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By Jeffery Miller,2014-12-05 11:39
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WODE

    中国地质大学江城学院

    毕业论文综述报告

    从弗洛伊德人格结构解读《金色笔记》中安娜的困境与出路

     名? 樊荔枝

     业?

     级? 41300804

     号? 4130080413

    指导教师? 冯光华 教授

    

    2007年度诺贝尔文学奖得主多丽丝?莱辛(Doris Lessing~1919)是当代英国最重要的作家之一。莱辛的代表作《金色笔记》问世~这部小说因其在结构上的创新和对五十年代英国社会的精神状态和道德状况的反映而成为二十世纪英国文学的一部经典之作~并奠定了莱辛在当代英国文坛的重要地位。

    本文以精神分析理论分析当代英国作家多丽思?莱辛的作品《金色笔记》~ 尝试利用弗洛伊德的人格结构理论的角度和视野诠释其创作的意义。通过对文本的具体分析~对小说安娜对迈克尔的情感冲突进行分析~深入研究安娜的内心世界和精神面貌~能够为解读作品提供一个人格结构的视角~分析主人公安娜从分裂到整合的心路历程,即在分裂的状态下认识自我、重新建构健康的新自我的曲折道路~揭示其在现代社会的精神世界中自我的迷失和自我的寻找的实质,探讨了安娜在感情分裂后如何保持心理上的完整~如何理解个人本质与人生意义的问题。

    关键词;金色笔记 精神分析 人格结构理论 情感冲突

    ABSTRACT

    The winner of Nobel Prize for Literature of 2007 Doris Lessing(Doris Lessing~1919)is

    one of the most famous writers in contemporary English literature . Lessings masterpiece The

    Golden Notebook was published?Because of its successful reflection of peoples ethical and

    spiritual states in the 1950sBritish society~the novel is considered as a masterpiece in

    contemporary English literature and settled Lessings important status in contemporary English

    literature world?

    The thesis applies psychoanalytical theories to analyzing the modern British writer Doris Lessing‟s The Golden Notebook, attempting to explore the significance from Freudian

    personality structure perspective. By presenting Anns emotional conflict to Michael ~this

    thesis pictures a general personality structure overview of the minds and hearts to understand Annas spiritual process from fragmentation to unity, namely, her self-saving from the self-struggling state through pursuit of healthy self. It aims to explore the process and the significance of the self-discovery and reveal the loss of self in spiritual world and the essence of self-discovery and how to understand the problem between individual essence and living significance in a disordered world.

    Key Words?The Golden Notebook Psychoanalysis personality structure free woman

    emotional conflict

1Introduction

    Doris Lessing was born in a British family in Persia on October 22~1919?When she was

    five years old~her family moved to Southern Rhodesia with the hope to make a fortune through farming?So Lessing spent her solitary but unconfined childhood on the Rhodesian veldt?It Was

    also the free and unconfined life in her childhood made her independent in the mind in her whole life and her writing often goes beyond the literary convention both in content and style?Doris

    Lessings works are complicated and formidable for most readers~but her own life experiences

    may give US a hint about the understanding of her novels and herself?

    The Golden Notebook depicts Annas strenuous struggle for spiritual tranquility and

    freedom in the chaotic midtwentieth century English society?Anna Woolf is the protagonist of

    the novel?She is a divorced woman bringing up her little daughter, Janet alone in London~a

    mistress keeping close relationship with Michael~a married man~for five years but abandoned

    by him~a political activist yet in face of the disillusion of communism~and a writer caught in a

    personal and artistic crisis?Anna has published a novel named Frontiers of War~which is highly

    successful and a best seller?

    There is no exception with Doris Lessing‟s creation of The Golden Notebook. In this novel,

    with the subject matter based on the female emotional life, Lessing depicts the society and life from the perspective of the intellectual women, and gives special and careful concern to the characters‟ psychological description. Lessing writes in the introduction of the novel: “This theme of „breakdown‟, that sometimes when people „crack up‟ it is a way of self-healing, of the

    inner self‟s dismissing false dichotomies and divisions, has of course been written about by other people, as well as by me, since then.” (Lessing, 2008) The novel depicts the protagonist Anna

    Woolf‟s psychological experience with Michael and after that how to overcome a “writer‟s

    block”, defeat spiritual fragmentation and integrate a divided self. According to Eagleton,

    psychoanalysis is not only a theory of the human mind, but a practice for curing those who are considered mentally ill or disturbed (Teng, 2006). The theme reflected in this novel finds convincing evidence for applying psychoanalytical approach to it.

    The paper is concerned with the psychoanalytic interpretation of the characters in the novel

    by employing a classical theory of Freudian personality structure. As will be argued by the thesis, from the protagonist Anna Woolf to other characters, their inner worlds will be exposed and analyzed in depth. It aims at a further exploration of the value and essence of the novel, which will be beneficial to the reader for a better and deeper appreciation of this outstanding work. 1.1 An Introduction to Doris Lessing and Her Literary Achievement

    Doris Lessings works are complicated and formidable for most readers~but her own life

    experiences may give US a hint about the understanding of her novels and herself?Doris Lessing

    1919?When she was five years old~her was born in a British family in Persia on October 22~

    family moved to Southern Rhodesia with the hope to make a fortune through farming?So

    Lessing spent her solitary but unconfined childhood on the Rhodesian veldt?It Was also the free

    and unconfined life in her childhood made her independent in the mind in her whole life and her writing often goes beyond the literary convention both in content and style?

    As a talented female author, Doris Lessing has published enormous significant works?She

    is one of the most comprehensive contemporary novelists whose has long straightforward prose has touched upon modem social~political~and psychological questions?The philosophical

    importance and the interweaving plots~characters and events form so large a maze that once it is entered?it is very hard for anyone to find the way out?Her intelligence and talent for writing

    bring her an international status~and attracted a large group of readers and numerous critics

    attention?In 1 976?she was awarded with theFrench Prix Medici for Foreigners”?In 1 996?she

    won theBritains Writers Guild Award for Fiction?”and at the same year ,she was on the

    list of nominees for the Nobel Prize in Literature?In 2007?When she was 88 years old?Lessing

    won the Nobel Prize in literature and was described by the Swedish Academy as that of the

    female experience~who with skepticism~