Message Origination .................................................2-16

    2.4.2.1.1.2 Mobile SMS Message Termination ...............................................2-17

    2.4.2.1.2 Base Station Traffic Channel Procedures ...........................................2-18

    2.4.2.1.2.1 Negotiation for the SMS Service Option .......................................2-18

    2.4.2.1.2.1.1 Procedures Using Service Option Negotiation ........................2-18

    2.4.2.1.2.1.2 Procedures Using Service Negotiation ....................................2-19

    2.4.2.1.2.2 Mobile SMS Message Origination .................................................2-19

    2.4.2.1.2.3 Traffic Channel Setup...................................................................2-20

    2.4.2.1.2.4 Mobile Station Message Termination in the Conversation Substate2-20 2.4.2.2 Broadcast Procedures ..............................................................................2-21 2.4.3 Base Station Procedures, N Interface.............................................................2-22

    3 SMS Transport Layer ................................................................................................3-1 3.1 Introduction ........................................................................................................3-1 3.2 Overview..............................................................................................................3-1 3.2.1 Model of Operation...........................................................................................3-1 3.2.2 Transport Layer Functions ...............................................................................3-1 3.2.2.1 Bearer Service End Points ..........................................................................3-1

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    3.2.2.2 Bearer Service Relay Points ....................................................................... 3-1 3.2.3 Service Description ......................................................................................... 3-2

    3.2.3.1 Teleservice Interface .................................................................................. 3-2

    3.2.3.2 Services Required from the Relay Layer .................................................... 3-2 3.3 Definition of Procedures ..................................................................................... 3-2 3.3.1 Relay Point Procedures, Base Station ............................................................. 3-2 3.3.2 End Point Procedures, Mobile Station ............................................................. 3-5 3.3.3 Authentication Procedures.............................................................................. 3-6

    3.3.3.1 Mobile Station Procedures ........................................................................ 3-6

    3.3.3.2 Base Station Procedures ........................................................................... 3-6 3.4 Transport Layer Messages .................................................................................. 3-7 3.4.1 Message Format .............................................................................................. 3-7 3.4.2 Message Definitions ........................................................................................ 3-8

    3.4.2.1 SMS Point-to-Point Message ..................................................................... 3-8

    3.4.2.2 SMS Broadcast Message ........................................................................... 3-8

    3.4.2.3 SMS Acknowledge Message ....................................................................... 3-9 3.4.3 Parameter Definitions ..................................................................................... 3-9

    3.4.3.1 Teleservice Identifier ............................................................................... 3-10

    3.4.3.2 Service Category ...................................................................................... 3-11

    3.4.3.3 Address Parameters................................................................................. 3-12

    3.4.3.4 Subaddress ............................................................................................. 3-15

    3.4.3.5 Bearer Reply Option ................................................................................ 3-17

    3.4.3.6 Cause Codes ............................................................................................ 3-18

    3.4.3.7 Bearer Data ............................................................................................. 3-19 4 SMS Teleservice Layer.............................................................................................. 4-1 4.1 Introduction ....................................................................................................... 4-1 4.2 Overview ............................................................................................................. 4-1 4.3 Teleservice Procedures ....................................................................................... 4-1 4.3.1 General............................................................................................................ 4-1

    4.3.1.1 Mobile Station Message Termination ........................................................ 4-1

    4.3.1.2 Mobile Station Message Origination .......................................................... 4-2

    4.3.1.3 Broadcast Messaging Service .................................................................... 4-2

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    4.3.1.4 Analog Mode SMS Services ........................................................................4-3

    4.3.1.4.1 Extended Protocol SMS Services ..........................................................4-3

    4.3.1.4.2 Alert With Info SMS Services ...............................................................4-5 4.3.1.5 Setting of Message Identifier Field .............................................................4-6 4.3.1.6 Unique Message Identification ...................................................................4-6 4.3.2 IS-91 Extended Protocol Enhanced Services ...................................................4-7 4.3.3 Wireless Paging Teleservice (WPT) ...................................................................4-7 4.3.4 Wireless Messaging Teleservice (WMT) ............................................................4-9 4.3.5 Voice Mail Notification (VMN) .........................................................................4-12 4.3.5.1 Enhanced Voice Mail Notification ............................................................4-12 4.3.6 Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) ..............................................................4-13 4.3.7 Wireless Enhanced Messaging Teleservice (WEMT) .......................................4-13 4.3.8 Service Category Programming Teleservice (SCPT) ........................................4-16 4.3.9 Card Application Toolkit Protocol Teleservice (CATPT) ...................................4-17 4.4 Teleservice Message Contents...........................................................................4-18 4.4.1 SMS Deliver Message .....................................................................................4-18 4.4.2 SMS Submit Message ....................................................................................4-19 4.4.3 SMS Cancellation Message ............................................................................4-20 4.4.4 SMS User Acknowledgment Message ............................................................4-20 4.4.5 SMS Delivery Acknowledgment Message .......................................................4-21 4.4.6 SMS Read Acknowledgment Message ............................................................4-21 4.4.7 SMS Deliver Report Message .........................................................................4-21 4.4.8 SMS Submit Report Message .........................................................................4-22 4.5 Bearer Data Subparameters ..............................................................................4-23 4.5.1 Message Identifier ..........................................................................................4-24 4.5.2 User Data .......................................................................................................4-26 4.5.3 User Response Code ......................................................................................4-28 4.5.4 Message Center Time Stamp ..........................................................................4-29 4.5.5 Validity Period - Absolute ..............................................................................4-31 4.5.6 Validity Period - Relative ................................................................................4-33 4.5.7 Deferred Delivery Time - Absolute .................................................................4-35 4.5.8 Deferred Delivery Time - Relative...................................................................4-37

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    4.5.9 Priority Indicator ........................................................................................... 4-38 4.5.10 Privacy Indicator ......................................................................................... 4-39 4.5.11 Reply Option ............................................................................................... 4-40 4.5.12 Number of Messages ................................................................................... 4-42 4.5.13 Alert on Message Delivery ........................................................................... 4-43 4.5.14 Language Indicator...................................................................................... 4-44 4.5.15 Call-Back Number ....................................................................................... 4-45 4.5.16 Message Display Mode ................................................................................ 4-47 4.5.17 Multiple Encoding User Data ...................................................................... 4-48 4.5.18 Message Deposit Index................................................................................ 4-50 4.5.19 Service Category Program Data ................................................................... 4-51 4.5.20 Service Category Program Results............................................................... 4-55 4.5.21 Message Status ........................................................................................... 4-57 4.5.22 TP-Failure Cause ........................................................................................ 4-59 4.5.23 Enhanced VMN ........................................................................................... 4-60 4.5.24 Enhanced VMN Delete Ack ......................................................................... 4-66

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TIA-637-C

    LIST OF FIGURES

    Figure 1.4-1. Simplified SMS Reference Model ............................................................... 1-7 Figure 1.5-1. SMS Protocol Stack .................................................................................... 1-8 Figure 2.2.3.1-1. Primitive Types ...................................................................................... 2-3

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