The Characteristics of Internet English Vocabulary

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The Characteristics of Internet English Vocabulary

    The Characteristics of Internet English Vocabulary 石雪.《论网络英语新词的简洁构词形式及构词方式》.长春理工大学学报,5


     Under the unique internet environment, people communicate through the internet not only use the traditional English words, but also some special internet words. The word-formation way of internet vocabularies includes combination, abbreviations, synthesis, etc. In the aspect of the variation of the Internet English vocabulary, people use figures and capital letters to form new words.

    Shi Xue analyzed the characteristics and formation way of the internet English vocabularies as following.

    1. The influence of Chinese from the characteristics of the internet English vocabularies.

    1.1 Concise and lively. In order to speed up the pace of the Internet, words are made as short as possible. Some English vocabularies and sentences are transformed into some concise and abbreviated Internet English language. A large number of internet English new words emerged, such as: "IT," "MP3", "DVD," "BB", "UFO", "WWW", etc.

    1.2 Arbitrary and personalized. Due to the Internet environment and the majority of the Internet users are young people, the expressions are more Arbitrary and personalized. This is another notable feature. Different from the standard language of the traditional media, the internet English new words in the young people's comments are capricious and colorful. For example, "dianzihanjian(电子函件)" and "zhuye(

    )" are the names of the unified regulations which are national proclaimed. but people like to call them "yimeier,伊妹儿!" (E-mail), "hongbeiji(

    培鸡)"( homepage).

    2.The word-formation of the internet English words

    2.1 The method of words first letter acronym. This kind of word formation is to combine the first letters of the words. Such as "WWW" (world wide web), "PK" (player killing), " BBS" (Bulletin Board System), BF/GF "( Boyfriend/girlfriend), "PC" (personal computer), "PS" (Photoshop ), "BB" (baby or bye-bye ), "IT" (Information Technology). "HTML" (hyper text markup language),

    "FTF" (face to face).

    2.2 The method of sentence first letter acronym. LOL”,Laugh out loud, IC

    I see, BTW”,By the way, CU”,See you, BBL”,Be back later,

    BRB”,Be right back, TY”,Thank you, TYL”,Talk to you later,

    DIY”,Do it yourself

    ), JAM”,Just a moment.

    2.3 The method of combination. UR”,you are, “Me2”

    me too, U2”,you too!,“4Ever”,forever!,“B4”,before!,“2B or not 2B

    To be or not to be,3Q”,Thank you !,“Ur name”,your name!,“4U”,for

    you!,“P2P”,pear to pear.

    2.4 The method of transliteration and paraphrase. fensi(粉丝)(fans), heike(

    )”,hacker!, ku()”,cool; dianji(点击)Click, chonglang(冲浪)

Surf, lianjie(链接)Link, fujian(附件)Attach-ment, wangye(网页)

    Web page, etc.

Fu Yifei. On motivations of lexis of Internet English. 大连海事大学学报(社会科学


    A study was made by using the qualitative approach, in which the onomatopoetic motivation, semantic motivation, morphological motivation and cognitive motivation of the lexis of Internet English were analyzed; hence the relationships between Internet language and human cognition were further explored from the view of cognitive schema.

    杨金菊. 网络英语词汇特点初探》. 嘉兴学院学报,2002.3:69-72

    Internet English plays an important role in our life with the popularization of Internet. The paper studies five main characteristics of Internet English vocabulary and thus proves the principle that the formation and development of Internet English words is the result of the covariance of language and society.

    Zheng Jing. On the formation and causation of cyber-neologisms. Journal of

    Fujian University of Technology, Oct.2010:528-531.

    With the development of the English languagethe generation of English newly

    coined words is witnessed each day( Among the variety of English newly coined

    wordscyber-neologism ac-counts for the largest proportion( Starting with the

    definition of cyber-neologismthis paper analyses its formation and causes from the view of lexicology to reveal the influence of the development of technology on English cyber-neologism and to grasp the latest findings of English vocabulary develop-ment(

    LIU Ai-PingWANG Xiao-linDENG Hong-bo. The Characteristics of the Two

    Word Formations in Network English. Journal of Wenzhou Vocational and Technical

    College. Sep.2003:53-55.

    Internet has a short historyand the language used in it is mainly Englishsimply

    called network English. It enriches the English vocabulary. Howeverthe word

    formation bears its own characteristics.

    Baker, Mona. (ed.) Routledge Encyclopedia of Translation Studies. London &

    New York: Routlege, 1998

    To translate the neologisms of network English, we should grasp its characteristic, as well as consider the aim of translation. The vocabulary of network English has various word-formation means, so we should adopt flexible translation methods on

    the basis of their different characteristics, thus transmitting the new connotations of the English words. In addition, translation is a purposeful activity. We should take corresponding method and means following its aim, express the meanings of neologisms in network English faithfully, and reflect its key content in English in an all-round way. As to the translation of the network neologisms, we mainly adopt “literal translation”, “free translation”, “transliteration”, “mixing translating”, “not translating” at present.


     1.Common points. All of these above authors concluded the characteristics of the network English vocabularies, such as compounding, derivation, abbreviation, acronym. They all analyzed that people have more and more high expectations for the pace of information dissemination, especially while chatting on the net, people hope that they can be close to spoken communication at the pace, get rid of the norm of the traditional written language, and demonstrate great random. Letters, figures, punctuation marks, symbols, and types of facial make up can all be used as communicating material.

    2. Differences. Baker discussed the metaphor used in the network English

    vocabularies which is ignored by the other authors. He analyzed that Network English includes a lot of specialized network technology vocabularies and computer vocabularies. These vocabularies are scientific and technological languages to a certain extent, so network English just has a characteristic of metaphor nature, such as computer virus, gopher, archive, menu, memory, run, path. Therefore, under the function of the metaphor, the abstract concept is specified, complicated meaning is simplified, scientific term is popularized, just making technological vocabulary of network English and daily life vocabulary very close, succinct and vivid, and easy to memorize. This has promoted the development and popularization of network technology and computer knowledge to a great extent.

    Zheng Jing pointed out that symbolic language is also called emoticons or smiley, which is another characteristic of network English.Describing the netizen’s movement,

    emotion and figure in symbolic language can enrich network with humanity, more vivid and more attractive, closer to the real exchange. Although symbol words do not express meanings through the change of the meaning of words, and amplification chord like other words, but they can express views through different associations, replacing the function of the language. It is the most peculiar expression way in the network language.

    3. Review. The characteristics of network English are closely related with Internet and its users. With brilliance times features, Internet users extend personality and seek efficiency. Therefore, network English has the characteristics of being terse and lively with a very large new vocabulary. In the teaching of college English, we should develop the strong points and avoid the shortcomings of network English, inspiring students’ interest in learning English and make them having a good grip of knowledge.

    The use of computers as a medium of communication has given birth to a new language phenomenon——network English. The Internet and people’s life are

    changing every day. So we should realize that network English in the present stage is still far from mature. New changes and developments are going on every day and more are waiting for exploration and studying.

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