DOC

Allegory

By Kim Perkins,2014-07-18 02:14
8 views 0
Allegory

    Allegory

Jan.2008,Volume6’No.1(SerialNo.52)US-ChinaForeignLanguage,ISSN1

    539-8080,USA

    ;AllegoryandsymbolisminHawthorne’sYounggoodmanBrown

    ;ZHuXianchun

    ;(ForeignLanguagesDepartment,JPLAPostgraduateMedicalCollege,Beijing100853.China)

    ;Abstract:Hawthorneisgoodatusingallegoryandsymbolisminhisshortstories.Thispaperbriefly

    ;discussestheuseofallegoryandsymbolisminhisYounggoodmanBrownwithaviewtocontributingtoabetter

    ;understandingofthewholestory.

    ;Keywords:allegory;symbolism;Hawthorne;YounggoodmanBrown ;Hawthorne’sabilitytocreatevividandsymbolicimagesisclearlyshowninhisshortstories.Anyonewho

    ;hasreadhisYounggoodmanBrowncannotfailtoseetheuseofallegoricalandsymbolicmethodsthroughoutthis

    ;shortstory,whichusesthebackgroundofwitchcrafttoexploreuncertaintiesofbeliefthattroubleaman’smind.

    ;Allegory,asdefinedinthedictionary,isarepresentationofanabstractorspiritu

almeaningthroughconcreteor

    ;materialforms,orthefigurativetreatmentofonesubjectundertheguiseofanother.Andsymbolisdefinedas

    ;somethingusedfororregardedasrepresentingsomethingelsebyassociation,resemblanceorconvention.

    ;Hawthorneisconsideredtobearomanticistwriterandessentiallyanallegorist,andallegoryandsymbolismare

    ;characteristicofhisworks.JustasHawthornemeanttoproducespecialeffectsbytheuseofallegoriesand

    ;symbolsinhisYounggoodmanBrown,soanunderstandingoftheallegoriesandsymbolsmayhelpgreatlyin

    ;understandingthewholestory.

    ;1.Thenamesofthecharacters

    ;Theallegoricaldevice,withitsnormalonetoonerelationships,canbesen

    sedinthefirstparagraphofYoung

    ;goodmanBrown,fortheverynamesofthetitlecharacterandhiswifeFaithimmediatelyidentifytheirrolesinthe

    ;storybysuggestingassociations.Although’’Goodman’’isacommonplacehonorificforpersonsbelowtheclassof

    ;gentlemaninbothEnglandandthecolonies,theuseof”Young’’withitanditsconstantrepetitionthroughoutthe

    ;storyhintatsomethingmorethanmeretitle.ItmayhintatBrown’syouth,hisin

nocence,hissimpleand

    ;unquestionedattachmenttoabstractFaith.Ylethislastname,Brown,whichisalsoakindofcolor,points{ustas

    ;surelytotheyoungman’saffinitieswiththegloomyanddarkforestwheremost

    ofthestorytakesplace,the

    ;strangeworldoutsidethesettledvillage.Brown’swifeFaith,whichalsomeans”trust”or”belief’.isanother

    ;symbolicname.WhenBrownleaveshiswifeFaithfortheforest,heloseshisfaithtemporarily.Hehesitatesinhe

    ;forestandwishestoreturntothevillageforf1aih.becauseheloveshiswifeFai

    hdearlyandwantstoresumehis

    ;faithinhumanbeingsandinGodandhisreligion.Later,whenherealizesthathiswifehasalsobeenintheforest,

    ;hecries,”MyFaithisgone!”Thisisapun.

    ;Ithasbothitsliteralmeaningandthemeaningthathehaslosthisfaith. ;atleastinhiswifeFaith

    ;2.Theforest

    ;ZHUXianchun,male,M.A.,associateprofessorofForeignLanguagesDepartment,PLAPostgraduateMedicalCollege;research

    ;fields:linguistics,literature,lexicography,translationstudies. ;58

    ;

;AllegoryandsymbolisminHawthorne’sYounggoodmanBrown

    ;Thewholeforestissurelyakindofallegoricalentity.InthePuritanmind.theforestisruledbytheDevil.It

    ;seemsthattheforeststandsforBrown’sownmind,inwhichasecretspotisdeeplyburied,akindoftrauma,to

    ;whichhewillhavetoreturn.ThattheforestishauntedandfilledwithambiguityimpliesthatBrown’smindis

    ;haunted,andpuzzledandlost.WhatgoesoninBrown’smindisjustlikewhathappensintheforest.Everythingis

    ;uncertain.Furthermore,theforestmayequatewithtemptationandsin.ClearlyBrownisuneasyaboutventuring

    ;uponthistemptation.Butasanysinnermightthink,heseemstosay,’’justthisonce,andthen….’’Sotheforest

    ;itselfisacomplexsymbolinwhichnature,sin,anddangerareambiguouslyandrichlycombined.

    ;3.Thelight

    ;Hawthorneisgoodatusinglightasadevicetobringaboutthemeaninginthecharactersandtodevelop

    ;phasesofthestructureofthestory.Heusesluridlightagainstforestblacknesstopicturethe’’dreamofevilomen’’

    ;whichbroughtBrowntogloom.AndthegloomcontrastswiththecheerfulcolorofFaith’spinkribbonsandthe

    ;heavenly,hopefulblueofthelightofthesky.SinceBrownstartsatsunset,theforestgloomwilldeepenand

    ;increasebothbyhisprogressalongthewayandbythenaturalcomingofthenight,sothatwhenitis”deepdusk

    ;intheforest”.itwillbe”deepestinthatpartofitwhere”BrownandtheDevilarejourneying.Butforaperiodof

    ;timethereisstillsomelightfromheaven.Thefactthattheyarenotvisiblebythesky’slightindicatestheirdark

    ;origin.YeteveninthemidstofBrown’sdoubts”thebluearch.andthestarsbrighteninginit’’showaheavenstill

    ;abovehim.ButafterhehaslosthisFaithandtestifiedtohisconversiontodoubtandevil,theblueskyisno

    ;longervisible.Heplungesinto”theheartofthedarkwilderness’’untilheseesa”redlight’’thatthrowsupa”lurid

    ;blazeagainstthesky,’’andarocksurroundedby”fourblazingpines,theirtopsaflame”.Thelightrisesandfalls,

    ;makingthecongregationshineforth,thendisappearintoshadowagain.Hawthornethenincreasesthelightto”a

    ;loftierflame”.andmakes”thefireontherock’’shoot”redlyforth’’toarchthefigureofthespeaker.The”dark

    ;figure’’shows”thefiendworshippers’’andidentifiesthewholeearthas”onestainofguilt.onemightyblood

;spot.’’AndBrownseesFaith”bytheblazeofthehell-kindledtorches”.Outofs

    odeepadarknesslitbysolurida

    ;light.Brownemergesinto”theearlysunshine’’toseeFaithofthepinkribbonswithoutgreetingherbecausehe

    ;hasbecomeso’’darklymeditative”aman.

    ;4.Thepinkribbons

    ;PerhapsthemostobviouslyrecurrentsymbolinthestoryisthesetofpinkribbonswombyFaith.Theyare

    ;mentionedthreetimesatthebeginningofthestory.Nearthecenterofthestory,apinkribbonfallsfromacloud

    ;thatBrownseesoverhead.Attheendofthestory,whenFaitheagerlygreetsherreturninghusband,shestillwears

    ;herribbons.ClearlyHawthornemeantthemtobe.

    ;suggestive.Butofwhataretheysuggestive?Arethey

    ;suggestiveoflove,ofinnocence,ofgood?Orconverselydotheysuggestevil,orhypocrisy,ortheambiguousand

    ;puzzlingblendofgoodandevil?Tothesequestions,itisnoteasytogivedefiniteanswers,becausethepink

    ;ribbonsmaypossiblyrepresentmanydifferentthings.However,itseemspossiblethatthepinkribbonsarean

    ;exponentofthemysteriesoftheology.ButifIamtolimitthemeaningofthepinkribbonstoonepossibility,I

    ;tendtofavortheideathatthepinkribbonssuggestthetaintedinnocenceandthespiritualimperfectionofmankind,

    ;sincepinkisacolorintermediatebetweenredandwhite.’’White”standsforinnocenceandpurity.while”red’’

    ;standsfortaintandstain

    ;59

    ;

    ;AllegoryandsymbolisminHawthorne’sYounggoodmanBrown

    ;5.Theforestjourney

    ;Theforestjourneyisthemostimportantpartofthestory.whenBrownpreparestoleavehomefortheforest,

    ;hiswifeFaithbegshimtostayathomeandputoffthejourneyuntilsunrise.ButBrownfeelscompelledtogoat

    ;once.Brownhimselfseemsquiteclearaboutthenatureofthenight’sjourney,f

    orhesaystoFaith,”Myjourney,

    ;asthoucallestit,forthandbackagain,mustneedbedone’twixtnowandsunrise.’’Brownonlydimlysuspectsthe

    ;dimensionsofthedarkandambiguousforest,butitsattractionsareirresistible,andtheironyofhispositionis

    ;revealedwhenheasksFaith,”What,mysweet,prettywife,dostthoudoubtme

    already,andwebutthreemonths

    ;married?”BrownispoisedsomewherebetweensuperficialattachmenttoFait

handdeepthoughtsaboutwhathe

    ;willencounterintheforest.ThisinitialcontestbetweenthewillofBrownandthetugofFaiththusestablishes

    ;earlytheformallevelofthejourneyandtheissuesinvolvedinit.NotonlyisthewillfulBrownatoddswiththe

    ;innocentFaith,butalsothesimplevaluesofthesafe,familiar,orderedvillagearesetagainstthoseequivocaland

    ;unorderedforcesthatlurkoutside.

    ;Browngoesoff,withonlyapassingpangofregretforhisFaith.Thathehassomeideaofwhatwillhappen

    ;intheforestisclearlysuggestedbyhisthoughtthatperhapsFaithhashadsomeideaof”whatworkistobedone

    ;tonight”andthat.moreover,”‘twouldkillhertothinkit”.EvidentlyBrown’sobjectintheforestisinimicalto

    ;Faithorfaith.Hesuspectsthekindofriskheistaking,andacceptsthatrisk,althoughhepromisesthat”afterthis

    ;onenight’’indarknesshewill’’clingtoherskirtsandfollowhertoheaven”.Thelargelyallegoricalfunctionsof

    ;FaithandBrown.aswellasthesignificanceofthejourney,areclearlysetforth.TheformallinkingofFaith,the

    ;village,light,andunquestionedcertainty,ononehand,andBrown,theforest,darkness,andambiguity,onthe

;otherhand,hasbeenestablished.

    ;Thewholeforestjourneyisakindofallegory.Itseemsthatthereisnorealforestjourney,butonlyaninward

    ;journeyintotheblack,despairingdepthsofBrown’ssou1.Thetown—forests

    ettingisjustcreatedtorepresentthis.

    ;Inthedepthsoftheforest.NaturecorrespondstothedarkestthingsinBrown’ssou1.WecanthinkofHawthorne’s

    ;arrangementofscenesas(1)inthetown,(2)intotheforest,(3)intheforest’sdep

    ths,and(4)backinthetown

    ;again.Ontheformallevel,theworldoftheforestisjuxtaposedtothatofthevillage.Thecharacterswhobeginto

    ;appeararebasicallythesameasthoseofthevillage.Brownrecognizesthembytheirmannersandclothes.

    ;Outwardlytheyseemtobegoingabouttheiraccustomedaffairs.Thedifferenceisthatthetreeshavereplaced

    ;housesandthepeoplehavesimplytakenonthevaluesoftheforestwithoutanyoutwardchangeinpersonand

    ;behavior.Thevillageisaplaceoflightandorder,whiletheforestisaplaceofdarknessandunknownterrors.

    ;Withthehelpofthetownforestsetting.Hawthorneexplicitlystrengthensthethemeofthestorythat”evilisthe

    ;natureofmankind7’.

    ;HawthorneUSeSallegoryandsymbolismwithgoodeffectintheshortstory.YounggoodmanBrown.Inthe

    ;settingwhichhechooses,allegoryisrealism,andtheideaislifeitself.ThusHawthornebringshisallegoryand

    ;symbolismtoperfectliteraryforminhisYounggoodmanBrown. ;References:

    ;CHANGYaoxin.1990.AsurveyofAmericanliterature.Tianjin:NankaiUniversityPress.

    ;Kennedy,X.J.1991.Literature:Antroductiontofiction.poetry,anddrama.(5thed).NewYork:HarperCollins.

    ;Luedtke.LutherS.I989.Nathanie,Hawthorneandtheromanceoftheorient.Bloomington:IndianaUniversityPress.

    ;Wagenknecht.Edward.1989.Nathanie,Hawthorne:Theman,histalesandromances.NewYork:Continuum.

    ;WUwiren.1990.HistoryandanthologyofAmericanliterature:l,.,.Beijing:ForeignLanguageTeachingandResearchPress.

    ;rEditedbyVivianandDoris)

    ;60

    ;

    ;

Report this document

For any questions or suggestions please email
cust-service@docsford.com