大学英语 Book Three
Unit One A Brush with the Law
Time Allotment: (4.5 Periods)
1. Text Structure analysis and new words and phrases (3 periods)
2. Exercises and reading & writing skills (1.5 periods)
Teaching Aims: The teaching of this text aims to enable students
1. to master the new words and useful phrases: arbitrary, award, belief, brilliant, employment, fate, given, guilty,
presumably, subsequent, temporary , trial, wander, witness, a couple of, call on , revolve around, save up, stand a chance , take one's time , turn against
2. to learn about the author‘s brush with the law and his feeling towards it.
3. to get acquainted with reading skills –---how to use a dictionary.
4. to learn and practice some writing skills: arrange the sentences in logical order.
I. Background information
1. Magistrates and the magistrates‟ court
In England, a magistrate is a person appointed to try minor offences. He is either an unpaid layman or, in London and some other large cities, a paid judicial officer.
In England, every district has a magistrates' court. It is the lowest court of law. The magistrates' court can only try people for minor, i.e. not very serious, offences. It cannot give prison sentences totaling more than 12 months, nor can it order fines of more than~400 for one offence.
2. Layer, solicitor, barrister
Lawyer is the general term for anyone whose work it is to advise his clients about the law and represent them in court.
A solicitor (初级律师) is a lawyer who gives advice, appears in lower courts, and prepares cases for a barrister to argue in a higher court.
A barrister(出庭律师) is a lawyer who has the right of speaking and arguing in the higher courts of law.
If a person gets into trouble with the police, he will probably ask a solicitor to help prepare his defence and, if the offence is to be heard in a Magistrates' Court, he can ask a solicitor to appear for him and argue his case. If the case goes to a higher court, the solicitor still advises him, but he must get a barrister to appear for him. 3. The Sixties‟ “youth counterculture”.
The word "counterculture" was coined in the 1960's for the attitude and life style of many young people who rejected conventional social values and demanded more personal freedom. The counterculture first arose in the U.S. during the 1960's and soon spread to Britain, France and other western countries. These young people were opposed to the Vietnam War and dissatisfied with the existing state of affairs in their society. Yet, unable to find a more constructive way of struggling against these, they indulged themselves in sex, drugs, alcohol and rock music and took great pride in wearing long hair and unusual clothes and in taking up anything that was unconventional.
大学英语 Book Three
The counterculture declined in the late.1970's.
4. Middle class
In Britain, the middle class refers to the class of people between the nobility and the working class. It includes professional men (such as doctors, lawyers and architects), bankers, owners of business and small gentry. In the United States, however, the middle class refers to the class of people between the very wealthy class and the class of unskilled labourers and unemployed people. It includes businessmen, professional people, office workers, and many skilled workers.
Apart from occupations and economic status, the term "middle class" can also be used to describe values and attitudes.
5. Hippy / Hippie
1. Time: the late 1960s
2. Countries: U.S., Canada, U.K., some other countries
3. Behavior: nonviolent anarchy; concern for the environment; rejection of Western materialism; being dressed in unusual clothes; living in group together; taking drugs
Hippie, member of a youth movement of the late 1960s, was characterized by nonviolent anarchy, concern for the environment, and rejection of Western materialism. The hippie movement started in the United States and then spread to Canada, the United Kingdom, and many other countries. The hippies formed a politically outspoken, antiwar, artistically prolific counterculture in North America and Europe. The hippies were usually dressed in unusual clothes and lived in group together and took drugs.
6. Richmond upon Thames
大学英语 Book Three
Richmond upon Thames is a borough of Greater London in southwestern England. Richmond upon Thames is an attractive residential district that borders both sides of the River Thames for about 19 km (about 12 miles). Its population is over 160,000. Among the borough’s historical sites are Hampton Court Palace, the former home
of King Henry VIII; and the remains of Richmond Palace, which was used by Queen Elizabeth I. The Royal Botanical Gardens in nearby Kew are also a popular attraction.
London is the capital of the United Kingdom. It is situated in southeastern England along the Thames River. With a population of about 7 million, this vast metropolis is by far the largest city in Europe, a distinction it has maintained since the 17th century. In the 19th century it was the largest and most influential city in the world, the center of a large and prosperous overseas empire. Today although it no longer ranks among the world‘s most
populous cities, London is still one of the world‘s major financial and cultural centers.
Words or Phrases Related to the Topic
1. 律师 a lawyer 2. 法官 a law-officer
3. 立法者 a lawmaker 4. 执法官 a lawman
5. 犯法者 a lawbreaker 6. 原告 an accuser / a plaintiff
7. 被告 a defendant 8. 罪犯 an offender
9. 法庭 a law court 10. 案件 a law case
11. 律师事务所 a law office 12. 办案 handle a case
13. 贿赂 bribery 14. 指控 accusation
15. 打官司 initiate legal proceeding 16. 控告某人 have / take the law against
17. 遵纪守法 abide by the law 18. 犯法 break the law
19. 驳回上诉 reject an appeal 20. 免予起诉 release from charge
21. 释放某人 set sb. free / release sb. from prison
We all know that the chief purposes of law are to maintain peace and order, to protect the rights of citizens, to secure justice and to punish wrong-doers. Good laws are those that are considered to serve the cause of justice for the society to which they apply. But even good laws may be unjustly applied or may be unjust in certain situations. In the story we're going to study today, the author tells us about what happened to him more than a decade ago. It was really a very unpleasant experience, yet it provides us with much food for thought.
II. Warm-up Questions and Oral Practice
1. Are you more suspicious of some strangers than others? What influences you when judging whether a
大学英语 Book Three