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Using all sorts of floats for overcoming rivers and watercourses

By Tiffany Allen,2014-05-05 21:59
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Using all sorts of floats for overcoming rivers and watercourses

CANOEING

Milan Bílý, Bronislav Kračmar, Petr Novotný

Charles University

CANOEING

Milan Bílý, Bronislav Kračmar, Petr Novotný

Prague 1999

Katedra sportů v přírodě

Univerzita Karlova, Fakulta tělesné výchovy a sportu v Praze

Vedoucí katedry: Doc.PhDr. Miloš Příbramský,CSc.

     Milan Bílý, Bronislav Kračmar, Petr Novotný, Prague 1999.

    Illustrations Bronislav Kračmar, Prague 1999.

    Table of contents

    1. Development of canoeing in the World and in Czech

    republic (Novotný)

    2. Characteristics of water terrain with regard to the

    usage by canoeing (Kračmar)

    3. Paddling equipment, technology and maintenance

    4. Paddling technique and tactics on the canoe (Bílý)

    5. Paddling technique and tactics on the kayak (Bílý)

    6. Eskimo rolls (Bílý)

    7. Procedure of teaching

    8. Rafting (Novotný)

    9. Dangers (Kračmar)

    10. Sprint canoeing (Bílý)

    11. Water slalom and sprint

    12. Water tourism (Kračmar)

    13. Some other variants of paddling

    14. Used and recommended literature

Motto:

     “People will never end to search for exciting sports and entertainment, never end to wish for inebriety, encompassment of elements and water gives it to them all…”

“We cannot fight the water, we can only cooperate with it.”

    1.Development of canoeing in the World and in Czech republic

    Using all sorts of boats for overcoming rivers and watercourses is old as mankind itself. Pictures of all sorts of primitive boats are on sculptures, which were found on miscellaneous places on earth. A silver boat found in the grave of a Sumerian king is the oldest retained evidence. Its age is estimated approximately somewhere around 6000 years.

    Boats which had the main impact on later sport and tourist paddling have their origin from the north American Indians whom built and used small boats moved by paddles for traveling, hunting, and even for war purposes (fig.1). They were open boats with raised bows (tip of the boat), typical by its characteristic construction, where there was a fixed shell planking from birch-bark on the hard frame, built from naturally grown ribcages. The same method was still used for building canoes in the 50ties of this century and was changed