TEST FOR ENGLISH MAJORS (2009)
TIME LIMIT: 135 MIN
PART I DICTATION [15 MIN]
Listen to the following passage. Altogether the passage will be read to you four times. During the first reading, which will be done at normal speed, listen and try to understand the meaning. For the second and third readings, the passage will be read sentence by sentence, or phrase by phrase, with intervals of 15 seconds. The last reading will be done at normal speed again and during this time you should check your work. You will then be given 2 minutes to check through your work once more.
Please write the whole passage on ANSWER SHEET ONE.
PART II LISTENING COMPREHENSION [20 MIN]
In Sections A B and C you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct answer to each question on Answer Sheet Two.
SECTION A CONVERSATIONS
In this section you will hear several conversations. Listen to the conversations carefully and then answer the questions that follow.
Questions 1 to 3 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the conversation.
1. Mark is unhappy because of
A. his Chemistry homework. B. a girl in his class.
C. Linda's words. D. Friday night's party.
2. Which of the following is CORRECT?
A. Linda is Jane's friend. B. Mark is Jane's boyfriend.
C. John is Jane's boyfriend. D. Mark and John are good friends.
3. Did Mark eventually take Linda's advice?
A. No. B. Partly. C. Completely. D. Not mentioned.
Questions 4 to 7 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the conversation.
4. About the scratch on the product, the shop assistant thinks that
A. the customer made it himself. B. there was definitely not one then.
C. the customer should have checked. D. the customer was making trouble.
5. The customer was ______ when told he might not have worn the headphones properly.
A. annoyed B. surprised C. indifferent D. worried
6. How many complaints did the customer make about the product altogether?
A. Five. B. Four. C. Three. D. Two.
7. The shop could exchange the product if the customer
A. makes no more complaints. B. can produce the receipt.
C. is still unhappy with it. D. brings it back within a week.
Questions 8 to 10 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversation, you will be given 15
seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the conversation.
8. Joe Smith telephoned Victoria for
A. the menu. B. the place. C. the reception. D. the campaign.
9. When will the lunch be held?
A. Friday next week. B. Thursday next week.
C. April 30th. D. This week.
10. All the following information is new to Victoria EXCEPT A. how many people to attend it. B. why to hold it. C. where to hold it. D. what to cook.
SECTION B PASSAGES
In this section, you will hear several passages. Listen to the passages carefully and then
answer the questions that follow.
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the following passage. ,4t the end of the passage, you will be given 15 seconds
to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage.
11. People choose London for post-Christmas shopping because A. shops open early in the morning.
B. shops stay open for longer hours.
C. they can buy really cheap things.
D. they can shop with their friends.
12. We learn from the passage that
A. people are very keen on sales.
B. post-Christmas sales start at 3:30am.
C. post-Christmas sales last for a day.
D. sales include only a few items.
13. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage? A. Some people buy Christmas presents in the sales. B. Some people shop online during the sales.
C. Some people buy presents for next Christmas.
D. Online retailers offer better post-Christmas sales.
Questions 14 to 17 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 20 seconds
to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage.
14. Ballroom dancing used to be associated with
A. TV shows. B. old people.
C. celebrities. D. professional dancers.
15. According to the passage, recent popularity of ballroom dancing is the result of
A. the participation of celebrities.
B. the designing of colourful costumes.
C. the benefits it brings.
D. a TV programme.
16. Which of the following is NOT mentioned about the TV show? A. Performers have to be formally dressed on the show. B. Each professional dancer dances with a celebrity. C. People on the show perform a different dance every week. D. The show runs for about four months.
17. According to the passage, the TV show has the greatest impact on A. old people. B. middle-aged people.
C. kids and young people. D. all of the above.
Questions 18 to 20 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 15 seconds
to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage.
18. According to New Zealand's rules about naming children, which of the following names is NOT acceptable?
A. Spiderman. B. Gandalf. C. 2win. D. Arsenal.
19. According to the passage, unusual names come from
A. popular culture. B. parents' invention.
C. sports. D. all of the above.
20. All of the following countries have strict rules about naming children EXCEPT A. Algeria. B. Germany. C. Japan. D. Argentina.
SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST
In this section, you will hear several news items. Listen to them carefully and then answer the questions that
Questions 21 to 23 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 15 seconds
to answer the questions. Now. listen to the news.
21. Why were the fishing crew stranded on Oct. 10th?
A. They went to a remote area.
B. Their fishing boats collided.
C. They tried to repair their boats.
D. They decided to stay in the boats.
22. How did they survive during those three months?
A. On supplies they brought with them.
B. On supplies sent to them by rescue teams.
C. On supplies left at the military base.
D. Not mentioned in the passage.
23. How were the crew rescued eventually?
A. By helicopter. B. By boat. C. By radio contact. D. By a search team.
Questions 24 and 25 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news.
24. Juan Carlos has been King of Spain
A. since 1981. B. for 32 years. C. for 70 years. D. for 17 years.
25. What is the news item mainly about?
A. The King's birthday. B. The stability of the monarchy.
C. Criticism from both the left and the right. D. The King's public defence of his reign.
Questions 26 and27 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds
to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news.
26. The three suicide bombings occurred in
A. November and December. B. October and November.
C. November. D. December.
27. Did people die in the bombings?
A. No one died in the bombings.
B. Yes. In one of the bombings.
C. Yes. In two of the bombings.
D. Yes. In all the bombings.
Questions 28 to 30 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news.
28. What is the purpose of the national survey?
A. To collect data on sources of pollution.
B. To identify pollution in rivers and lakes.
C. To help control environmental pollution.
D. To help control industrial wastes.
29. According to the news item, efforts of environmental protection are especially affected by A. lack of technology.
B. rapid economic growth.
C. unknown pollution sources.
D. shortage of manpower.
30. Which of the following details is CORRECT according to the news item?
A. Census offices are set up by government departments.
B. A main centre receives reports from provinces.
C. A database is set up for each province.
D. Data will be reviewed and analyzed in mid-2009.
PART III CLOZE [15 MIN]
Decide which of the choices given below would best complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the best choice for each blank on Answer Sheet Two.
Scientists around the world are racing to learn how to rapidly diagnose, treat and stop the spread of a new, deadly disease. SARS -- Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome --- was (31) ____ for the first time in February 2003 in Hanoi, (32) _____ since then has infected more than 1,600 people in 15 countries, killing 63. At this (33) _____, there are more questions than answers surrounding the disease.
Symptoms start (34) _____ a fever over 100.4 degrees F, chills, headache or body (35)____. Within a week, the patient has a dry cough, which might (36) _____ to shortness of breath. In 10% to 20% of cases, patients require (37)_____ ventilation to breathe. About 3.5% die from the disease. Symptoms (38)____ begin in two to seven days, but some reports suggest it (39) ____ take as long as 10 days. Scientists are close to (40) ____ a lab test to diagnose SARS. In the meantime, it is diagnosed by its symptoms. There is no evidence (41)____ antibiotics or anti-viral medicines help, (42) _____ doctors can offer only supportive care. Patients with SARS are kept in isolation to reduce the risk of(43) ____ Scientists aren't sure yet, but some researchers think it's a (44) ____ discovered coronavirus, the family of viruses that cause some common colds.
Most cases appear to have been passed (45) ____ droplets expelled when infected patients cough or sneeze. Family members of infected people and medical workers who care (46) ____ them have been most likely to (47) ____ the illness. But recent developments in Hong Kong suggest that the (48) ____ might spread through air, or that the virus might (49) ____ for two to three hours on doorknobs or other (50)____. Health experts say it is unlikely, though, that sharing an elevator briefly with an infected person would be enough to pass the virus.
(31) A. detected B. caught C. disclosed D. revealed
(32) A. but B. and C. or D. yet
(33) A. time B. point C. aspect D. instance
(34) A. from B. over C. upon D. with
(35) A. hurt B. sore C. aches D. feelings
(36) A. process B. advance C. progress D. convert
(37) A. automatic B. artificial C. mechanical D. controlled (38) A. regularly B. ordinarily C. traditionally D. generally (39) A. will B. might C. should D. must
(40) A. cultivating B. fostering C. developing D. designing (41) A. which B. that C. whether D. what
(42) A. so B. but C. still D. yet
(43) A. communication B. transportation C. transformation D. transmission (44) A. lately B. newborn C. newly D. renewed
(45) A. under B. through C. beneath D. from
(46) A. for B. over C. after D. about
(47) A. acquire B. receive C. obtain D. contract
(48) A. ailment B. ill-health C. disease D. infection
(49) A. continue B. linger C. delay D. persist
(50) A. exteriors B. outside C. surfaces D. coverings
PART IV GRAMMAR & VOCABULARY [15 MIN]
There are thirty sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C
and D. Choose one word or phrase that best completes the sentence. Mark your answers on Answer Sheet Two.
51. What a nice day! How about the three of us _____ a walk in the park nearby? A. to take B. take C. taking D. to be taking
52. If there were no subjunctive mood, English _____ much easier to learn. A. could have been B. would'be
C. will be D. would have been
53. She _____ fifty or so when I first met her at a conference. A. had been B. must be C. has been D. must have been
54. _____ the boss says, it is unreasonable to ask me to work overtime without pay. A. Whatever B. Whenever C. Whichever D. However
55. A new laptop costs about _____ of a second-hand one.
A. the price of three times B. three times the price
C. as much as the three times price D. three times more than the price
56. I was very interested in _____ she told me.
A. all that B. all which C. all what D. that
57. We consider ______ he should have left without telling anyone beforehand. A. strange why B. it strange what C. it strange that D. that strange
58. It is going to be fine tomorrow. _______.
A. So is it. B. So it is. C. So it does. D. So does it.
59. Little _____ about her own safety, though she herself was in great danger. A. she cared B. she may care C. may she care D. did she care
60. The couple had no sooner got to the station _____ the coach left. A. when B. as C. until D. than
61. Aren't you tired? I ____ you had done enough for today.
A. should have thought B. must have thought
C. might have thought D. could have thought
62. "It seems that she was there at the conference." The sentence means that
A. she seems to be there at the conference.
B. she seemed to be there at the conference.
C. she seems to have been there at the conference.
D. she seemed to being there at the conference.
63. Which of the following adverbs can NOT be used to complete " _____ everybody came"? A. Nearly B. Quite C. Practically D. Almost
64. In "How much do you think he earns?" how much is ______ of the sentence. A. the subject B. the adverbial
C. the object D. the complement
65. "The man preparing the documents is the firm's lawyer" has all the following possible meanings EXCEPT
A. the man who has prepared the documents...
B. the man who has been preparing the documents...
C. the man who is preparing the documents...
D. the man who willprepare the documents...
66. During the TV interview, the singer announced that he was going to _____ his new album soon. A. release B. renew C. relieve D. rehearse
67. Afterworking for the firm for ten years, he finally _____ the rank of deputy director. A. achieved B. approached C. attained D. acquired
68. Winter is the _____ season at most hotels in this seaside town, because very few tourists come to stay.
A. slow B. slack C. low D. quiet
69. Come on, Jack, tell me the story. Don't keep me in ______.
A. suspense B. suspending C. suspension D. suspender
70. The football match was _____ because of the heavy rain.
A. called over B. called up C. called out D. called off
71. We had a good time there, and the food was plentiful and _____.
A. conducive B. wholesome C. helpful D. appreciative
72. It was strange that she would _____ such an absurd idea.
A. allow B. stick C. take D. entertain
73. The scientists have made an _____ study of the viruses that cause the disease. A. exhausted B. exhausting C. exhaustive D. exhaustion
74. Do you own your apartment or are you a ______ ?
A. tenant B. customer C. client D. proprietor
75. Representatives from the companies indicated that they should go on working together in _____. A. unity B. entity C. partners D. partnership
76. We all know that Mary has had a strict _____.
A. growth B. upbringing C. development D. cultivation
77. The drink was packaged in champagne bottles and was being _____ as the real stuff. A. passed out B. passed by C. passed over D. passed off
78. Last Sunday she came to visit us out of the blue. The italicized phrase means A. unexpectedly B. unhappily C. untidily D. unofficially
79. The person he interviewed was _____ his former schoolmate.
A. no other than B. no more than C. none other than D. none the less
80. The young employee has a(n)______ quality - he is totally honest.
A. respectable B. admirable C. decent D. approachable
PART V READING COMPREHENSION [25 MIN]
In this section there are four passages followed by questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the best answer. Mark your answers on Answer Sheet Two.
Do you realize that every time you take a step, the bones in your hip are subjected to forces between four and five times your body weight? When you are running, this force is increased further still. What happens if through disease a hip-joint ceases to be able to resist such forces? For many years hip-joints and other body joints have been replaceable either partially or completely. It is after all a simple ball and socket joint; it has certain loads imposed on it; it needs reliability over a defined life; it must contain materials suitable for the working environment. Any engineer will recognize these as characteristic of a typical engineering problem, which doctors and engineers have worked together to solve, in order to bring a fresh lease of life to people who would otherwise be disabled.
This typifies the way in which engineers work to help people and create a better quality of life. The fact that this country has the most efficient agricultural industry in the world is another good example. Mechanical engineers have worked with farmers and biologists to produce fertilizers, machinery and harvesting systems. This team effort has now produced crops uniformly waist high or less so that they are better suited to mechanical harvesting. Similar advances with other crops have released people from hard and boring jobs for more creative work, whilst machines harvest crops more efficiently with less waste. Providing more food for the rapidly increasing population is yet another role for the mechanical engineer.
81. According to the passage, when would most weight be imposed on hip-joints?
A. When one is walking. B. When one is running.
C. When one is standing. D. When one is lying down.
82. Engineers regard the replacement of hip-joints as a(n) ____ Problem.
A. mechanical B. medical C. health D. agricultural
83. According to the passage, how do engineers contribute to increasing efficiency of the agricultural industry?
A. By working with farmers.
B. By working in teams.
C. By growing crops of the same height.
D. By making agricultural machinery.
84. According to the context, "This team effort'" in Paragraph Two refers to
A. mechanical engineers.
B. doctors and engineers.
C. biologists, doctors and farmers.
D. farmers, biologists and engineers.
Nowadays, a cellphone service is available to everyone, everywhere. Probably thousands of people have already been using it, but I just discovered it, so I'm going to claim it and also name it: Fake Foning.
The technology has been working well for me at the office, but there are infinite applications. Virtually in any public space.
Say you work at a big university with lots of talky faculty members buzzing about. Now, say you need to use the restroom. The trip down the hall will take approximately one hour, because a person can't walk into those
talky people without getting pulled aside for a question, a bit of gossip, a new read on a certain line of Paradise Lost.
So, a cellphone. Any cellphone. Just pick it up. Don't dial. Just hold that phone to your face and start talking. Walk confidently down the hall engaged in fake conversation, making sure to tailor both the topic and content to the person standing before you whom you are trying to evade.
For standard colleague avoidance, I suggest fake chatting about fake business:
"Yes, I'm glad you called, because we really need to hammer out the details. What's that? Yes, I read Page 12, but if you look at the bottom of 4, I think you can see the problem begins right there."
Be animated. Be engaged in your fake fone conversation. Make eye contact with the people passing, nod to them, gesture keen interest in talking to them at a later time, point to your phone, shrug and move on.
Shoppers should consider fake foning anytime they spot a talky neighbor in the produce department pinching (用手捏) unripe peaches. Without your phone at your face, you'd be in for a 20-minute speech on how terrible the world is.
One important caution about fake foning. The other day I was fake foning my way past a colleague, and he was actually following me to get my attention. I knew he wanted to ask about a project I had not yet finished. I was trying to buy myself some time, so I continued fake foning with my doctor. "So I don't need the operation? Oh, doctor, that is the best news."
And then: Brrrrrrng! Brrrrrmg! Brrrrrmg! My phone started ringing, right there while it was planted on my face. My colleague looked at me, and I at him, and naturally I gasped. "What is the matter with this thing?" I said, pulling the phone away to look at it, and then putting it back to my ear.
"Hello? Are you still there?"
85. Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?
A. Cellphone service is popular among people.
B. Cellphone has much use in office.
C. Fake foning is a new cellphone service.
D. Fake foning is a new discovery.
86. What is fake foning?
A. A strategy to avoid people.
B. A device newly produced.
C. A service provided everywhere.
D. A skill of communication.
87. In the author's opinion, in order to make fake foning look real one has to
A. talk about interesting matters.
B. behave politely to people passing by.
C. hold the phone while walking.
D. appear absorbed in conversation.
88. What does the last example show?
A. One effective way is to fake fone one's doctor.
B. One has to be careful while fake foning.
C. Fake foning may not deceive people.
D. Fake foning is always quite successful.
89. After his phone suddenly began ringing, the author
A. immediately started talking to the caller.
B. immediately started talking to his colleague.
C. put the phone away and stopped talking.
D. continued with his fake conversation.
90. What is the tone of the passage?
A. Critical. B. Humorous. C. Serious. D. Unclear.
It was late in the afternoon, and I was putting the final touch on a piece of writing that I was feeling pretty good about. I wanted to save it, but my cursor had frozen. I tried to shut the computer down, and it seized up altogether. Unsure of what else todo, I yanked (用力猛拉) the battery out.
Unfortunately, Windows had been in the midst of a delicate and crucial undertaking. The next morning, when I turned my computer back on, it informed me that a file had been corrupted and Windows would not load. Then, it offered to repair itself by using the Windows Setup CD.
I opened the special drawer where I keep CDs. But no Windows CD in there. I was forced to call the computer company's Global Support Centre. My call was answered by a woman in some unnamed, far-off land. I find it annoying to make small talk with someone when I don't know what continent they're standing on. Suppose I were to comment on the beautiful weather we've been having when there was a monsoon at the other end of the phone? So I got right to the point.
"My computer is telling me a file is corrupted and it wants to fix itself, but I don't have the Windows Setup CD."
"So you're having a problem with your Windows Setup CD." She has apparently been dozing and, having come to just as the sentence ended, was attempting to cover for her inattention.
It quickly became clear that the woman was not a computer technician. Her job was to serve as a gatekeeper, a human shield for the technicians. Her sole duty, as far as I could tell, was to raise global stress levels.
To make me disappear, the woman gave me the phone number for Windows' creator, Microsoft. This is like giving someone the phone number for, I don't know, North America. Besides, the CD worked; I just didn't have it. No matter how many times I repeated my story, we came back to the same place. She was calm and resolutely polite.
When my voice hit a certain decibel (分贝), I was passed along, like a hot, irritable potato, to a technician.
"You don't have the Windows Setup CD, ma'am, because you don't need it," he explained cheerfully.
"Windows came preinstalled on your computer!"
"But I do need it."
"Yes, but you don't have it." We went on like this for a while. Finally, he offered to walk me through the use of a different CD, one that would erase my entire system. "Of course, you'd lose all your e-mail, your documents, your photos." It was like offering to drop a safe on my head to cure my headache. "You might be able to recover them, but it would be expensive." He sounded delighted. "And it's not covered by the warranty (产品保证书)!"
The safe began to seem like a good idea, provided it was full.
I hung up the phone and drove my computer to a small, friendly repair place I'd heard about. A smart, helpful man dug out a Windows CD and told me it wouldn't be a problem. An hour later, he called to let me know it was ready. I thanked him, and we chatted about the weather, which was the same outside my window as it was outside his.
91. Why did the author shut down her computer abruptly?
A. She had saved what she had written.
B. She couldn't move the cursor.
C. The computer refused to work.
D. The computer offered to repair itself.
92. Which of the following is the author's opinion about the woman at the Global Support Centre? A. She sounded helpful and knowledgeable.
B. She was there to make callers frustrated.
C. She was able to solve her computer problem.
D. She was quick to pass her along to a technician.
93. According to the passage, the solution offered by the technician was
A. effective. B. economical. C. unpractical. D. unacceptable.
94. "It was like offering to drop a safe on my head to cure my headache" in the last but one paragraph means that
A. the technician's proposal would make things even worse.
B. the technician's proposal could eventually solve the problem.
C. files stored on her computer were like a safe.
D. erasing the entire system was like curing a headache.
95. It can be inferred from the passage that the differences between the Global Support Centre and the local repair shop lie in all the following EXCEPT
A. efficiency. B. location. C. setup CDs. D. attitude.TEXT D
Not long ago, a mysterious Christmas card dropped through our mail slot. The envelope was addressed to a man named Raoul, who, I was relatively certain, did not live with us. The envelope wasn't sealed, so I opened it. The inside of the card was blank. Ed, my husband, explained that the card was both from and to the newspaper deliveryman. His name was apparently Raoul, and Raoul wanted a holiday tip. We were meant to put a check inside the card and then drop the envelope in the mail. When your services are rendered at 4 a.m., you can't simply hang around, like a hotel bellboy expecting a tip. You have to be direct.
So I wrote a nice holiday greeting to this man who, in my imagination, fires The New York Times from his bike aimed at our front door, causing more noise with mere newsprint than most people manage with sophisticated black market fireworks.
With a start, I realized that perhaps the reason for the 4 a.m. wake-up noise was not ordinary rudeness but carefully executed spite: I had not tipped Raoul in Christmases past. I honestly hadn't realized I was supposed to. This was the first time he'd used the card tactic. So I got out my checkbook. Somewhere along the line, holiday tipping went from an optional thank-you for a year of services to a Mafia-style protection racket (收取保护费
Several days later, I was bringing our garbage bins back from the curb when I noticed an envelope taped to one of the lids. The outside of the envelope said MICKEY. It had to be another tip request, this time from our garbage collector. Unlike Raoul, Mickey hadn't enclosed his own Christmas card from me. In a way, I appreciated the directness. "I know you don't care how merry my Christmas is, and that's fine," the gesture said. "I want $30, or I'll 'forget' to empty your garbage bin some hot summer day."
I put a check in the envelope and taped it back to the bin. The next morning, Ed noticed that the envelope was gone, though the trash hadn't yet been picked up: "Someone stole Mickey's tip!" Ed was quite certain. He made me call the bank and cancel the check.
But Ed had been wrong. Two weeks later, Mickey left a letter from the bank on our steps. The letter informed Mickey that the check, which he had tried to cash, had been cancelled. The following Tuesday morning, when Ed saw a truck outside, he ran out with his wallet. "Are you Mickey?"
The man looked at him with scorn. "Mickey is the garbageman. I am the recycling." Not only had Ed insulted this man by hinting that he was a garbageman, but he had obviously neglected to tip him. Ed ran back inside for