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Laboratory Title The Rock Cycle- (changes simulation)

By Sherry Ramos,2014-05-06 17:53
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Laboratory Title The Rock Cycle- (changes simulation)

Laboratory Title: The Rock Cycle- (changes simulation)

Name: Leigh McKolay

    Concepts Addressed: Rock cycle, phase changes within the rock cycle- characteristics of each stage of cycle.

    Lab Goals: To impart a basic understanding of the rock cycle- that there are different stages of formation and that it never ends.

Lab Objectives:

    Students will:

    ; Identify and describe the rock cycle.

    ; Work together to find answers.

    ; Simulate the changes that occur in the rock cycle.

    ; Analyze observations and compare it with the presented information on the rock cycle.

Benchmark(s) Addressed:

    Fourth Grade

    4.1 Structure and Function: Living and non-living things can be classified by their

    characteristics and properties.

    4.1L.1 Compare and contrast characteristics of fossils and living organisms.

    4.1E.1 Identify properties, uses, and availability of Earth materials.

    4.3 Scientific Inquiry: Scientific inquiry is a process of investigation through questioning,

    collecting, describing, and examining evidence to explain natural phenomena and

    artifacts.

    4.3S.1 Based on observations identify testable questions, design a scientific

    investigation, and collect and record data consistent with a planned scientific

    investigation.

    4.3S.2 Summarize the results from a scientific investigation and use the results to

    respond to the question being tested.

    Fifth Grade

    5.1 Structure and Function: Living and non-living things are composed of related parts

    that function together to form systems.

    5.1L.1 Explain that organisms are composed of parts that function together to form a

    living system

Materials and Costs:

    List the equipment and non-consumable material and estimated cost of each

    Item__________________________________________________________________ Cost

    Hand lens (30 x $0.75 each) .......................................................................................... 22.50

    http://www.onlinesciencemall.com/Shop/Control/Product/fp/vpid/1787672/vpcsid/0/SFV/30852

    Total Equipment and non-consumables: .................................................................. $22.50

    List the consumable supplies and estimated cost for presenting to a class of 30 students:

    Item__________________________________________________________________ Cost

    Sugar cubes (1 box) .................................................................................................. 3.19

    Foil ........................................................................................................................... 2.00

    Candle (50/pk)........................................................................................................... 5.79

    Total estimated cost of consumables: ................................................................. $10.98

Materials:

     A hand lens for each group.

     A sugar cube for each group.

     A piece of foil for each group.

     A jar candle for each group.

Procedure:

    1. Review with your students what they know about the three types of rock

    sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic. Review the formation of each type of rock.

    2. Hand out student work sheet.

    3. Hand out supplies: foil, sugar cubes, candles, and hand lenses.

    4. Let the students follow the directions on the worksheet (to simulate the changes that

    occur during the rock cycle)- and answer the questions in groups of three to four.

    5. A short discussion afterwards to explore student’s answers.

Time:

    Preparation: 5 minutes

    Instruction 35 minutes

    Clean up: 5 minutes

Assessment:

    The assessment will be the completed work sheet and the student response.

    Rock Cycle Experiment with Sugar!

    ; Get into groups of three to 4.

    ; Gather supplies (foil, candle, sugar, hand lens)

    ; Follow the numbered directions

    ; Record Observations

    1. Examine the sugar cube with a hand lens. How is the sugar cube like sedimentary rock?

    2. Crush the sugar cube into a powder. What part of the rock cycle does this represent?

3. Make a “boat” with your foil. Pour the crushed sugar into the foil boat. What

    part of the rock cycle does this movement represent?

4. Carefully put the “boat” over the candle flame. Observe as the sugar begins to

    melt. What part of the rock cycle does this represent?

    5. Set the foil boat away from the flame and wait 2-3 minutes. What happened to the melted sugar? What part of the rock cycle does this represent?

    6. Break the hardened sugar into pieces. What part of the rock cycle does this represent?

    Adapted from: http://www.cotf.edu/ete/modules/msese/glossary.html

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