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BOOK 2 UNIT 2

By Lloyd Bryant,2014-09-19 04:44
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BOOK 2 UNIT 2

BOOK 2 UNIT 2

    Language Study

    1) He imagined what surely awaited: He imagined what he was surely to see. 2) remote: far away in space or time

    Example: The supply of electricity to remote mountainous villages is

    one of the local development projects in Yunnan province.

    3) discount: amount of money which may be taken off the full price

    Example: Though online bookstores usually offer discounts, don’t expect to save much. 4) It was nice, but no palace: The house was nice, but not luxurious.

    5) Only in America can a billionaire carry on like plain folks…:It is only in America that a

    billionaire can live in the same way as an ordinary people…

    Only: In writing and formal speech, you can put “only” at the beginning of a sentence,

    followed by the word, word group, or clause it modifies, and then you put an auxiliary or “be”

    followed by the subject of the main clause.

    Examples: Only here was it safe to prepare and handle hot drinks.

    Only then did Peter realize that he still hadn’t phoned his mother.

     Only when the injured limb is fully mobile will the runner be encouraged to re-strengthen

    it.

    carry on: behave or conduct oneself in a special way

    Examples: There’s nothing unusual about them. They carry on just like everybody

    else. He carries on as if he were a millionaire, spending money left, right and center. folk: people in general(You can refer to people as folk or folks)

    Examples: They got married and had kids and lived like other folks.

     These are the folks from the local TV station.

    get away with: do sth. wrong or risky without being caught or punished

    Examples: They claimed that they knew how to play the system and get away with it.

     Eric has been getting away with tax fraud for years.

    6) bird dogs: dogs which hunt birds

    7) local: of or for a particular place

    Examples: The plane was to take off at 6 a.m. and land at 7 a.m. local time.

    Three-quarters of the investment needed to host the Olympics would be borne by

    central and local government.

    8) treatment: the way you deal with sb. or behave towards them(follow by of)

    Examples: Like everyone else, I resent his cruel treatment of his old father.

    The old woman suffered from bad treatment at the hands of her sons. None of them

    were willing to take care of her.

    9) by/from all accounts: according to what everyone says

    Examples: Tom;by all accounts, is a superb teacher.

     The Chinese football team will play the Koreans tonight. It should be a match worth

    watching, by all accounts.

     10) cheerful: (of sb.)happy in a lively, energetic way;(of sth.)making you feel happy

    Examples: One of the reasons why she is successful is that she is able to remain cheerful in a

    crisis.

     They are both very cheerful in spite of their colds.

     The kindergarten is bright and cheerful, with plenty of toys.

     I like songs with cheerful tunes.

     11) blend in/into: If sb. blends into a particular group or situation , or if they blend in, they seem

    to belong there or are not noticeable, because their behavior is similar to that of the

    other people involved.(used in the patterns: blend in; blend into sth ; blend in with

    sth.)

    Examples: What he said reinforced my determination to blend in with my

    surroundings. As a newly-appointed manager, he was not sure whether he

    could blend in. The painter blended in with the crowd at the art sale.

    12) throw one’s weight around: behave in an aggressively arrogant way

    Examples: Mr.Smith is not much of a manager. He always throws his weight around .

     Folks don’t like their chairman as he always throws his weight around .

13) reserve:

    1)order or book(a seat, book, room, table, etc.)

    Examples: The service at that five-star restaurant is excellent. I’ll reserve a table for five there.

    Demand will be huge, so ask your friends to reserve tickets for the concert. 2)keep for a special use (used in the pattern : be reserved for sb./sth.)

    Examples: In the United States lanes are reserved for cars with more than one occupant. some

    seats on the buses are reserved for the old.

    14)”look, he’s just not that way.”: you see, he is not the sort of person to

     reserve seats for himself.

    15)open up: unlock and open the door so that people can get in

    Examples: Open up ,or I break in.

    They open the school up at 7:45 a.m. so that students can have more sleep. 16)It buried the Forbes list at the bottom of page 2.:The Forbes list was arranged at the bottom of

    page 2 in the Benton County Daily Democrat so that it could not be found easily. 17)headline: the title of a newspaper article, printed above the article in large letters Examples: Headlines in the newspaper are arranged so that they attract attention.

     The headlines in the newspapers were to please millions of people in China: Beijing

    to host the 2008 Olympic Games.

    18)hold to: keep to

    Examples: John holds to his belief that you can be successful as long as you work hard.

    She always holds passionately to the view that her mother is an angel. 19)stock: shares of a company that are sold to investors

    Examples: you’d better get professional advice before buying stocks or bonds.

     After a dull start, stock prices moved ahead again yesterday. 20)on the run: continuously active and moving about ; try to avoid being captured Examples: I have been on the run all day and I am exhausted.

    He has to be on the run from one office to another to get the permit to open a

    take-away restaurant.

    He is on the run from the police.

    21).steer clear of: keep away from

    Examples: Children are told to steer clear of troublemakers.

     Members of the club steer clear of controversial issues such as religion. 22)But the real story in his mind is …:But what is always on his mind is…

23)make up: form the whole of (sth)

    Examples: Women make up nearly 50% of university entrants.

    The college is made up of fourteen departments and five reasarch centers.

    24)liable: likely(to do sth.)

    Examples: It’s liable to snow heavily tomorrow.

    The sports meeting is liable to be postponed until next week because of the bad

    weather.

    25)as laid down…:as established

    lay down: officially establish a rule, or officially state the way in which sth. must be

    done

    Examples :Conditions for membership are laid down in the soccer club rules.

    The school authorities have issued a news booklet laying down regulations for

    students.

    26)loyalty: the quality of staying firm in your friendship or support for sb./sth.; a strong feeling

    that one wants to be faithful to sb./sth.(followed by to )

    Examples: My father is a soccer fan. His loyalty to the local team has taken him all over the

    country to see them play.

     Once his mind was made up, General Lee never changed his loyalty to the south.

    27)system:

    1)set of ideas, theories, principles, etc. according to which sth. is done

    Examples: Most of the teachers are doing research work, trying to find a good system of reaching

    English.

    The classification of the books in the library follows the Dewey Decimal system.

    All the employees are required to work on an eight-hour system.

    2)group of things or parts working together as a whole

    Examples: With the further development of automation, more complicated control systems have

    come into being.

    28)cut prices and margins to the bone: reduce prices and margins considerably or dramatically

    29)qualify: have or give (sb.)a legal right (to sth./to do sth.)(followed by for or infinitive to )

    Examples: A few useful skills English teaching ,for example ---qualified foreigners for work

    visas.

    30)option:1)(in business)an agreement or contract that gives sb . the right to buy or sell sth .such

    as property or shares at a future date

    Examples: With cash, stock options and the promise of vast resources, Microsoft has attracted

    faculty elites to its research center.

     2)sth. You can choose to do

    Examples: She has the option of entering graduate school or starting her professional career.

    31)scholarship: (award of a)grant of money to a scholar

    Examples: He can’t afford to go to college if he doesn’t win a scholarship. .

    32)and the like: and other things of the same sort

    Examples: Many students are also keeping fit through jogging, aerobics, weight training, and the

    like.

    33)cultivate: 1)make a special effort to establish and develop sth.

    Example: Some students try to cultivate a love of art.

    2)prepare land and grow crops on it

    Example: They cultivated 500 acres in the suburb.

    34) reward: give sth. To sb. in return for work or services(used in the pattern: reward sb. for sth. With sth.)

    Examples: The officer is to be rewarded for his efforts with promotion to the rank of inspector.

    35)retire: (cause to)stop working at one’s job, usu. because of age(followed by from)

    Examples: Although their careers are important they plan to retire at 50. The school had to employ

    the retired teachers to give classes.

    36)…who was stunned at such generosity after the stingy employer he left to join

    Wal-Mart:…who, having left his stingy employers to join Wal-Mart, was shocked at

    such generosity by Walton.

    37)come/get abroad: (AmE, infml) join

    Examples: New employers who came abroad in the last six weeks have not been tested.

    38) the way they are treated: how they are treated

    Whey “the way” is followed by a defining relative clause, this clause can be either a

    “that” clause or a clause beginning with “in which”. For example, you say “the way

    she told the story”, “the way that she told the story”, or “the way in which she told

    the story”. There is no difference in meaning.

    Examples: Scientists have spent years studying the way the brain retains information.

    The information highway will have unimaginable impact on the way people

    communicate with each other.

    39) deserve: be sth. or have done sth. for which one should receive(a reward, special treatment, etc.); be entitled to(not used in the continuous tense)

    Examples: I am only partly responsible for the success of this book, my collaborator deserves more credit.

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